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《應用英文》形容詞或名詞成對短語(五)

(2011-11-21 12:04:23)
标签:

教育

分类: 生活
copy:rank and file:

這是對平民老百姓或普通成員的總稱。(ordinary people)

例如:

My purpose in writing articles is to help the rank and file among Chinese people.

我寫文章的目的是幫助一般老中群眾。

All high ranking officials should pay more attention to the well-being of the rank and file.

高層官員應該重視普通百姓的福祉。

As one of the rank and file, I shall never be considered a big shot.

我只是普通成員之一,不會被認為是大人物。

stuff and nonsense:

胡說八道,毫無意義;廢話或荒唐可笑(totally foolish or absurd)

多半用感嘆詞(interjection)

例如:

As for this new project, I hate to say, “Stuff and nonsense”!

關於這個新計劃,我真不想說句:「荒唐可笑!」。

What a stuff and nonsense! How do you expect Mr. Wang to agree with you?

真是胡說八道!你怎麼能期待王先生同意你呢?

Certainly, I am not crazy about what he is doing; it is totally stuff and nonsense!

當然,我對他所做的並不著迷;那是毫無意義的事!

skin and bones:

指某人瘦得皮包骨或骨瘦如柴。(very skinny or thin person)

多半與only或nothing but連用。

例如:

Don't overdo your diet; otherwise you may be nothing but skin and bones.

不可過份節食,否則你會骨瘦如柴。

By the influence of current trends, many young girls are almost nothing but skin and bones.

許多年輕女子受到時尚影響,瘦得皮包骨。

(bone可用單複數;but是except的意思)

Strike a happy medium in your weight control; it's unhealthy to be only skin and bones.

控制體重要採用中庸之道;骨瘦如柴是不健康的。

odds and ends:

指零星、瑣碎或殘剩的東西。(various items or leftovers)

常用複數:

例如:

At a flea market, there are many odds and ends for sale.

在跳蚤市場裡有許多零星物品出售。

(flea market是經營廉價古物舊貨的市場)

When Mr. A was moving, he had several boxes of odds and ends.

A先生搬家時,有幾箱瑣碎東西。

Don's forget to pack up those odds and ends before you quit your job.

在你辭職前,別忘了要包裝那些瑣碎東西。

tooth and nail:

急烈或猛烈地爭鬥(to fight fiercely)

(前面的動詞多用fight,其過去式和過去分詞都是fought)

例如:

Chinese people fought tooth and nail with fellow Chinese during the civil wars.

中國人在內戰中,與自己同胞猛烈搏鬥。

In order to gain personal benefits, some politicians in Taiwan are still fighting tooth and nail.

為了取得個人利益,一些台灣政客仍然激烈爭鬥。

Instead of fighting tooth and nail, all conflicts should be resolved peacefully.

所有爭執應該和平解決,不可猛烈爭鬥。

(不能按字母次序寫成nail and tooth,也不用複數 teeth and nails)

vim and vigour (或vigor):

vim本意也是活力或精力,與 vigor意思相似。一起連用,就是充滿活力(great strength or energy)

例如:

Young people always want to try something with splendid vim and vigor.

年輕人常以充沛的精力辦事。

After swimming, I feel full of vim and vigour.

我游泳後,覺得充滿活力。

With vim and vigour, Mr. A was climbing the high mountain.

A先生活力十足地爬上高山。

(不能按字母順序寫成vigor and vim)

wear and tear:

指使用後而受到損壞或磨損(damaged caused by use)

(這裡的wear和tear 都是名詞,故不能當動詞用,也不能用動詞過去式或過去分詞:wore, worn; tore, torn)

例如:

The sofa has wear and tear and needs to be replaced.

這張沙發椅使用後磨損,需要更換。

(這個短語不能改成:The sofa has worn and torn....)

Having suffered wear and tear, the jacket was discarded.

這件夾克受到損壞,只好丟棄。

Mr. B tries to save his wear and tear clothes for his yard work.

B先生把磨損衣服留著,以便庭院工作之用。

也可指生活上的折磨:

Many young people are suffering the wear and tear of stressful life.

許多年輕人受到緊張生活的折磨。

(不能按字母順序寫成:tear and wear)

(全文完)



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