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2010年加拿大网上电子报税流水账

(2011-02-18 07:27:50)
标签:

杂谈

分类: 国外

今年一月底加拿大税务部门(Canada Revenue Agency)给我寄了封信,告诉我可以上网报税了,和一个2009年报税用的Access Code。

这是关于如何报税说明的网页:http://canada.gc.ca/taxinfo

这个是电子报税的:http://netfile.gc.ca  注:用到那个Access Code

还可以电话报税:1-800-959-1110

这个网页是建立你的帐户:http://cra.gc.ca/myaccount  注:如果你不能通过浏览器登录,可能是你需要装一个Java的小软件,图标是一杯冒着烟的咖啡,我装过之后图标的文字显示是Java(TM) Platform, Standard Edition(标准版Java平台),印象叫Java虚拟机(Java Virtual Machine),就是解释Java函数给计算机的。

建立帐户后,对方会寄给你个CRA Security Code,这个code有个时间限定,必须在这个时间之前输入,否则过期失效,我的就失效了,刚给他们打了个电话,说会再用mail寄给我一个。进入帐户可以查询你的很多财务信息,比如RRSP的额度等。

另外,这是留学生报税的网页,有兴趣的可以去看看:http://www.cra-arc.gc.ca/tx/nnrsdnts/ndvdls/stdnts-eng.html


从邮局拿的报税文件,政府网站上也有(加拿大)


 

这是报税一般用到的文件链接:

General Income Tax and Benefit Package for 2009  

页面内容如下:

Select the province or territory in which you resided on December 31, 2009. If you were a deemed resident or non-resident of Canada in 2009, see 2009 Income Tax and Benefit Package (for non-residents and deemed residents of Canada).

我这里选择的安大略,所以就点击打开Ontario的链接(如下),内容看着很方便:

Ontario - 2009 General Income Tax and Benefit package

页面内容如下:  

Guide

Return

Schedules

Note
Some schedules are combined within a document. To view schedule 5 or schedule 9, you will need to scroll down the applicable document.

Provincial information and forms

Note
The Ontario Sales Tax Credit payments will start in August 2010 instead of July 2010. The electronic version of the Information Sheet for Ontario Residents has been revised to reflect this change.

一般过程是按 T1 General 2009 表,按它的说明,把需要填的项和其它表填好夹在它说的地方,然后把“Provincial information and forms”项的表看一遍,把需要填的表填好,和其它表放一起,交上去就行了。


有用的报税信息


 

1,网上电子报税有几个限制条件(restrictions),其中一个是你必须已经用纸介质报过一次税了,我看还有一条:

You are an immigrant, emigrant, or non-resident of Canada for the 2009 tax year.

看这一条,说移民(immigrant)不能用网上电子报税,我们一直自称“移民”,看来实际是“permanent resident(永久居民)”了。

2,我发现我08年捐款(donation)应该当年报上去,但不用它减税,转(transfer)到下一年,然后再转给下下一年,最多转5年。当时我可能没看到像学费那样的可以填transfer的数值的项,现在理解是填了表Schedule9后,但不在Line349项里填数值,或填一部分,剩下的应该就是transfer的值了,不知是不是这样。

从下面的官方网站可以查你关心的项:
A to Z index 
http://www.cra-arc.gc.ca/azindex/menu-eng.html

我从上面的链接找下去,找到关于捐款的介绍:
Line 349 - Donations and gifts 
http://www.cra-arc.gc.ca/tx/ndvdls/tpcs/ncm-tx/rtrn/cmpltng/ddctns/lns300-350/349/menu-eng.html

Carryforward
You do not have to claim all of the donations you made this year on your current year return. It may be more beneficial to carry them forward and claim them on your return for any of the next five years.

3,虽然我08年没报捐款,不过没关系,我找到了纠正方式的方法,所以,我09年也没报,我要等到我能用到它时再补。依据如下,来自http://www.netfile.gc.ca/fq_ftr-eng.html#mstk 

What if I realize I made a mistake on my tax return or if I receive an additional information slip after I've sent it via NETFILE?
You cannot use NETFILE to change your tax return. To make a change to your tax return, wait until you receive your Notice of Assessment. Once you've received it, you can use the Change my return option on My Account, our secure online service. You can also send a completed Form T1-ADJ T1 Adjustment Request, or a signed letter to your tax centre requesting an adjustment to your tax return.

If you send a letter, provide your name, address, and social insurance number, and indicate the tax years to be adjusted. Also, because we wouldn't have received any paper documents with your NETFILE tax return, include the receipts and supporting documents for the original claim and the changes you want to make. For example, if you want to claim an additional charitable donation, you have to submit all charitable donation receipts, not just the receipt(s) for the additional amount.

大意为,如果你提交过文件后,发现错了,没关系,等对方给你寄“Notice of Assessment”,你收到后,到“My Account”使用“Change My Return”的功能修改保税信息。你也可以寄一份表“Form T1-ADJ T1 Adjustment Request”或者签名的信给你的tax centre,要求调整。

4,另外,虽然网上报税不要求把收据等寄过去,但netfile还有个提示,大意是你报税用到的收据和小票要保存6年备查。原文如下:

After we've processed your tax return, we may have to contact you to get supporting documents, so remember to keep your receipts and information slips for six years. This is the same verification process that applies to all tax returns, whether paper or electronic. It would not be an audit.
 
audit n
n. 审计,查帐
vt. 审计,旁听

5,还有一个提示,你的名字、地址、生日或者转帐信息没有改变,就是你在电子文件中写的新地址、新名字无效,个人估计修改这些信息需要书面的带签字的文件,原文如下:
I confirm that I have not changed my name, address, date of  birth, or direct deposit information on the return. This personal information is not transmitted with my return when I use NETFILE. My Notice of Assessment and refund will be sent to the address on file with the CRA not to the address I entered using the software  to prepare my tax return.

6,下面的链接可以查你的tax centre的地址,我看了一下,没有给email,电话只是预约电话:

Tax services offices and tax centres - Addresses, office hours, and fax numbers 
http://www.cra-arc.gc.ca/cntct/tso-bsf-eng.html   

7,关于课本费,并不是按你买了多少书算的,它按照你上学都少周或月来算的,每周/月有个统一的额度。

 




 



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