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(2010-12-02 08:11:29)
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杂谈

分类: Greeny
4."Slow reading" goes back at least as far as the philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, who in 1887 described himself as a "teacher of slow reading." He was referring specifically to philology, the study of texts and documents to ascertain their original meanings and authenticity. But simply by raising the point, he plainly believed he was bucking a trend. After all, if slow reading needs a teacher, it's not something that comes naturally. Sure enough, by the time Nietzsche made his claim, the modern world--i.e., a world built upon the concept that fast is good and faster is better--was just getting up a full head of steam.
哲学家尼采(Friedrich Nietzsche)是已知最早的“慢速阅读”的提出者。他在1887年时自称“慢速阅读的先师”。他是特指语文学这项通过研究文本和文献来确认这些文字的原始意思和真实性的研究。但是他坚信仅仅是提出这个观点他就已经在作出反潮流的行为。毕竟,如果慢速阅读需要一名老师,它绝不是自然得来的事。可以肯定的是,当尼采提出他这一主张时,现代社会--- 一个建立在快既是好,越快就越好的概念上的世界正在发展壮大。
5.In the century and a quarter since he wrote, we have seen the world fall in love with speed in all its guises, including reading--part of President John F. Kennedy's legend was his ability to speed-read through four or five newspapers every morning. And this was all long before computers became household gadgets and our BFFs (the infatuation with abbreviations for everything is only the most recent symptom of our problem--we don't even have time to laugh out loud anymore).
6.Now and then the Nietzsches of the world have fought back. Exponents of New Criticism captured the flag in the halls of academe around the middle of the last century and made "close reading" all the rage . More broadly, the concept of slowness as a positive took off in the past decade. First there was Slow Food, then Slow Travel, then Slow Money. And now Slow Reading. In all these initiatives, people have fought against the velocity of modern life by doing less and doing it slower. In that regard, the Slow Reading movement is hardly a movement at all. There's no letterhead, no board of directors, and, horrors, no central Web site. There are Web sites, all of them preaching, in various ways, the virtues of reading slowly. But mostly the "movement" is just a bunch of authors, schoolteachers, and professors who think we're all reading too much too fast and that we should think more highly of those who take their time with a book or an article.
时不时的这个世界上的尼采们会做出反击。新批判主义的倡导者在上世纪中期占据了学术界的重要位置,“深入阅读”风靡一时。从更广泛的意义上来说,慢速的概念在过去的十年大获全胜。世上先有慢速用食,然后有慢速旅行,再然后有慢速工作,到现在有了慢速阅读。在所有的这些倡议中,人们通过少做事和慢做事来抵制现代生活的高速度。由此观之,慢速阅读根本不是一个运动。这里没有某公司或某组织的名号,没有董事会和捣蛋鬼们,没有中央网站。确实有一些用不同方式说教慢速阅读好处的网站。但是开展运动的中坚力量只是一群认为我们读得太多太快同时赞许花大量时间读一本书或一篇文章的作家、学校老师和教授。
John Miedema, author of the book Slow Reading, likens the movement to the Slow Food movement, which is as much about taking your time as it is about consuming locally grown food. Both encourage increased mindfulness in the conduct of routine activity. "It's not just about students reading as slowly as possible," Miedema says. "Slow reading is about bringing more of the person to bear on the book."
《慢速阅读》的作者John Miedema,把这场运动比作慢速用食运动,那就是花时间阅读就像花时间慢慢消化本地生长的食物一样。两者都提倡放更多的注意力在每天的常规活动上。“这不仅仅是学生需要尽可能地慢慢阅读,也可以使人更加投入自己的情感思想和时间在书上。”Miedema说。
Miedema, a technology specialist at IBM in Ottawa, admits there's not much hard science behind his idea, but says it's "fairly well established that speed reading tends to reduce comprehension, while slowing down increases comprehension." And contrary to the old clichés about slow reading and a lack of intelligence, he says, "When you bring more of the person to bear on the book--or maybe more of the book to bear on a person in a sense--you develop a more intimate and rich relationship with the information that builds richer memories and a richer intelligence."
在渥太华IBM担任技术专家的Miedema承认他的想法不是基于坚实的科学理论,但是它相当好地证实了快速阅读容易削减人的理解力,而慢速阅读却能提高理解力。和以前关于慢速阅读和缺乏智慧的陈词滥调相反的是,他认为当把个人更多的精力和情感用在一本书上,或是书把更多智慧感情给读者时,你就和信息建立了一种更深更丰富的联系。这种联系有助于增加记忆和智慧。

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