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是什么原因导致的心理疾病?_张氏沁神

(2010-09-20 15:53:54)
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介绍

 

Mental illness is any disease or condition affecting the brain that influences the way a person thinks, feels, behaves and/or relates to others and to his or her surroundings.精神病是任何疾病或状况影响大脑的方式影响一个人的想法,感觉,行为和/或涉及到其他人,把他或她的周围。 Although the symptoms of mental illness can range from mild to severe and are different depending on the type of mental illness, a person with an untreated mental illness often is unable to cope with life's daily routines and demands.虽然精神病的症状也有从轻微到严重,并根据不同类型的疾病精神疾病,一人有一个未经处理的心理往往是无法应付生活中的日常事务和要求。

What Causes Mental Illness?是什么原因导致的心理疾病?

 

Although the exact cause of most mental illnesses is not known, it is becoming clear through research that many of these conditions are caused by a combination of genetic, biological, psychological and environmental factors. One thing is for sure—mental illness is not the result of personal weakness or a character defect, and recovery from a mental illness is not simply a matter of will and self-discipline.虽然心理疾病的确切原因,大部分是不知道,这是越来越明显,通过研究,这些条件很多由环境因素造成基因的组合,生物,心理和。疾病有一点是肯定的,精神是不结果个人的弱点,或是性格缺陷,并恢复从精神病是一门学科的问题不是简单的意志和自我。

  • Heredity (genetics): Many mental illnesses run in families, suggesting that the illnesses may be passed on from parents to children through genes. 遗传(基因):运行在家庭中的许多心理疾病,这表明该疾病可能是从父母传给孩子们通过基因。 Genes contain instructions for the function of each cell in the body and are responsible for how we look, act, think, etc. But, just because your mother or father may have a mental illness doesn't mean you will have one.含有人体基因的功能的指示在每个单元格,并负责看我们如何,行为,思考等,但是,仅仅因为你的母亲或父亲可能有精神病并不意味着你将有一个。 Hereditary just means that you are more likely to get the condition than if you didn't have an affected family member.遗传只是意味着你更有可能得到的条件比如果您没有受影响的家庭成员。 Experts believe that many mental conditions are linked to problems in multiple genes—not just one, as with many diseases—which is why a person inherits a susceptibility to a mental disorder, but doesn't always develop the condition. The disorder itself occurs from the interaction of these genes and other factors—such as psychological trauma and environmental stressors—which can influence, or trigger, the illness in a person who has inherited a susceptibility to it.专家认为,很多精神状况都与多个基因中的问题不只是一个,与许多疾病,这就是为什么一个人继承了易患精神障碍,但并不总是发展的条件。疾病本身的发生从触发这些基因的相互作用和其他因素,如心理创伤和环境压力,它可以影响,或者,它在一个人生病谁继承了易感性。

  • Biology: Some mental illnesses have been linked to an abnormal balance of special chemicals in the brain called neurotransmitters. Neurotransmitters help nerve cells in the brain communicate with each other. 生物学特性:有些心理疾病已被链接到一个名为神经递质异常平衡大脑中的特殊化学品。递质帮助脑部神经细胞彼此沟通。 If these chemicals are out of balance or are not working properly, messages may not make it through the brain correctly, leading to symptoms of mental illness.如果这些化学物质失去平衡或无法正常工作,邮件可能无法使大脑它通过正确,导致心理疾病的症状。 In addition, defects in or injury to certain areas of the brain also have been linked to some mental conditions.此外,受伤缺陷或脑的某些地区也有一些被认为与精神状态。

  • Psychological trauma: Some mental illnesses may be triggered by psychological trauma suffered as a child, such as severe emotional, physical or sexual abuse; a significant early loss, such as the loss of a parent; and neglect. 心理创伤:有些心理疾病可能引发儿童所遭受的心理创伤,如严重的情绪,身体或性虐待,一个重要的早期损失,如失去父母的;和忽视。

  • Environmental stressors : Certain stressors—such as a death or divorce, a dysfunctional family life, changing jobs or schools and substance abuse—can trigger a disorder in a person who may be at risk for developing a mental illness.精神病环境压力 :某些压力,如死亡或离婚,一个正常的家庭生活,学校和转业或滥用药物,才能引发无序发展的人谁可能有危险的。

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