加载中…
个人资料
STSChina
STSChina
  • 博客等级:
  • 博客积分:0
  • 博客访问:70,969
  • 关注人气:182
  • 获赠金笔:0支
  • 赠出金笔:0支
  • 荣誉徽章:
相关博文
谁看过这篇博文
加载中…
正文 字体大小:

留学美国,并计划在美国就业,你一定要了解的"STEM"

(2015-01-28 09:28:45)
标签:

sts

国际教育

交换生

留学

在美国高中,"STEM"是你会经常听到的一个词,很多高中都会开设专门的STEM学院,STEMScience科学、Technology技术、Engineering工程和Math数学专业的统称。

STEM项目旨在激发、挖掘、培养理工科优势明显的学生在相应这些科目的潜能与兴趣,为他们今后进入科学研究及工程技术领域打下坚实的学术基础。选择STEM的学生需要完成严格的AP课程、荣誉课程及特别要求的实习项目。STEM学生由于在理工科类的强势表现,而成为加州大学伯克利分校、麻省理工、哈佛、加州理工、杜克大学等世界级名校青睐的对象。

在美国,持F-1签证、本科或硕士毕业于STEM专业的外国学生,可以获得最多29个月的OPT时间,而其他专业仅为 12个月。OPTOptional Practical Training(选择性实习训练)的缩写。简单来说,STEM相关专业的外国毕业生可以在美国合法停留29个月,这为你提供了足够宽裕的时间,使得你能够以实习生身份进入相关行业,积累到足够的行业经验,直至找到合适的工作,拿到工作签证;而非STEM专业毕业的学生只有12个月的合法停留期,12个月内找不到工作,拿不到合法的工作签证,就必须回国。

2014年底奥巴马公布的移民改革令中,更是将STEM专业的博士和硕士毕业生从14万的职业移民限额中免除,也就是说,STEM专业的硕士和博士毕业生将可以直接申请绿卡,这对于擅长理工科的中国学生来说无疑是一个好消息。

29个月的OPT时间,为STEM学生带来的优势不言而喻,让学生们有足够的时间在实习公司积累经验,也有更多的机会找到可以为你申请工作签证的公司。

美国商业部预测,到2018年美国在科学、技术、工程和数学(STEM)专业的相关工作机会将增长17%,是非STEM领域的将近一倍。到2018年美国将有超过120万个STEM专业的职位短缺,因此,STEM意味着你几乎没有可能在美国找不到工作。

那么,为什么美国政府以及奥巴马这么重视STEM专业人才? 这是因为,从国家层面来讲,毕业与STEM相关专业的人数多少是国家实力较量的一个重要指标。所以,美国政府年复一年不断加大STEM教育的力度,鼓励学生主修科学、技术、工程和数学,一方面满足不断增长的市场需求和职位空缺,另一方面,是提高国家的综合技术实力!

如果同学们有理工科的天分,也有考虑未来在美国的工作和就业,那么你可以和你的STS班主任讨论,选择一个开设STEM课程的美国优质高中,这对你未来进入更优质的大学学习相关专业有着明显的帮助。

STEM的优势介绍过了,那相关专业到底都有哪些呢? 我们为大家整理了422STEM专业,大家可以收藏备用,看看有没有自己心仪的专业吧!


A字头专业

Acoustics

Actuarial Science

Aeronautical/Aerospace Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn

Aeronautics/Aviation/Aerospace Science and Technology, General

Aerospace Ground Equipment Technology

Aerospace Physiology and Medicine

Aerospace, Aeronautical and Astronautical/Space Engineering

Agricultural and Horticultural Plant Breeding

Agricultural Animal Breeding

Agricultural Engineering

Agro Ecology and Sustainable Agriculture

Agronomy and Crop Science

Air and Space Operational Art and Science

Air and Space Operations Technology

Air Science/Airpower Studies

Aircraft Armament Systems Technology

Algebra and Number Theory

Analysis and Functional Analysis

Analytical Chemistry

Anatomy

Animal Behavior and Ethology

Animal Genetics

Animal Health

Animal Nutrition

Animal Physiology

Animal Sciences, General

Animal Sciences, Other

AniMATion, InterACTive Technology, Video GrAPhics and SpeCIAl Effects

Applied Mathematics, General

Applied Mathematics, Other

Aquatic Biology/Limnology

Archeology

Architectural and Building Sciences/Technology

Architectural Drafting and Architectural CAD/CADD

Architectural Engineering

Architectural Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn

ArtifiCIAl Intelligence

Astronomy

Astronomy and Astrophysics, Other

Astrophysics

Atmospheric Chemistry and Climatology

Atmospheric Physics and Dynamics

Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, General

Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, Other

Atomic/Molecular Physics

AutoMATion Engineer Technology/TechniCIAn

Automotive Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn[SITESERVER_PAGE]

 

B字头专业

 

Behavioral Sciences

BioChemical Engineering

Biochemistry

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology, Other

Bioengineering and Biomedical Engineering

BioinforMATics

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Other

Biological and Physical Sciences

BioLogical/BioSystems Engineering

BiologyTechniCIAn/Biotechnology Laboratory TechniCIAn

Biology/Biological Sciences, General

BioMathematics, BioinforMATics, and Computational Biology, Other

Biomedical Sciences, General

Biomedical Technology/TechniCIAn

Biometry/Biometrics

Biophysics

BioPsychology

BioStatistics

Biotechnology

Botany/PlantBiology

Botany/PlantBiology, Other

Business Statistics

 

C字头专业

 

CAD/CADD Drafting and/or DesignTechnology/TechniCIAn

Cardiovascular Science

Cell Biology and Anatomy

Cell Physiology

Cell/Cellular and Molecular Biology

Cell/Cellular Biology and Anatomical Sciences, Other

Cell/Cellular Biology and Histology

Ceramic Sciences and Engineering

Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn

Chemical Engineering, Other

Chemical Physics

Chemical Process Technology

Chemical Technology/TechniCIAn

Chemistry, General

Chemistry, Other

Civil Drafting and Civil Engineering CAD/CADD

Civil Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn

Civil Engineering, General

Civil Engineering, Other

Clinical and Industrial Drug Development

Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist

Cognitive Psychology and Psycholinguistics

Cognitive Science

Combat Systems Engineering

Command& Control (C, CI) Systems and Operations

Comparative Psychology

Computational and Applied Mathematics

Computational Biology

Computational Mathematics

Computational Science

Computer and Information Sciences, General

Computer and Information Sciences, Other

Computer and InforMATion Systems Security/InforMATion Assurance

Computer Engineering Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other

Computer Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn

Computer Engineering, General

Computer Engineering, Other

Computer Graphics

Computer Hardware Engineering

Computer Hardware Technology/TechniCIAn

Computer Programming, Other

Computer Programming, Specific APplications

Computer Programming, Vendor/Product Certification

Computer Programming/Programmer, General

Computer Science

Computer Software and Media APplications, Other

Computer Software Engineering

Computer Software Technology/TechniCIAn

Computer Support SpeCIAlist

Computer Systems Analysis/Analyst

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications

Computer Technology/Computer Systems Technology

Computer/Information Technology Services Administration and Management, Other

Condensed Matter and MATerials Physics

Conservation Biology

Construction Engineering

Construction Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn

Cyber/Computer Forensics and Counterterrorism

Cyber/Electronic Operations and Warfare

Cytotechnology/Cytotechnologist

 

D字头专业

 

Dairy Science

DATa Modeling/Warehousing and DATabase Administration

DATa Processing and DATa Processing Technology/TechniCIAn

Developmental and Child Psychology

Developmental Biology and Embryology

Digital Communication and Media/Multimedia

Directed Energy Systems

Drafting and Design Technology/TechniCIAn, General

Drafting/Design Engineering Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other

 

E字头专业

 

Ecology

Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

Ecology, Evolution, SysteMATics and Population Biology, Other

Econometrics and Quantitative Economics

Educational Evaluation and Research

Educational Statistics and Research Methods

Educational/Instructional Technology

Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other

Electrical and Electronics Engineering

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, Other

Electrical/Electronics Drafting and Electrical/Electronics CAD/CADD

Electromechanical and Instrumentation and Maintenance Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other

Electromechanical Engineering

Electromechanical Technology/Electromechanical Engineering Technology

Elementary Particle Physics

Endocrinology

Energy Management and Systems Technology/TechniCIAn

Engineering Acoustics

Engineering Chemistry

Engineering Design

Engineering Mechanics

Engineering Physics/Applied Physics

Engineering Science

Engineering Technologies and Engineering-Related Fields, Other

Engineering Technology, General

Engineering, General

Engineering, Other

Engineering/Industrial Management

Engineering-Related Fields, Other

Engineering-Related Technologies, Other

Entomology

Environmental Biology

Environmental Chemistry

Environmental Control Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other

Environmental Engineering Technology/Environmental Technology

Environmental Health

Environmental Science

Environmental Studies

Environmental Toxicology

Environmental/Environmental Health Engineering

Epidemiology

Evolutionary Biology

Exercise Physiology

Experimental Psychology

Explosive Ordinance/Bomb Disposal

 

F字头专业

 

Financial Mathematics

Food Science

Food Science and Technology, Other

Food Technology and Processing

Forensic Chemistry

Forensic Science and Technology

Forest Engineering

Forest Sciences and Biology

 

G字头专业

 

Genetics, General

Genetics, Other

Genome Sciences/Genomics

Geochemistry

Geochemistry and Petrology

GeogrAPhic InforMATion Science and Cartography

GeoLogical and EArth Sciences/Geosciences, Other

Geological/Geophysical Engineering

Geology/Earth Science, General

Geometry/Geometric Analysis

GeoPhysics and Seismology

Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering

 

H字头专业

 

Hazardous MATerials InforMATion Systems Technology/TechniCIAn

Hazardous MATerials Management and Waste Technology/TechniCIAn

Health/Medical Physics

Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn

Horticultural Science

Human Biology

Human Computer InterACTion

Human/Medical Genetics

Hydraulics and Fluid Power Technology/TechniCIAn

Hydrology and Water Resources Science

 

I字头专业

 

Immunology

Industrial and Physical Pharmacy and Cosmetic Sciences

Industrial Engineering

Industrial Production Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other

Industrial Radiologic Technology/TechniCIAn

Industrial Safety Technology/TechniCIAn

Industrial Technology/TechniCIAn

InforMATics

InforMATion Operations/Joint InforMATion Operations

Information Science/Studies

Information Technology

Information Technology Project Management

InforMATion/PsychoLogical Warfare and Military Media Relations

Inorganic Chemistry

Instrumentation Technology/TechniCIAn

Integrated Circuit Design

Intelligence, Command Control and InforMATion Operations, Other

Intelligence, General

 

J字头专业

 

Joint Command/Task Force (C, CI) Systems

 

L字头专业

 

Laser and Optical Engineering

Laser and Optical Technology/TechniCIAn

Livestock Management

Low-Observables and Stealth Technology

 

M字头专业

 

Management Science

Management Science and Quantitative Methods, Other

Manufacturing Engineering

Manufacturing Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn

Marine Biology and BioLogical OceanogrAPhy

Marine Sciences

MATerials Chemistry

Materials Engineering

Materials Science

Materials Sciences, Other

MATheMATical Biology

Mathematical Statistics and Probability

Mathematics and Computer Science

Mathematics and Statistics

Mathematics and Statistics, Other

Mathematics, General

Mathematics, Other

Mechanical Drafting and Mechanical Drafting CAD/CADD

Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical Engineering Related Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other

Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/TechniCIAn

Mechatronics, Robotics, and AutoMATion Engineering

Medical Informatics

Medical Microbiology and Bacteriology

Medical Scientist

Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Metallurgical Engineering

Metallurgical Technology/TechniCIAn

Meteorology

Microbial and Eukaryotic Genetics

MicrobioLogical Sciences and Immunology, Other

Microbiology and Immunology

Microbiology, General

Military Applied Sciences, Other

Military InforMATion Systems Technology

Military Systems and Maintenance Technology, Other

Military Technologies and Applied Sciences, Other

Mining and Mineral Engineering

Mining and Petroleum Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other

Mining Technology/TechniCIAn

Missile and Space Systems Technology

Modeling, Virtual Environments and Simulation

Molecular Biochemistry

Molecular Biology

Molecular Biophysics

Molecular Genetics

Molecular Medicine

Molecular Pharmacology

Molecular Physiology

Molecular Toxicology

Munitions Systems/Ordinance Technology

Mycology[SITESERVER_PAGE]

 

N字头专业

 

Nanotechnology

Natural Products Chemistry and Pharmacognosy

Natural Resources Conservation and Research, Other

Natural Resources/Conservation, General

Natural Sciences

Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering

Naval Science and Operational Studies

Network and System Administration/Administrator

Neuroanatomy

Neurobiology and Anatomy

Neurobiology and Behavior

Neurobiology and Neurosciences, Other

Neuro Pharmacology

Neuroscience

Nuclear and Industrial RadioLogic Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other

Nuclear Engineering

Nuclear Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn

Nuclear Physics

Nuclear/Nuclear Power Technology/TechniCIAn

Nutrition Sciences

 

O字头专业

 

Occupational Safety and Health Technology/TechniCIAn

Ocean Engineering

OceanogrAPhy, Chemical and Physical

Oncology and Cancer Biology

Operational OceanogrAPhy

Operations Research

Optics/Optical Sciences

Organic Chemistry

 

P字头专业

 

PackAging Science

Paleontology

PAPer Science and Engineering

Parasitology

Pathology/Experimental Pathology

Personality Psychology

Petroleum Engineering

Petroleum Technology/TechniCIAn

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutics and Drug Design

Pharmaco Economics/PharmaceuticalEconomics

Pharmacology

Pharmacology and Toxicology

Pharmacology and Toxicology, Other

Photobiology

Physical Chemistry

Physical Science Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other

Physical Sciences

Physical Sciences, Other

Physics, General

Physics, Other

Physiological Psychology/Psychobiology

Physiology, General

Physiology, Pathology, and Related Sciences, Other

Planetary Astronomy and Science

Plant Genetics

Plant Molecular Biology

Plant Pathology/Phytopathology

Plant Physiology

Plant Protection and Integrated Pest Management

Plant Sciences, General

Plant Sciences, Other

Plasma and High-Temperature Physics

Plastics and Polymer Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn

Polymer Chemistry

Polymer/Plastics Engineering

Population Biology

Poultry Science

Pre-Engineering

Psychometrics and Quantitative Psychology

Psycho Pharmacology

 

Q字头专业

 

Quality Control and Safety Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other

Quality Control Technology/TechniCIAn

 

R字头专业

 

Radar Communications and Systems Technology

Radiation Biology/Radiobiology

Range Science and Management

Reproductive Biology

Research and Experimental Psychology, Other

Robotics Technology/TechniCIAn

 

S字头专业

 

Science Technologies/TechniCIAns, General

Science Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other

Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology

Signal/GeospatialIntelligence

Social Psychology

Soil Chemistry and Physics

Soil Microbiology

Soil Science and Agronomy, General

Soil Sciences, Other

Solar Energy Technology/TechniCIAn

Space Systems Operations

Statistics, General

Statistics, Other

Strategic Intelligence

Structural Biology

Structural Engineering

Surveying Engineering

Surveying Technology/Surveying

Sustainability Studies

System, Networking, and LAN/WAN Management/Manager

SysteMATic Biology/BioLogical SysteMATics

Systems Engineering

Systems Science and Theory

 

T字头专业

 

TeleCommunications Engineering

Telecommunications Technology/TechniCIAn

Textile Sciences and Engineering

Theoretical and Mathematical Physics

Theoretical Chemistry

Topology and FounDATions

Toxicology

Transportation and Highway Engineering

 

U字头专业

 

Undersea Warfare

Urban Forestry

 

V字头专业

 

Veterinary Anatomy

Veterinary Infectious Diseases

Veterinary Microbiology and Immunobiology

Veterinary Pathology and Pathobiology

Veterinary Physiology

Veterinary Preventive medicine Epidemiology and Public Health

Veterinary Toxicology and Pharmacology

Virology

Vision Science/PhysioLogical Optics

 

W字头专业

 

Water Quality and Wastewater Treatment Management and Recycling Technology /TechniCIAn

Water Resources Engineering

Water, Wetlands, and Marine Resources Management

Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and InforMATion Resources Design

Web/Multimedia Management and Webmaster

Welding Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn

Wildlife Biology

Wildlife, Fish and Wildlands Science and Management

Wood Science and Wood Products/Pulp and PAPer Technology

Zoology/Animal Biology

Zoology/Animal Biology, Other

 

0

阅读 收藏 转载 喜欢 打印举报
已投稿到:
  

新浪BLOG意见反馈留言板 不良信息反馈 电话:4006900000 提示音后按1键(按当地市话标准计费) 欢迎批评指正

新浪简介 | About Sina | 广告服务 | 联系我们 | 招聘信息 | 网站律师 | SINA English | 会员注册 | 产品答疑

新浪公司 版权所有