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Populist Authoritarianism

(2015-12-30 21:23:17)
标签:

政治文化

民意调查

人际信任

群众路线

台湾民主

分类: 读书
Populist <wbr>Authoritarianism

In Populist Authoritarianism, Wenfang Tang develops a theory of why Chinese citizens support an authoritarian regime, employing a wealth of data taken from more than two decades’ worth of national and cross-national surveys.  Although China has changed considerably on the surface in the post-Mao era, Tang points to notable continuity from the Chinese Communist Party’s revolutionary experiences to its current governing style. He proposes a theoretical framework of “populist authoritarianism,” which is characterized by Mass Line ideology, accumulation of social capital, public political activism and contentious politics, a paranoid and hyper-responsive government, weak political and civic institutions, and a high level of regime trust. The CCP currently enjoys strong public support, but such a system is inherently vulnerable. Because drastic changes in public opinion cannot be filtered through political institutions such as elections and the rule of law, these changes can result in system-wide political earthquakes. How is it, then, that the Communist Party once led by Mao—which still adheres to the Marxist-Leninist and nationalist rhetoric of yore—continues to rule with little serious dissent? Marshaling the best evidence that is currently available, Populist Authoritarianism will reshape our understanding of why the Chinese regime persists despite decades of predictions of its demise.


“Tang has given us the gold standard for research on public opinion in China.  Based on more than twenty national and cross-national surveys, Tang shows that the Chinese Communist Party maintains high levels of popular support by promoting nationalism and being hyper-responsive to mass protests.” —Susan Shirk, Chair, 21st Century China Program, UC-San Diego  

“This book provides a masterful approach to the conundrum of how widespread protests and complaints against local governments and bureaucrats can be combined with generalized popular support of China’s central government. Regardless of whether the reader applauds or throws stones, the bar for careful analysis is set so high that this work will be a touchstone for debate and analysis for years to come.” —William L. Parish, Professor of Sociology, Emeritus, University of Chicago

“Populist Authoritarianism is must read for anyone interested in how citizens respond to the rapid political and social changes in China.  This book is a major contribution to the fields of Political Science and China Studies, and offers important insights on authoritarian resilience and political development.” —John James Kennedy, Associate Professor of Political Science, University of Kansas



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