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邮票-查尔斯·罗素

(2014-08-31 00:47:45)
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杂谈

分类: 人文社会

我本人并不集邮,通过收集来的老邮票,才知道了一些故事。下面这张邮票是美国邮政1964年发行的邮票,那时才5美分一张,现在都快10倍的价钱了。国内的网友说,这张邮票好像是反映西部牛仔生活的题材。我问了几个美国人,大家说这是美国著名西部牛仔文化艺术家,名画家C.M.罗素的名著,你连C.M.罗素都不知道吗?

下图:美国邮政1964年发行的邮票,使用了C.M.罗素的反映西部牛仔生活的名画。

老邮票-2

下图:这才知道在美国蒙大拿州有罗素博物馆1953年, C.M.罗素博物馆在一个亲密的朋友合作下和罗素家族贡献了自己的房产,建立了这个庞大的私人博物馆,它具有1万两千件收藏品。该博物馆又在1969年进行了扩建, 1985年和2001年再次进行了扩建,目前以达到约7万平方呎的规模。该博物馆园地现占地,包括查尔斯·罗素的家和工作室一条完整的城市街区,这个建筑群一起在1966年被定为国家历史地标,罗素博物馆也是在蒙大拿州的主要景点之一。

下图:我买来的是四联邮票。

老邮票-2

下图:谁是罗素呢?就是这个人,现今,在美国纽约的拍卖会上,他的作品,一幅作画,一次就拍卖成交550万美元。

C.M. Russell (查尔斯 M。 罗素)


下图:1897年,罗素赠送给美国大瀑布区一个商人的礼物,他画的反映印第安人生活的水彩画,我看当年印第安人的狗儿,前面那只有点像我家哈大头。Charles M. Russell (1864–1926), Breaking Camp, 1897, watercolor (C.M. Russell Museum, gift of Great Falls Businessmen)
下图:罗素在1925年画的水彩画。
 Charles M. Russell (1864–1926), Meat for the Wagons, 1925, watercolor, (C.M. Russell Museum, gift of Frederick G. and Ginger Renner in memory of Graham D. Renner)
 

 
美国C.M.罗素博物馆是全国最优秀的西部艺术和拉塞尔艺术中心之一,它是世界上美国西部纪念品收集的最完整的博物馆之一。除了超过12,000多件的永久性收藏品,还包括知名艺术家O.C 塞尔策, Winold 赖斯, J.H 夏普, E.E 海卡,奥拉夫Wieghorst ,亨利 Farny ,和弗兰克坦尼·约翰逊的作品。同时,也收藏不少美国几家大的军火公司的各种枪械,当年印第安人和西部牛仔使用的各式勃朗宁枪械和打猎获得的野牛标本,美国图标,印第安人文化的优秀展品等
下图:作画中的C.M.罗素。

The C.M. Russell Museum holds hundreds of paintings, sculptures, drawings, and illustrations that Charlie Russell (1864–1926) created from childhood to the end of his life. Displayed in five galleries, the works are arranged to show how the artist evolved, as well as to celebrate the culture of the American West. Charlie’s subjects were based on Western history and his very own personal experience, reflecting themes of cowboy life, Northern Plains Indian life, and wildlife. Through his art, we learn about his life history, first as a newcomer to Montana from St. Louis working for cattle outfits and then as a professional artist who created masterpieces such as The Exalted Ruler, The Jerkline, and The Fireboat. Memorabilia from the Russell family completes this one-of-a-kind collection. Get to know Charlie Russell, beloved icon of the American West.

 

THE BISON: American Icon, Heart of Plains Indian Culture

The Bison: American Icon, Heart of Plains Indian Culture features more than 1,000 Northern Plains Indian artifacts such as clothing, regalia, tools, and weapons, as well as works of art highlighting Northern Plains Indian culture. This comprehensive exhibition addresses the crucial historical and cultural role of the bison for all people in the Northern Plains between 1800 and 2008. It also examines the ways in which this impressive animal has emerged as an American cultural icon.

The bison is a critical part of the rich shared cultural heritage of Montana and the surrounding region. This exhibition examines the bison's importance, not only to the lives of Plains Indians, but also to a growing 19th-century national economy, leading to the animal's sudden decimation and eventual resurgence. With regard to the Northern Plains, the exhibition traces the bison's transformation from everyday resource to iconic symbol, a shift that began to gain strength during the early reservation period in the late 19th century. The exhibition follows a period of intense consumption of bison as a natural resource by new and growing populations, the development of a conservation movement, and the emergence of the bison as a symbol of North America.

 

THE BROWNING FIREARMS COLLECTION

John Moses Browning (1855–1926) was one of the world’s most important and innovative gun makers. The Russell Museum’s outstanding Browning Firearms Collection includes rifles, shotguns, and handguns that survey the significant developments made by Browning and the Colt and Winchester companies, with which he worked.

 




Charles M. Russell

下图:穿着西服,打领带,戴着一顶牛仔帽,每日刻意打扮成印第安人和西部牛仔面孔的查尔斯 罗素,如同国人东北乡下人,穿一身西服,头上戴着狗皮帽子。他使我想起女儿上高中时一个年轻白人男教师,是个印第安人极为认真的同情者,他不断给还剩为数不多的印第安人捐钱,在课堂上慷慨激昂,痛斥白人殖民主义者残忍屠杀印第安人,掠夺他们的土地,据女儿说,经过老师这么一说,万恶的美帝没错啊!这位年轻教师还买来野牛肉,组织孩子们在露天模仿印第安人烤野牛肉,体会西部牛仔和印第安人文化,希望孩子们别忘记了快消亡的印第安人文化。

Charles Marion Russell (1864–1926) was many things: consummate Westerner, historian, advocate of the Northern Plains Indians, cowboy, writer, outdoorsman, philosopher, environmentalist, conservationist, and not least, artist. Born in St. Louis, Missouri, Russell dreamed of becoming a cowboy and living the exciting life of men on the range. In 1880, Russell came to the Judith Basin of central Montana a few days after his 16th birthday to try his hand as a cowpuncher. After a brief, unsuccessful stint on a sheep ranch, Jake Hoover, a hunter and trader, took Russell under his wing and taught him the ways of the wilderness. Russell spent two years as Hoover’s apprentice, working with and living in Hoover’s cabin on the South Fork of the Judith River.

In 1882, Russell finally secured a job as a night herder with several cattle outfits operating in the Judith Basin.  This was the perfect job for the young artist because it gave him the opportunity during the day to observe, sketch, and document the activities and excitement of the cow camps. He worked as a cowboy and wrangler for 11 years before retiring in 1883 to become a full-time artist.

Russell greatly admired the Northern Plains Indians, closely observing their ways during summer of 1888, when he lived near the camps of the Blackfeet, Piegan, and Blood Indians in Alberta, Canada. This experience affected him for the rest of his life, and it is reflected in the many detailed works he created of Plains Indian life.

In 1896, Russell married Nancy Cooper, and she quickly assumed the role of business manager and promoter of her husband’s career.  In 1900, the couple built a modest frame house in Great Falls and, three years a later, a log studio that Russell filled with his collection of Indian clothing, utilitarian objects, weapons, cowboy gear, "horse jewelry," and other Western props useful in depicting scenes of the Old West. Russell completed the majority of his significant works in the studio. In 1916, Charlie and Nancy adopted their son, Jack. Russell died of congestive heart failure in his Great Falls home on October 24, 1926.

下图:作画中的罗素。1900年以前,罗素已经成为国际知名画家,他一生有4000多件画作,他于1926年10月24日由于心脏停跳,病故于纽约州大瀑布附近的家中。

By the early 1900s, Charlie Russell had become an internationally known artist, yet he opted to spend his entire life after the age of 16 in Montana.  His love of Montana and the life he observed and participated in there shaped his art and his personal philosophy for 46 years. 

Russell created approximately 4,000 works of art during his lifetime. His art is first and foremost that of a storyteller, and it was informed by his remarkable ability to capture in paint, bronze, ink, and wax the personalities and events of his time and place. He was the first "Western" artist to live the majority of his life in the West. For this reason, Charlie knew his subject matter intimately, setting the standard for many Western artists to follow.
下图:我虽然不是罗素和西部牛仔热衷追随者,但受无处不在的牛仔文化影响,除了穿牛仔裤,也收有一顶美国制造的纯皮牛仔帽,罗素的名画买不起,可牛仔帽有一顶,也秀一把,这是前端。
邮票-查尔斯·罗素

下图:帽子上镶有真羽毛,皮质帽子边沿有封边,帽子沉甸甸的,很少戴。
邮票-查尔斯·罗素
下图:羽毛和皮质手编带子细节,据说镶的羽毛有讲究。
邮票-查尔斯·罗素
下图:帽子的后端和羽毛。邮票-查尔斯·罗素
下图:帽子里面缝订的美国制帽标签和尺寸(大号)。1827-1978
(United Hatters, Cap, and Millinery Workers International Union Records)




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