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[转载]做仆人式的领导人

(2010-10-21 13:11:15)
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原文地址:做仆人式的领导人作者:基立溪旁

A Servant Leader

按着并不鲜见的逻辑,做人当出人头地。打工的人可以暂且忍气吞声,直到有一天自己“出头”了,当了老板,就可以扬眉吐气,站直了做人。

但圣经的真理不是这样对弟兄姊妹说话的。罗马书12:16  “…… 不 要 志 气 高 大 , 倒 要 俯 就 卑 微 的 人 。 ( 人 或作事 ) 不 要 自 以 为 聪 明 。”

当门徒绕在主的周围争论将来谁要当老大的时候,主知道他们的心思意念,就说“22:26  但 你 们 不 可 这 样 。 你 们 里 头 为 大 的 , 倒 要 像 年 幼 的。为 首 领 的 , 倒 要 像 服 事 人的。 ” 

“像 服 事人的”,就是指要做众人的仆人。其实我们对这个词并不陌生,因为我们从小在课本中也学到过要做“公仆”的说法。愿弟兄姊妹不要因为听多了这个词,心里麻木了,我们的主正是这样要求我们的,他自己也首先做榜样,并且为我们舍命。 

 

The word serve or servant is found some 1,452 times in the Bible. It is one of the largest topics of Scripture. (Remember, whatever God wants to emphasize, He says many times in Scripture.) Let's look at eight different characteristics of servant leadership in Scripture.

1. Humility: a servant leader must be humble. 仆人式的领导人必须谦卑,Only a humble person has been set free from the tyranny of ego and pride to see the needs of others. The more humble you are, the more significant other people become.

唯有谦卑的人才能从自负和骄傲的辖制里被释放出来,看到别人的需要。你越谦卑,别人在你眼中就变得越重要。

Christ produces humility in us when He saves us from ourselves. When we admit our selfishness, and turn to Him to be forgiven and changed, He empowers us to humbly reach out to others. We have been set free to humbly serve. Pride is a slave to ego; humility is a servant to Christ and to others. Pride leads to difficulties; humility produces freedom, and brings true leadership. Jesus said, "Whoever exalts himself will be abased, and he who humbles himself will be exalted" (Matthew 23:12).

Christian leader Bob Mumford says we would never trust a man or a woman who doesn't limp. This refers to Jacob, who wrestled with an angel and came out limping, a broken and humble man (Genesis 32:24-31). You can see true humility in the broken and contrite spirit of a man or woman who has wrestled through selfishness and come out the other side. You can trust broken people the same way you can ride horses that have been broken.

Myron Augsburger, a Mennonite leader adds, "Servant leadership often means leading from our weaknesses, not using our strengths to hide behind lest our inadequacies be seen. Actually, our faith to move with our inadequacies makes possible the Spirit's dominant role."1 The humble person will have authority to lead.

2. Under Authority: a servant leader must be a man under authority. The New Testament has a word, huperetes, that stresses the role of the servant in relation to his superior. A true servant is not an independent soul - he has a clear line of authority under which he serves. To be a true servant one has to recognize masters, and operate in submission, counsel, and under control. You cannot be a Christian Lone Ranger and profess to be a servant. If you do not place yourself under the authority of others, you really are not under the authority of Christ.

顺服于权柄:仆人式的领导人,必须愿意顺服权柄。一个真正的仆人,不是独行侠,对于要顺服的权柄,他很清楚界线。要做真正的仆人,这个人必须认得他的主人。要在顺服、请教和受管理之下行事,如果你不把你自已放在别人的权柄之下,你真的也不在基督的权柄之下。

 

If you have not learned to be a good follower, you are not qualified to be a good leader. Leaders who are not good followers almost always become tyrants. Rebellion and independence is within them, and this combined with egotism can be deadly. The true servant leader willfully places himself under the care and authority of others. This is easy because he is a broken man who knows the depravity of his own heart all too well. He gladly submits to others because he needs them to walk the pathway Christ has laid out for him. He appreciates authority for the protection it provides. The more humble he is, the more authorities he will recognize in many areas of life. His submission is a mark of his servanthood, and it automatically gives him the authority that others will want to follow.

3. Accountability: a servant leader is accountable. This is similar to being under authority, but the emphasis here is on what the servant accomplishes for the one he serves. A common word for this in the New Testament is the Greek word doulos. A doulos is a bond-servant who is aware of the stewardship entrusted to him by his master. The servant acts as a good steward with the overriding sense that he is accountable for his actions.

负责任:仆人式的领导人,是负责任的。这与处于权柄之下相似,但这里的重心在于仆人为他所服侍的人做到了什么。

Jesus so graphically spoke of this in the Parable of the Talents. In that story, all of the servants did something with the money they were given. But only two of the three multiplied their stewardship with a keen sense of their master's expectations. This is the essence of true accountability. They did not settle for good or better - they set their sights on the best. They were rewarded for their servanthood, and the servant who settled for less had everything taken away.

If Christians are to serve the peoples of the world, we must know God's expectations and act accordingly. We must believe that we are accountable (not just encouraged) to make disciples of all nations and teach them all that Jesus commanded. We must accept as a stewardship the commandment of world evangelization. We must become accountable to being the best servants in the world, as well as the best stewards of our time, our money, our resources, and our people. We have a reason to do so - we must give account of ourselves to God.

4. Zeal and Diligence: a servant leader must be zealous in his work. A servant works hard and does his work well. In the Scriptures, there is a Greek word that describes this - diakomos. The stress of the word is the goodness of a servant's work. There is no such thing as leadership without hard-earned labor. It is the hand of the diligent that rules.

热情和勤奋:仆人式的领导人,必须对他的工作满腔热忱。仆人勤奋工作,并且要把工作做好。

This is so basic. Most leadership is not glamorous. It's not a special privilege, nor a life of ease. It is just plain hard work, and those willing to pay the price gain authority by simply out-serving others. When you study the lives of great leaders in history, both inside the Church and in the world as a whole, you always find this quality of diligence in labor. Great servant leaders know what they want to do, what the needs of their people are, and then work to the bone to accomplish the task. They are exalted to leadership because they work harder for their cause than anybody else. A good servant leader combines a good cause with righteous methods and plain old hard work.

Most Marxist revolutions have been won through this quality of leadership, even if the righteous goal and godly means were missing. Vladimir Lenin brought the Bolsheviks to power in Russia in 1917 through tireless effort. He made himself a majority by working harder than the rest, and today much of the world is filled with atheistic communism because of this example.

We must be willing to work harder and more zealously than anyone else on the horizon. A servant leader gains influence by righteously winning the battle of labor. This is cultural conquest through hard work. There is no other formula for victory.

5. Character: servant leadership is steadiness and faithfulness of character. A true servant is quiet and dependable. They know that they have a job to do, and the master can always count on the job being done. A leader does not have to be flashy or have a dominant personality - but he does need to be steady and totally trustworthy. When an employer finds a faithful worker, he tries to hang on to him with all his might. What usually happens is that the faithfulness of the employee is rewarded by increasing leadership and responsibility.

品格:仆人式的领导是坚定,信实的,一个真正的仆人是安静的,可靠的。他们知道他们有工作要做。主人总是可以相信这份工作被做好。一个领导人没必要虚浮,或者品性霸道-——但他必须要坚定,完全值得信赖,当雇主找到一位信实的工人,他会将自己所有的权力交托给他。

?/P>

?/P> In a world that knows increasingly little about faithfulness and commitment, the Body of Christ has a golden opportunity to aspire to leadership in literally every dimension of life. One way in which Christians can give vastly needed servant leadership is to cultivate an outlook for steady, long-term growth and development. Most people today have lost the sense of working toward the future. With foresight and faithfulness of servanthood, the Church can give the world a beacon of hope. The present tumultuous time in history will cause people to look for leadership that is steady and firm. That leadership should be found in the Church of Jesus Christ.

6. Team Spirit: servant leaders love to work as part of a team. This flows out of their humility which values the gifts of other people. More and more the world is realizing that the best leadership is shared leadership. An awakened Church can offer the beauty of teamwork that comes from knowing God. M. Scott Peck, in his thought-provoking book The Different Drum, challenges world leaders to look to this important truth: "The strength for real servant leadership can be found only when people work together in love and commitment. It can only exist in a climate in which leaders are emotionally sustained in community. It cannot exist in a climate of competitive isolation in which idealism and humaneness are crushed. Only through community will our officials be strong enough to truly be our leaders, truly to be peacemakers."2

团队精神:仆人式的领导人喜爱作为团队的一个部分来工作。 这一点从他们看重别人的天赋的那种谦卑里表现出来。

True servant leadership has always been associated with teamwork. The best example of this is the cooperation of the Godhead Who operate in different functions as Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, yet govern the Universe as One in the perfection of unity. This perfect model has been given to the Church and has resulted in the concept of plurality of leadership and teamwork in the Church.

The day of the super pastor, as well as the day of the super executive, are coming to an end. Only in the strength of shared servant leadership can we cope with the immensities and complexities of life upon our planet. Here again, the Church has an amazing opportunity. But first it needs to follow the Head - then as a united team of servants, lead the world into greater fruitfulness and productivity.

7. A High View of Each Individual: servant leadership is committed to developing the potential of others. A righteous leader is a true spiritual gold miner: He sees the gifts latent in the lives of others and wisely uses all means to extract and develop that gold. He knows success is not achieved through dominance, but through releasing the rich human deposits found in every man and woman made in the image of God. A high view of man is essential for good and lasting leadership. Christians should make the best leaders in the world because they respect the talents of others, given by the hand of their Creator.

对每一个体的俯察:仆人式的领导致力于开发别人的潜能。因为正直的领导真的是属灵的矿工:他看到别人生命中潜在的天赋,明智地使用各种方式去挖掘,开采那些金子。他知道成功不是靠着统治权而获得的,而是靠着释放照着上帝的形像所造的每一个男人女人的丰富的资本而得的。

In this area, the Christian worldview towers over all others battling for supremacy on earth. Marxism and Islam share a low view of man and selectively suppress individual talent. Generally, they both crush initiative, creativity, and abilities. Talented people only want to escape their oppression, while the majority simply give up. Biblical Christianity is not threatened by the gifts and abilities of people: rather, it is pleased to help propel them into their destinies.

A true servant leader will use power to release and elevate others. Dennis Peacocke wisely explains: "Power, or leadership, can go one of two ways. You can use it to make people or things do what you want them to do, or you can use it to draw God's purposes out of people or situations ... God views power as the ability to draw out of people and situations the purposes for which they were created. Servant leadership is just that; it serves by drawing out potential, helping turn it into achievement."3

8. Not Self-seeking: a servant leader does not care about position or status. This is contrary to his very nature. He exists to serve, and is motivated to do so out of the joy serving brings and the pleasure that comes to the heart of God. His is not the leadership of force or power. He has the leadership of loving influence and sacrifice. This humble quality is what gives him his true authority: He can be trusted to lead because he doesn't care about power.

不求自已的益处:仆人式的领导人不在乎位置和身份,这与人的本性相反。他活着就是要服务人,而且他有动力这样做,是出于喜乐的服侍以及能触摸神的心意的喜乐。他不是力量和权力的领导,他有爱人和奉献的领导力。正是这种谦卑的品格给了他真实的权柄,他被信任去带领人,因为他不关心权力。

 

Servants are not concerned about rank, privileges, titles, and benefits. A servant wants to give his life meeting the needs of others. If he can do that through a position of responsibility, that is fine. But if his position is taken away and given to someone else, that doesn't matter either. Nothing has changed in his heart. Titles and positions may be means to the end, but the goal of the servant leader is plainly and simply to serve.

Servants to All

Every Christian must follow Jesus Christ by becoming a servant to all. 服侍众人:每一个基督徒都要效法耶稣基督成为众人的仆人。Now is the moment in history to accept the challenge of changing nations through Christian servanthood. This is an offensive posture, not one of retreat. The strategy is nothing but the power of service.

The world is crying out for leaders to guide them. But no answers will work except those of the King of kings and Lord of lords. His is the pathway of obedience and servanthood. At this crucial juncture in human civilization, with a new century looming in front of us, this question paraphrased from Esther 4:14 asks the Church: "Have we not come into the kingdom for such a time as this?"

We must set our hearts on serving people and nations in the spirit and true servanthood of the Lord Jesus Christ. If we emphasize authority, we will end up in tyranny. If we properly emphasize serving God and serving people, we will give good leadership.

Will we try to lead by worldly means, or will we pay the price of serving people better than anyone else? There are short-cuts to power through manipulation and control. But the manner in which we gain power will also determine how we use that power - will it be by force and coercion, or by loving influence and servanthood?

The cultural mandate of developing the earth is still the goal of God through His Church. Pat Robertson is right when he says: "It is clear that God is saying, 'I gave man dominion over the earth, but he lost it. Now I desire mature sons and daughters who will in My name exercise dominion over the earth and will subdue Satan, the unruly, and the rebellious. Take back My world from those who would loot it and abuse it. Rule as I would rule.' "4

Leadership will be exercised in the world for the remaining days that God allots to man upon this fragile planet. Someone is going to give direction to the nations as we head into the 21st century. It could be the various forces of evil plunging entire peoples and nations into gross darkness and human despair.

But let our prayer and action be this: that the Church may arise to her destiny, and give light and blessing to the peoples of the earth through serving them better than anyone else.

This article was taken from the book Leadership for the Twentieth Century by Ron Boehme, ?1989, Frontline Communications. Used by permission of the author.

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