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2011年02月11日

(2011-02-11 17:05:16)
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杂谈

分类: 学习内容

BBC 这篇让我很有压力

"Out, damned spot! Out, I say! Hell is murky. Yet who would have thought the old man to have had so much blood in him?"

Shakespeare's famous sleepwalking scene: Lady Macbeth, driven by guilt over her part in regicide, wanders through her castle. And sleepwalking is more common than you might think. One in five children and one in ten adults sleepwalk at some time. And research in the US has identified that the disorder may run in families, giving hope that some kind of genetic therapy may one day be possible. Dr Dev Banerjee is a consultant sleep physician based at Birmingham Heartlands Hospital in England. He told Dan Damon about some of the cases of sleepwalking he's come across.

"I think the majority of those that sleepwalk is fairly harmless and quite normal actually, but there are a proportion that do injure themselves falling down the stairs. So I've got someone from Bristol who put his hand through a glass window and severed his radial artery. Not only just injuries, but risks of injuries such as getting out of the house onto the street. There've been cases, I think in America, where people got into their car and drove down the freeway. And I've got odd patients who've not been particularly helpful within society and have been walking around hotel foyers naked. So either way can be quite a nuisance but harmless at the same time."

“掉啊!该死的血迹!掉啊!地狱真是幽暗! 可是谁想得到这老头儿会有这么多血?”

这是莎士比亚戏剧中著名的梦游场景:麦克白夫人作为杀死国王的同谋心怀愧疚,在城堡里徘徊。梦游的普遍性超乎我们想象:五分之一的孩童和十分之一的成人都会偶尔梦游。美国研究发现,梦游症状可能是家族遗传--那么某种基因疗法的问世也是有可能的了。英国伯明翰哈特兰德医院睡眠科顾问医师戴夫·班纳吉向丹·达蒙讲述他接手过的几个梦游案例。

“我认为大多数梦游者没有威胁且十分正常,但是存在一部分人由于跌下楼梯而受伤。我有一名来自布里斯托尔的患者,他用手穿过玻璃窗户导致桡骨动脉割伤。除了受伤,受伤的风险也不容小视,比如有人在梦中从家里出去走到街上。在美国的一些案例中,梦游者进入车里并把车开到高速公路上。我甚至还有一些奇特的病人,他们对社会并不是特别友好,曾在酒店大厅一丝不挂地转悠。所以,哪种方式都可能给人麻烦、令人讨厌,但同时也无伤大雅。”

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