加载中…
个人资料
小马扎
小马扎
  • 博客等级:
  • 博客积分:0
  • 博客访问:7,888
  • 关注人气:11
  • 获赠金笔:0支
  • 赠出金笔:0支
  • 荣誉徽章:
相关博文
推荐博文
谁看过这篇博文
加载中…
正文 字体大小:

Caught at last ---May 26th 2011

(2011-05-28 12:10:15)
标签:

姆拉迪奇

塞尔维亚

西尼亚

塞族

前南斯拉夫

财经

分类: businessthisweek

自从1992年,位于萨拉热窝山顶上波西尼亚首都被围困了3年,波西尼亚塞黑族的军事指挥官拉特科·姆拉迪奇已经因为指使自己的部下烧毁山脚下的城镇而声名狼藉。波西尼亚战争是残忍的冷酷的,尤其是姆拉迪奇先生是密谋人中最残忍冷酷的。在5月26日塞尔维亚权力机关宣布姆拉迪奇已经被捕。

姆拉迪奇被指控在1995年前南斯拉夫所犯的战争罪。指控条目里面包括种族灭绝。这是因为在1995年7月在斯雷布雷考察后,策划和组织了对8000个波西尼亚男人和孩子们的谋杀案。同时在2001年General Radoslav Krstic,姆拉迪奇的部下因为他的命令被判决种族灭绝。

在他被指控不久,姆拉迪奇就失踪了。让在足球赛上被看到了,并且他好像居住在贝尔格莱德。在2000年塞尔维亚领导人斯洛博丹米洛舍维奇下台后,姆拉迪奇就再也没有出现,但是他仍然被一些安全服务部门和部队保护着。在佐兰金记奇领导的新政府下了一个这样的结论:对付姆拉迪奇和他的保护者来说是件危险的事情。然而在2003年佐兰金记奇被谋杀,表面上这个谋杀与组织犯罪有关的,种种证据证明这个事情与保护姆拉迪奇的人有关。

在2008年由塞尔维亚党领导的政府下,塔迪奇逮捕了战时波西尼亚塞族的主席拉多万卡拉季奇。这样看起来逮捕姆拉迪奇似乎没有什么困难了,但是在那个时候权力机关却失去了他的行踪。塞尔维亚没能成功逮捕姆拉迪奇已经严重影响了他们加入欧盟的进程。尤其是荷兰,早在1995年他们军队在斯雷布雷尼时候就提出了逮捕他以获得进入欧盟的资格。现在,他已经被逮捕,一个对塞尔维亚可能有巨大约束的障碍被清除了。调查显示,多数人反对向海牙法庭引渡,米洛舍维奇曾于2006年死于这里的监狱。但是,同样仍有一些民众怨恨姆拉迪奇和他前任的卡拉季奇,因为他们减慢了塞尔维亚的复兴。

从历史看来,战争罪在前南斯拉夫都是一个很有争议的事情。最近战争法庭对两名克罗地亚将军刺激克罗地亚的事件进行定罪。在波西尼亚的米罗拉得多迪克,塞族共和国的主席,掌管塞族政府的一半,正遭受着因为宣称塞族正在遭受比波西尼亚克更严厉的控诉而引发的一场危机。我们仍需观察波西尼亚和塞黑是如何进行逮捕姆拉迪奇的事件的。米拉卡戴乐维斯现在开心,因为他正一手策划着塞黑进入欧盟。他说,逮捕将会建立信任同时意味着我们其他进程的通过。

STANDING on the hills above Sarajevo at the start of the three-year siege of the Bosnian capital in 1992, Ratko Mladic, the Bosnian Serb military commander, was infamously heard to demand that his men “burn” the citizens of the city below. The Bosnian war was brutal and cruel, and Mr Mladic was the most brutal and cruel of all its masterminds. On May 26th the Serbian authorities said he had been arrested.

Mr Mladic was indicted by the UN war-crimes tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in 1995. The charge sheet included genocide. This was because of his alleged role in organising the murder of 8,000 Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) men and boys after the fall of Srebrenica in July 1995. In 2001 General Radoslav Krstic, Mr Mladic’s subordinate, was convicted of genocide for his role at Srebrenica.

Soon after his indictment Mr Mladic disappeared. Up to a point. He was spotted at football games, and it was known where he lived in Belgrade. After the fall of Slobodan Milosevic, the Serbian leader, in 2000, Mr Mladic was no longer seen; but he was still protected by elements of the security services and the army. The new government, led by Zoran Djindjic, made a decision: it was too dangerous to tackle Mr Mladic and his protectors. Yet in 2003 Mr Djindjic was murdered. Ostensibly the killing was connected to organised crime—but those circles most probably overlapped with elements in the security services who were protecting Mr Mladic.

In 2008 the incoming government, led by the party of Serbia’s president, Boris Tadic, arrested Radovan Karadzic, the wartime president of the Bosnian Serbs. There seemed no obstacle to arresting Mr Mladic, but by that time the authorities appeared to have lost track of him.

Serbia’s failure to arrest Mr Mladic has badly slowed the country’s European Union accession process. The Netherlands especially, whose troops were in Srebrenica in 1995, has fought to make Serbia’s EU integration dependent on his capture. Now that he has been caught, a huge obstacle has been removed and Serbia could bound ahead. Polls show that most Serbs oppose extraditions to The Hague, where Mr Milosevic died in jail in 2006, but many also resent the way that Mr Mladic, and Mr Karadzic before him, slowed the rehabilitation of Serbia.

War crimes, and facing the past, are still controversial across the former Yugoslavia. The recent conviction by the war-crimes tribunal of two Croatian generals stirred anger in Croatia. In Bosnia Milorad Dodik, the president of the Republika Srpska, the Serb-run half of the country, provoked a crisis by claiming Serbs were being prosecuted more harshly than Bosniaks. It remains to be seen how the arrest of Mr Mladic will play in Bosnia and Serbia. One happy person is Milica Delevic, who oversees Serbia’s EU integration. The arrest will establish trust, she says, and means that “we’ll see the other process through.”

0

阅读 评论 收藏 转载 喜欢 打印举报/Report
  • 评论加载中,请稍候...
发评论

    发评论

    以上网友发言只代表其个人观点,不代表新浪网的观点或立场。

      

    新浪BLOG意见反馈留言板 电话:4000520066 提示音后按1键(按当地市话标准计费) 欢迎批评指正

    新浪简介 | About Sina | 广告服务 | 联系我们 | 招聘信息 | 网站律师 | SINA English | 会员注册 | 产品答疑

    新浪公司 版权所有