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考研英語背誦學習(2)2010-08-10

(2010-08-10 21:51:38)
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教育

分类: 考研英語學習進階貼

Comparisons were drawn between the development of television in the 20th century and the diffusion of printing in the 15th and 16th centuries.Yet much had happened between.As was discussed before,it was not until the 19th century that the newspaper became the dominant pre-electronic medium,fllowing in the wake of the pamphlet and the book and in the company of the periodical.It was during the same time that the communications revolution speeded up,begining with transport,the railway,and leading on through the telegraph,the telephone,radio,motion pictures into the 20th-century world of the motor car and the airplane.Not everyone sees that process in perspective.It is important to do so.

It is generally recognized,however,that the introduction of the computer in the early 20th century,followed by the invention of the integrated circuit during the 1960s,radically changed the process,although its impact on the media was not immediately apparent.As time went by,computers became smaller and more powerful,and they became "personal"too,as well as institutional,with display becoming sharper and storage capacity increasing.They were thought of,like people,in terms of generations,with the distance between generations much smaller.

It was within the computer age that the term"information society"began to be widely used to describe the context within which we now live.The communications revolution has influenced both work and leisure and how we think and feel both about the space and time,but there have been controversial views about its economic,political,social and cultural implications."Benefits"have been weighted against "harmful"outcomes.And generalization have proved difficult.

人們曾經拿二十世紀電視的發展和十五十六世紀印刷的傳播進行比較。在這兩個時間段之間發生了很多事情。在我們討論之前,直到十九世紀報紙和雜誌才繼手冊和書籍之後成為先電子時代的主要傳播媒介。也就是在同時信息革命加快了發展的速度。開始是鐵路運輸,然後是電報、電話、收音機、電影。進入二十世紀的汽車飛機。并不是每個人都能正確看待這個進程。但這一點卻很重要。

然而人們通常認為二十世紀早期電腦的出現和二十世紀六十年代集成電路的發明徹底的改變了這項進程。儘管它對媒體的影響沒有很快顯現出來。隨著時代的發展,電腦變得越小越強大,隨著顯示器的更加清晰和儲存量的不斷增大,電腦不只是團體機構的工具也成為了個人使用的工具。它們被像人一樣按代來劃分而且代與代之間的間隔越來越小了。

正是在這個電腦時代“信息社會”才被廣泛的用來描述我們現在生活的環境。信息革命不僅影響著工作和休閒而且影響著我們對時間空間的思考和感知。但是它對經濟、政治、文化和社會的影響是有爭議的。人們權衡了它的利與幣,但很難得出一個概括性的結論。

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