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[转载]如何练习对SAT文学类文章的精读能力

(2011-05-28 23:44:48)
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如何对SAT文学类文章进行精读?

精读的技巧是在SAT阅读考试中取得高分的重要因素。

 练习精读,你首先要选一篇文章并对其进行非常细致的分析,就像用放大镜去观察他一样。然后你对文章的整体风格做一个评价,并且说出你作为读者阅读后的感想。精读非常重要,因为它是进行大量文章分析的基础。你的想法来源于你自己的观察而非他人的看法。你观察的越仔细,你的理解就越准确,越接近原文。在精读之前,不妨问自己几个具体的问题。以下我列举了几个问题,但这不是定式,只是给你一些参考。当你能够回答这些问题的时候,你就能按照你自己的想法去一段一段的组织文章,写好自己的作文了。

1. 对文章的第一印象:

阅读文章的时候你最先注意到的是什么?

其次注意到的是什么?

你所注意到的这两项是相互补充的还是相互矛盾的?

阅读这篇文章后你的心情如何?为什么?

2. 文章的措辞

哪些词是你最先注意到的?为什么?这些词有哪些值得你注意的地方?

那些关键词之间有怎样的联系?

你是否觉得有些词的用法对你来说很陌生或是很奇怪?为什么?

有哪些词有双重意思?你是否注意到了它们的言下之意?

3.认清文章结构

文章中是否有这样一个想象可以让你联想到本书的其他部分?是哪个部分?它们之间有什么联系?

这个想象是如何融入到整篇文章中的?

这篇文章能否代表整个著作?

文章的句式结构怎样?句子简短有力还是长而流畅?文章的整体结构怎样?

这篇文章标点符号的使用有何特点?

文章中是否有反复的部分?这样写有什么效果?

对于作者的观点或文章的主题,你是否能找出自相矛盾的地方?

文章中是否有些东西是作者避而不谈的?对于此类内容,你期待作者如何处理?

作者的视角和描述

作者是怎样通过描述来让读者理解或是感知人物或事件的?

文章中是否有能吸引感官的关于色彩、声音或物理性的描写?作者为什么选择这些来进行描写?

文中主要描写了哪些人的对话?作者的视角是否有限或片面?还是作者是以一个全知的视角来叙述整篇文章的(全知的视角即作者知道文章主人公不知道的东西)? 

 

 

 

 

Close Reading of a Literary Passage

 

Close reading is an important skill for succeeding on the Critical Reading sections of the SAT 

 

To do a close reading, you choose a specific passage and analyze it in fine detail, as if with a magnifying glass. You then comment on points of style and on your reactions as a reader. Close reading is important because it is the building block for larger analysis. Your thoughts evolve not from someone else's truth about the reading, but from your own observations. The more closely you can observe, the more original and exact your ideas will be. To begin your close reading, ask yourself several specific questions about the passage. The following questions are not a formula, but a starting point for your own thoughts. When you arrive at some answers, you are ready to organize and write. You should organize your close reading like any other kind of essay, paragraph by paragraph, but you can arrange it any way you like.

 

I. First Impressions:

  • What is the first thing you notice about the passage?
  • What is the second thing?
  • Do the two things you noticed complement each other? Or contradict each other?
  • What mood does the passage create in you? Why?

II. Vocabulary and Diction:

  • Which words do you notice first? Why? What is noteworthy about this diction?
  • How do the important words relate to one another?
  • Do any words seem oddly used to you? Why?
  • Do any words have double meanings? Do they have extra connotations?

III. Discerning Patterns:

  • Does an image here remind you of an image elsewhere in the book? Where? What's the connection?
  • How might this image fit into the pattern of the book as a whole?
  • Could this passage symbolize the entire work?  
  • What is the sentence rhythm like? Short and choppy? Long and flowing? Does it build on itself or stay at an even pace? What is the style like?
  • Look at the punctuation. Is there anything unusual about it?
  • Is there any repetition within the passage? What is the effect of that repetition?
  • Can you identify paradoxes or contradictions in the author's thought or subject?
  • What is left out or kept silent? What would you expect the author to talk about that the author avoided?

IV. Point of View and Characterization:

  • How does the passage make us react or think about any characters or events within the narrative?
  • Are there colors, sounds, physical description that appeals to the senses? Does this imagery form a pattern? Why might the author have chosen that color, sound or physical description?
  • Who speaks in the passage? To whom does he or she speak? Does the narrator have a limited or partial point of view ? Or does the narrator appear to be omniscient, and he knows things the characters couldn't possibly know?  

 

 

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