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9.7 By 猥琐大叔

(2010-09-11 21:20:01)
标签:

杂谈

分类: TOEFLAPEX

1.      Standing in the shadows of Manchester United star Cantona, Beckham remained in the marginal position for a long time.

=Being totally eclipsed by Manchester United star Cantona, Beckham remained in the peripheral position for a long time,

因为只能站在曼联巨星坎通纳的阴影下,贝克汉姆长期处于球队的边缘位置。

2.      Beckham felt his nascent career had come to an impasse.

贝克汉姆觉得自己刚刚起步的事业已经走入死胡同。

nascent

adj 初生的,萌芽的=emerging

【记】读:拿centn 硬币),处于拿爸妈钱的年龄-初生的

【参】renascentadj 复活的);nascencyn 起源)

【反】fully established(完全形成的);matureadj 成熟的);moribundadj 垂死的)"

impasse

 n 僵局(很困难以致于不能取得进展的局面)=deadlock;死路

 【记】im不,passe通路,通过-没有出口的路或通道-死路;僵局

3.      The benefits Beckham derived from it were stupendous, which bred his massive confidence and fortified his resolve to hit the big time.

贝克汉姆从中得到了巨大的收获。这段经历培养了他巨大的信心,并且坚定了他干出一番大事业的决心。

breed

(pastandpast participle bred )

 [with obj.]cause (an animal) to produce offspring, especially in a controlled and organized way

 繁殖,产(仔),(通过人工交配)育种

 bitches may not be bred from more than once a year.

 雌狗育种交配每年不可超过一次。

 [no obj.](an animal’s) mate and then produce offspring

 产仔,繁殖

 toads are said to return to the pond of their birth to breed.

 据说癞蛤蟆会回到自己出生的池塘去交配繁殖。

 develop (a kind of animal or plant) for a particular purpose or quality

 (为某种目的而)培育(动、植物),育种

 these horses are bred for this sport.

 这些马是专为这项运动而培育的。

 rear and train (someone) to behave in a particular way to have certain qualities

 培养,养育

 Theodora had been beautifully bred.

 西奥多拉被培养成了一个出色的人。

 produce or lead to (something), typically over a period of time

 产生,惹起,酿成

 success had bred a certain arrogance.

 成功滋生了傲慢。

 (Physics)create (fissile material) by nuclear reaction

 (物理)增殖,再生(通过核反应产生可裂变物质)

fortify

 v 加强防卫;(通过增加营养物)恢复体力=invigorate;给…以勇气

 【记】fortn 堡垒)

 【参】fortituden 不屈不挠的精神);altituden 海拔高度);attituden 姿势;态度)要上8848altitude,需要fortitudeattitude

 【反】sapn 树液vt 使衰竭;逐渐侵蚀);enervatev 使衰弱);vitiatev 损害;使堕落);debilitatev 使衰弱)"

resolve

v 解决;下决心;溶解

【记】solve作为词根有“溶解”和“解决”两个意思。

【反】vacillatev 犹豫不定)-resolve firmly(果断地决定)"

4.      Microsofts rivals sharply criticized the feature. They said it was intended to consolidate the companys monopoly in the market.

=Microsoft’s rivals railed against the feature. They said it was intended to reinforce the company’s markethegemony.

微软的竞争对手对这项特点进行尖锐的批评,他们说,此举是为了巩固该公司的市场垄断地位。

rail

n 铁轨;v 猛烈指责(用愤恨、粗俗、辱骂的语言表示反对或批评)

【记】用rail打你,相当于rail你。

【类】rail:vehemenceentreat:urgency抨击是猛烈的=恳求是急切的"

5.      The Khan of Nothing was only a fledgling/budding heartthrob at the inception of her career.

在其事业之初,nothing帝只是一个刚出道的青春偶像。

hearthrob

Function:noun

Date:1839

1 : the throb of a heart

2 a : sentimental emotion  : PASSION  b : SWEETHEART;  also   : a usually renowned man (as an entertainer) noted for his sex appeal  *teen heartthrobs*

6.      A momentous peace plan proposed by Saudi Arabia was killed in its incipient stage by a string of bloody events.

=A consequential peace plan proposed by Saudi Arabia was stifled in its embryonic stage by a spate of bloody events.

由沙特阿拉伯提出的一个意义重大的和平方案被一系列血腥事件扼杀在初始阶段。

momentous

adj 极重要的(有突出意义或影响的)

【记】momentn 关键时刻;重要性)

【类】atrocious:badmomentous:important极坏的和坏的=极重要的和重要的"

incipient

 adj 初期的;开始的

 【记】in进入,cip掉,ient-事情刚掉进来-刚出现的

 【类】immature:developedincipient :realized不成熟的还没有完全发展=未成形的还没有完全实现incipient:realizedtangible:indefinitemoribund:dead』未成形的不是完全实现的=切实的不是不确定的『垂死的:死的』incipient:realizedhypothetical:proven未成形的还没有实现=假说的还没有被证明

 【反】full-blown (充分发展的)"

stifle

 v 使窒息而死;抑止(声音、愤怒等)

 【记】stiffadj 僵硬的);le乐:想象你的情敌想掐死你的时候的面容-僵硬的笑-使窒息,抑制

 【反】fomentv 煽动);fosterv 养育;鼓励)"

spate

n (一场突发的)洪水;(同时涌来的)大批(某物)

【记】spat小口角,e饿了:两个人发生小口角,互相喷吐沫,喷的都饿了,说明喷得比较狠,形成洪水。

【反】trickling flow(细流);dearthn 缺乏)"

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