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航英语听力与会话-1

(2011-06-15 21:52:04)
标签:

航海听力与会话

杂谈

 

航英语听力与会话

Maritime English for Listening and Conversation

 

 

对本课程总体的说明

 

教学目的

本课程为航海技术海洋船舶驾驶专业的主干课程。本课程是船舶驾驶专业学生必修的专业英语课程,为学生进行海船船员航海英语听力与评估打下基础,同时也是学生毕业后能在外派船舶上工作而进行的语言技能准备。

教学要求

通过本课程的学习和相关听、说学习,要求学生达到:

能用英语熟练地传达并应答车令、舵令、靠离泊令、锚泊令及与代理联系靠泊等业务;

基本上能使用英语与引水员、海关、移民局及港口国检查人员进行沟通;能较好地进行船舶遇险、救助、申请免除检疫的VHF对话;掌握船舶公共用语,能用英语表达进出港业务和装卸作业;熟悉船舶航行、消防救生和船上结构设备等英语术语,并能用英语部署应急演习。

本课程是航海技术专业的课,也是该专业学生参加评估的课程之一。与其他课程相比,本课程具有以下明显特点

1.授课过程侧重于专业词汇的解释,学生利用课程所配的光盘不断练习听力能力,根据所听到的内容来选择答案。

2.课程中所需要听明白的句子本身并不复杂,所要选择的项目也较简单,但如果没有听清楚,则答案将无法正确选择,因此本课程在授课过程中将有大部分时

 

 

 

间分配给学生,自主练习听力,教师针对学生的个别问题作单独的辅导、讲解。

3.口述和问答部分涉及到航海技术的各专业课程,针对学生部分专业课尚未学习的具体情况及学生用英语来回答问题存在的障碍,宜采用:作业----范例讲解/作业讲评----反复练习的授课方式。

4.阅读部分的授课采用:教师领读---学生课后练习的方法。

5.考试采用口试,试题由计算机从海事局题库中随机抽取,教师根据学生回答情况:语义表达准/正确程度----发音---语速等综合评定成绩。

第一章公共用语

首次讲授《航海英语听力与会话》(本科学生----课程名称为《航海英语会话》)时,首先向学生讲明本课程的特点和授课方法,并介绍听力系统的使用方法。

听力系统采用海事局统一标准,利用教材所配的光盘,在统一讲解后,让学生尝试进入系统,对个别理解能力较差的学生,采用个别辅导。

利用听力系统进行练习时,要求学生不但能进行系统进行练习,而且要求学生能正确选择所要练习的内容,并特别注意所练听力内容的显示方式

(1)       初次使用可选择:题干、问题和选项均显示;

(2)       第二轮采用考试要求,对于“单句”和“对话”---只显示选项,不显示题干和问题;对于“短文”---显示选项和问题,不显示题干;对于“口述”----只显示题干,不显示选项和问题;对于“问答”---要求题干、问题和选项全不显示。

    本章教学内容

第一节 日常用语

第二节 接待PSCO、验船师、物料商和船东代表等用语

第三节 船东面试用语

第四节 船上常用词汇

基本要求:掌握日常用语和船上常用词汇

本章重点:熟练运用接待PSCO、验船师、物料商和船东代表等用语

本章难点:自由流利地使用船东面试用语

教学要求:了解“1”;熟悉“2”;重点掌握“3”;难点 “4” 。

 

第1章   第一部分:词汇

 

虽然本部分不属于海事局的考试评估内容,但鉴于这是学生首次接触航海方面的英语课程教学,学生对航海类专业词汇掌握较少,因此本次课程对词汇部分进行详细讲解,并要求学生在课后背诵。

索引

词汇

含义

索引

词汇

含义

1/1

Autopilot

自动舵

1/3

Bilge

 污水沟,船腹

1/7

Thruster

侧推器

1/7

Bulbous bow

球鼻首

1/8

Clove hitch

丁香结

1/8

Double sheet bend

双索花

1/8

Figure of eight

8字结

1/8

Bowline

单套结

1/10

Bunk

铺位(舱)

1/11

Saloon

大厅

1/11

Mess-room

餐厅

1/14

bollard

(较大的)缆桩

1/16

Depth sound

测深仪

1/18

Forecastle台

 首楼

1/18

Go aground

搁浅

1/22

First aid kit

急救箱

1/22

Breathing apparatus

呼吸器

1/22

extinguisher

灭火器

1/26

CO2

Carbon dioxide二氧化碳

1/31

Compass repeater

罗经复示器

1/31

Hand flare

手持焰火

1/31

EPIRB

应急无线电示位标

1/31

SART

搜救雷达应答器

1/33

Engine control room

机控室

1/33

helm

操舵轮

1/35

telescope

望远镜

1/35

sextant

六分仪

1/35

chronometer

天文钟

1/36

Flashing light

闪光灯

1/36

Fixed light

长明灯

1/36

isophase light

等间歇灯

1/36

Leading lights

导标灯

1/17

Group occulting light

组合间歇灯

1/17

Single occulting light

单组间歇灯

1/40

RO/RO ship

滚装船

1/44

Bulk carrier

散装船

1/46

Capstan

绞缆机

1/46

Windlass

锚机、绞缆机

1/47

shackle

卸扣,节(锚链长)

1/49

poop

尾楼

1/52

Immersion suit

防水服

1/55

Muster station

应急集合地

1/55

Embarkation station

救生集合地

1/61

Line-throwing appliance

抛绳器

1/61

Portable radio

便携式无线电

1/62

Radio transponder

雷达应答器

1/73

Sprinkler system

洒水系统

 

 

 

 

第1章  第二部分  单句

 

本部分为考试内容之一,培养学生的听力能力,根据题干含义,选择一个最佳答案。授课中应加强学生的主动性,利用所配光盘进行练习。

本部分应重点掌握下列专业词汇:

索引

词汇

含义

索引

词汇

含义

1

superintendent

管理者

12

rating

低级船员

14

steward

管事

 

 

 

 

第1章  第三部分  对话

本部分为考试内容之一,培养学生的听力能力,授课中应加强学生的主动性,利用所配光盘进行练习。

本部分为一组较简单的对话,并附一个问题,根据题干含义,选择一个最佳答案。

本部分应重点掌握下列专业词汇:

索引

词汇

含义

索引

词汇

含义

2

Seaman’s book

海员证

2

passport

护照

26

souvenir

纪念品

42

visa

签证

42

immigration

移民局

 

 

 

 

第1章  第四部分  短文

本部分为考试内容之一,培养学生的听力能力,授课中应加强学生的主动性,利用所配光盘进行练习。

本部分为一组较长的对话或者是一篇介绍性的短文,短文中的句子或主要观点大部分已经在前面“单句”或“对话”中出现,每一短文附四个问题,根据题干含义,选择一个最佳答案。

第1章  第五、六部分  口述题和问答题

本部分为考试内容之一,重点培养学生回答问题的能力,要求学生在课后先以作业的形式完成一个草稿,再根据学生的作业情况进行点评,选择其中较好的作为范文,并要求学生背诵。

 

 

 

第1章口述题和问答题参考答案

 

一、口述题

1. Please say something about your hometown.

a) The geographical position, population, and features of your hometown.

b) The environment and customs of your hometown.

c) The specialties of your hometown.

My hometown is in JIANGSU(江苏), the south of CHANGJIANG(长江)river of China. The population in my hometown is about 500,000. There are many rivers in my hometown.

The environment of my hometown is very beautiful .The people of my hometown are kind-hearted. E.g. sometimes they will invite a new friend to their home to have dinner with their families.

There many specialties in my hometown,for example,the silk from Suzhou,Biluochun Tea,and so on.

2. Please say something about yourself.

a) Your name, age, rank, working experiences, hobbies.

b) Your daily work.

c) Your spare time activities.

My name is … , I am … years old. I come from FJ(福建) province of China. Now I am a senior student in Xiamen Jimei University. My hobbies are playing cards and listening music.

Because I am a student ,so my main task is study.

In my spare , I play cards and listen music, sometimes I play football or basketball.

3. Please say something about your family.

a) Members of your family.

b) Their occupations.

C) Their hobbies and characteristics.

  There are three members in my family, they are my parents and I.

  My father is a worker,my mother is a teacher and I am a student.

  My father likes to play cards and my mother likes to listen music. Both of my parents are kindly.

4. Your favorite port you have called at.

a) A simple introduction of the port.

c) Reasons why you like it.

d) Anything special about it.

  My favorite port I have called at is Shanghai. Shanghai port is the largest port in our country and Shanghai is a beautiful city. The NangJing road is widely, there are many shops. If you call the port, I think, you will go to Out Shore(上海外滩). At the Out Shore, you can look the WangPU river and visit WangPu park.

5. Please say something about your responsibilities on board.

a) Your position on board.

b) your daily work on board.

c) Your duties on board.

  I am the third officer working in the deck department.

As we know, the third officer is responsible to the master for the proper performance of his assigned bridge watch-standing and navigational duties.

On board, my first daily work is watch-keeping from 8 to 12 and from 20 to 24. my second daily work is in charge of the maintance of the fire-fighting equipment and life-saving equipment. The third , I am also responsible for fire and boat drills, I have to design a muster list and make crew to know the best escape route clearly.

1. what’s your date of birth?

My date of birth is on 6th, August, 1987.

2. what’s your seaman’s book number?

My seaman’s book number is 123456789.

3. where are you from?

I come from China.

4. What’s your captain’s nationality.

Our captain’s nationality is China.

5. What do you think is the most important thing on board?

I think the most important thing on board is safety.

6. Which ports do you often call at?

We often call at Xiamen port.

7. What is your favorite TV program?

My favorite TV program is sport’s new.

8. what is your favorite web site?

My favorite Web site is Yahoo.

9. what is your favorite day of the week? Why?

My favorite day of the week is today, because today is my birthday.

10. what is your favorite kind of movie?

My favorite kind of movie is loving story.

11. what is your favorite kind of music?

My favorite kind of music is popular music.

12. what is your favorite magazine?

My favorite magazine is Reader.

13. What is the population of your hometown?

The population of my hometown is 123456.

14. what is the population of your country?

The population of my country is 123456789.

15. what is the best thing about your hometown?

The best thing about my hometown is the clear rivers.

16. What is the worst thing about your hometown?

The worst thing about my hometown is the bad weather.

17. What’s your hometown like?

My hometown is very beautiful.

18. Do you have many disasters in you country which are caused by weather?

No, there is a little disaster in my country.

19. What sports do you like to watch on TV?

I like to watch basketball on TV.

20. What do you think is the most popular sport in the world?

I think the football is the most popular sport in the world.

 

 

第2章 进出港业务

 

本章教学内容:

第一节 证书管理

第二节 海关业务

第三节 移民业务

第四节 卫检业务

第五节 代理业务

基本要求:证书管理和物料加载用语

本章重点:如何掌握海关业务和移民业务用语

本章难点:理解并能和卫检人员和物料供应商进行业务对话

 

本章不属于考试大纲内容,要求学生自学,针对英语能力较强,瞬息万变学本部分内容时所遇到的问题个别讲解。

索引

词汇

含义

索引

词汇

含义

11

Inoculate/inject/ vaccinate

接种

12

epidemic

流行病

12

plague

瘟疫

13

fumigate

熏舱

14

Hydrocyanic

氰氢的

9

mandatory

强制的

20

pratique

入港许可

23

tally

吻合

26

flammable

易燃的

11

Foul/crossed

(锚链)缠绕

17

fairlead

导缆器/lead

20

Heave line

撇缆

24

dolphin

系船墩

30

stamp

盖章

38

Foreign currency

外汇

46

signature

签名

47

Charterer/ship-owner/local agent/delivery agent

租船者/船东/船代/货代

48

Broken space

亏舱

49

relpenish

补充

 

 

 

 

第2章口述题和问答题参考答案

 

Charter two

1. Say something about how to apply for radio pratique.

a) Your ship’s particulars and voyage briefs.

b) Crewmembers’ health condition, cargo information and ship’s sanitary condition at present.

c) Some certificates relating to quarantine inspection.

  My ship’s name is Untope. My call sign is ABCD. The length of my ship is 123 meters, the breadth is 23 meters and my draft is 9meters. This voyage we will Shanghai.

  There are 23 crewmembers and on passengers on board. They are all Chinese and in good health. In this we have loaded 12345 dry bulk cargoes. The sanitary of our ship is in good condition.

  The quarantine officer will ask inoculation certificate, maritime declaration of health, deratting certificate and so on.

2. Describe the requirements on ship’s seaworthiness in terms of certificates and papers which need to be carried on board.

a) List major certificates on board and describe their particulars.

b) Categorize those certificates (class certificates, statutory certificates).

c) The management of those certificates.

  (1) Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate. This certificate shows that the condition of the structure, machinery, and equipment was satisfactory and the ship complied with the relevant requirements of the Convention. (2) Cargo Ship safety radio Certificate. This certificate shows the ship have complied with the requirements of radio installations. (3) Minimum Safety Manning Certificate. This is to certify that the ship will be considered to be safety manned provided that she has not less than numbers and grades of personnel shown in this certificate.(4) International Tonnage Certificate. This shows the ship’s main dimensions, the gross tonnage and net tonnage. (5) International Load Line Certificate. This shows the freeboards have been assigned and load lines shown above have been marked in with the Convention.

3. Describe the shipboard customs formalities.

a) The main duties of the customs officers.

b) Preparations before customs officers.

c) Your experiences you have ever had with customs officers.

  The main duties of the customs officers are to check all maters on board, cargoes, wine or spirits, cigarettes and notice that the port’s rules.

  Before the customs officers on board, the captain should prepare the following documents: the captain’s declaration; the import cargo manifest, crew list, stores and provisions list, last port clearance and so on.

  I have a little experiences with customs officers, when they come on board, all crewmembers shall stay on board, each crewmember can leave about 1 bottle of wine and 10 packets of cigarettes for consumption. The others must be sealed in the bonded store.

4. Describe the shipboard immigration formalities.

a) The main duties of the immigration officers.

b) Preparations before immigration officers.

c) Your experiences you have ever had with immigration officers.

  The main duties of the immigration officers are to check the persons on board. They want to know how many crew members and passengers are on board. They also want to know where the ship come from and when she will leave.

  To go through immigration formalities, the captain should prepare crew lists and passengers lists. The captain should muster all hands so that the officers can check up.

  In my experiences, when the immigration officers come on board, we have been mustered in the saloon expect those crew on duty. They check us one by one, then they issue landing permits for us. On the back of the landing permits, the most important harbor regulations are printed. They also tell us to go the regulations before we go shore and to observe the rules.

5. Describe the shipboard quarantine formalities.

a) The main duties of the quarantine officers.

b) Preparations before quarantine officers.

c) Your experiences you have ever had with quarantine officers.

  The main duties of the quarantine officers are to check if there are any epidemic on board. They will ask where is our original port, when we leave home port, what is our last port of call.  The quarantine officers will also ask inoculation certificate, maritime declaration of health, deratting certificate and so on.

  Before the quarantine officers come on board, the captain should prepare ship’s particulars and certificates. The crew members should keep ship clean and net.

  In my experiences, when the quarantine officers come on board, they will ask for crew’s vaccination certificates, if there are any epidemic on board.

 

1. What’s the validity of the Cargo Ship safety Equipment Certificate?

  Five years.

2.What flag should be hoisted when a vessel requires quarantine inspection?

  Q little flag should be hoisted.

3. Can a ship enter a foreign port before quarantine inspection?

  No it can’t.

4. Why must the customs officers seal the Bonded store?

  In order to avoid smuggle.

5. Please list 5 ship’s certificates?

   (1) Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate. (2) Cargo Ship safety radio Certificate. (3) Minimum Safety Manning Certificate. (4) International Tonnage Certificate. (5) International Load Line Certificate. (6)Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate. (7)International Oil Pollution Prevention Certificate. (8) derating Certificate and so on.

6. Are cigarettes and liquor exempted from customs duties?

  No, they are not.

7. How can the captain do with the shore passes before leaving a port?

  To go clearance formalities.

8. Which certificate prescribes general requirements for the functions of radiotelegraphy installation for lifeboat on board?

  The Safety Radio Certificate

9. Which certificate specifies the freeboard assignment?

  International Load Line Certificate.

10. Which document demonstrates a ship being in a fit and efficient condition and classed?

  Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate.

11. If your ship needs provisions and /or replenishment, how do you get them?

  To sent a list of provisions and replenishment we need to our agent, he will buy them.

12.What documents should you show when you go through the customs formalities?

  Stores and provisions list

13. Who issues the shore passes to the crewmembers wishing to go ashore?

  The immigration officer.

14.

15

16

 

 

 

 

 

 

第3章 靠离与锚泊业务

 

本章教学内容

第一节 呼叫

第二节 驾驶台作业

第三节 船首作业

第四节 船尾作业

第五节 引航员接送

第六节 进出船闸

第七节 进出船坞

第八节 锚泊班值守

基本要求:运用标准的SMCP进行呼叫

本章重点:熟练掌握驾驶台作业用语、引航员接送用语及锚泊班值守用语

本章难点:怎样运用船首作业、船尾作业、进出船闸及进出船坞用语

 

第3章  第一部分  单句

 

本部分为考试内容之一,培养学生的听力能力,根据题干含义,选择一个最佳答案。授课中应加强学生的主动性,利用所配光盘进行练习。

本部分应重点掌握下列专业词汇:

索引

词汇

含义

索引

词汇

含义

3

Forecastle

首楼

3

Look-out

了望

5

Let go

抛锚

6

Walk out/back

送锚/收锚

6

Hawse pipe

锚链筒

9

Dredge

拖锚

9

drag

走锚

10

At the interval of

以……时间间隔

11

Clear of the bottom

离底,aweigh

11

Foul/crossed

(锚链)缠绕

17

fairlead

导缆器/lead

20

Heave line

撇缆

24

dolphin

系船墩

30

Leeside/backwind

下风舷

33

安装与引水梯全用的舷内梯子

42

searchlight

探照灯/projector

42

lantern

灯笼

43

suspend

阻碍

 

 

 

 

第3章  第二部分  对话

 

本部分为考试内容之一,培养学生的听力能力,授课中应加强学生的主动性,利用所配光盘进行练习。

本部分为一组较简单的对话,并附一个问题,根据题干含义,选择一个最佳答案。

本部分应重点掌握下列专业词汇:

 

索引

词汇

含义

索引

词汇

含义

1

Diesel/turbine

柴油机/透平机

5

generator

发电机

6

Controllable /variable  or fixed pitch propeller: CPP/FPP: 可变固定螺距螺旋桨

10

Propulsion

推进

10

plot

(雷达)标绘

12

Turning circle

旋回圈

12

manoeuvrability

操纵性能

12

stability

稳定性,稳性

13

Advance distance

进距

13

Transfer distance

横距

15

Blind sectors

盲区

17

Steering system

操舵系统

18

draft

吃水

18

Trim by head/stern

首倾/尾倾

19

On even keel

平吃水

19

Deadweight

载重量

24

wharf

码头

26

windlass

锚机

26

anchorage

锚地

30

Tension winch

自动绞缆机

31

underway

在航

31

Get alongside

靠码头

34

spreader

支杆,撑架

38

ETD

预计离港时间

48

ETA

预计到达时间

52

Keep clear of

远离

52

salvage

救助

 

 

第3章  第三部分  短文

本部分为考试内容之一,培养学生的听力能力,授课中应加强学生的主动性,利用所配光盘进行练习。

本部分为一组较长的对话或者是一篇介绍性的短文,短文中的句子或主要观点大部分已经在前面“单句”或“对话”中出现,每一短文附四个问题,根据题干含义,选择一个最佳答案。

第3章  第四、五部分  口述题和问答题

本部分为考试内容之一,重点培养学生回答问题的能力,要求学生在课后先以作业的形式完成一个草稿,再根据学生的作业情况进行点评,选择其中较好的作为范文,并要求学生背诵。

 

第3章口述题和问答题参考答案

 

Charter 3

1. Describe the responsibilities as a watch officer while the ship is at anchor?

a) Regular operations for anchor watch.

b) Emergency handing in case of dragging.

c) Conclusion.

  As an officer on watch at anchor, he should check the anchor position regularly; he should keep proper look-out too.

  In case , if the watch officer finds the ship is dragging anckor, he must drop another anchor or slack away chains and notify the captain as soon as possible.

  When the ship is at anchor, the officer on watch should keep sharp look out at all time.

2. Describe the proper way of using VHF

a) How to operate VHF?

b) General rules of using VHF.

c) Rules of using VHF channel 16.

  When you operate VHF, you should comply with the radio regulations. If you want to speak, you should push the button, and if you want to listen, you should release the button.

  The general rules of using VHF are as follows: (1) calling on channel 16 for the purpose other than distress urgency and very brief safety communication; (2) communication not related to safety and navigation on port operation channels and non-essential transmissions will never been permitted to broadcasted on channel 16; (3) the important messages should be repeated; (4) the first 3 should be listening every half an hour.

3. Describe the procedures before arrival at a port.

a)The preparations from the bridge.

b)The preparations from the engine room.

c) The preparations from the deck.

  At the bridge, the OOW should turn on the radar and notify the captain. The quartermaster should change the auto pilot to manual pilot under the officer’s command. To communicate with the port by VHF and report the ship’s ETA, if needs , require a pilot.

  The engine room should stand by the main engine under the bridge order, check the bridge telegraph and rudder indicator with the bridge.

  The deck hands should prepare pilot ladder, open the hatch covers, standby anchor and fore and aft.

4. Describe the procedures before leaving a port.

a) The preparations from the bridge.

b)The preparations from the engine room.

c) The preparations from the deck.

  At the bridge, the OOW should turn on the radar, open the doors and windows and notify the captain. The quartermaster should turn the steering gear and set it on manual pilot under the officer’s command. To communicate with the port by VHF and report the ship’s ETD, if needs , require a pilot. Test the whistle and the main engine.

  The engine room should stand by the main engine under the bridge order, check the bridge telegraph ,clock and rudder indicator with the bridge.

  The deck hands should prepare pilot ladder, close the hatch covers, standby anchor and station on fore and aft.

5. Describe the procedures of pilot-age.

a) The preparations from the bridge.

b) The preparations from the engine room.

c) The preparations from the deck.

At the bridge, the OOW should turn on the radar and notify the captain. The quartermaster should change the auto pilot to manual pilot under the officer. To communicate with the pilot station by VHF and report the ship’s ETA or ETD.

  The engine room should stand by the main engine under the bridge order, check the bridge telegraph and rudder indicator with the bridge.

  The deck hands should prepare pilot ladder, prepare a hand rope and a lifebuoy. In the evening , a light should be needed.

1. Can you list at least three mooring lines?

  NO, I can’t.  / head line, spring line, aft line, breast line.

2. What should be prepared before the pilot comes on board?

  A pilot ladder, a hand rope and a lifebuoy should be prepared before the pilot comes on board.

3. What is the maximum speed through the water that your ship can anchor without risking breaking the cable?

  3 knots.

4. What flag should be hoist when a vessel requires a pilot?

  The H letter flag should be hoist when a vessel requires a pilot.

5. How can a ship get in touch with a port before her arrival?

  By VHF on channel 16 or .working channel

6. What ship’s particulars will pilot station usually ask for?

  The ship’s length, draft, tonnages and so on.

7. What should be reported to the pilot station?

  The ship’s position, ETA, length, draft.

8. What should be confirmed from the pilot station?

  When the pilot will come on board, which side the pilot ladder should be prepared.

9. When the vessel enters the VTS area, what is requested to report?

  The ship’s name, call sign, the purpose.

10. What does “foul anchor” mean?

  The two anchor chains are crossing or one anchor’s chains is crossing by other things.

11. If you are ordered:“Stand by both engines!” how should you reply and report?

  I will reply :Stand by both engines! And report: Both engines are stand by!

12. Can you list three famous canals in the world?

  Yes, there are Panama-canal, suze- canal and geal- canal.

13. When you request the receiver to remain on channel 16 in VHF communication, what do you say?

  Stand by on channel 16.

14. How do you rectify the mistake in marine VHF communication?

  First speak: mistake, then speak the right messages.

15. How do you emphasize the important part of a message in maritime VHF communication?

  First speak: repeat, then speak the message again.

16. what does “abandon vessel” mean?

  It means that the ship is in very dangerous condition and the crew and passengers must be leave the ship at once.

17. what does the abbreviation ETD stand for?

  It is stand for Expected time of departure.

18. what does “dredging of an anchor” mean?

  It is one of using manoeuvre anchoring, usually drop an anchor about 2-3shackles in water, then the ship will proceeding slow with the anchor.

19. what does “underway” mean?

  It means that a vessel is not at anchor, or made fast to the shore, or aground.

20. what does “dragging of an anchor” mean?

  After anchoring, but the anchor is not bring up and the ship moving.

21. What is the difference between a “radar beacon” and a “radar reflector”?

  I think the former emissions can cause unwanted interference with the normal radar display, the latter is likely to considerably increase the ship's probability of being detected。

 

22

23

24

30

 

 

 

 

第4章  装卸业务

 

本章教学内容

第一节 备舱

第二节 工作安排

第三节 甲板值班

第四节 理货业务

第五节 装卸计划

第六节 货物交接手续

第七节 事故处理

第八节 特殊货物作业

第九节 进入封闭处所

第十节 污泊水处理

基本要求:掌握备舱、工作安排及甲板值班用语

本章重点:掌握理货业务及装卸计划用语

本章难点:理解并会运用货物交接手续、特殊货物作业和污泊水处理用语

 

第4章  第一部分  单句

 

本部分为考试内容之一,培养学生的听力能力,根据题干含义,选择一个最佳答案。授课中应加强学生的主动性,利用所配光盘进行练习。

本部分应重点掌握下列专业词汇:

索引

词汇

含义

索 引

词汇

含义

1

replenish

补充、供给

2

Double bottom tank

双层底

2

Heavy lift

重大件

2

ballast

压载

6

ventilator

通风装置

7

stowage

积载

7

separation

隔离(lots票)

11

To be secured

绑扎

11

Interlock

嵌锁,联锁装置

12

clip

吊货夹,闭锁把手

14

Emit flammable gas

放出易燃气体

14

Away from

远离

14

goods

货物(尤其指危险货物)

17

segregation

隔票(lots票)

18

tarpaulin

油布

19

foodstuff

食品

19

bulkhead

舱壁

20

Infectious substances

感染性物品

21

Sling

司令扣(一种装卸工具0

21

drum

桶(包装形式)

21

bottled

瓶装的

23

container

集装箱

24

extinguishing

灭火器

27

Guy rope

稳索

27

fasten

系结,固定

32

Mate’s Receipt

大副收据

32

consignee

收货人consignor发货人

36

facilitate

便利

39

jumbo

重吊杆

Floating derrick, jumbo, heavy derrick, derrick, boom, carne

45

drug

毒品

46

Smelling cargo

气味货

49

Export /import manifest

出口/进口舱单

68

Batten

板条

70

Kraft paper

牛皮纸

72

tally

理货

73

carton

(大的)纸板箱

75

oxidizing

氧化剂

79

Spontaneous heating and combustion

自热自燃

89

Stained by ……

有……锈渍

92

rusty

生锈

93

 Fragile cargo

易碎品

93

Broken space

亏舱

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

第4章  第二部分  对话

本部分为考试内容之一,培养学生的听力能力,授课中应加强学生的主动性,利用所配光盘进行练习。

本部分为一组较简单的对话,并附一个问题,根据题干含义,选择一个最佳答案。

本部分应重点掌握下列专业词汇:

 

索引

词汇

含义

索引

词汇

含义

1

Bale capacity

包装舱容

1

Grain capacity

散装舱容

6

TEU

20ft标准箱

13

Handling turnover

工作幅度

14

gantry

跨运吊车,门式起重机

14

Grain elevator

吸粮机

18

Free of dirt

免于油污

23

Rubber seal

橡胶密封

24

scupper

排水孔

26

Absorbent materials

吸收材料

28

gangs

工作小组,shift工班(从时间上来分)

29

stevedore

装卸工人

30

GENCON

金康合同

为航运界一种航次租船的标准合同范本,charter party航次租船

31

Mac Gregor

一种舱盖名称

32

tent

天蓬

34

handsomely

漂亮地,慢又稳地

38

tackle

辘轳,滑车

44

Cargo runner

吊货索

44

frayed

n. 受磨损

53

N/R, notice of readiness

装卸准备就绪通知书

 

Not Responsible for …

对…不负责

55

Frozen pork

冻猪肉

58

Sagging, hogging

中拱,中垂

59

dunnage

垫舱物料

60

canvas

帆布

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

第4章  第三部分  短文

本部分为考试内容之一,培养学生的听力能力,授课中应加强学生的主动性,利用所配光盘进行练习。

本部分为一组较长的对话或者是一篇介绍性的短文,短文中的句子或主要观点大部分已经在前面“单句”或“对话”中出现,每一短文附四个问题,根据题干含义,选择一个最佳答案。

第4章  第四、五部分  口述题和问答题

本部分为考试内容之一,重点培养学生回答问题的能力,要求学生在课后先以作业的形式完成一个草稿,再根据学生的作业情况进行点评,选择其中较好的作为范文,并要求学生背诵。

 

 

索引

词汇

含义

索 引

词汇

含义

11

stowpiece

 

12

Rope clips

 

18

IMO Class IV

 

21

drum

22

pier

码头

32

Mate’s Receipt

大幅收据

47

Snatch block

开口滑车

52

Pre-cooled

 

62

cleanliness

 

67

Plank/batten

 

69

tier

76

combust

燃烧

80

Contagious

会感染的/infectious

89

Stain

弄污染

92

Lid

盖子,眼睑

23

Rubber seal

橡皮密封阀

25

Sea-vavlve

海水阀

30

Charter party

租船条约

37

Boom

 

38

Tackle

滑车

44

Cargo runner

 

53

Notice of Readiness

装卸准备就绪通知书

57

hatchway

舱口

63

athwartship

横向的

66

Bulge

凸出

67

pilfer

67

shortship

 

transshipment

转载

 

 

 

 

第4章口述题和问答题参考答案

 

Charter 4

1. Describe the procedures of carrying dangerous cargo on board.

a) The acquisition of information about the dangerous cargo.

b) Precaution on loading and discharging.

c) Maintenance during the voyage.

  What name, IMO-Class ,package of the dangerous cargoes are. These also should be noticed to stevedores. The chief officer should make a stowage plan according to the IMDG.

  Before loading or discharging dangerous cargoes, the officers should tell stevedores how to stow or leave the cargoes, where they are stowed and how to segregation them. Hoisted letter B flag and approved by the harbor master. Near the spot ,notice NO SMOKING.

  When a vessel carrying dangerous cargoes, the carrier should take care of the dangerous cargoes. To control the temperature and ventilation during the voyage.

2. Describe the precaution before entering an enclosed space.

a) The potential dangers in an enclosed space.

b) The normal procedures.

c) The important precautions.

  The potential dangers in an enclosed space are lack of oxide and having dangerous gas. The person who enters an enclosed space may loss his life or cause poison or other dangers.

  When you want to enter an enclosed space, the first you should ventilate the space, the second you should notice chief officer or others, the third you should test the mount of the oxide and dangerous gas in the enclosed space. If any doubt, you should put on self-breath appliances.

  The important precautions are ventilation, another crew standby.

3. Describe the procedures of cargo stowage.

a) The acquisition of information about the cargo to be carried.

b) The principles and considerations on navigation safety.

c) The modification of stowage plan.

  What name, IMO-Class ,package of the dangerous cargoes are. These also should be noticed to stevedores. The chief officer also ask how many tons of dangerous cargoes will be carried.

  Before loading or discharging dangerous cargoes, the officers should tell stevedores how to stow or leave the cargoes, where they are stowed and how to segregation them. Hoisted letter B flag and approved by the harbor master. Near the spot ,notice NO SMOKING. The carrier should take care of the dangerous cargoes. To control the temperature and ventilate during the voyage.

  When a vessel carrying dangerous cargoes, The chief officer should make a stowage plan according to the IMDG. If any modification of stowage plan, this must be noticed to the chief officer and be approved by the chief officer.

4. Describe the actions to be taken in case of an oil spill on board.

a) The initial responses

b) Tthe actions following up according to the SOREP(船舶防止油污染应急计划)on board.

c) The precautions to be taken.

  The initial response in case of an oil spill is sent oil spilling signal , notice the termination not to pump oil.

  According to the  SOREP,  the first step is stop pump oil, then close the valves and all deck drainages. The third is to handle the spilling oil with absorbent materials or other means.

  To stop pump oil is an important matter. To close the valves and all deck drainages are must be done.

5. Describe how to ensure a proper stowage for general cargo.

a) General factors to be taken into account in cargo stowage.

b) Special considerations for cargo stowage.

  The term stowage factor means the cargo’s volume been divided by its weight. It is very important. From it, we can calculate how many cargoes can be carried. For example, if one ship’s capacity is 12000 cubic meters and a kind of cargo’s stowage factor is 1.5 cubic meters per ton, we calculate that ship can carry the cargo 8000 tons in weight. Of course, the ship’s net dead weight is equal or bigger 8000 tons.

  When we use cargo’s stowage factor to calculate s ship’s capacity, we must consider the broken space and ship’s net dead weight. We also should consider that how many holds the ship has and the kinds of cargo. As us usually, we arrange these cargo, which has small stowage factor, in low hold, and those cargo, which has big stowage factor, in the tween-deck.

1. How many classes of dangerous goods are there according to the IMDG Code? Can you list some?

  There are nine classes of dangerous goods according to the IMDG Code. They are Explosives, Gases, Inflammable liquids, Inflammable solids, Oxidizing substances and organic peroxides, Poisonous and infectious substances, Radioactive substances, Corrosive substances and Miscellaneous dangerous substances.

2. What kind of cargo is classified as flammable cargo?

  If the cargo is easy to flame, for example, if one liquid’s closed cup flash is less 61 centigrade, we will class it as flammable cargo—inflammable liquids.

3. Please describe the general nature of general cargo.

  The general cargo is usually packed and in different kinds. Each is small.

4. Please describe the general nature of bulk cargo?

  The bulk cargo is usually unpacked and the ship carries one of bulk cargo in a voyage.

5. What kind of cargo is canvas (吊货帆布袋)sling suitable for lifting?

  General cargo, e.g. bags of grain, rice, coffee

6. What kind of cargo is chain sling (吊货链)suitable for lifting?

  Heavy slender articles e.g. iron rails, logs.

7. What kind of cargo is net sling (吊货网)suitable for lifting?

  Small packages , mail

8. What does the abbreviation COW stand for?

  COW stands for crude oil washing.

9. What does “jettison of cargo”mean?

  Drop cargo out of ship’s side from the deck.

10. What does “compatibility of goods(相容性货物)”mean?

  If different kinds can be stow together and no damage, we will say they are compatibility.

11. What does the abbreviation SWL stand for?

  SWL stand for safe working load.

12. What does “shifting cargo”mean?

  Remove cargo from one place to another on a vessel.

13. What does “Union purchase”mean?

  Using two derricks together to load or discharge cargoes.

14. What preparations shall be done before loading cargo?

  Open hatch covers. In night prepare hatch lights.

15. What is the loading capacity of your vessel?

  It express how many cargo can be carried in our vessel

16. What cargo handling gear and equipment does your vessel have?

  Our vessel has three cranes and two union purchase.

17. What can be used to remove spillage(地脚货,溢出量)?

  Empty bags or hold to remove spillage.

18. What shall be ensured before entering the enclosed space?

  Whether the enclosed space has enough oxide and no dangerous gas.

19. Please list some cargo papers?

  Bill of lading, manifest, stowage plan, loading list, and so on.

20. What must you wear when you enter an enclosed space?

  Self-breath appliance.

 

第5章 装卸业务

 

本章教学内容

第一节 航行值班交接

第二节 海图作业

第三节 航行警告

一.气象航行警告

二.航行安全警告

第四节 避碰操作

第五节 航海仪器使用

第六节 货载管理

第七节 油水管理

第八节 生活垃圾管理

第九节 绕航

第十节 避风

第十一节 交通管理

第十二节 雾中航行

第十三节 大风浪航行

第十四节 狭水道航行

第十五节 运河航行

第十六节 冰区航行

基本要求:并会运用航行值班交接和航行警告用语

本章重点:掌握海图作业、避碰操和航海仪器使用用语

本章难点:理解绕航、避风和交通管理用语

 

第5章  第一部分  单句

 

本部分为考试内容之一,培养学生的听力能力,根据题干含义,选择一个最佳答案。授课中应加强学生的主动性,利用所配光盘进行练习。

本部分应重点掌握下列专业词汇:

索引

词汇

含义

索 引

词汇

含义

1

Pack ice

大块结实的冰

2

iceberg

冰山

9

unreliable

不可靠的

9

unlit

未点亮的

9

demolished

拆毁的,破坏的

10

Off station

移位的

11

destroyed

摧毁的,损坏的

13

UTC

世界协调时

13

derelict

被抛弃的,(船的)无主的。

17

Wreck

沉船

22

twist

缠绕,卷

29

slack

平潮期

34

visibility

能见度

34

mist

霾,较 fog 淡,较 haze 浓

40

On opposite course

对遇

45

track

航迹

46

diverge

(道路等)分岔,分开;(意见等)分歧

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

第5章  第二部分  对话

本部分为考试内容之一,培养学生的听力能力,授课中应加强学生的主动性,利用所配光盘进行练习。

本部分为一组较简单的对话,并附一个问题,根据题干含义,选择一个最佳答案。

本部分应重点掌握下列专业词汇:

 

索引

词汇

含义

索引

词汇

含义

1

Beaufort

蒲氏(风级)

3

Backing/veering

顺/逆时针的

5

Variable

变化不定的

6

Atmospheric

大气的

6

Pressure

压力

6

Hectopascal

毫巴millibar

6

baromectric

气压计的

Baromectri change 气压变化

13

Semicircle

半圆

14

swell

涌浪

32

deteriorate

使恶化

36

hydrographic

水文的

36

seismic

地震的,震波的

42

dredge

疏浚

46

missile

射弹,飞弹;导弹

47

astronomical

天文的

49

Fag bank

雾障

49

defective

有瑕疵的,不完全的

 

 

 

 

第5章  第三部分  短文

本部分为考试内容之一,培养学生的听力能力,授课中应加强学生的主动性,利用所配光盘进行练习。

本部分为一组较长的对话或者是一篇介绍性的短文,短文中的句子或主要观点大部分已经在前面“单句”或“对话”中出现,每一短文附四个问题,根据题干含义,选择一个最佳答案。

第5章  第四、五部分  口述题和问答题

本部分为考试内容之一,重点培养学生回答问题的能力,要求学生在课后先以作业的形式完成一个草稿,再根据学生的作业情况进行点评,选择其中较好的作为范文,并要求学生背诵。

 

第5章口述题和问答题参考答案

 

Charter 5

1.       Describe the duties of watch-keeping when underway.

a) General rules as to watch-keeping.

b) Items to be checked and monitored each watch.

c) Special attention for bridge watch-keeping.

  When you are on watch-keeping, you will be responsible to the master for the proper performance of his assigned bridge watchstanding and navigational duties. When the ship is underway ,the chief officer will be on duty during 4 to 8 and 16-20; the second officer will be on duty during 0-4 and 12-16; the third officer will be on duty during 8-12 and 20-24.

At each watch, the officers on watch should check the ship’s positions at least 4 times, change the steering gear from auto-pilot to manual-pilot 1time. They also check ship’s course, speed, and the weather condition, navigational equipments conditions.

The officers duty’s spot is at the bridge, they should keep sharp look-out at all time. They can do nothing expect look-out and take proper avoiding actions. Usually they should patrol the whole ship once a watch at night for avoid fire or other unnormal things happened.

2. Describe the bridge shift change.

a) The conditions which must be satisfied before taking over a bridge watch.

b) The procedures for shift change.

c) Special attention for shift change

  Shifting change is very important for the safety of a ship. When an officer goes to the bridge for taking over for duty, he must know the present course, speed, position, and must be informed the situation of other vessels which are near.

  The relieving officer should go to the bridge 15 minutes advance. Firstly, he should get habit to the sighting, especially in the night. Secondly , he should ask the relieved officer something, such as ship’s course, speed, position. Thirdly , he should go into the chart room to  check the conditions. At night he should read and sign the night order.

  The change of conn must be clearly stated and logged including the actual time that it took place. The relieving officer must sign the night order book to indicate understanding of the master’s orders.

3. Describe the differences between navigating in a narrow channel and in traffic separation scheme.

a) The rules in navigating in a narrow channel.

b) The rules in navigating in a traffic separation scheme.

c) The major differences in terms of technical navigation.

  If you are a driven power vessel and you are proceeding along the course of a narrow channel, you shall keep as near to the outer limit of the channel which lies on your starboard side as is safe and practicable. You shall avoid cross a channel and anchor in a channel.

 If you are a driven power vessel and you are using a traffic separation scheme, you shall proceed in the appropriate traffic lane in the general direction of traffic flow for that lane You shall avoid cross lane and anchor in lane, traffic line or separation zone.

  In traffic separation scheme, there are traffic line or separation zone, but in narrow channel not.

4. Describe advantage various tools or technologies for proper lookout.

a) The features of radar observation.

b) The advantages of visual lookout.

 c) The correct uses of various tools or technologies.

  Every vessel shall at all times maintain a proper lookout by sight and hearing as well as by all available means appropriate in the prevailing circumstances and conditions so as to make a full appraisal of the situation and of the risk of collision,

  The features of radar observation are as follows: (1) limitations of the radar equipment, small vessels, ice and other floating objects may not by detected by radar at an adequate range;; (2) imposed by the radar range scale in use; Weather and other sources of interference; (3) the more exact assessment of the visibility that may be possible when radar is used to determine the range of vessels or other objects in the vicinity.

  The advantages of visual lookout are as follows: (1) It is the based means of looking –out; (2) the situation can be readily apparent, and so on.

  There are many tools and technologies to be used in look-out, for example, when you use a radar, you should switch the radar standby first, then you should proper adjust it ,include range, tuning, gain, contrast, anti-clutter sea, anti-clutter rain. You can detected the bearing and distance of a object with radar.

5. Describe the preparation to be done by the responsibility of prior to arrival.

a) General introduction of the responsibility of deck department pre-arrival situation.

b) Preparations to be done prior to arrival.

  The chief officer is the head of the deck department. He is assisted by a second officer, a third officer, a bosun, a carpenter, and some AB. The chief is responsible for caring cargo , for example, making stowage planning, holds preparation, loading, stowage, discharging. The second officer is responsible for watch pertaining to navigation publications and equipment. The third officer is responsible for watch duties pertaining to fire-fighting appliances and life-saving appliances and maintenance. The are all assigned to bridge to be proper performance watchstanding and navigational duties.

  The chief officer is responsible to the master for the operation , administration , and supervision of the deck department The chief officer, carpenter and 2-3 AB are assigned to the fore station. And the some time, the second, bosun and 2-3 AB are assigned to the aft station. They should prepare to mast fast lines. The third is at the bridge , his duty is to carry out the captain’s or pilot’s order

 

1. Why is it important to sound fog signals?

  In fog, the visibility is poor, by sounding fog signals, you will hear other vessels or be hear by other vessels vicinity.

2. When would you sound the general alarm?

  When our ship is on fire, or spilling oil, or being drilling.

3. When should an OOW notify the master immediately for emergency ship-handling or complicated navigation? Please list some.

  Poor Visibility , failure to make a landfall or navigational sighting at the expected time, anytime the watch officer is in doubt of the vessel’s position, and so on.

4. How does the OOW assess risk of collision generally?

  If the object’s compass of an approaching vessel does not appreciably change, it will be deemed to exist such risk.

5. How should the relieving officer behave in case a bridge manoeuvre already took place but has not been over?

  To report it to the captain immediately and logged.

6. List the main items to be updated on the pilot card(航路资料)?

  Chart, pilot book, list of lights, tide table, mariner’s handbook.

7.Besides the collision risks, what else should you monitor on watch in port?

  Keep the ship on the course.

8. How do you know the VHF channels to be monitored when leaving port?

  From the “Guide to Port Entry”.

9. What should the master expect from the OOW on arriving at the bridge?

  The ship’s situation, speed, course and other safety conditions.

10. Who should be in attendance when a pilot is on the ladder?

  The third officer and a sailor.

11. When would you instruct a lookout to assist you on the bridge?

  When I am the first time as a officer on the bridge.

12. What effect will the general alarm have on all crew?

  Bell alarm.

13. Why is record keeping a necessary part of watchkeeping?

  Because watchkeeping is very important.

14. Apart from those navigation safety, what else should you do on an anchor watch?

  Check the anchor position.

15. How would you conveniently(方便地), check the compass error in pilotage waters?

  By compass flare, or communicate with the pilot station.

16. If a sailing ship is overtaking a power-driven vessel, who has the fight of way?

  The power-driven vessel.

17. A power-driven vessel is on a collision course with a fishing trawler. Who has the right of way?

  The fishing trawler.

18. How many meters there in a nautical mile?

  About 1850meters.

19. If you travel from Panama to New York, will your latitude increase or decrease?

  My latitude will be increase when we travel from Panama to New York.

20. How many “position lines” are needed to make a position?

  At least, two position lines are needed to make a position

21. Can you define the very important term “underway”?

  The term “underway” means that a vessel is not at anchor, or made fast to the shore, or aground.

22. You observe a ship, during daytime, exhibiting three balls on the same halyard. What has happened?

  A vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre, except a vessel engaged in mine clearance operations.

23. What does the abbreviation IALA stand for?

  It stand for International Association of Lighthouse Authorities

24. Is it safe to pass north of a North Mark?

  No, it can not pass north of a North Mark.

25. Is it safe to pass north of a South Mark?

  Yes, it is safe to pass north of a South Mark.

26. Does “variation” change due to ship’s position?

  Yes, the “variation” change due to ship’s position.

27. Does deviation change due to ship’s position?

  No, the deviation does not change due to ship’s position

28. When correcting charts why must you use symbols and abbreviations from chart 5011?

  Because the chart 5011 covers a large area, if we don’t use symbols and abbreviations to correct it, it will become unreadable.

29. You have purchased a new chart. Is it right ready for use?

  No, you should correct it up to date.

30. What publication do you need to correct charts properly?

  Notices to Marines.

31. What course in degrees corresponds to south-east?

  135 degrees.

32. What is the angle between magnetic and true meridian called?

  It is called magnetic veariation.

33. Where can you always find information about the magnetic veariation?

  On chart.

34. When a ship picks up speed, will draught increase or decrease?

  It will decrease when a ship picks up her speed.

35. A ship ahead of you has hoisted the signal flag “O”, what has happened?

  It means "Man overboard."With a sinister hoist, the semaphore flag.

 

第6章  装卸业务

 

本章教学内容

第一节 制定修理计划

第二节 招标

第三节 修理作业

第四节 检验与验收

第五节 仪器检修

第六节 索具保养

第七节 船体保养

第八节 物料管理

基本要求:修理作业和仪器检修用语

本章重点:掌握检验与验收及船体保养用语

本章难点:理解索具保养和物料管理用语

 

第6章  第一部分  单句

 

本部分为考试内容之一,培养学生的听力能力,根据题干含义,选择一个最佳答案。授课中应加强学生的主动性,利用所配光盘进行练习。

本部分应重点掌握下列专业词汇:

索引

词汇

含义

索 引

词汇

含义

6

Offer and catalogue

报价和目录

12

dismantle

拆除…的设备

12

disassemble

拆卸,拆除,分解

13

scrape

刮,擦, (away; off; out)

13

rectify

矫正,纠正

14

screw

螺旋;螺旋状物

17

chip

把…削成薄片

21/A

Anti-fouling

防污的

21

Anticorrosive

防腐的

22

Steering gear

操舵设备

26

Automatic pilot

自动舵

27

Drain

排泄,放干 (away; off)

37/B

straighten

弄直;矫正

41/B

periodical

定期的

43

shipyard

船坞

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

第6章  第二部分  对话

本部分为考试内容之一,培养学生的听力能力,授课中应加强学生的主动性,利用所配光盘进行练习。

本部分为一组较简单的对话,并附一个问题,根据题干含义,选择一个最佳答案。

本部分应重点掌握下列专业词汇:

 

索引

词汇

含义

索引

词汇

含义

1/A

spare

多余的,剩下的

4

surveyor

验船师

5/S1

stainless

不锈钢的

7/S1

written

书面的

9/D

Quarantine officer

检疫官员

12/S2

crack

裂缝

13/A

Worn out

磨损

14/S2

disassemble

拆、解体

15/S2

inferior

低劣的

17

ABCD

A经久的,坚固的;

B可靠的;C重要的,有价值的;D征锐的。

18/S1

viscosity

粘度

24/A

Bright speck

明亮的点

24/B

sweep

扫描

24/C

distant target

远距离物标

24/D

Ranger marker ring

距标圈

27/A

clutter

杂乱回波

28/S2

fuse

保险丝

29/A

Slop barge

废油驳船

29/B

Sludge

油渣

41/A

Magnetic compass

磁罗经

41/C

Magnetron

磁控管

43/B

sketch

示意图,草图

44/S1

Squeak

尖叫声,吱轧声

44/S2

grease

牛油,油脂

45/S1

tension

张力,绷紧

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

第6章  第三部分  短文

本部分为考试内容之一,培养学生的听力能力,授课中应加强学生的主动性,利用所配光盘进行练习。

本部分为一组较长的对话或者是一篇介绍性的短文,短文中的句子或主要观点大部分已经在前面“单句”或“对话”中出现,每一短文附四个问题,根据题干含义,选择一个最佳答案。

 

索引

词汇

含义

索引

词汇

含义

1/3/C

workmanship

手艺,工作质量

1/4/C

compensation

补偿金

2-6

barnacle

藤壶(附在船壳上的贝类运物)

2-6

scrape

刮痕

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

第6章  第四、五部分  口述题和问答题

本部分为考试内容之一,重点培养学生回答问题的能力,要求学生在课后先以作业的形式完成一个草稿,再根据学生的作业情况进行点评,选择其中较好的作为范文,并要求学生背诵。

 

第6章口述题和问答题参考答案

 

Charter 6

1. Describer the formalities before carrying out a ship’s repair.

a) The necessity of carrying out a ship’s repair.

b) The formalities before a ship’s repair begin.

c) Special attention paid to the repair.

  The reasons of carrying out a ship’s repair are as follows. (1) The most of sea vessels are made of steel, they are easy deteriorated and corroded. (2) The deck equipments may be damaged. (3) The vessels should be ensured maintain outward presentable appearance. (3) In order to ensure that the vessels are in seaworthiness, safety and proper to take in cargo.

  Before a ship’s repair begins, the chief officer should make a repair plan. In the repair plan, he should state what should be repaired, how to repair them. Of course, the repair plan must be allowed by the captain and the company.

  A ship’s repair is divided into kinds. For example, it is divided into minor repair and major repair; self repair and dock repair; voyage repair and annual repair; periodical repair and intermediate repair. The special attention is paid to the repair are as follows: (1) What can be put into voyage repair, self repair. (2) Where plates should be changed. (3) What materials should be needed. (4) How to complete the repair.

2. Describe the procedures of carrying out hull maintenance.

a) The preparations before carrying out hull maintenance.

b) The contents of hull maintenance.

c) The cautions to be taken while carrying out hull maintenance.

  After a vessel leaves her building yard to go into operation, she will need to be kept at all times in a well-maintained condition. The hull is one of the main vessel’s part, it is easy deteriorated and corroded. Because some of hull is below the water line, so it need dock repair. Before being dock, the follows should be prepared; (1) shore electric power to be furnished; (2) cooling water for refrigerators to be connected; (3) fresh water to be furnished as required; (4) fire line to be connected; (5) daily garbage to be disposed.

  The hull maintenance is include ; (1) hull cleaning; (2) metal plates de-rusting; (3) metal plates painting or changed.

  The cautions should be taken while carrying out hull maintenance are as follows: (1) shore electric power to be furnished; (2) cooling water for refrigerators to be connected; (3) fresh water to be furnished as required; (4) fire line to be connected; (5) daily garbage to be disposed.

3. Describes the procedures of carrying out an overhaul (大修,major repair ) for navigational aids.

a) The necessity of carrying out overhaul of navigations aids.

b) The contents of the overhaul.

c) The cautions to be taken.

  Some of equipment may be seriously damaged during operation and which will effect a ship’s safety. In order to keep the ship in seaworthiness, it is necessity to carry out overhaul for navigational aids.

  The contents of the overhaul is include: (1) to check the hull throughout; (2)  to repair some of damaged equipments or renewed. (3) hull cleaning, especially the parts below the water line; (4) de-rusting, or changing metal plates.

  The cost of overhaul is very expensive. The chief officer should make the repair list carefully. If one program can be repaired by himself , do not put in into overhaul repair plan. After overhaul repair, the chief officer should check them.

4. Describer the procedures of carrying out the maintenance of riggings(舾装设备, 索具).

a) The preparations of carrying out the maintenance of riggings.

b) The contents of the maintenance of riggings.

c) Tthe cautions to be taken while carrying out the maintenance .

  There are many riggings on a vessel. They will be damaged during operation. In order to ensure equipments in good condition, the damaged riggings should be repaired. When you carry out maintenance of riggings, first you should be make a plan, then to prepare materials and organize hands to do it.

  The contents of the maintenance of riggings is as follows; (1) check them and decide what should be repair, or renew; (2) make a plan to do it; (3) prepare materials; (4) oil and test them.

1. Why does a ship need maintenance?

  To ensure the ship in seaworthiness.

2. Who is in charge of the maintenance work?

  The chief officer

3. Can you list some types of repair?

  Yes, for example: minor repair and major repair; self repair and dock repair; voyage repair and annual repair; periodical repair and intermediate repair.

4. What is a voyage repair?

  The repairing work is been done between two voyages.

5. What is an annual repair?

  According to rules times to repair, it is a whole, system repair.

6. What is major repair?

  To repair the ship’s hull and main equipments.

7. What is a repair list?

  A paper is to list what should be repair, how to be repair.

8. What special attention should be paid to when writing a repair list?

  In a repair list , it is must be record that how to repair them.

9. Can you list at least five kinds of paint?

  Yes, primer, anti-corrosive paint, anti- fouling paint, bitumastic, solution, varnish.

  (红丹--防锈漆, 防腐漆,防污漆, 舱底沥青漆, 沥青清漆—水罗松, 清漆—凡士林)

10.Can you list some classification societies in the world?

  Yes , the lyord’s, CCS

11. What kind of paint is usually given to the places such as radiator, pipes and funnels?

  The heat-resistant paint.

12. What kind of paint is usually given to the ship’s bottom?

  The anti-fouling paint.

13. What kind of coating is usually applied to anchors and chains?

  The anti-fouling paint.

14. What is the difference between “repair list”and “repair bill”?

  The repair list is known as what should be repaired and how to repair. The repair bill is known as the costs of repairing work should be paid.

15. What is used to measure the thickness of hull plates?

  X-ray.

16. Could you list some different kinds of ship’s survey?

  Yes, marine survey, cargo survey.

17. What should be done before applying a priming coat of paint/

  Cleaning and de-rusting.

18. What kind of coating is usually applied in the double bottom tanks?

  The anti-corrosive paint.

19. What must be considered when stowing away synthetic ropes?

  When stowing synthetic ropes, the elasticity must be condidered.

 

第7章  事故处理

 

本章教学内容

第一节 碰撞

第二节 失火与爆炸

第三节 搁浅

第四节 进水

第五节 倾覆

第六节 污染

第七节 船舶损坏

第八节 货损与货差

第九节 人员伤亡

第十节 海盗袭击

基本要求:碰撞、搁浅与污染用语

本章重点:如何掌握进水、倾覆和船舶损坏用语

本章难点:理解失火与爆炸与货损与货差用语

 

第7章  第一部分  单句

 

本部分为考试内容之一,培养学生的听力能力,根据题干含义,选择一个最佳答案。授课中应加强学生的主动性,利用所配光盘进行练习。

本部分应重点掌握下列专业词汇:

索引

词汇

含义

索 引

词汇

含义

2

Hose burst

软管爆裂

5

Galley

(船上的)厨房

9

Bruise

受伤(无外皮损伤),内伤

9

Strain

拉伤

15

manifold

总管

16

seafarer

海员

30

slick

水面浮油

31

fracture

断裂

37

toss

颠簸

40

Joint inspection

联检

45

dent

凹痕

48

unseaworthiness

不适航的

12

chisel

凿子

15

lighter

驳船,点火著

30

Boom

围油栏,吊臂

49

Particular average

单独海损

50

Dry-dock

入船坞

 

 

 

 

第7章  第二部分  对话

本部分为考试内容之一,培养学生的听力能力,授课中应加强学生的主动性,利用所配光盘进行练习。

本部分为一组较简单的对话,并附一个问题,根据题干含义,选择一个最佳答案。

本部分应重点掌握下列专业词汇:

 

索引

词汇

含义

索引

词汇

含义

3

blanket

毯子

5

ankle

脚脖子,踝

6

blade

刀片,舵叶

6

guard

防护者/器

17

Synthetic scoop

合成(材料)的铲斗(挖泥用的),

19

Escaped gas

漏出的气体

21

Prompt

立即,推动

29

comprehension

广泛,理解

37

Imminent

立即,马上

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

第7章  第三部分  短文

本部分为考试内容之一,培养学生的听力能力,授课中应加强学生的主动性,利用所配光盘进行练习。

本部分为一组较长的对话或者是一篇介绍性的短文,短文中的句子或主要观点大部分已经在前面“单句”或“对话”中出现,每一短文附四个问题,根据题干含义,选择一个最佳答案。

 

索引

词汇

含义

索引

词汇

含义

4/2

The froster

冷冻机

11

MSA

Maritime safety adminstration

 

第7章  第三部分  短文

第7章  第四、五部分  口述题和问答题

本部分为考试内容之一,重点培养学生回答问题的能力,要求学生在课后先以作业的形式完成一个草稿,再根据学生的作业情况进行点评,选择其中较好的作为范文,并要求学生背诵。

 

第7章口述题和问答题参考答案

Charter 7

1.       Describe the procedures in handling fire on board.

a) The alarm.

b) Tthe measures taken after the fire has been extinguished.

c) Your position and functions during fire-fighting.

  Switch on fire alarm immediately while finding fire. The fire alarm is belling for one minute, and one long blast is indicating fore; two long blasts is indicating aft; three long blasts is indicating middle, or bridge; four long blasts is indicating the engine room.

  After the fire has been extinguished, crew should check the fire area every 10 minutes for avoiding the fire re-ignition , sent men for keeping and report. After making sure the fire is not re-ignition, the crew can cancel the fire alarm, and the chief officer should enter the event into the log-book.

  Because I am a chief officer, according to the muster list, I am in command of the fire party at spot during fire-fighting.

2.       Describe the emergency procedures in handling ship-borne oil pollution.

a) The alarm.

b) Typical and detailed procedures.

c) Your position and functions during fire-fighting.

  When ship- borne oil pollution occurs, switch on alarm immediately. The alarm is belling three short blasts and one long blast for one minute.

  All crewmembers should be standby for meeting emergency. The first is to closed the valve , to detect the reason of oil pollution; formulate a emergency plan. At the same time, report this event to near country, and require shore side assistance, if it is necessary. The second is to control the oil pollution scope and to use absorbent materials. The oil the clearance team start oil clearance under the command of the second officer. The third officer is in charge of recycling spilling oil. After these work have been finished , the master will cancel the alarm and enter the event into the log-book.

  Because I am the chief officer, according to the muster list, I am on the spot to command during fire-fighting.

3.       Describe briefly one of the cases that you have experienced or heard of as collision, fire, flooding, or grounding.

a) The brief introduction to the story.

b) Your comments on the successes of the measures.

c) Your comments on the improperness of the measures.

  One day, when I am watch TV, I heard one explosive voice. I rush out and saw the hatch NO 3 was on fire, and at the same time, I heard the fire alarm. All crew run to the spot and extinguished the fire according the muster list.

In this event, I was in charge of commanding at the spot. Our crew could be in the spot in one minute, they detected the reason of the fire and checked the surrounding near the fire. They took proper actions to extinguish the fire. All thing was based of drilling.

In this event, we did not take care the cargo well. We did not ventilate in proper means. The temperature in hatch NO3 is too high to explosive, and causing the fire.

4.       Describe the procedures in re-floating ship aground.

a) The different situations of being aground.

b) The measures taken to re-float the ship aground.

c) Special attention paid to re-float the ship.

  When a ship is being aground , it may be to list, or trim. According to the different situations, you can decide where is being aground.

  If your vessel is aground, I advice you to take actions as follows: (1) de-ballast or jettison cargo, it can make your vessel re-float by reducing its displacement; (2) require tugs’ assistance, tugs can pull or push your vessel from the shallow to deep water; (3) waiting the tide, the depth of water will raise when the tide is rising, so your vessel may re-float. (4) shifting cargoes or liquid, adjusting vessel’s list, trim, to make the vessel’s grounded part clear of the bottom, and then you will be re-float.

  When you pay to re-float your vessel, you should take some special attention, the first thing is to decide where is ground and the situation. The second is to decide that the vessel is making water or not.

5.       Describe the procedures in handling cargo damage.

a)       Descriptions on different cargo damages.

b)      The general procedures for handling cargo damages.

c)      Special attention paid to the handling of damages.

The cargo damages can be divided into original and working damaged. If the damaged is found before loading or discharging, it is known as original damaged, and if the damaged is found during loading or discharging, it is known as working. Except for original damaged before discharging, others is not been responsible by the carrier.

According to the charter party, the damaged cargo must be surveyed on the spot. When you handle cargo damaged, you had better submit the case to the cargo survey and call him aboard to ascertain the extent of the damaged cargo, so as to determine who will be held responsible. The chief can only sign a list that conforms to the cargo survey’s report.

1. What is your purpose to prepare the confirmation of collision occurrence to the captain of the other vessel?

  To certify the fact of the collision.

2. What shall be usually attached to the report on the collision accident?

  When the collision accident is happened, and what has been damaged, and the ship’s names.

3. When should a sea protest be submitted to and endorsed by the authorities concerned?

  When you meet a storm during a voyage, your should submit a sea protest.

4. Generally speaking, which is responsible for the damage after a collision between a vessel moored and a vessel underway?

  The vessel is underway.

5. What is sound signal to warn a vessel of the immediate danger of collision?

  One long blast.

6. What action will you take after a collision with another vessel?

  Stop engine and communicate with the another vessel.

7. As a chief officer, what is your responsibility in danger control operation?

  In charge of command.

8. What does “SOPEP”MEAN?

  The ship oil pollution emergency plan.

9. Whom shall be reported to in case of an oil pollution incident?

  The near country port control .

10. What’s the first step in handling the cargo damage caused by the stevedores?

  To keep the spot.

11. What anti-stowaway precautions should you take before the vessel sails from a port?

  Patrol the ship from stern to stern..

12. What is your first response when you detect a fire?

  Call another crew on the spot and put on self-apparatus.

13. What can be used to handle an oil spill?

  Absorbent materials

14. What are the ways to re-float a grounded vessel?

De-ballast water, shift cargo or liquid, jettison cargo, and so on.

15. Can you list some ways of correcting listing?

  Yes, ballast water, de-ballast water, shifting cargo or liquid.

16. What will you first do if you find some oil near your vessel while bunkering?

  To notify the terminal and closed the valves.

17. What will you do first if a crewmember was seriously injured?

  To take first aids.

18. What will you do first if your vessel is under attack by pirates?

  Sound alarm and sent MAYDAY messengers

19. If someone returns to the ship very drunk, should he be left alone to ‘sleep it off’?

No, he must not. We must take care of him so that he can obtain immediate medical care if necessary.

20. If you see a person collapsed who is in contact with electricity what is the first thing you must do before attempting to switch off the supply?

I must warn other persons by shouting out “ Danger, electric shock”.

21.If you suspect someone has inhaled a dangerous substance what can you do to help even if you are not trained?

I shall report the accident. / I shall take him to a safe place.

22.In what circumstances do you give artificial respiration and mouth to mouth ventilation?

These must be done in open spaces.

23. How should you try to stop bleeding at first?

By using artery-finger-pushing method.

24.If you suspect someone has been poisoned what is the first thing you should try to do?

Take measure to make him vomit.

25. What is the most important thing to consider when treating a wound?

When treating a wound the most important thing is to stop bleeding.

 

第8章  消防与船员自救

 

本章教学内容

第一节 救生与消防演习

第二节 救火

第三节 救货

第四节 救船

第五节 救人

第六节 保全设备与仪器

基本要求:熟练掌握救生与消防演习用语

本章重点:理解并会运用救火、救货、救船与救人用语

本章难点:掌握保全设备与仪器用语

 

第8章  第一部分  单句

 

本部分为考试内容之一,培养学生的听力能力,根据题干含义,选择一个最佳答案。授课中应加强学生的主动性,利用所配光盘进行练习。

本部分应重点掌握下列专业词汇:

索引

词汇

含义

索 引

词汇

含义

1

Fire patrols

消防队

1

Round

巡视(全船)

1

Leakage

溢漏

4

Accommodation area

生活区

4

Living spaces

生活区

5

Extinguisher

灭火器

5

Tag

标签

7

Hydrant

消防栓

8r

Spanner

(螺钉)扳钳

9

nozzle

管嘴;喷嘴

10

Fume

烟雾

16

Transfer

转移

18

Distribution

分配,分布

20

Jettison cargo

抛弃货物(到舷外)

23

Maintain

维护,保持

23

Visual contact

视觉的联系

25

MRCC

海事搜救协调中心

28

 whistle

汽笛

34

Survivor

幸存者

44

Keep sharp lookout

保持正规了望

47

resume

恢复

48

On scene

在现场

50

generator

发电机

 

 

 

 

MRCC

海事搜救协调中心

Maritime rescue coordinate center

 

 

第8章  第二部分  对话

 

本部分为考试内容之一,培养学生的听力能力,授课中应加强学生的主动性,利用所配光盘进行练习。

本部分为一组较简单的对话,并附一个问题,根据题干含义,选择一个最佳答案。

本部分应重点掌握下列专业词汇:

 

索引

词汇

含义

索引

词汇

含义

1/D

Fire main

消防总管

6/S2

accessible

能接近的,能接近的,

9/C

Sprinkler

喷,洒,淋,细雨

12/A

Watertight door

水密门

12/B

Remote

摇远的,远程的

12/C

Indicator

探测器

12/D

The fire damper

防火门

14/ B

Firemen’s outfits

消防员装备

20/D

Auxiliary engine

辅机

23/D

Drawing back

撤退

25/S1

Rope off

用绳围起来

25/B

Segregate

隔离

26/S1

Re-ignition

复燃

29/C

Blackout

熄灭,全船停电

32/D

Pirate

海盗

35/S2

Crack

使破裂;敲破

35/C

Deformation

失真,变形

35/D

Indentation

刻痕,凹槽缺口

45/S1

Rescue litter

救助担架

48

shock

休克

1

Walkie-talkie

对讲机

 

 

 

 

第8章  第三部分  短文

本部分为考试内容之一,培养学生的听力能力,授课中应加强学生的主动性,利用所配光盘进行练习。

本部分为一组较长的对话或者是一篇介绍性的短文,短文中的句子或主要观点大部分已经在前面“单句”或“对话”中出现,每一短文附四个问题,根据题干含义,选择一个最佳答案。

第8章  第四、五部分  口述题和问答题

本部分为考试内容之一,重点培养学生回答问题的能力,要求学生在课后先以作业的形式完成一个草稿,再根据学生的作业情况进行点评,选择其中较好的作为范文,并要求学生背诵。

 

第8章口述题和问答题参考答案

 

Charter eight

1. Describe fire precaution on board.

a) Fire protection equipment to be checked.

b) procedures of a fire drill.

c) Summary.

  The third officer is in charge of fire-fighting equipments and life-saving equipments. In order to ensure the fire-fighting equipments can be used in the time when the vessel is on fire, the third officer should check the fire equipments on board regularly. For example, to check the co2 extinguishers by weighting.

  The procedures of a fire drill is as follows: (1) sound fire alarm ; (2) crew connecting at the station.; (3) the chief officer numbers the crew and ask someone what is his duties on a fire-fighting; (4) to drill how to use some of the extinguisher ; (5) summary the fire dill; (6) cancel the alarm, 

2. Describe damage control on board.

a) Equipment to be checked.

b) Damage control activities.

c) Summary.

  Vessels may be making water after collision, ground or other marine’s accident. The third officer should check damaged control equipments regularly. He should check water-proof blanket, blocking mats, blocking planks, blocking cases, blocking screws and other damage control.

  After a vessel is damaged and is making water, the conditions of damaged and the position of damaged must be investigated immediately. Then estimating the threaten which is caused by the damaged. According to the fact , taking proper activities to control flooding and pump out flooding-water.

  The distinct kinds of control making water should be taken to relate different damaged position, e.g. below water line and above water line.

3. Describe the measures taken on board if aground.

a) Particulars to be clarified.

b) Actions to be taken in different situations.

c) Summary.

    When a ship is being aground , it may be to list, or trim. According to the different situations, you can decide where is being aground.

  If your vessel is aground, I advice you to take actions as follows: (1) de-ballast or jettison cargo, it can make your vessel re-float by reducing its displacement; (2) require tugs’ assistance, tugs can pull or push your vessel from the shallow to deep water; (3) waiting the tide, the depth of water will raise when the tide is rising, so your vessel may re-float. (4) shifting cargoes or liquid, adjusting vessel’s list, trim, to make the vessel’s grounded part clear of the bottom, and then you will be re-float.

  When you pay to re-float your vessel, you should take some special attention, the first thing is to decide where is ground and the situation. The second is to decide that the vessel is making water or not.

4. Describe the measures taken on board if on fire.

a) Particulars to be clarified.

b) Actions to be taken in different situations.

c) Summary.

    Switch on fire alarm immediately while finding fire. The fire alarm is belling for one minute, and one long blast is indicating fore; two long blasts is indicating aft; three long blasts is indicating middle, or bridge; four long blasts is indicating the engine room.

  After the fire has been extinguished, crew should check the fire area every 10 minutes for avoiding the fire re-ignition , sent men for keeping and report. After making sure the fire is not re-ignition, the crew can cancel the fire alarm, and the chief officer should enter the event into the log-book.

  You should foam extinguisher to fighting an oil-fire, dry power extinguishers to fighting an electric fire. The carbon dioxide extinguisher will be caused the least damaged in fire-fighting.

1.What kind of the fire extinguishers can you use for an electric fire?

  The dry power extinguishers.

2. What cannot be used for an electric fire?

  The foam extinguishers.

3. What are the three components of fire?

  Flammable materials, oxide and energy.

4. How often is a fire drill required to be carried out on cargo ships?

  Once in one month

5. What must you do first if you find a fire on board

  Sound the fire alarm.

6.       What does the muster list show?

At each every of accommodations.

7.       What will you first do if you see a person fall overboard?

Drop out a lifebuoy, sound man overboard alarm, stop engine, keep sight to the man.

8.       How often is a boat drill required to be carried out on board a cargo ship?

Once in three months.

9.       Can you list at least three different kinds of fire extinguishers?

Yes, dry power extinguish, carbon dioxide, foam extinguisher.

10.   In general, what parties are involved in a fire drill?

The fire team, the first aids team ,  rescue team. .

11. Where should fire control plan be located?

  At the Corridor, or passageway.

12. How often will the lifeboat be launched into water?

  In three months.

13. What does “retreat signal”mean?

  Cancel the alarm.

14. What is “general alarm signal”?(一般的报警信号)

  The fire alarm.

15. What does “fire patrol ”mean?

  Checking the whole vessel to avoid fire on board.

16. What is “damage control team”?

  To control flooding and re-floating the vessel.

17. How do you check fixed installation?

I check the fixed installation according to the standard procedures.

18. Can you lost two main reasons for electrical fire?

Yes, I can. Short circuit and electrical sparking usually cause an electrical fire.

19. What is the minimum number of motor lifeboats fitted on board?

Every cargo ship At least carry aboard one motor lifeboat.

20. Could you list some apparatus in an open lifeboat?

Yes, I can. For example, handheld red flames, red rockets with parachute, whistles and orange smoke signals.

21. Would a cargo with a high “flash point” be of more concern to you than one with a low “flash point”?

No, it won’t.

22. What is meant by “starving” a fire?

It means to put up a fire by cutting off its oxygen supply.

23. Before you enter into an, what safety precautions should you take?

Such safety precautions are 1st to ventilate the “enclosed space” and 2nd to put on a self-breathing apparatus before enter the “enclosed space”.

24. What is supposed to be transferred over the International Shore Connection?

Water.

25. If a person who has on authority to be on board attempts to enter the ship, where should he be stopped?

He must be stopped at the gangway.

26.How often should an “emergency fire pump” be tested?

An “emergency fire pump”  must be tested every 3 months.

27.What is the most effective fire extinguisher for the galley on board ship?

Dry chemical extinguisher.

28.

29

30

 

 

 

第9章  救助

 

本章教学内容

第一节 与遇险船通信

第二节 与救助中心通信

第三节 救助者间的通信

第四节 海面搜索

第五节 施救作业

第六节 拖带作业

基本要求:学会与与遇险船、与救助中心及救助者间的通信

本章重点是:掌握并会运用施救作业与拖带作业用语

本章难点是:理解海面搜索用语

 

第9章  第一部分  单句

 

本部分为考试内容之一,培养学生的听力能力,根据题干含义,选择一个最佳答案。授课中应加强学生的主动性,利用所配光盘进行练习。

本部分应重点掌握下列专业词汇:

索引

词汇

含义

索 引

词汇

含义

8

Escort

警卫,护送

36

Square

正方形,四方块

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

第9章  第二部分  对话

本部分为考试内容之一,培养学生的听力能力,授课中应加强学生的主动性,利用所配光盘进行练习。

本部分为一组较简单的对话,并附一个问题,根据题干含义,选择一个最佳答案。

本部分应重点掌握的词汇同上一章

 

第9章  第三部分  短文

本部分为考试内容之一,培养学生的听力能力,授课中应加强学生的主动性,利用所配光盘进行练习。

本部分为一组较长的对话或者是一篇介绍性的短文,短文中的句子或主要观点大部分已经在前面“单句”或“对话”中出现,每一短文附四个问题,根据题干含义,选择一个最佳答案。

第9章  第四、五部分  口述题和问答题

本部分为考试内容之一,重点培养学生回答问题的能力,要求学生在课后先以作业的形式完成一个草稿,再根据学生的作业情况进行点评,选择其中较好的作为范文,并要求学生背诵。

 

 

 

 

第9章口述题和问答题参考答案

 

Charter nine

1. Describe the procedures of search and rescue operations.

a) The ways to transmit distress alerts.

b) The procedures for emergency responding.

c) The patterns of search and the ways to implement a SAR mission.

  The distress alerts can be transmitted by VHF, DSC, 2182, RADIO,GMDSS equipments, EPIRB, NBDP, and so on.

  Distress alerting is the rapid and successful reporting of a distress incident to a unit which can provide assistance. This world be another ship in the vicinity or a rescue c0-ordination centre(RCC). When an alert is received by an RCC, normally via a coast station, the RCC will relay the alert to SAR units and to ships in the vicinity of the distress incident. A distress alert should indicate the identification and position of the distress and, where practicable, its nature and other information which could be used for rescue operation.

  To implement a SAR mission, the ways have :Single turn, double turn , Williamson turn, Scharnow turn, the patterns of search have :expanding square search, sector search, parallel search, ship/aircraft coordinated search..

2. Describe the responses when a person falls overboard.

a) The responses of the officer on watch.

b) The ship manoeuvres available to man overboard responding.

c) Attention to be paid in such operation.

  When a person falls overboard, the officer on watch should sound alarm signals of man overboard. He also reports it to captain at once. If it possible, he should drop a lifebuoy to the overboard man, turn on the search light to the man.

  At the same time, the officer on watch should stop the engine, and operate a hard rudder to the side which man overboard. During the ship turning, the officer on watch and the watch man should keep sharp lookout to search the overboard man. They should report the conditions to captain in time.

  In emergency of man overboard operation, the officer on watch should avoid the man is injured by the propeller. So he should stop the engine at once. In any case, if it is possible, the watch men should keep the overboard in sight.

3. Describe briefly the GMDSS.

a) Main objectives of GMDSS.

b) The components of GMDSS.

c) Main functions of GMDSS.

  The GMDSS means “Global Maritime Distress and Safety System”. The basic concept of the system is that search and rescue authorities ashore, as well as shipping in the immediate vicinity of the ship in distress, will be rapidly alerted to a distress incident so they can assist in a coordinated search and rescue operation with the minimum delay.

  The GMDSS is composed by satellites, shore-station, ship-station. Usually the shore-station is the RCC. The equipments of the GMDSS is includes as follows: VHF, DSC, 2182, EPIRB, NBDP and so on.

  The main functions of GMDSS are as follows:(1) alerting; (2)coordinating communications;(3) on- scene communications;(4) dissemination of maritime safety information; (5) general communications.

4. Describe briefly the DSC distress alert.

a) The function of DSC.

b) The format of a distress alert.

c) summary.

  The term of DSC means “digital selective calling”. It can to see or to activate a distress call.

  When you use DSC to sent a distress alert, you are advised to select group calling. The format of a distress alert as follows : MAYDYA, MAYDAY, MAYDAY, This is M.V. ABCD, I am on fire. My position is at …… , I need fire fighting assistance , over.

  When using DSC, you should select type of call, notice the priority and proper to use it.

1. What does “initial course” mean in search and rescue operation?

  The first course.

2. What does “jettison of cargo”mean?

  To drop cargo overboard.

3. What is the difference between “heel ” and “list”?

  The hell is cause by inherent force , and the list is caused by out force.

4. What does “EPIRB” stand for ?

  It is stand for emergency position indicating radio beacons

5. What does SAR stand for?

  It is stand for search and rescue.

6. What is INMARSAT short for ?

  It is short for international maritime satellite organization.

7. What does UTC stand for?

  Coordinated universal time.

8. What does RCC stand for?

  It is stand for rescue coordination center.

9. What is SART?

  It is stand for search and rescue transponder.

10. Can you list three or more search patterns?

  Yes, there are expanding square search, sector search, parallel search, ship/aircraft coordinated search..

11. What does a “hampered vessel” mean ?

  It is mean vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre.

12. What does MMSI stand for?

  It is stand for maritime mobile service identities.

13. What is “muster list”?

  It is a plan for emergency conditions.

14. What does OSC stand for?

  Offences of ship-crew(船员不法行为)。On scene commander(现场指挥人员)

15. What does VHF stand for?

  Very high frequency.

16. What is the sound alarm for abandoning vessel?

  Six short blast and one long blast

17. When will a parallel sweep search usually be used?

  There are at least two vessels which participate in the search

18. When will asector search pattern usually be used?

  There is only one vessel or aircarft which participate in the search.

19. When will the expanding square search usually be used?

  There is only one vessel which participate in the search.

20. List some visual and audible distress singals for attracting attention when in distress?

  Rochet parachute flares,survival craft distress signal and a hand flare.

21. Would you please pronounce the correct international code words for ‘A’, ‘B’ ,‘C’ and ‘D’?

  ALFA  BRAVO  CHARLIE  DELTA

22.By regulation,what is the minimum amount of water required per person in the lifeboat?

3 Liters water

23. ‘Somthering’ is a way of dealing with fire.How does it work?

 It segregate the Oxygen from the burning things.

24.What reason would you think is justified for postponing the fire drill to a more suitable time?

   When the weather condition is very bad.

25.A ship anchored close to your ship hoists the flag ‘I’ what action should you take ?

   ‘I’ means ‘I am altering my course to portside’,so I shoud altering my course to portside too.

26.What altitude must a ‘rocket parachute flare’reach to comply with regulation?

300 meters

27.What action would you take if you were on duty on deck and you observe oil leaking from the ship’s side?

  Sound the alarm and inform the captain

28.When would you need a ‘resuscitator’?

   When I enter the area where lack of Oxygen or the smoke is toxic.

29.A ship ahead hoists the flag ‘D’ and give one long blast followed by two short blasts.What is the message?

‘D’:Keep clear of me; I am maneuvering with difficulty.

30.What does 2182kHz mean to you?

It’s the frequency for disstress alert.

 

第10章         遇险

 

本章教学内容

第一节 遇险呼叫

第二节 紧急呼叫

第三节 安全呼叫

第四节 旅客管理

第五节 货载管理

第六节 船员管理

第七节 联络救助飞机

第八节 与船公司的联络

第九节 弃船

第十节 医疗救助

基本要求:熟练运用遇险呼叫、紧急呼叫和安全呼叫用语

本章重点是:理解并掌握旅客管理、货载管理与船员管理用语

本章难点是:学会弃船、医疗救助及与船公司的联络用语

 

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