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吉他音板分类

(2010-09-01 12:40:05)
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杂谈

本文对英文句子翻译如下:为大小吉他音板制造商提供了分级方法或指导。虽然每个厂家都有自己特定的标准以判定和选择用于共鸣板的乐器木材,但以下的基本参数,代表了全球行内制造业对云杉和红雪松商业价值的共识。我根据业内的关注次序,列出这些标准。

   Color - This criteria is perhaps the most critical variable in determining the overall commercial value of an instrument top.  Most manufacturers pay greater attention to this characteristic than they do to the other criteria listed below.  There are exceptions to this rule but, in general, a top will be downgraded to a lower class due more to color than any other single criteria. 

颜色-该标准或许是最主要的变化因素,它决定乐器音板的全部商业价值。与其他标准相比,大多数厂家更加关注这一特点。一般来说,由于颜色的原因,更容易使音板降级。

      An even, consistent and pleasing color is always preferred over a mottled or striped appearance.  Manufacturers generally prefer a whiter or lighter (cedar) color to a darker or redder color.  Also, a general rule to follow is that - the lighter in color the wood is, the more any inconsistencies will stand out causing the top to be downgraded or rejected.  For this reason it is my opinion that manufacturers will tolerate more color variation in Sitka spruce than in the whiter spruces such as European or Engelmann.

具有均匀、一致和令人愉悦颜色的音板总是更胜于杂色或有斑纹的音板。生产商一般更喜欢白或浅红色的红雪松音板。通常,浅色的木材因为很显眼,也更容易因为颜色不均衡而被降级或者被认为是不合格。所以,和欧洲白云杉或者恩氏云杉比较起来,制造商更能够容忍西加云杉的颜色变化。

      Color is the one criteria that has recently come under review by both suppliers and manufacturers.  As the quantity of old growth trees dwindles and the availability of truly consistently white wood becomes less, many manufacturers are beginning to realize that the color that a piece of wood has is part of the natural beauty inherent within wood and not to be viewed as a flaw or defect.  Since color is truly a matter of aesthetics and does not reflect the structural integrity of a piece of wood, I expect that within the near future this criteria might begin to lose its prominence within the hierarchy of criteria used to judge the commercial value of musical instrument woods. 

颜色是供应商和生产商最近开始重新审视的一个标准。因为白色的老生材数量的持续减少,许多生产商开始意识到颜色只是一片木材固有的自然美,而不是什么瑕疵或者缺陷。因为颜色其实就是美学因素,根本不影响木材的结构完整性。我期望不久的将来该标准不再作为判定乐器木材等级的重要依据。

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