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Thinking like a genius思考像一个天才

(2011-10-01 20:41:54)







Problem solving: creative solutions


"Even if you're not a genius, you can use the same strategies as Aristotle and Einstein to harness the power of your creative mind and better manage your future."



The following strategies encourage you to think productively,


rather than reproductively, in order to arrive at solutions to problems.


"These strategies are common to the thinking styles of creative geniuses in science, art, and industry throughout history."


Nine approaches to creative problem solving:九个方法来创造性地解决问题。

  1. Rethink! 思考!Look at problems in many different ways.看问题,在许多不同的方法。
  2. Visualize! 想象!Utilize diagrams and imagery to analyze your dilemma.利用图表和图像分析你的困境。
  3. Produce! 生产!Genius is productive.天才是富有成效。
  4. Combine! 结合!Make novel combinations...尝试新的组合…
  5. Form! 表格!Form relationships.形成的关系。
  6. Opposite! 对!Think in opposites.认为在对立的。
  7. Metaphor/simile! 隐喻/微笑!Think metaphorically.认为用法。
  8. Failure! 失败!Learning from your mistakes is one example of using failure.从你的错误中学习是一个例子使用失败。
  9. Patience! 耐心!Don't confuse inspiration with ideas.不要混淆灵感的想法。



  1. Rethink!思考!
    Look at problems in many different ways.看问题,在许多不同的方法。
    Find new perspectives that no one else has taken.寻找新的观点认为,没有其他人已经采取。
    Solutions example: Finding a job or internship:例如:找到一个解决方案的工作或实习:
    1. Ask friends or colleagues for potential leads问朋友或同事潜在的线索
    2. Over-sell yourselfOver-sell自己
      Send samples of your work or portfolio to anyone that might respond.送你的作品样本或投资组合的反应可能让人。
    3. Check local resources like Craigslist or your school's job search请核对当地资源如Craigslist或你的学校的寻找新的工作
    4. Broaden your target audience.开阔你的目标受众。
      What other fields could you specialize in?其他领域所能你的专业是什么?
  2. Visualize!想象!
    Utilize diagrams and imagery to analyze your dilemma.利用图表和图像分析你的困境。
    1. How can you use pictures, images, graphs, etc. in your studies?你怎么用图片,图片、图表等在你的学业吗?
    2. Visit guides on参观指引在concept or mind maps思维导图的概念,picturing vocabulary词汇描绘,flashcards, etc.等。
    3. Write out one example of how you can use imagery, then print and post it in your study area.写的一个例子,你可以使用图像,然后打印,贴在你的“学习区”。
  3. Produce!生产!
    Genius is productive.天才是富有成效。
    1. Perhaps originality is not the key, but rather constant application of thought and tools to arrive a solutions.也许创意不钥匙,而是不断的思想方法和工具应用到解决方案。
    2. Geniuses are the luckiest of mortals because what they must do is the same as what they most want to do.天才是人类最幸运的人,因为他们必须要做的事情都是一样的,他们迫切想做的事。
      W. H. Auden (1907–1973) Anglo-American poetw . h .登(1907-1973)英美诗人
    3. Genius is nothing but a great aptitude for patience.天才无非是一个极大的耐性。
      George-Louis Leclerc de Buffon (1707–1788) French naturalistGeorge-Louis Leclerc·德·布冯(1707-1788)法国博物学家
  4. Combine!结合!
    Make novel combinations...尝试新的组合…
    Combine and recombine ideas, images, and thoughts into different combinations no matter how incongruent or unusual.结合和重组思想,图象,用不同的方式去组合和思想,无论它有多失调或者奇怪。
  5. Form!表格!
    Form relationships. 形成的关系。Make connections between dissimilar subjects.联系不同学科。
    1. This doesn't always apply to objects: form relationships with people and ask them questions!这并不总是适用对象:形式和人的关系,并向他们提问题。
    2. Get to know people in your field that can help you excel to the best of your ability.了解在你的领域里的人,可以帮助你擅长你们最好的能力。
    3. Write down one person that you could get in contact with, why you think this person can help, and print/post it for reference!写下一个人,你可以在接触,为什么你认为这个人可以帮助,并打印/寄供参考!
  6. Opposite!对!
    Think in opposites. 认为在对立的。Don't always stick with the obvious solutions.不要总是坚持这一明确的解决方案。
    Get outside of your comfort zone.你的舒适区到外面去。
    1. “Opposites” bring two approaches to a situation but they do share a basic similarity.“对立”两种方法带来的情况,但他们都有一个基本相似。
      Example: “right” and “left” are both directions, but which is the right choice?例如:“正确的”和“左”是两个方向,但是这是正确的选择吗?
    2. The Sesame Street Muppet Elmo teaches small children the concept of opposites!芝麻街布偶教小孩子海豚对立的概念!
  7. Metaphor/simile!隐喻/微笑!
    Think metaphorically.认为用法。
    1. Metaphors are connections that are unusual or not an ordinary way of thinking:隐喻是不寻常的关系,一个普通的思维方式。
      A sea of troubles; the heart of a lion; raining cats and dogs.大海的烦恼,狮子的心,下着倾盆大雨。
    2. Similes use "like" or "as" to illustrate“喜欢”或明喻使用“象”加以说明
      The boy was as agile as a monkey. 那个男孩像猴子一样灵活。The miner's face was like coal.矿工的脸就像煤。
      The task was as easy as ABC. 这项任务很容易ABC。Dry like a raisin in the sun.乾旱如葡萄在太阳底下。
  8. Failure!失败!
    Learning from your mistakes is one example of using failure.从你的错误中学习是一个例子使用失败。
    1. As strange as it seems the human brain is failure machine: it generates models of reality, acts on them, and adjusts or creates new, successful models based on failures.听起来很怪,因为它似乎人脑是失败的机器:它会产生模型的现实,行的、调整或创造新的模型的基础上,成功失败。
    2. From Daniel Coyle’s the Talent Code on Adam Bryant’s weekly interview: “every single CEO shares the same nugget of wisdom: the crucial importance of mistakes, failures, and setbacks… mistakes create unique conditions of high-velocity learning that cannot be matched by more stable, “successful” situations.”从丹尼尔c代码的人才在亚当科比的每周采访时说:“每一个CEO共享同一个点智慧:这种至关重要的错误和挫折、失败、错误创造独特的条件…完全不可匹敌的学习,更稳定,“成功”的局面。”
  9. Patience!耐心!
    Don't confuse inspiration with ideas.不要混淆灵感的想法。
    Apply your ideas with patience for the reward they may deserve.运用你的想法和耐心回报他们应得的报应。


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