加载中…
个人资料
清风明月
清风明月
  • 博客等级:
  • 博客积分:0
  • 博客访问:17,394
  • 关注人气:18
  • 获赠金笔:0支
  • 赠出金笔:0支
  • 荣誉徽章:
相关博文
推荐博文
谁看过这篇博文
加载中…
正文 字体大小:

[转载]教材解析九年级英语第三单元被动语态中的“省、

(2011-05-14 06:34:14)
标签:

转载

 教材解析九年级英语第三单元被动语态中的“省、补、变、加、留”

  被动语态中的“省、补、变、加、留”指学习被动语态时应注意的“省主语、补主语、变代词、加上to、保留by”这些关键内容。

  省主语,指主动语态变被动语态时,如果主动句中的主语为泛指情况的we, they, people时,被动句中将by短语省略。如:

  We speak English. →English is spoken.

  补主语,指将字面未出现行为者的被动句改为主动句时,应适当地补上主语,如we, they, people, someone等。如:

  A car is stolen. →Someone steals a car.

  变代词,指主动句中的宾语是宾格人称代词时,改为被动句要将其变为主格人称代词。如:

  We must send her to the hospital at once. →She must be sent to the hospital at once.

  加上to,如果主动句中含不带to的不定式(作宾语的补足语),变该句为被动句时,不定式前的to应恢复使用。如:

  We saw him leave the classroom. →He was seen to leave the classroom.

  保留by,指下列被动句中by短语不省略的情况:

  a. 当by短语不表示行为者,而表示使用的手段和方法时。如:

  Most of the work will be done by the computers.

  b. 强调by短语中的动作行为者时。如:

  Macao was forced by Portuguese more than four hundred years ago.

  特别提示:一般将来时的被动语态:shall / will be +p. p.

  现在完成时的被动语态:have / has been + p. p.

  现在进行时的被动语态:am / is / are + being + p. p.

  过去将来时的被动语态:should / would be + p. p.

  另外需特别注意的是英语中look, smell, feel, taste, sound等系动词和表示起止意义的动词begin, start, finish, stop等,主动形式可表被动意义。

  考题回放:

  1. -Did you go to Jack's birthday party?

  -No, I______. (2004天津市)

  A. am not invited B. wasn't invited

  C. haven't invited D. didn't invite

  2. I like this silk dress, and it ______ so soft and comfortable. (2004江西省)

  A. is feeling B. feels C. has felt D. is felt

  3. People use computers widely in the world. (改为同义句)

  Computers ______ widely ______ in the world. (2002辽宁省)

  4. 第四十七届世乒赛上个月在巴黎举行。中国乒乓球运动员赢得理所当然。

  The 47th World Table Tennis Championship ______ ______ in Paris last month. The Chinese ping-pong players ______ ______ ______. (2003济南市)

  5. We heard them sing Peking Opera in that theatre last Sunday. (改为被动语态)

  They were heard______Peking Opera in that theatre last Sunday. (2004重庆市)

 

0

  • 评论加载中,请稍候...
发评论

    发评论

    以上网友发言只代表其个人观点,不代表新浪网的观点或立场。

      

    新浪BLOG意见反馈留言板 电话:4000520066 提示音后按1键(按当地市话标准计费) 欢迎批评指正

    新浪简介 | About Sina | 广告服务 | 联系我们 | 招聘信息 | 网站律师 | SINA English | 会员注册 | 产品答疑

    新浪公司 版权所有