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利比亚面临着水资源危机UNICEF acts to stave off potential water crisis caused by fuel shortages i

(2011-09-02 10:14:41)
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杂谈

分类: 偶译

由于燃料短缺,利比亚面临着水资源危机,联合国儿童基金会采取行动,避免危机的发生

UNICEF Photo
© UNICEF Libya/2011/Adjolohoun
利比亚的饮水系统遭到战争破坏,致使当地的家庭和儿童面临水资源短缺的问题,卡车载着第一批送给他们的瓶装水。

洛山.卡迪维报道

利比亚班加西,2011 年 8 月 29 日 — 利比亚冲突不断,破坏了向沙漠地带输送水的管道系统,致使当地面临严重的水源短缺危机。

著名的大人工河从南部的努比亚砂岩蓄水层的水井里引水,该井深 1300 多米。管道每天向的黎波里、班加西和西尔特等地区输送 6.5 立方米的淡水。

首都的黎波里即将面临水资源短缺的危机,联合国儿童基金会从利比亚周边国家购买了约 5 百万公升淡水,并将用卡车和船输送到的黎波里。

“联合国儿童基金会正在对眼前的需求做出响应”,儿基会驻利比亚代表奥尔森 (Balslev-Olesen) 说。“但是,我们仍然非常担心,输送给的黎波里的水源会不会在接下来的几天停止。如果是这样的话,可能会引发一场空前规模的传染病。”

UNICEF Photo
© UNICEF Libya/2011/Mills
联合国儿童基金会的车辆及多名救援人员在利比亚德尔纳的一家水处理工厂。联合国儿童基金会最近为五家位于利比亚东部的类似工厂购买了水处理化学品。

第一批饮用水运抵利比亚

第一批运往的黎波里的饮用水  ——  共两万三千瓶紧急用水 —— 已于 8 月 27 日运达。为了预定船只、确保受影响最严重的人群能够尽快获得帮助,此次运输与世界粮食计划署进行了密切合作。

另外,红十字国际委员会用船只运送的九万公升瓶装水、及从突尼斯通过卡车运送的十万公升水已于昨日运抵利比亚。

联合国儿童基金会已经为的黎波里派驻了一个紧急救助小组,和当地的专家一起评估勘察其他可用水源。作为在利比亚负责水、卫生和清洁危机处理的领导机构,联合国儿童基金会正与其他联合国机构积极合作。

UNICEF Photo
© Benghazi Water Authority
位于利比亚东部的水脱盐厂。燃料短缺正威胁着水脱盐厂和处理厂。

燃料短缺影响水资源供应

自利比亚战争开始以来,电力中断和燃料短缺可能致使大人工河(当地饮用水的主要来源)的管理机构无法满足该城市将近 6 百万人口的饮水需求。

水库泵和海水淡化工厂需要有稳定的电力,才能保证持续的水供应。然而,由于燃料短缺,系统无法满负荷运转。 

整个冲突过程中,联合国儿童基金会一直在提供化学品,支持短期内海水淡化系统的运行。然而,为了维持水资源的供应、防止更大规模的人道主义危机,急需制定一个燃料供应的长期解决方案。

UNICEF acts to stave off potential water crisis caused by fuel shortages in Libya

UNICEF Image
© UNICEF Libya/2011/Adjolohoun
Trucks carry one of the first shipments of bottled water to families and children in Libya, who face potential shortages due to disruptions of the water system during the conflict there.

By Roshan Khadivi

BENGHAZI, Libya, 29 August 2011 – As sporadic fighting continues across Libya, the country is facing a potentially disastrous water shortage. The crisis results mainly from disruptions of the pipeline network that serves desert areas lacking local water sources.

Known as the Great Man-made River, the network carries water from more than 1,300 deep wells in the Nubian sandstone aquifer system in the south. Normally, the pipelines provide 6.5 cubic metres of fresh water per day to Tripoli, Benghazi, Sirt and other areas.

Due to the emerging crisis in the capital, Tripoli, UNICEF is procuring a total of around 5 million litres of water from neighbouring countries to be trucked and shipped to the capital.

“UNICEF is responding to the immediate needs,” said UNICEF Libya Head of Office Christian Balslev-Olesen. “But we remain extremely concerned about the situation should the water flow to Tripoli stop in the coming days. This could turn into an unprecedented health epidemic.”

UNICEF Image
© UNICEF Libya/2011/Mills
A UNICEF vehicle and aid workers at a water-treatment plant in Derna, Libya. UNICEF has procured treatment chemicals for five such plants in eastern Libya recently.

First shipments arrive

The first water shipment destined for Tripoli – a total of 23,000 bottles for emergency use – arrived on 27 August. The delivery entailed close coordination with the World Food Programme in order to locate a vessel and ensure immediate relief for the worst-affected population.

An additional 90,000 litres of bottled water on a vessel from the International Committee of the Red Cross, as well as 100,000 litres transported in trucks from Tunisia, arrived yesterday.

A UNICEF emergency team is now in Tripoli, working with local authorities to review options and identify alternative water sources. As the lead agency for water, sanitation and hygiene in the Libyan crisis response, UNICEF is coordinating operations with other UN agencies and partners.

UNICEF Image
© Benghazi Water Authority
View of a water desalination plant serving eastern Libya. Fuel shortages now threaten the continued operation of desalination and treatment plants.

Fuel shortages affect water supply

Since the beginning of the conflict in Libya, power cuts and fuel shortages have put the Great Man-made River Authority, the primary distributor of potable water, at risk of failing to meet the needs of the country’s almost 6 million people.

Water reservoir pumps and desalination plants require dependable sources of electrical power to ensure continued water delivery. Due to shortages of fuel, however, the system is operating well under full capacity.

Throughout the conflict, UNICEF has provided chemicals to support the operation of desalination systems in the short term. However, a long-term solution to fuel availability is urgently needed to maintain the water supply and prevent an even greater humanitarian crisis.

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