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《技术性贸易壁垒》TBT中英文对照版本

(2011-10-27 10:57:23)
标签:

杂谈

技术性贸易壁垒》。“技术性贸易壁垒”又称“技术性贸易措施”或“技术壁垒”,是以国家或地区的技术法规、协议、标准和认证体系(合格评定程序)等形式出现,涉及的内容广泛,含盖科学技术、卫生、检疫、安全、环保、产品质量和认证等诸多技术性指标体系,运用于国际贸易当中,呈现出灵活多变、名目繁多的规定。由于这类壁垒大量的以技术面目出现,因此常常会披上合法外衣,成为当前国际贸易中最为隐蔽、最难对付的非关税壁垒。

AGREEMENT ON TECHNICAL BARRIERS TO TRADE

技术性贸易壁垒

 

Members,

各成员,

Having regard to the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations;

考虑到乌拉圭回合多边贸易谈判;

 

Desiring to further the objectives of GATT 1994;

期望进一步实现1994年关税和贸易总协定的各项目标;

 

Recognizing the important contribution that international standards and conformity assessment systems can make in this regard by improving efficiency of production and facilitating the conduct of international trade;

认识到国际标准和合格评定体系能为提高生产效率和便利国际贸易作出重大贡献;

 

Desiring therefore to encourage the development of such international standards and conformity assessment systems;

期望鼓励制定此类国际标准和合格评定体系;

 

Desiring however to ensure that technical regulations and standards, including packaging, marking and labelling requirements, and procedures for assessment of conformity with technical regulations and standards do not create unnecessary obstacles to international trade;

但是期望这些技术法规和标准,包括对包装、标志和标签的要求,以及为符合技术法规和标准而制定的合格评定程序不要给国际贸易制造不必要的障碍;

Recognizing that no country should be prevented from taking measures necessary to ensure the quality of its exports, or for the protection of human, animal or plant life or health, of the environment, or for the prevention of deceptive practices, at the levels it considers appropriate, subject to the requirement that they are not applied in a manner which would constitute a means of arbitrary or unjustifiable discrimination between countries where the same conditions prevail or a disguised restriction on international trade, and are otherwise in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement;

认识到不应阻止任何国家采取必要措施,在其认为适当的程度保证其出口产品的质量,或保护人类、动物或植物的生命或健康,保证环境,或防止欺诈行为。但不能利用这些措施,作为对情况相同的国家进行任意或无理歧视或变相限制国际贸易的手段,而应遵循本协议的规定;

Recognizing that no country should be prevented from taking measures necessary for the protection of its essential security interest;

认识到不应阻止任何国家采取必要措施保护其根本安全利益;

Recognizing the contribution which international standardization can make to the transfer of technology from developed to developing countries;

认识到国际标准化在发达国家向发展中国家转让技术方面可以作出的贡献

Recognizing that developing countries may encounter special difficulties in the formulation and application of technical regulations and standards and procedures for assessment of conformity with technical regulations and standards, and desiring to assist them in their endeavours in this regard;

认识到发展中国家在制定和实施技术法规、标准、以及为符合技术法规和标准而制定的合格评定程序方面可能遇到的特殊困难,希望对他们在这方面所作的努力给予协助;

Hereby agree as follows:

兹达成协议如下:

 

Article 1

第1条

 

General Provisions

总则

 

1.1        General terms for standardization and procedures for assessment of conformity shall normally have the meaning given to them by definitions adopted within the United Nations system and by international standardizing bodies taking into account their context and in the light of the object and purpose of this Agreement.

1.l 标准化及合格评定程序的通用术语,其含义通常应根据联合国系统及国际标准化团体所采用的定义,并考虑其上下文以及本协议的目的和宗旨来确定

1.2        However, for the purposes of this Agreement the meaning of the terms given in Annex 1 applies.

1.2 为达到本协议之目的,使用附件1中的术语和定义。

1.3        All products, including industrial and agricultural products, shall be subject to the provisions of this Agreement.

1.3 所有产品,包括工业产品和农产品,均须符合本协议的规定。

1.4        Purchasing specifications prepared by governmental bodies for production or consumption requirements of governmental bodies are not subject to the provisions of this Agreement but are addressed in the Agreement on Government Procurement, according to its coverage.

l.4 政府机构为其生产或者消费需要所制定的采购规范不受本协议各条款的约束,但应根据其所涉及的范围执行“政府采购协议”。

1.5        The provisions of this Agreement do not apply to sanitary and phytosanitary measures as defined in Annex A of the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures.

l.5 本协议各条款不适用于列入《实施卫生和植物检疫措施的协议》附件A中的卫生和植物检疫措施。

1.6        All references in this Agreement to technical regulations, standards and conformity assessment procedures shall be construed to include any amendments thereto and any additions to the rules or the product coverage thereof, except amendments and additions of an insignificant nature.

1.6 本协议中的技术法规、标准和合格评定程序应理解为包括其任何修正本及对规则或产品范围的任何补充件,无实质意义的修正和补充除外。

 

TECHNICAL REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS

技术法规和标准

 

Article 2

第2条

 

Preparation, Adoption and Application of Technical Regulations

by Central Government Bodies

中央政府机构对技术法规的制定、采用和实施

 

With respect to their central government bodies:

对于中央政府机构:

2.1        Members shall ensure that in respect of technical regulations, products imported from the territory of any Member shall be accorded treatment no less favourable than that accorded to like products of national origin and to like products originating in any other country.

2.1 各成员须保证在技术法规方面,给予从任一成员境内进口产品的待遇,不低于本国生产的同类产品或来自任何其他国家的同类产品的待遇。

2.2        Members shall ensure that technical regulations are not prepared, adopted or applied with a view to or with the effect of creating unnecessary obstacles to international trade.  For this purpose, technical regulations shall not be more trade-restrictive than necessary to fulfil a legitimate objective, taking account of the risks non-fulfilment would create.  Such legitimate objectives are, inter alia:  national security requirements;  the prevention of deceptive practices;  protection of human health or safety, animal or plant life or health, or the environment.  In assessing such risks, relevant elements of consideration are, inter alia:  available scientific and technical information, related processing technology or intended end-uses of products.

2.2 各成员须保证技术法规的制定、采用或实施在目的或效果上均不会给国际贸易制造不必要的障碍。为此目的,技术法规除为实现正当目标所必须的条款外,不得有额外限制贸易的条款。考虑到正当目标未能实现可能导致的后果,技术法规应包括为实现正当目标所必须的条款。这里所说的正当目标是指国家安全要求;防止欺诈行为;保护人身健康或安全;保护动物、植物的生命或健康;保护环境。在评估未能实现上述正当目标所导致的风险时,尤其需要考虑到的因素有:现有的科学和技术信息,有关的加工技术或产品的预期最终用途。

 

2.3        Technical regulations shall not be maintained if the circumstances or objectives giving rise to their adoption no longer exist or if the changed circumstances or objectives can be addressed in a less trade-restrictive manner.

2.3 如果批准某技术法规的环境或目的已不复存在,或者改变了的环境或目标可以用对贸易有较少限制的方式来保障时,该技术法规不得继续保留。

 

2.4        Where technical regulations are required and relevant international standards exist or their completion is imminent, Members shall use them, or the relevant parts of them, as a basis for their technical regulations except when such international standards or relevant parts would be an ineffective or inappropriate means for the fulfilment of the legitimate objectives pursued, for instance because of fundamental climatic or geographical factors or fundamental technological problems.

2.4 当需要制定技术法规并且己有相应国际标准或者其相应部分即将发布时,各成员须使用这些国际标准或其相应部分作为制定本国技术法规的基础,除非这些国际标准或其相应部分对实现其正当目标无效或不适用,例如由于基本的气候或地理因素或基本的技术问题等原因。

2.5        A Member preparing, adopting or applying a technical regulation which may have a significant effect on trade of other Members shall, upon the request of another Member, explain the justification for that technical regulation in terms of the provisions of paragraphs 2 to 4.  Whenever a technical regulation is prepared, adopted or applied for one of the legitimate objectives explicitly mentioned in paragraph 2, and is in accordance with relevant international standards, it shall be rebuttably presumed not to create an unnecessary obstacle to international trade.

2.5 当一个成员在制定、采用或实施可能对其他成员的贸易产生重大影响的技术法规时,应另一成员的要求,该成员须根据本协议第2.2款到第2.4款的规定对其技术法规的合理性作出解释。凡是为实现第2.2款所述的某一正当目标并根据相应的国际标准制定、采用和实施的技术法规,均应当有理由被认为是没有给国际贸易制造不必要的障碍。

2.6        With a view to harmonizing technical regulations on as wide a basis as possible, Members shall play a full part, within the limits of their resources, in the preparation by appropriate international standardizing bodies of international standards for products for which they either have adopted, or expect to adopt, technical regulations.

2.6 为了在尽可能广泛的基础上对技术法规进行协调,各成员在他们资源允许的条件下,应尽可能通过适当的国际标准化团体,充分参与他们己采用的或准备采用的技术法规所覆盖产品的国际标准的制定工作。

2.7        Members shall give positive consideration to accepting as equivalent technical regulations of other Members, even if these regulations differ from their own, provided they are satisfied that these regulations adequately fulfil the objectives of their own regulations.

2.7 只要其他成员的技术法规能够充分实现与本国法规相同的目标,即使这些法规与本国的不同,各成员也须积极考虑接受这些法规为等效技术法规。

2.8        Wherever appropriate, Members shall specify technical regulations based on product requirements in terms of performance rather than design or descriptive characteristics.

2.8 凡适用时,各成员须尽可能按产品的性能要求,而不是按设计或描述特性制定技术法规。

2.9        Whenever a relevant international standard does not exist or the technical content of a proposed technical regulation is not in accordance with the technical content of relevant international standards, and if the technical regulation may have a significant effect on trade of other Members, Members shall:

2.9 凡是没有相应的国际标准,或提出的技术法规中的技术内容与相应国际标准的技术内容不一致,并且该技术法规对其他成员的贸易可能有重大影响时,该成员须:

2.9.1                 publish a notice in a publication at an early appropriate stage, in such a manner as to enable interested parties in other Members to become acquainted with it, that they propose to introduce a particular technical regulation;

2.9.1            在早期适当阶段,在出版物上刊登准备采用此技术法规的通知,使其他成员中有利害关系的各方了解该信息;

 

2.9.2                 notify other Members through the Secretariat of the products to be covered by the proposed technical regulation, together with a brief indication of its objective and rationale.  Such notifications shall take place at an early appropriate stage, when amendments can still be introduced and comments taken into account;

2.9.2                通过秘书处,将该技术法规覆盖的产品清单通报其他成员,并简要介绍该技术法规的目的和理由。这种通报须尽早进行,以便仍可进行修改或考虑提出的意见;

 

2.9.3                 upon request, provide to other Members particulars or copies of the proposed technical regulation and, whenever possible, identify the parts which in substance deviate from relevant international standards;

2.9.3                如有要求,应向其他成员提供建议中的技术法规的细节或副本,凡有可能,标出与相应国际标准不一致之处。

 

2.9.4                 without discrimination, allow reasonable time for other Members to make comments in writing, discuss these comments upon request, and take these written comments and the results of these discussions into account.

2.9.4                应无歧视地给各成员留出合理的时间,使他们提出书面意见,根据要求与他们讨论这些意 见,并对这些书面意见和讨论结果予以考虑。

 

2.10      Subject to the provisions in the lead-in to paragraph 9, where urgent problems of safety, health, environmental protection or national security arise or threaten to arise for a Member, that Member may omit such of the steps enumerated in paragraph 9 as it finds necessary, provided that the Member, upon adoption of a technical regulation, shall:

2.10 在第2.9款引导部分规定的情况下,如果某成员中出现了涉及安全、健康、环境保护或国家安全等紧急问题或产生了出现上述紧急问题的威胁时,该成员如果认为有必要可以略去第2.9款中规定的步骤,但是该成员在批准技术法规时须:

 

2.10.1               notify immediately other Members through the Secretariat of the particular technical regulation and the products covered, with a brief indication of the objective and the rationale of the technical regulation, including the nature of the urgent problems;

2.10.1              立即通过秘书处将该技术法规及其覆盖的产品清单通报其他成员,同时简要说明该技术法规的目的和原由,包括该紧急问题的性质;

 

2.10.2               upon request, provide other Members with copies of the technical regulation;

2.10.2                如有要求,应向其他成员提供该技术法规的副本;

2.10.3               without discrimination, allow other Members to present their comments in writing, discuss these comments upon request, and take these written comments and the results of these discussions into account.

2.10.3                 无歧视地允许其他成员提出书面意见,应要求与他们讨论这些意见,并对书面意见和讨论 结果予以考虑。

 

2.11      Members shall ensure that all technical regulations which have been adopted are published promptly or otherwise made available in such a manner as to enable interested parties in other Members to become acquainted with them.

2.11 各成员须确保迅速出版己批准的所有技术法规或以某种方式,使其他成员中有利害关系的各方了解其内容。

2.12      Except in those urgent circumstances referred to in paragraph 10, Members shall allow a reasonable interval between the publication of technical regulations and their entry into force in order to allow time for producers in exporting Members, and particularly in developing country Members, to adapt their products or methods of production to the requirements of the importing Member.

2.12 除第2.10 款所述的那些紧急情况外,各成员须在技术法规的出版和生效之间留出合理的时间,以便使产品出口成员中的生产者,特别是发展中国家成员中的生产者有时间依照产品进口成员的要求调整其产品或生产方法。

 

Article 3

第3条

 

Preparation, Adoption and Application of Technical Regulations

by Local Government Bodies and Non-Governmental Bodies

地方政府机构和非政府机构对技术法规的制定、采用和实施

With respect to their local government and non-governmental bodies within their territories:

对于其成员境内的地方政府和非政府机构:

3.1        Members shall take such reasonable measures as may be available to them to ensure compliance by such bodies with the provisions of Article 2, with the exception of the obligation to notify as referred to in paragraphs 9.2 and 10.1 of Article 2.

3.1 各成员须采取他们所能采取的适当措施确保地方政府机构和非政府机构遵守第2条的规定,但第2条中的2.9.2款和2.10.1 款中对外通报的义务不包括在内。

 

3.2        Members shall ensure that the technical regulations of local governments on the level directly below that of the central government in Members are notified in accordance with the provisions of paragraphs 9.2 and 10.1 of Article 2, noting that notification shall not be required for technical regulations the technical content of which is substantially the same as that of previously notified technical regulations of central government bodies of the Member concerned.

3.2 各成员须确保按第2条中的第2.9.2款和2.10.1 款的规定对直属中央政府以下的地方政府的技术法规进行通报。但对实质内容与中央政府己公布的技术法规内容相同的地方技术法规不必进行通报。

 

3.3        Members may require contact with other Members, including the notifications, provision of information, comments and discussions referred to in paragraphs 9 and 10 of Article 2, to take place through the central government.

3.3 各成员可以通过中央政府要求与其他成员联系,包括第2条中第2.9款和第2.10 款提及的通报,提供信息、提出的意见和进行讨论。

3.4        Members shall not take measures which require or encourage local government bodies or non-governmental bodies within their territories to act in a manner inconsistent with the provisions of Article 2.

3.4 各成员不得采取措施要求或鼓励地方政府机构或非政府机构在其境内以不符合第2 条规定的方式行动。

 

3.5        Members are fully responsible under this Agreement for the observance of all provisions of Article 2.  Members shall formulate and implement positive measures and mechanisms in support of the observance of the provisions of Article 2 by other than central government bodies.

3.5 各成员根据本协议全权负责监督遵守第2条的各项规定。各成员须制定和采取积极措施并建立机制支持监督非中央政府机构遵守第2条的行动。

 

Article 4

第4条

 

Preparation, Adoption and Application

of Standards

标准的制定、采用和实施

 

4.1        Members shall ensure that their central government standardizing bodies accept and comply with the Code of Good Practice for the Preparation, Adoption and Application of Standards in Annex 3 to this Agreement (referred to in this Agreement as the "Code of Good Practice").  They shall take such reasonable measures as may be available to them to ensure that local government and non-governmental standardizing bodies within their territories, as well as regional standardizing bodies of which they or one or more bodies within their territories are members, accept and comply with this Code of Good Practice.  In addition, Members shall not take measures which have the effect of, directly or indirectly, requiring or encouraging such standardizing bodies to act in a manner inconsistent with the Code of Good Practice.  The obligations of Members with respect to compliance of standardizing bodies with the provisions of the Code of Good Practice shall apply irrespective of whether or not a standardizing body has accepted the Code of Good Practice.

4.1 各成员须保证其中央政府标准化机构接受并遵守本协议附件3中的标准制定、采用和实施的良好行为规范(在本协议中称为良好行为规范)。他们须采取能够采取的适当措施确保其境内的地方政府和非政府标准化机构以及他们参加的或其境内有一个或多个机构参加的区域标准化组织接受并遵守这个良好行为规范。此外,成员不得采取措施导致直接或间接要求或鼓励这些标准化机构违反此良好行为规范。无论标准化机构是否己接受良好行为规范,各成员均有义务执行良好行为规范的条款。

 

4.2        Standardizing bodies that have accepted and are complying with the Code of Good Practice shall be acknowledged by the Members as complying with the principles of this Agreement.

4.2 己接受并遵守良好行为规范的标准化机构是否符合本协议的各项原则,须得到各成员的认可。

 

CONFORMITY WITH TECHNICAL REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS

符合技术法规和标准

 

Article 5

第5条

 

Procedures for Assessment of Conformity by Central Government Bodies

中央政府机构的合格评定程序

 

5.1        Members shall ensure that, in cases where a positive assurance of conformity with technical regulations or standards is required, their central government bodies apply the following provisions to products originating in the territories of other Members:

5.1 当需要提供符合技术法规或标准的确实保证时,各成员须确保其中央政府机构对在其他成员境内生产的产品实行下述规定:

5.1.1                 conformity assessment procedures are prepared, adopted and applied so as to grant access for suppliers of like products originating in the territories of other Members under conditions no less favourable than those accorded to suppliers of like products of national origin or originating in any other country, in a comparable situation; access entails suppliers' right to an assessment of conformity under the rules of the procedure, including, when foreseen by this procedure, the possibility to have conformity assessment activities undertaken at the site of facilities and to receive the mark of the system;

5.1.1 合格评定程序的制定、采用和实施应允许在其他成员境内生产的产品的供应商在不低于本 国或其他任何成员境内生产的同类产品供应商的条件下进入该体系;该准人需使产品供应商根据该程序规则享有对合格评定的权利,包括当程序允许时,在该机构的所在地进行合格评定和得到该体系标志的可能性;

5.1.2                 conformity assessment procedures are not prepared, adopted or applied with a view to or with the effect of creating unnecessary obstacles to international trade.  This means, inter alia, that conformity assessment procedures shall not be more strict or be applied more strictly than is necessary to give the importing Member adequate confidence that products conform with the applicable technical regulations or standards, taking account of the risks non-conformity would create.

5.1.2              合格评定程序的制定、采用或实施在目的和效果上不应对国际贸易制造不必要的障碍。这特别意味着:合格评定程序不应当比让进口成员对产品符合相应的技术法规或标准建立足够的信心制定得更严格或执行起来更严格,这种信心就是产品是符合可应用性的技术法规或标准的,同时也应考虑产品不合格导致的风险。

 

5.2        When implementing the provisions of paragraph 1, Members shall ensure that:

5.2        当执行第5.1款的各项规定时,各成员须确保:

 

5.2.1                 conformity assessment procedures are undertaken and completed as expeditiously as possible and in a no less favourable order for products originating in the territories of other Members than for like domestic products;

5.2.1                合格评定程序要尽快进行和完成,对在其他成员领土上生产的产品,须在顺序上给予不低于本国生产的同类产品的优惠待遇;

 

5.2.2                 the standard processing period of each conformity assessment procedure is published or that the anticipated processing period is communicated to the applicant upon request;  when receiving an application, the competent body promptly examines the completeness of the documentation and informs the applicant in a precise and complete manner of all deficiencies;  the competent body transmits as soon as possible the results of the assessment in a precise and complete manner to the applicant so that corrective action may be taken if necessary;  even when the application has deficiencies, the competent body proceeds as far as practicable with the conformity assessment if the applicant so requests;  and that, upon request, the applicant is informed of the stage of the procedure, with any delay being explained;

5.2.2                每个合格评定程序的标准处理时限应予以公布或应要求,把预期的处理时限通知申请人;当收到合格评定申请后,机构应立即检查文件是否齐全并将所有不完备处准确和完整地通知申请人:受理机构应尽快把评定结果准确和完整地送交申请人,以便可以采取必要的纠正措施;即使申请时发现文件不完备,应申请人要求,受理机构也应尽可能进行合格评定,如申请人要求,应向申请人通报程序己进行到的阶段,并对任何延迟作出解释;

 

5.2.3                 information requirements are limited to what is necessary to assess conformity and determine fees;

5.2.3                 向申请人索取的信息仅限于合格评定及确定费用所必须的内容;

 

5.2.4                 the confidentiality of information about products originating in the territories of other Members arising from or supplied in connection with such conformity assessment procedures is respected in the same way as for domestic products and in such a manner that legitimate commercial interests are protected;

5.2.4                为合格评定程序提供的或通过合格评定程序得到的在其他成员领土生产的产品的有关信息的保密性应受到与本国产品相同的尊重,其正当的商业利益应受到与本国产品相同的保护;

 

5.2.5                 any fees imposed for assessing the conformity of products originating in the territories of other Members are equitable in relation to any fees chargeable for assessing the conformity of like products of national origin or originating in any other country, taking into account communication, transportation and other costs arising from differences between location of facilities of the applicant and the conformity assessment body;

5.2.5                               对在其他成员境内生产的产品进行合格评定所收的费用,除通讯、运输以及其他因申请人与合格评定机构不在同一地点而引起的花费外,所收取的费用应与本国的或任何其他国家的相同;

5.2.6                 the siting of facilities used in conformity assessment procedures and the selection of samples are not such as to cause unnecessary inconvenience to applicants or their agents;

5.2.6           合格评定程序所用设施的地点及样品的抽取不应给申请人或其代理人造成不必要的不便;

 

5.2.7                 whenever specifications of a product are changed subsequent to the determination of its conformity to the applicable technical regulations or standards, the conformity assessment procedure for the modified product is limited to what is necessary to determine whether adequate confidence exists that the product still meets the technical regulations or standards concerned;

5.2.7 当己被确认符合技术法规或标准的产品规格改变了时,对改变规格产品的合格评定程序仅限于那些能证明该产品仍符合有关技术法规或标准的必要部分;

5.2.8                 a procedure exists to review complaints concerning the operation of a conformity assessment procedure and to take corrective action when a complaint is justified.

5.2.8 应设立程序审查合格评定程序运作方面的投诉,如投诉合理,应采取纠正措施。

 

5.3        Nothing in paragraphs 1 and 2 shall prevent Members from carrying out reasonable spot checks within their territories.

5.3 无论5.1款还是5.2款均不得阻碍成员在其境内进行合理的现场检查

5.4        In cases where a positive assurance is required that products conform with technical regulations or standards, and relevant guides or recommendations issued by international standardizing bodies exist or their completion is imminent,  Members shall ensure that central government bodies use them, or the relevant parts of them, as a basis for their conformity assessment procedures, except where, as duly explained upon request, such guides or recommendations or relevant parts are inappropriate for the Members concerned, for, inter alia, such reasons as:  national security requirements;  the prevention of deceptive practices;  protection of human health or safety, animal or plant life or health, or the environment;  fundamental climatic or other geographical factors;  fundamental technological or infrastructural problems.

5.4 当要求提供产品符合技术法规或标准和符合由国际标准化机构己发布或即将发布的相应指南或建议时,成员须保证其中央政府机构使用它们或它们的相应部分作为他们合格评定程序的基础,除非根据要求作出解释,说明这些指南、建议或其相应部分特别是由于下述原因对成员不适合:国家安全要求:阻止欺诈行为;保护人类健康或安全,保护动物或植物生命或健康,或保护环境;基本气候或其他地理因素;基本技术或基础设施问题

5.5        With a view to harmonizing conformity assessment procedures on as wide a basis as possible, Members shall play a full part, within the limits of their resources, in the preparation by appropriate international standardizing bodies of guides and recommendations for conformity assessment procedures.

5.5 为使合格评定程序在尽可能广泛的基础上协调一致,各成员在其资源允许的条件下须尽可能参加相关国际标准化机构制定合格评定指南和建议的工作。

5.6        Whenever a relevant guide or recommendation issued by an international standardizing body does not exist or the technical content of a proposed conformity assessment procedure is not in accordance with relevant guides and recommendations issued by international standardizing bodies, and if the conformity assessment procedure may have a significant effect on trade of other Members, Members shall:

5.6 当国际标准化机构尚未制定出相应的指南或建议时,或建议的合格评定程序的技术内容与国际标准化机构制定的指南或建议不一致时,并且此合格评定程序可能对其他成员的贸易有重大影响时,各成员须:

5.6.1                 publish a notice in a publication at an early appropriate stage, in such a manner as to enable interested parties in other Members to become acquainted with it, that they propose to introduce a particular conformity assessment procedure;

5.6.1 在早期适当阶段,在出版物上刊登他们准备制定此合格评定程序的通知,以便使其他各成员中有利益关系的各方面掌握其信息;

5.6.2                 notify other Members through the Secretariat of the products to be covered by the proposed conformity assessment procedure, together with a brief indication of its objective and rationale.  Such notifications shall take place at an early appropriate stage, when amendments can still be introduced and comments taken into account;

5.6.2 通过秘书处将此合格评定程序覆盖的产品清单通报各成员,并简要说明其目的和理由。这样的通报应在早期适当阶段进行,以便对收到的意见进行考虑和对此程序仍可作出修改;

5.6.3                 upon request, provide to other Members particulars or copies of the proposed procedure and, whenever possible, identify the parts which in substance deviate from relevant guides or recommendations issued by international standardizing bodies;

5.6.3 如有要求,应向其他成员提供建议中的程序的细节或副本,并在可能时标明与国际标准化机构制定的指南或建议的基本不同之处;

5.6.4                 without discrimination, allow reasonable time for other Members to make comments in writing, discuss these comments upon request, and take these written comments and the results of these discussions into account.

5.6.4 应无歧视地给予各成员提出书面意见的合理时间,如有要求,应与他们讨论这些意见,并对这些书面意见和讨论结果予以考虑。

5.7        Subject to the provisions in the lead-in to paragraph 6, where urgent problems of safety, health, environmental protection or national security arise or threaten to arise for a Member, that Member may omit such of the steps enumerated in paragraph 6 as it finds necessary, provided that the Member, upon adoption of the procedure, shall:

5.7 在5.6 款引导部分规定的情况下,如果成员中出现了涉及安全、健康、环境保护或国家安全等紧急问题或产生了出现上述紧急问题的威胁时,该成员如果认为有必要可以略去第5.6款中规定的步骤,但是该成员在批准此程序时须:

5.7.1                 notify immediately other Members through the Secretariat of the particular procedure and the products covered, with a brief indication of the objective and the rationale of the procedure, including the nature of the urgent problems;

5.7.1 立即通过秘书处把此程序及所涉及的产品通知其他成员,同时简要说明此程序的目的和原由,包括紧急问题的性质;

5.7.2                 upon request, provide other Members with copies of the rules of the procedure;

5.7.2 如有要求,应向其他成员提供此程序有关规则的副本;

5.7.3                 without discrimination, allow other Members to present their comments in writing, discuss these comments upon request, and take these written comments and the results of these discussions into account.

5.7.3 无歧视地允许其他成员提出书面意见,应要求与他们讨论这些意见,并对书面意见和讨论结果予以考虑。

 

5.8        Members shall ensure that all conformity assessment procedures which have been adopted are published promptly or otherwise made available in such a manner as to enable interested parties in other Members to become acquainted with them.

5.8 各成员须保证迅速出版己批准的所有合格评定程序,或以其他方式,使其他各成员中有兴趣的各方面了解其内容。

5.9        Except in those urgent circumstances referred to in paragraph 7, Members shall allow a reasonable interval between the publication of requirements concerning conformity assessment procedures and their entry into force in order to allow time for producers in exporting Members, and particularly in developing country Members, to adapt their products or methods of production to the requirements of the importing Member.

5.9 除第5.7 款所述的那些紧急情况外,成员须在合格评定程序出版和生效之问留出合理的时间,以便使产品出口成员中的生产者,特别是发展中国家成员中的生产者有时间调整其产品或生产方法以适合产品进口成员的要求。

 

Article 6

第6条

 

Recognition of Conformity Assessment by Central Government Bodies

中央政府机构对合格评定的承认

 

With respect to their central government bodies:

对于中央政府机构:

 

6.1        Without prejudice to the provisions of paragraphs 3 and 4, Members shall ensure, whenever possible, that results of conformity assessment procedures in other Members are accepted, even when those procedures differ from their own, provided they are satisfied that those procedures offer an assurance of conformity with applicable technical regulations or standards equivalent to their own procedures.  It is recognized that prior consultations may be necessary in order to arrive at a mutually satisfactory understanding regarding, in particular:

6.1 与6.3 款和6.4 款的规定一致,各成员须保证凡有可能,接受在其他成员中进行的合格评定程序的结果,即使那些程序和他们自己的程序不同,只要他们认为那些程序与本国程序一样可以保证产品符合有关的技术法规或标准。应认识到有必要进行事先磋商,以便特别就下达内容达成相互满意的谅解:

 

6.1.1                 adequate and enduring technical competence of the relevant conformity assessment bodies in the exporting Member, so that confidence in the continued reliability of their conformity assessment results can exist;  in this regard, verified compliance, for instance through accreditation, with relevant guides or recommendations issued by international standardizing bodies shall be taken into account as an indication of adequate technical competence;

6.1.1             出口成员中有关的合格评定机构有足够且持久的技术能力保证其合格评定结果的连续可靠性;在这方面,可以考虑对其技术能力进行验证的作法,例如根据国际标准化机构制定的相应指南或建议进行认可;

 

6.1.2                 limitation of the acceptance of conformity assessment results to those produced by designated bodies in the exporting Member.

6.1.2                只限于接受出口成员中指定机构出具的合格评定结果。

 

6.2        Members shall ensure that their conformity assessment procedures permit, as far as practicable, the implementation of the provisions in paragraph 1.

6.2 各成员须保证其合格评定程序尽可能允许6.1款的执行。

 

6.3        Members are encouraged, at the request of other Members, to be willing to enter into negotiations for the conclusion of agreements for the mutual recognition of results of each other's conformity assessment procedures.  Members may require that such agreements fulfil the criteria of paragraph 1 and give mutual satisfaction regarding their potential for facilitating trade in the products concerned.

6.3 鼓励各成员应其他成员要求参加签订相互认可合格评定结果协定的谈判。成员们可以要求这类协定应符合6.1 款的准则并在便利有关产品贸易方面使彼此感到满意。

6.4        Members are encouraged to permit participation of conformity assessment bodies located in the territories of other Members in their conformity assessment procedures under conditions no less favourable than those accorded to bodies located within their territory or the territory of any other country.

6.4 鼓励各成员在不低于给予自己境内或其他国家境内机构的优惠条件下,允许其他成员境内的合格评定机构参加其合格评定程序。

 

Article 7

第7条

 

Procedures for Assessment of Conformity by Local Government Bodies

地方政府机构的合格评定程序

With respect to their local government bodies within their territories:

对于成员境内的地方政府机构:

7.1        Members shall take such reasonable measures as may be available to them to ensure compliance by such bodies with the provisions of Articles 5 and 6, with the exception of the obligation to notify as referred to in paragraphs 6.2 and 7.1 of Article 5.

7.1 各成员须采取他们所能采取的适当措施确保地方政府机构遵守第5条和第6条的规定,但第5.6.2款和第5.7.1款中对外通报的义务除外。

7.2        Members shall ensure that the conformity assessment procedures of local governments on the level directly below that of the central government in Members are notified in accordance with the provisions of paragraphs 6.2 and 7.1 of Article 5, noting that notifications shall not be required for conformity assessment procedures the technical content of which is substantially the same as that of previously notified conformity assessment procedures of central government bodies of the Members concerned.

7.2 各成员须保证按第5.6.2款和第5.7.1款规定对直接低于中央政府一级的地方政府合格评定程序进行通报,但对技术内容与中央政府已通报的合格评定程序实质相同的地方政府合格评定程序则不必进行通报。

7.3        Members may require contact with other Members, including the notifications, provision of information, comments and discussions referred to in paragraphs 6 and 7 of Article 5, to take place through the central government.

7.3 各成员可以通过中央政府就包括第5.6 款和第5.7 款所述的通报、提供的信息、提出的意见和讨论,要求与其他成员接触。

 

7.4        Members shall not take measures which require or encourage local government bodies within their territories to act in a manner inconsistent with the provisions of Articles 5 and 6.

7.4 各成员不得采取措施要求或鼓励地方政府机构在其领土内采取与第5条和第6条不符的行动。

7.5        Members are fully responsible under this Agreement for the observance of all provisions of Articles 5 and 6.  Members shall formulate and implement positive measures and mechanisms in support of the observance of the provisions of Articles 5 and 6 by other than central government bodies.

7.5 根据本协议,各成员对执行第5条和第6条的规定负有全部责任。各成员须制定和采取积极措施和建立必要的机制监督非中央政府机构执行第5条和第6条的规定。

 

Article 8

第8条

 

Procedures for Assessment of Conformity by Non-Governmental Bodies

非政府机构的合格评定程序

 

8.1        Members shall take such reasonable measures as may be available to them to ensure that non-governmental bodies within their territories which operate conformity assessment procedures comply with the provisions of Articles 5 and 6, with the exception of the obligation to notify proposed conformity assessment procedures.  In addition, Members shall not take measures which have the effect of, directly or indirectly, requiring or encouraging such bodies to act in a manner inconsistent with the provisions of Articles 5 and 6.

8.1 各成员须采取他们所能采取的适当措施,保证其境内开展合格评定程序的非政府机构遵守第5条和第6条的规定,但对外通报建议中的合格评定程序的义务除外。此外,成员不得采取任何措施,直接或间接地要求或鼓励这些机构采取不符合第5条和第6条规定的行动。

 

8.2        Members shall ensure that their central government bodies rely on conformity assessment procedures operated by non-governmental bodies only if these latter bodies comply with the provisions of Articles 5 and 6, with the exception of the obligation to notify proposed conformity assessment procedures.

8.2 各成员须保证只有在非政府机构遵守第5条和第6条规定的条件下,中央政府机构才能依赖这些非政府机构实施的合格评定程序,其中对外通报合格评定程序的义务除外。

 

Article 9

第9条

 

International and Regional Systems

国际性和区域性体系

 

9.1        Where a positive assurance of conformity with a technical regulation or standard is required, Members shall, wherever practicable, formulate and adopt international systems for conformity assessment and become members thereof or participate therein.

9.1 当被要求提供产品符合技术法规或标准的确实保证时,只要可行,各成员须制定和采用国际合格评定体系并作为该体系成员或参加该体系活动。

 

9.2        Members shall take such reasonable measures as may be available to them to ensure that international and regional systems for conformity assessment in which relevant bodies within their territories are members or participants comply with the provisions of Articles 5 and 6.  In addition, Members shall not take any measures which have the effect of, directly or indirectly, requiring or encouraging such systems to act in a manner inconsistent with any of the provisions of Articles 5 and 6.

9.2 各成员须采取他们所能采取的适当措施,保证其境内参加或参与国际性和区域性合格评定体系的团体遵守第5条和第6条的规定。此外,各成员不得采取任何措施直接或间接要求或鼓励这些体系采取违反第5条和第6条规定的行动。

9.3        Members shall ensure that their central government bodies rely on international or regional conformity assessment systems only to the extent that these systems comply with the provisions of Articles 5 and 6, as applicable.

9.3 各成员须保证其中央政府机构对国际性或区域性合格评定体系的依赖,仅限于这些体系遵守第5条和第6条现定的程度。

 

INFORMATION AND ASSISTANCE

信息和援助

 

 

Article 10

第10条

 

Information About Technical Regulations, Standards and

Conformity Assessment Procedures

关于技术法规、标准和合格评定程序的信息

10.1      Each Member shall ensure that an enquiry point exists which is able to answer all reasonable enquiries from other Members and interested parties in other Members as well as to provide the relevant documents regarding:

10.1 每个成员须保证设立一个咨询处,能回答其他成员和其他成员境内有关团体的所有合理询问,并提供下述有关文件:

10.1.1               any technical regulations adopted or proposed within its territory by central or local government bodies, by non-governmental bodies which have legal power to enforce a technical regulation, or by regional standardizing bodies of which such bodies are members or participants;

10.1.1        该成员中央或地方政府机构、对技术法规有执法权的非政府机构、或上述机构是成员或参与者的区域性标准化机构在其境内批准或建议的任何技术法规;

 

10.1.2               any standards adopted or proposed within its territory by central or local government bodies, or by regional standardizing bodies of which such bodies are members or participants;

10.1.2 中央或地方政府机构、或上述机构是成员或参与者的区域性标准化机构在其境内批准或建议的任何标准;

 

10.1.3               any conformity assessment procedures, or proposed conformity assessment procedures, which are operated within its territory by central or local government bodies, or by non-governmental bodies which have legal power to enforce a technical regulation, or by regional bodies of which such bodies are members or participants;

10.1.3           中央或地方政府机构、或对技术法规有执法权的非政府机构,或上述机构是成员或参与者的区域性机构在其境内实施的任何合格评定程序或建议的合格评定程序;

 

10.1.4               the membership and participation of the Member, or of relevant central or local government bodies within its territory, in international and regional standardizing bodies and conformity assessment systems, as well as in bilateral and multilateral arrangements within the scope of this Agreement; it shall also be able to provide reasonable information on the provisions of such systems and arrangements;

10.1.4 成员或其境内中央或地方政府机构参加国际性和区域性标准化机构、合格评定体系的成员身份情况和参加活动情况、以及涉及本协议范围的双边和多边协议情况,还须能提供这些体系和协议的有关条款的信息;

 

10.1.5               the location of notices published pursuant to this Agreement, or the provision of information as to where such information can be obtained;  and

10.1.5              按本协议发布通报的地点,或提供能够得到这类信息的地址;

 

10.1.6               the location of the enquiry points mentioned in paragraph 3.

10.1.6 第10.3 款涉及的咨询处的地址。

10.2      If, however, for legal or administrative reasons more than one enquiry point is established by a Member, that Member shall provide to the other Members complete and unambiguous information on the scope of responsibility of each of these enquiry points.  In addition, that Member shall ensure that any enquiries addressed to an incorrect enquiry point shall promptly be conveyed to the correct enquiry point.

10.2 如果成员因法律或行政原因设立多于一个的咨询处时,该成员须向其他成员提供每一个咨询处工作范围的完整和不能含混不清的信息。此外,该成员须保证送给非对口咨询处的询问件被立即转给对口咨询处。

10.3      Each Member shall take such reasonable measures as may be available to it to ensure that one or more enquiry points exist which are able to answer all reasonable enquiries from other Members and interested parties in other Members as well as to provide the relevant documents or information as to where they can be obtained regarding:

10.3 各成员均须尽他们所能采取适当措施,保证建立一个或多个咨询处以便口答其他成员和其他成员境内有关团体的所有合理询问,并且提供下述文件或信息,或告知从何处可以得到:

10.3.1               any standards adopted or proposed within its territory by non-governmental standardizing bodies, or by regional standardizing bodies of which such bodies are members or participants; and

10.3.1            非政府标准化机构或这类机构是成员或参加的区域性标准化机构在其境内批准或提议的 任何标准;

 

10.3.2               any conformity assessment procedures, or proposed conformity assessment procedures, which are operated within its territory by non-governmental bodies, or by regional bodies of which such bodies are members or participants;

10.3.2 非政府机构或这类机构是成员或参与的区域性机构,在其境内运作的或提议的任何合格评定程序;

10.3.3               the membership and participation of relevant non-governmental bodies within its territory in international and regional standardizing bodies and conformity assessment systems, as well as in bilateral and multilateral arrangements within the scope of this Agreement; they shall also be able to provide reasonable information on the provisions of such systems and arrangements.

10.3.3 其境内非政府机构参加国际性和区域性标准化机构和合格评定体系的身份和情况,以及在本协议范围内的双边和多边协议的情况,他们还须能提供这些体系和协议的有关条款的信息。

 

10.4      Members shall take such reasonable measures as may be available to them to ensure that where copies of documents are requested by other Members or by interested parties in other Members, in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement, they are supplied at an equitable price (if any) which shall, apart from the real cost of delivery, be the same for the nationals[1] of the Member concerned or of any other Member.

10.4 各成员须尽他们所能采取适当措施,保证当其他成员或其他成员中有关方面根据本协议条款索取文件副本时,除实际运费外,提供的价格(如有定价)须与提供给本国或任何其他成员的价格相同。

10.5      Developed country Members shall, if requested by other Members, provide, in English, French or Spanish, translations of the documents covered by a specific notification or, in case of voluminous documents, of summaries of such documents.

10.5 应各成员的要求,对于某项通报的文件,发达国家成员须提供该文件的英、法或西班牙文译本,或如果是成卷的文件,文件篇幅较长,则提供文件摘要的译文。

10.6      The Secretariat shall, when it receives notifications in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement, circulate copies of the notifications to all Members and interested international standardizing and conformity assessment bodies, and draw the attention of developing country Members to any notifications relating to products of particular interest to them.

10.6 WTO秘书处按本协议规定收到通报时,须将此通报副本分发给所有成员和有关的国际标准化和合格评定机构,并提请发展中国家成员注意涉及他们特别利益的产品的通报。

10.7      Whenever a Member has reached an agreement with any other country or countries on issues related to technical regulations, standards or conformity assessment procedures which may have a significant effect on trade, at least one Member party to the agreement shall notify other Members through the Secretariat of the products to be covered by the agreement and include a brief description of the agreement.  Members concerned are encouraged to enter, upon request, into consultations with other Members for the purposes of concluding similar agreements or of arranging for their participation in such agreements.

10.7 凡是一个成员与任何一个或多个其他国家在技术法规、标准或合格评定程序上达成可能对贸易有重大影响的协议时,至少协议中某一方应通过WT0秘书处通知其他成员此协议所覆盖的产品清单,包括该协议的简要说明。如有要求,应鼓励成员为签订类似的协议或加入此协议而同其他成员进行磋商。

10.8      Nothing in this Agreement shall be construed as requiring:

10.8 本协议的任何内容不得解释为要求:

10.8.1               the publication of texts other than in the language of the Member;

10.8.1 以非成员语言出版文本;

10.8.2               the provision of particulars or copies of drafts other than in the language of the Member except as stated in paragraph 5; or

10.8.2            除第10.5款规定外,以非成员语言提供草案细节或副本;或者

10.8.3               Members to furnish any information, the disclosure of which they consider contrary to their essential security interests.

10.8.3                            成员提供他们认为泄露后会违背其基本安全利益的信息。

 

10.9      Notifications to the Secretariat shall be in English, French or Spanish.

10.9 发往WT0秘书处的通报必须使用英、法或西班牙文。

10.10    Members shall designate a single central government authority that is responsible for the implementation on the national level of the provisions concerning notification procedures under this Agreement except those included in Annex 3.

10.10 各成员须指定一个中央政府机构在国家一级负责执行本协议关于通报程序的条款,不包括附件3部分。

10.11    If, however, for legal or administrative reasons the responsibility for notification procedures is divided among two or more central government authorities, the Member concerned shall provide to the other Members complete and unambiguous information on the scope of responsibility of each of these authorities.

10.11 但是如果因法律或行政原因,由两个或多个中央政府机构负责通报程序,该成员须将每个机构的责任范围完整地和不能含混不清地提供给其他成员。

 

Article 11

第11条

 

Technical Assistance to Other Members

对其他成员的技术援助

 

11.1      Members shall, if requested, advise other Members, especially the developing country Members, on the preparation of technical regulations.

11.1 如被要求,成员须就技术法规的制定向其他成员,特别是向发展中国家成员提供咨询。

 

11.2      Members shall, if requested, advise other Members, especially the developing country Members, and shall grant them technical assistance on mutually agreed terms and conditions regarding the establishment of national standardizing bodies, and participation in the international standardizing bodies, and shall encourage their national standardizing bodies to do likewise.

11.2 如被要求,成员须就建立国家标准化机构和参加国际标准化机构问题向其他成员,特别是发展中国家成员提供咨询,并在相互同意的条款和条件下,向他们提供技术援助。成员还须鼓励本国标准化机构也照此办理。

 

11.3      Members shall, if requested, take such reasonable measures as may be available to them to arrange for the regulatory bodies within their territories to advise other Members, especially the developing country Members, and shall grant them technical assistance on mutually agreed terms and conditions regarding:

11.3 如被要求,成员须尽他们所能采取的适当措施,安排其境内的管理机构就下述问题向其他成员,特别是发展中国家成员提供咨询,并在相互同意的条款和条件下,就以下问题向他们提供技术援助:

11.3.1               the establishment of regulatory bodies, or bodies for the assessment of conformity with technical regulations; and

11.3.1 管理机构或按技术法规开展合格评定的机构的建立;

11.3.2               the methods by which their technical regulations can best be met.

11.3.2 能够最好地符合技术法规的方法。

11.4      Members shall, if requested, take such reasonable measures as may be available to them to arrange for advice to be given to other Members, especially the developing country Members, and shall grant them technical assistance on mutually agreed terms and conditions regarding the establishment of bodies for the assessment of conformity with standards adopted within the territory of the requesting Member.

11.4 如被要求,成员须采取所能采取的适当措施,就根据己批准的标准在提出要求的成员境内建立合格评定机构问题,为其他成员特别是发展中国家成员提供咨询,并在相互同意的条款和条件下向他们提供技术援助。

11.5      Members shall, if requested, advise other Members, especially the developing country Members, and shall grant them technical assistance on mutually agreed terms and conditions regarding the steps that should be taken by their producers if they wish to have access to systems for conformity assessment operated by governmental or non-governmental bodies within the territory of the Member receiving the request.

11.5 如被要求,成员须采取他们所能采取的适当措施,就其他成员的生产厂为进入该成员境内政府或非政府机构的合格评定体系的步骤,向其他成员,特别是发展中国家成员提供咨询,并在相互同意的条款和条件下,向他们提供技术援助。

11.6      Members which are members or participants of international or regional systems for conformity assessment shall, if requested, advise other Members, especially the developing country Members, and shall grant them technical assistance on mutually agreed terms and conditions regarding the establishment of the institutions and legal framework which would enable them to fulfil the obligations of membership or participation in such systems.

11.6 如被要求,参加或参与国际或区域性合格评定体系的成员须就其他成员为参加或参与这些体系并履行其义务需要建立的机构和合法体制问题,向其他成员,特别是发展中国家成员提供咨询,并在相互同意的条款和条件下,向他们提供技术援助。

11.7      Members shall, if so requested, encourage bodies within their territories which are members or participants of international or regional systems for conformity assessment to advise other Members, especially the developing country Members, and should consider requests for technical assistance from them regarding the establishment of the institutions which would enable the relevant bodies within their territories to fulfil the obligations of membership or participation.

11.7 如被这样要求,成员须鼓励其境内的参加或参与国际或区域性合格评定体系的机构向其他成员,特别是发展中国家成员提供咨询,并在建立机构从而使其境内的有关机构履行成员或参与者义务方面,考虑向他们提供所需的技术援助。

11.8      In providing advice and technical assistance to other Members in terms of paragraphs 1 to 7, Members shall give priority to the needs of the least-developed country Members.

11.8 根据第11.1 款至第11.7款的规定向其他成员提供咨询和技术援助时,成员须优先考虑最不发达国家的需求。

 

Article 12

第12条

 

Special and Differential Treatment of Developing Country Members

对发展中国家成员的特殊和区别待遇

 

12.1      Members shall provide differential and more favourable treatment to developing country Members to this Agreement, through the following provisions as well as through the relevant provisions of other Articles of this Agreement.

12.1 各成员须按下述条款以及本协议的其他条款对发展中国家成员给予有区别的和更优惠的待遇。

12.2      Members shall give particular attention to the provisions of this Agreement concerning developing country Members' rights and obligations and shall take into account the special development, financial and trade needs of developing country Members in the implementation of this Agreement, both nationally and in the operation of this Agreement's institutional arrangements.

12.2 各成员须特别注意本协议中有关发展中国家成员的权利和义务的条款,并须考虑到发展中国家成员无论在国内还是在运作本协议的机构安排方面在执行本协议时的特殊发展、资金和贸易上的需要。

12.3      Members shall, in the preparation and application of technical regulations, standards and conformity assessment procedures, take account of the special development, financial and trade needs of developing country Members, with a view to ensuring that such technical regulations, standards and conformity assessment procedures do not create unnecessary obstacles to exports from developing country Members.

l2.3 各成员在制定和实施技术法规、标准和合格评定程序时,须考虑到各发展中国家成员的特殊发展、资金和贸易上的需要,以保证这些技术法规、标准和合格评定程序不对发展中国家成员的出口造成不必要的障碍。

12.4      Members recognize that, although international standards, guides or recommendations may exist, in their particular technological and socio-economic conditions, developing country Members adopt certain technical regulations, standards or conformity assessment procedures aimed at preserving indigenous technology and production methods and processes compatible with their development needs.  Members therefore recognize that developing country Members should not be expected to use international standards as a basis for their technical regulations or standards, including test methods, which are not appropriate to their development, financial and trade needs.

12.4 各成员认识到:即使己有国际标准、指南和建议,在其特殊的技术和社会经济条件下发展中国家成员仍可采用某些技术法规、标准或合格评定程序以保持与其发展需要相适应的当地技术、生产方法和加工工艺。因此,各成员认识到不应期望发展中国家成员采用不适合其发展、资金和贸易需要的国际标准作为其技术法规或标准、包括试验方法的基础。

12.5      Members shall take such reasonable measures as may be available to them to ensure that international standardizing bodies and international systems for conformity assessment are organized and operated in a way which facilitates active and representative participation of relevant bodies in all Members, taking into account the special problems of developing country Members.

l2.5 考虑到发展中国家成员的特殊问题,各成员须采取他们所能采取的适当措施,保证国际标准化机构和国际合格评定体系以一种有助于所有成员的有关机构积极和有代表性地参加的方式组织和运作。

12.6      Members shall take such reasonable measures as may be available to them to ensure that international standardizing bodies, upon request of developing country Members, examine the possibility of, and, if practicable, prepare international standards concerning products of special interest to developing country Members.

12.6 各成员须采取他们所能采取的措施,保证国际标准化机构,应各发展中国家成员的要求,审查制定对发展中国家成员有特殊利益的产品的国际标准的可能性。

12.7      Members shall, in accordance with the provisions of Article 11, provide technical assistance to developing country Members to ensure that the preparation and application of technical regulations, standards and conformity assessment procedures do not create unnecessary obstacles to the expansion and diversification of exports from developing country Members.  In determining the terms and conditions of the technical assistance, account shall be taken of the stage of development of the requesting Members and in particular of the least-developed country Members.

12.7 根据第11条的规定,各成员须向各发展中国家成员提供技术援助,以保证技术法规、标准和合格评定程序的制定和实施不会对各发展中国家成员的出口的扩大和多样化造成不必要的障碍。在确定技术援助的内容和条件时,须考虑到请求成员,特别是最不发达国家成员所处的发展阶段。

12.8      It is recognized that developing country Members may face special problems, including institutional and infrastructural problems, in the field of preparation and application of technical regulations, standards and conformity assessment procedures. It is further recognized that the special development and trade needs of developing country Members, as well as their stage of technological development, may hinder their ability to discharge fully their obligations under this Agreement.  Members, therefore, shall take this fact fully into account.  Accordingly, with a view to ensuring that developing country Members are able to comply with this Agreement, the Committee on Technical Barriers to Trade provided for in Article 13 (referred to in this Agreement as the "Committee") is enabled to grant, upon request, specified, time-limited exceptions in whole or in part from obligations under this Agreement.  When considering such requests the Committee shall take into account the special problems, in the field of preparation and application of technical regulations, standards and conformity assessment procedures, and the special development and trade needs of the developing country Member, as well as its stage of technological development, which may hinder its ability to discharge fully its obligations under this Agreement.  The Committee shall, in particular, take into account the special problems of the least-developed country Members.

12.8 认识到发展中国家成员在技术法规、标准和合格评定程序的制定和实施,包括组织机构和基础设施方面可能面临的特殊问题。认识到各发展中国家的成员的特殊发展和贸易需要以及他们的技术发展阶段可能妨碍他们充分履行本协议的义务,因此各成员须充分考虑到上述事实。为此,为了保证各发展中国家成员能够遵守本协议,应要求,根据本协议第13条设立的贸易技术壁垒委员会(本协议中称“委员会”)被授权允许在规定的一段时间内,全部或部分地免除他们对协定应负的义务。当考虑这种要求时,委员会须考虑到该发展中国家成员在技术法规、标准及合格评定程序的制定和实施方面的特殊问题,及特殊发展和贸易需要。以及其技术发展阶段,因为这些都可能妨碍他们充分履行本协议,委员会须特别考虑各最不发达国家成员的特殊问题。

12.9      During consultations, developed country Members shall bear in mind the special difficulties experienced by developing country Members in formulating and implementing standards and technical regulations and conformity assessment procedures, and in their desire to assist developing country Members with their efforts in this direction, developed country Members shall take account of the special needs of the former in regard to financing, trade and development.

l2.9 在咨询时,各发达国家成员须考虑到发展中国家成员在制定和实施标准、技术法规和合格评定程序时的特殊困难,在考虑帮助各发展中国家成员时,发达国家要考虑发展中国家在经费、贸易和发展方面的特殊需要。

12.10    The Committee shall examine periodically the special and differential treatment, as laid down in this Agreement, granted to developing country Members on national and international levels.

 

12.10 委员会应从国家和国际角度定期检查本协议所规定的给予各发展中国家成员的特殊和区别待遇的问题。

INSTITUTIONS, CONSULTATION AND DISPUTE SETTLEMENT

机构、磋商和争端解决

 

Article 13

第13条

 

The Committee on Technical Barriers to Trade

贸易技术壁垒委员会

13.1      A Committee on Technical Barriers to Trade is hereby established, and shall be composed of representatives from each of the Members.  The Committee shall elect its own Chairman and shall meet as necessary, but no less than once a year, for the purpose of affording Members the opportunity of consulting on any matters relating to the operation of this Agreement or the furtherance of its objectives, and shall carry out such responsibilities as assigned to it under this Agreement or by the Members.

13.1 成立一个由各成员代表组成的贸易技术壁垒委员会。委员会须选出自己的主席并在必要时召开会议,为了使各成员有机会就执行协定或促进本协议目的的有关事宜进行磋商,会议至少每年召开一次。委员会应执行本协议或成员所赋予的职责。

13.2      The Committee shall establish working parties or other bodies as may be appropriate, which shall carry out such responsibilities as may be assigned to them by the Committee in accordance with the relevant provisions of this Agreement.

13.2 委员会须成立工作组或其他适当机构。这些工作组或机构须执行委员会根据本协议相应条款赋予它们的职责。

13.3      It is understood that unnecessary duplication should be avoided between the work under this Agreement and that of governments in other technical bodies.  The Committee shall examine this problem with a view to minimizing such duplication.

13.3 应避免本协议中的工作与政府在其他技术机构的工作发生不必要的重复。为了减少这类重复,委员会须检查是否有这类问题。

 

Article 14

第14条

 

Consultation and Dispute Settlement

磋商和争端解决

 

14.1      Consultations and the settlement of disputes with respect to any matter affecting the operation of this Agreement shall take place under the auspices of the Dispute Settlement Body and shall follow, mutatis mutandis, the provisions of Articles XXII and XXIII of GATT 1994, as elaborated and applied by the Dispute Settlement Understanding.

14.1 就影响本协议执行的任何事项进行磋商和争端的解决,均须在争端解决机构的主持下进行,并须按照争端解决协定阐述和实施的1994年GATT第XXII条和第XXIII条的规定执行。

14.2      At the request of a party to a dispute, or at its own initiative, a panel may establish a technical expert group to assist in questions of a technical nature, requiring detailed consideration by experts.

14.2 应发生争端的一方提出的要求,或应争端解决机构提议,小组委员会可以建立一个技术专家组,协助解诀需由专家详细研究的技术性问题。

14.3      Technical expert groups shall be governed by the procedures of Annex 2.

14.3 技术专家组应按附件2的程序管理。

14.4      The dispute settlement provisions set out above can be invoked in cases where a Member considers that another Member has not achieved satisfactory results under Articles 3, 4, 7, 8 and 9 and its trade interests are significantly affected.  In this respect, such results shall be equivalent to those as if the body in question were a Member.

14.4 当某成员认为另一成员在第3条、第4条、第7条、第8条和第9条规定下没能达到令人满意的结果,并且使其贸易利益受到重大影响时,可以引用上述争端解决条款。在这方面,将把成员境内的团体视为成员等同对待。

FINAL PROVISIONS

最后条款

 

Article 15

第15条

 

Final Provisions

最后条款

 

Reservations

保留

 

15.1      Reservations may not be entered in respect of any of the provisions of this Agreement without the consent of the other Members.

15.1 没有得到其他成员的允许,不能对本协议中的任何条款提出任何保留。

Review

复审

 

15.2      Each Member shall, promptly after the date on which the WTO Agreement enters into force for it, inform the Committee of measures in existence or taken to ensure the implementation and administration of this Agreement.  Any changes of such measures thereafter shall also be notified to the Committee.

15.2 在世界贸易组织(WTO)协定生效后,各成员须立即把现行的或将采取的实施和管理本协议的措施通报给委员会。此后,对这些措施的任何变动也应向委员会通报。

 

15.3      The Committee shall review annually the implementation and operation of this Agreement taking into account the objectives thereof.

15.3 委员会须参照本协议的宗旨,每年对本协议的实施和运作进行复审。

15.4      Not later than the end of the third year from the date of entry into force of the WTO Agreement and at the end of each three-year period thereafter, the Committee shall review the operation and implementation of this Agreement, including the provisions relating to transparency, with a view to recommending an adjustment of the rights and obligations of this Agreement where necessary to ensure mutual economic advantage and balance of rights and obligations, without prejudice to the provisions of Article 12.  Having regard, inter alia, to the experience gained in the implementation of the Agreement, the Committee shall, where appropriate, submit proposals for amendments to the text of this Agreement to the Council for Trade in Goods.

15.4 自世界贸易组织(WTO)协定生效之日起,第3年年底之前,以及以后每3年结束之前,委员会须对本协议的实施和运作包括与透明度有关的条款进行复审。在不损害第12条规定的前提下,为保证成员间的相互经济利益以及权利和义务的平衡,委员会可以根据需要提出对权利和义务的调整建议。根据实施本协议所取得的经验,若适宜,委员会可以向货物贸易理事会提出对本协议进行修改的提案。

Annexes

附件

15.5            The annexes to this Agreement constitute an integral part thereof.

15.5 本协议的附件是本协议整体的一部分。

 

ANNEX 1

附件1

 

TERMS AND THEIR DEFINITIONS FOR THE

PURPOSE OF THIS AGREEMENT

本协议名词术语及其定义

 

The terms presented in the sixth edition of the ISO/IEC Guide 2:  1991, General Terms and Their Definitions Concerning Standardization and Related Activities, shall, when used in this Agreement, have the same meaning as given in the definitions in the said Guide taking into account that services are excluded from the coverage of this Agreement.

ISO/IEC指南2:1991第6版 “标准化及有关活动所采用的名词术语及其定义”中的名词术语,如在本协议中使用,其含义应与上述指南中所给出的定义相同,但要考虑到服务不属于本协议覆盖范围。

 

For the purpose of this Agreement, however, the following definitions shall apply:

但就本协议而言,使用下述定义:

1.         Technical regulation

1. 技术法规

 

Document which lays down product characteristics or their related processes and production methods, including the applicable administrative provisions, with which compliance is mandatory.  It may also include or deal exclusively with terminology, symbols, packaging, marking or labelling requirements as they apply to a product, process or production method.

强制执行的规定产品特性或相应加工和生产方法的包括可适用的管理规定的文件。技术法规也可以包括或专门规定用于产品、加工或生产方法的术语、符号、包装、标志或标签要求。

 

Explanatory note

注释

 

The definition in ISO/IEC Guide 2 is not self-contained, but based on the so-called "building block" system.

ISO/IEC指南2中的定义不是采用独立定义方式,而是建立在所谓“积木”系统上的。

2.                   Standard标准

 

Document approved by a recognized body, that provides, for common and repeated use, rules, guidelines or characteristics for products or related processes and production methods, with which compliance is not mandatory.  It may also include or deal exclusively with terminology, symbols, packaging, marking or labelling requirements as they apply to a product, process or production method.

为了通用或反复使用的目的,由公认机构批准的规定产品或相关加工和生产方法的规则、指南或特性的非强制执行的文件。标准也可以包括或专门规定用于产品、加工或生产方法的术语、符号、包装标志或标签要求。

Explanatory note

           注释

 

The terms as defined in ISO/IEC Guide 2 cover products, processes and services.  This Agreement deals only with technical regulations, standards and conformity assessment procedures related to products or processes and production methods.  Standards as defined by ISO/IEC Guide 2 may be mandatory or voluntary.  For the purpose of this Agreement standards are defined as voluntary and technical regulations as mandatory documents.  Standards prepared by the international standardization community are based on consensus. This Agreement covers also documents that are not based on consensus.

ISO/IEC指南2规定的术语包括产品、加工和服务。本协议只涉及产品或相关加工和生产方法的 技术法规、标准和合格评定程序。 ISO/IEC指南2定义的标准可以是强制性的也可以是自愿性的。本协议中标准定义为自愿性文件,技术法规定义为强制性文件。国际标准化团体制定的标准是建立在协商一致基础上的。本协议还包括建立在非协商一致基础上的文件。

3.                   Conformity assessment procedures

合格评定程序

 

Any procedure used, directly or indirectly, to determine that relevant requirements in technical regulations or standards are fulfilled.

直接或间接用来确定是否达到技术法规或标准的相关要求的任何程序。

Explanatory note

注释

Conformity assessment procedures include, inter alia, procedures for sampling, testing and inspection;  evaluation, verification and assurance of conformity;  registration, accreditation and approval as well as their combinations.

合格评定程序特别包括取样、测试和检查程序;评估、验证和合格保证程序;注册、认可和批准以及它们的综合的程序。

4.                   International body or system国际机构或体系

 

 

Body or system whose membership is open to the relevant bodies of at least all Members.

至少允许本协议所有成员的有关团体加入的机构或体系。

5.         Regional body or system区域机构或体系

 

Body or system whose membership is open to the relevant bodies of only some of the Members.

仅允许本协议部分成员的有关团体加入的机构或体系。

6.         Central government body

中央政府机构

Central government, its ministries and departments or any body subject to the control of the central government in respect of the activity in question.

中央政府,中央政府各部和部门或其所述活动受中央政府控制的任何机构。

Explanatory note:

注释:

In the case of the European Communities the provisions governing central government bodies apply.  However, regional bodies or conformity assessment systems may be established within the European Communities, and in such cases would be subject to the provisions of this Agreement on regional bodies or conformity assessment systems.

欧洲共同体的情况适用中央政府机构的条款。但是欧洲共同体可以建立区域机构或合格评定体系,在这种情况下,则适用本协议中区域机构或合格评定体系的条款。

7.                   Local government body

          地方政府机构

 

Government other than a central government (e.g. states, provinces, Länder, cantons, municipalities, etc.), its ministries or departments or any body subject to the control of such a government in respect of the activity in question.

非中央政府的政府机构(如州、省、郡、镇、市等)及其各部或部门,或其所述活动上受某一此类政府控制的任何机构。

8.                   Non-governmental body

          非政府机构

 

Body other than a central government body or a local government body, including a non-governmental body which has legal power to enforce a technical regulation.

非中央政府和地方政府机构,包括具有合法权力推行技术法规的非政府机构。

ANNEX 2

附件2

TECHNICAL EXPERT GROUPS

技术专家组

 

The following procedures shall apply to technical expert groups established in accordance with the provisions of Article 14.

下述程序适用于按第14条建立的技术专家组。

1.         Technical expert groups are under the panel's authority.  Their terms of reference and detailed working procedures shall be decided by the panel, and they shall report to the panel.

1.技术专家组受小组委员会管辖。其工作职责和具体的工作程序须由小组委员会决定,技术专家组须向小组委员会报告工作。

2.         Participation in technical expert groups shall be restricted to persons of professional standing and experience in the field in question.

2.参加技术专家组的人员须仅限于所述领域里富有专业知识和经验的个人。

3.         Citizens of parties to the dispute shall not serve on a technical expert group without the joint agreement of the parties to the dispute, except in exceptional circumstances when the panel considers that the need for specialized scientific expertise cannot be fulfilled otherwise. Government officials of parties to the dispute shall not serve on a technical expert group.  Members of technical expert groups shall serve in their individual capacities and not as government representatives, nor as representatives of any organization.  Governments or organizations shall therefore not give them instructions with regard to matters before a technical expert group.

未经所有争执方的一致同意,争执方的公民不得参加技术专家组,除非小组委员会认为因特定科学知识方面的需要非他们参加不可。争执方的政府官员不得参加技术专家组。技术专家以个人身份参加技术专家组,既不得作为政府代表,也不得作为任何组织的代表。因此政府或其他组织不得就技术专家组处理的事项向他们下达指示。

4.         Technical expert groups may consult and seek information and technical advice from any source they deem appropriate.  Before a technical expert group seeks such information or advice from a source within the jurisdiction of a Member, it shall inform the government of that Member.  Any Member shall respond promptly and fully to any request by a technical expert group for such information as the technical expert group considers necessary and appropriate.

4.技术专家组可以向他们认为适当的任何来源处寻求信息和技术咨询。当技术专家组向某成员管辖的来源处寻求这类信息或建议时,须事先通知该成员国的政府。任何成员须迅速和全部地答复技术专家组认为必要和适当的信息提出的任何要求。

5.       The parties to a dispute shall have access to all relevant information provided to a technical expert group, unless it is of a confidential nature.  Confidential information provided to the technical expert group shall not be released without formal authorization from the government, organization or person providing the information.  Where such information is requested from the technical expert group but release of such information by the technical expert group is not authorized, a non-confidential summary of the information will be provided by the government, organization or person supplying the information.

5.除保密信息外,争执方须能访问提供给技术专家组的全部有关信息,除非向技术专家组提供的信息是保密的。凡属向技术专家组提供的保密信息未经提供该信息的政府、组织或个人的正式授权不得公布。如向技术专家组索取没有向其授权予以公布的这类信息时,应由提供该信息的政府、组织或个人提供该信息的非保密性摘要。

6.         The technical expert group shall submit a draft report to the Members concerned with a view to obtaining their comments, and taking them into account, as appropriate, in the final report, which shall also be circulated to the Members concerned when it is submitted to the panel.

 

6.技术专家组须向有关成员提供报告草案征询他们的意见,并在最终报告中适当考虑他们的意见。当把最终报告提交小组委员会时,也须分发给有关成员。

 

ANNEX 3

附件3

 

CODE OF GOOD PRACTICE FOR THE PREPARATION, ADOPTION AND

APPLICATION OF STANDARDS

制定、采用和实施标准的良好行为规范

 

General Provisions

总条款

 

A.        For the purposes of this Code the definitions in Annex 1 of this Agreement shall apply.

A. 本协议附件1中的定义适用于本规范。

B.         This Code is open to acceptance by any standardizing body within the territory of a Member of the WTO, whether a central government body, a local government body, or a non-governmental body; to any governmental regional standardizing body one or more members of which are Members of the WTO; and to any non-governmental regional standardizing body one or more members of which are situated within the territory of a Member of the WTO (referred to in this Code collectively as "standardizing bodies" and individually as "the standardizing body").

B. 世界贸易组织(WTO)成员境内的任何标准化机构,无论是中央政府机构、地方政府机构或非政府机构;有一个或多个世界贸易组织成员参加的任何政府性区域标准化机构:世界贸易组织成员境内有一个或多个机构参加的任何非政府性区域标准化机构(以下统称“标准化机构”和“各标准化机构”),均可以接受本规范。

C.         Standardizing bodies that have accepted or withdrawn from this Code shall notify this fact to the ISO/IEC Information Centre in Geneva.  The notification shall include the name and address of the body concerned and the scope of its current and expected standardization activities.  The notification may be sent either directly to the ISO/IEC Information Centre, or through the national member body of ISO/IEC or, preferably, through the relevant national member or international affiliate of ISONET, as appropriate.

C. 各标准化机构接受或退出本规范,均须通报位于日内瓦的ISO/IEC信息中心。通报内容应包括该机构的名称、地址以及现在和预期的标准化活动工作范围。通报可直接送ISO/IEC信息中心,或通过ISO/IEC的国家成员团体,或通过ISONET的有关国家成员或其国际分支机构转交。

 

SUBSTANTIVE PROVISIONS

实质性条款

 

D.        In respect of standards, the standardizing body shall accord treatment to products originating in the territory of any other Member of the WTO no less favourable than that accorded to like products of national origin and to like products originating in any other country.

D. 在标准方面,各标准化机构给予来自世界贸易组织其他任何成员境内产品的待遇,应不低于本国同类产品以及其他任何国家同类产品的待遇。

 

E.         The standardizing body shall ensure that standards are not prepared, adopted or applied with a view to, or with the effect of, creating unnecessary obstacles to international trade.

E. 各标准化机构须保证不制定、不采用或不实施在目的上或效果上给国际贸易制造不必要障碍的标准。

F.         Where international standards exist or their completion is imminent, the standardizing body shall use them, or the relevant parts of them, as a basis for the standards it develops, except where such international standards or relevant parts would be ineffective or inappropriate, for instance, because of an insufficient level of protection or fundamental climatic or geographical factors or fundamental technological problems.

F. 当国际标准存在或即将完成时,除非它们或其有关部分由于保护级别不够、或基本气候或地理因素、或基本技术问题等原因无效或不适用,各标准化机构须以它们或其有关部分作为自己制定标准的基础。

G.         With a view to harmonizing standards on as wide a basis as possible, the standardizing body shall, in an appropriate way, play a full part, within the limits of its resources, in the preparation by relevant international standardizing bodies of international standards regarding subject matter for which it either has adopted, or expects to adopt, standards.  For standardizing bodies within the territory of a Member, participation in a particular international standardization activity shall, whenever possible, take place through one delegation representing all standardizing bodies in the territory that have adopted, or expect to adopt, standards for the subject matter to which the international standardization activity relates.

G. 为使标准在尽可能广泛的基础上协调一致,各标准化机构须以适当方式在资源允许的条件下尽可能参加有关国际标准化机构制定他们己采用或准备采用标准的国际标准的工作。成员境内的标准化机构应尽可能通过一个代表团参加某一特定的国际标准化活动,这个代表团代表其境内所有标准化机构,参加与其己采用或准备采用标准相关的国际标准化活动。

H.        The standardizing body within the territory of a Member shall make every effort to avoid duplication of, or overlap with, the work of other standardizing bodies in the national territory or with the work of relevant international or regional standardizing bodies.  They shall also make every effort to achieve a national consensus on the standards they develop.  Likewise the regional standardizing body shall make every effort to avoid duplication of, or overlap with, the work of relevant international standardizing bodies.

H. 成员境内的各标准化机构须尽可能避免在工作上与境内其他标准化机构或相应国际或区域性标准化机构相重复或重叠。他们还须尽一切努力使其制定的标准在国内达成协商一致。同样,区域性标准化机构须尽可能避免在工作上与相关的国际标准化机构相重复或重叠。

I.          Wherever appropriate, the standardizing body shall specify standards based on product requirements in terms of performance rather than design or descriptive characteristics.

I.凡有可能,各标准化机构须按产品性能而不是按设计或描述特性编写产品要求方面的标准。

J.          At least once every six months, the standardizing body shall publish a work programme containing its name and address, the standards it is currently preparing and the standards which it has adopted in the preceding period.  A standard is under preparation from the moment a decision has been taken to develop a standard until that standard has been adopted.  The titles of specific draft standards shall, upon request, be provided in English, French or Spanish.  A notice of the existence of the work programme shall be published in a national or, as the case may be, regional publication of standardization activities.

J. 各标准化机构须至少每6个月出版一次工作计划,包括其名称和地址、正在制定的标准以及前一段时间己批准的标准。标准在制定之中是指一个标准从作出制定的决定时起直到它被批准为止。应要求,某项标准草案的标题应以英文、法文或西班牙文提供,工作计划的通报应在国内标准化活动出版物上公布,或在适宜的情况下,在区域性标准化活动出版物上公布。

The work programme shall for each standard indicate, in accordance with any ISONET rules, the classification relevant to the subject matter, the stage attained in the standard's development, and the references of any international standards taken as a basis.  No later than at the time of publication of its work programme, the standardizing body shall notify the existence thereof to the ISO/IEC Information Centre in Geneva.

按ISONET规则,对工作计划中的每一个标准项目都须给出主题的类别、标准制定过程中所处的阶段,以及引用作为基础的国际标准。各标准化机构须在出版其工作计划之前将其通报设在日内瓦的ISO/IEC信息中心。

The notification shall contain the name and address of the standardizing body, the name and issue of the publication in which the work programme is published, the period to which the work programme applies, its price (if any), and how and where it can be obtained.  The notification may be sent directly to the ISO/IEC Information Centre, or, preferably, through the relevant national member or international affiliate of ISONET, as appropriate.

通报中须包括标准化机构的名称和地址、公布工作计划的出版物的名称和版次、工作计划适用的期限、出版物的价格以及索取此出版物的方法和地点。通报可以直接寄给ISO/IEC信息中心,或者必要时通过ISONET有关国家成员或ISONET的国际分支机构转交。

K.        The national member of ISO/IEC shall make every effort to become a member of ISONET or to appoint another body to become a member as well as to acquire the most advanced membership type possible for the ISONET member. Other standardizing bodies shall make every effort to associate themselves with the ISONET member.

K. ISO/IEC的国家成员须尽可能参加或指派一机构参加ISONET,并且争取享有最高类型的成员资格。其他标准化机构应尽可能与ISONET成员保持联系。

L.         Before adopting a standard, the standardizing body shall allow a period of at least 60 days for the submission of comments on the draft standard by interested parties within the territory of a Member of the WTO.  This period may, however, be shortened in cases where urgent problems of safety, health or environment arise or threaten to arise.  No later than at the start of the comment period, the standardizing body shall publish a notice announcing the period for commenting in the publication referred to in paragraph J.  Such notification shall include, as far as practicable, whether the draft standard deviates from relevant international standards.

L. 在批准一个标准之前,标准化机构须留出至少60天的时间让其他世界贸易组织成员境内有利害关系的各方对标准草案提出意见。但在出现或可能出现危及安全、健康或环境的紧急问题时,这段时间可以缩短。该标准化机构须在征询意见期限开始之前,在J中规定的出版物上公布征询意见的期限,并应尽可能标明此标准草案是否偏离有关的国际标准。

M.        On the request of any interested party within the territory of a Member of the WTO, the standardizing body shall promptly provide, or arrange to provide, a copy of a draft standard which it has submitted for comments.  Any fees charged for this service shall, apart from the real cost of delivery, be the same for foreign and domestic parties.

M. 应世界贸易组织成员境内的任一有利害关系方的要求,标准化机构须立即提供或安排提供其己提交征询意见的标准草案文本。提供此种服务的任何费用,除其实际运费外,应与向国内外各方收取的费用相同。

N.        The standardizing body shall take into account, in the further processing of the standard, the comments received during the period for commenting.  Comments received through standardizing bodies that have accepted this Code of Good Practice shall, if so requested, be replied to as promptly as possible.  The reply shall include an explanation why a deviation from relevant international standards is necessary.

N. 该标准化机构在对此标准作进一步处理时,须考虑在征询意见期间收到的意见。对已接受本良好行为规范的各标准化机构所提出的意见,须尽可能快地予以答复。答复内容须包括该标准为什么偏离有关国际标准的必要性的解释。

O.  Once the standard has been adopted, it shall be promptly published.

O. 标准一旦被批准,须立即出版。

 

P.  On the request of any interested party within the territory of a Member of the WTO, the standardizing body shall promptly provide, or arrange to provide, a copy of its most recent work programme or of a standard which it produced.  Any fees charged for this service shall, apart from the real cost of delivery, be the same for foreign and domestic parties.

P. 应WTO成员境内任一有利害关系的团体要求,标准化机构须立即提供或安排提供最新的工作计划文本或其制定的标准文本,提供此种服务的任何费用,除其实际运费外,应与向国内外各方收取的费用相同。

Q.        The standardizing body shall afford sympathetic consideration to, and adequate opportunity for, consultation regarding representations with respect to the operation of this Code presented by standardizing bodies that have accepted this Code of Good Practice.  It shall make an objective effort to solve any complaints.

Q. 各标准化机构应当对接受本良好行为规范的其他标准化机构提出的有关规范实施的问题或意见,给予赞同性考虑并提供充足的磋商的机会。应尽一切努力客观地解决任何投诉。

 

[1] "Nationals" here shall be deemed, in the case of a separate customs territory Member of the WTO, to mean persons, natural or legal, who are domiciled or who have a real and effective industrial or commercial establishment in that customs territory.

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