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张氏沁神新闻组报道  双相情感障碍

(2010-09-20 16:01:01)
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张氏沁神新闻组报道  双相情感障碍

Bipolar disorder, also commonly known as manic depression, is a brain disorder that causes shifts in a person's mood, energy, and ability to function. 双相情感障碍,通常也被称为躁狂抑郁症是一种大脑功能紊乱,导致能量的变化在一个人的情绪,并能发挥作用。 The symptoms of bipolar disorder can result in damaged relationships, difficulty in working or going to school, and even suicide. 双相情感障碍的症状可能会导致损坏的关系,学校难以在工作或去,甚至自杀。 There are generally periods of normal mood as well, but left untreated, people with bipolar disorder continue to experience these shifts in mood. 一般有正常的情绪时期的好,但不及时治疗,双极紊乱的人在情绪继续遇到这些变化。 The good news is that bipolar disorder can be treated, and people with this illness can lead full and productive lives. 好消息是,双相情感障碍是可以治疗,与疾病的人士,这可能导致全面和富有成效的生活。

张氏沁神新闻组报道 What Are the Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder? 什么是双相情感障碍的症状?

Bipolar disorder can cause dramatic mood swings—from high and feeling on top of the world, or uncomfortably irritable and 'revved up', to sad and hopeless, often with periods of normal moods in between. 双相情感障碍可以导致剧烈的情绪波动,易怒和高不舒服的感觉上面的世界,或者和'加速提高',以悲伤和绝望,常常之间正常的时期情绪研究。 The periods of highs and lows are called episodes of mania and depression. 和高点低点的时期称为躁狂症和抑郁症发作。

Manic Phase 狂躁期

• Feeling on top of the world. •世界上顶级的感受。 A sensation of sheer and utter happiness that nothing—not even bad news or a horrifying event or tragedy—can change. 一个纯粹的改变感觉和完全的幸福,没有什么,甚至没有一个坏消息或恐怖事件或悲剧可以。
• Sudden or extreme irritability or rage. •突发或极端烦躁或愤怒。 While mania is often portrayed as a pleasurable experience, that is not the case for many people with bipolar disorder. 虽然狂热往往描绘成一个愉快的经验,这是不是与双极症而言对许多人来说。
• Grandiose delusions. •君傲错觉。 Individuals imagine that they have special connections with God, celebrities, or political leaders. 个体想象他们与神有特殊关系,名人或政治领导人。
• Invincibility or unrealistic beliefs in one's abilities. •无敌或不切实际的信念在人的能力。 The person feels that nothing can prevent him or her from accomplishing any task. 有关人士认为,没有任何东西可以阻止他或她的完成任何任务。
• Hyperactivity. •多动。 Scheduling more events in a day than can be accomplished; inability to relax or sit still. 调度完成更多的活动可以在一天之比,不能以放松或坐不住了。
• Excessively risky behavior. •过分冒险行为。 Reckless driving, outlandish spending sprees, foolish business investments, or out-of character sexual behavior. 鲁莽驾驶,古怪的消费狂热,愚蠢的商业投资,或超出字符性行为。
• Uncontrollable racing thoughts/rapid speech. •无法控制的思绪/快速讲话。 Ideas that abruptly change from topic to topic expressed in loud, rapid speech that becomes increasingly incoherent. 话题突然改变想法,从题目到语无伦次越来越大声表示,快速发言中而成。
• Less need for sleep. •不太需要睡眠。

Depressed Phase 抑郁期

• Intense sadness or despair. •强烈的悲伤和绝望。 The person feels helpless, hopeless, and worthless. 该人感到无助,无望和无价值的。
• No interest in activities they once enjoyed. •无活动的兴趣,在他们曾经享有。
• Loss of energy, fatigue. •失去能量,疲劳。
• Sleep difficulties. •睡眠困难。 Either sleeping too much or not at all. 要么睡太多或根本没有。
• Changes in appetite. •食欲的变化。 Either a noticeable increase in appetite or a substantial weight loss unrelated to dieting. 无论是在食欲明显增加或重大节食减肥无关。
• Difficulty concentrating, remembering, making decisions. •难以集中精力,记住,做决策。
• Thoughts of death or suicide. •思考死亡或自杀。

Sometimes severe episodes of mania or depression include psychotic symptoms, such as hallucinations (hearing or seeing things not actually there) and delusions (false, strongly held beliefs not influenced by logical reasoning). 躁狂症或抑郁症有时严重情节的,包括精神症状,如幻觉(看到或听到的东西实际上并不存在)和妄想(虚假的,强烈的信念逻辑推理不影响)。

What Causes the Illness? 是什么原因导致的疾病?
张氏沁神新闻组报道
Scientists are learning about the possible causes of bipolar disorder through several kinds of studies. 科学家们正在学习的双相情感障碍的可能原因,通过研究几种。 Most now agree that there is no single cause for bipolar disorder—rather, many factors act together to produce the illness. 大多数现在都认为,有没比较单一的原因为躁郁症,许多因素共同行动,产生疾病。 Bipolar disorder can run in families, so there is a high likelihood that genes contribute to the illness. 双相情感障碍可以运行在家庭,所以是一个高可能性的基因有助于疾病。 However, environmental factors are also important in bipolar disorder—extreme stress, sleep disruption, and drugs and alcohol may trigger episodes in vulnerable patients. 然而,环境因素也影响重要的躁郁症极端的压力,睡眠,药物和酒精可能引发病人发作脆弱。

Can Bipolar Disorder Be Treated? 可以双相情感障碍可以治疗吗?

Absolutely. 当然可以。 Bipolar disorder is very treatable. 双相情感障碍是可以治疗。 Because bipolar disorder is a recurrent illness, long-term preventive treatment is strongly recommended. 由于双相情感障碍是一项经常性的疾病,长期的预防性治疗是强烈建议。 Medication alone or a combination of psychotherapy and medication is optimal for managing the disorder over time. 药物单独或心理治疗和药物治疗相结合的最佳时间是在管理混乱。 Medications known as “mood stabilizers” are usually prescribed to help control bipolar disorder. 药物被称为“情绪稳定”通常规定,以帮助控制双相情感障碍。 In most cases, bipolar disorder is much better controlled if treatment is continuous. 在大多数情况下,双相情感障碍是更好的控制,如果治疗是连续的。 Even when there are no breaks in treatment, mood changes can still occur. 即使在治疗时,有没有休息,情绪变化仍然可以发生。 Working closely with the psychiatrist and communicating openly can make a difference in the effectiveness of treatment. 与精神科医师密切合作和交流可以使公开处理差异的效果。

Like all serious illnesses, bipolar disorder can disrupt a person's life and relationships with others, particularly with spouses and family members. 像所有严重的疾病,双相情感障碍可以破坏一个人的生活和家庭成员的配偶和与他人的关系,尤其是。 Thus, people undergoing treatment for bipolar disorder sometimes benefit from psychotherapy, in which the individual and a psychiatrist work out the problems and re-establish relationships damaged by the illness. 因此,人们接受治疗双极紊乱,有时心理治疗受益,其中个人与疾病的精神科医生的工作出了问题,并重新受损建立合作关系。

Since bipolar disorder can cause serious disruptions and create an intensely stressful family situation, family members may also benefit from professional resources, particularly mental health advocacy groups. 由于双相情感障碍可以导致严重的混乱和紧张激烈创造的家庭状况,家庭成员也可以从中受益的专业资源,尤其是精神健康倡导团体。 From these sources, families not only learn strategies to help them cope with their ill family member, but also learn to be an active part of the treatment. 从这些来源,家庭不仅学习策略,以帮助他们应付他们的家庭成员生病,而且还学会是一个积极的治疗的一部分。 <$Subject>

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