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这是很危险的已过期药品?

(2010-08-13 23:24:09)
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Since 1979, federal law has made it mandatory for drug manufacturers to place an expiration date on both prescription and over-the-counter medications.自1979年以来,联邦法律已经作出强制规定药物制造商都放在处方药和非处方药的到期日期。 This date, generally two to three years from the date of purchase, signals the length of time the product can be guaranteed to maintain full potency and safety in an unopened package.这个日期,从购买之日起一般2至3年,信号的时间长度的产品可保证维持其在未开启包装全部效力和安全性。 Does this mean that medications lose their effectiveness or worse yet, become dangerous after the expiration date?这是否意味着药物失去效力或更糟糕的是,在到期日期之后变得危险?

Definitely not, say most health experts.肯定不是,说大多数卫生专家。 In a 1985 study conducted by the FDA at the Air Force's request, more than 100 medications, both prescription and OTC, maintained full potency for at least three years, and sometimes even longer.在由美国食品药品管理局进行了空军的要求,1985年的研究中,100多个药品,处方药和非处方药,至少保持在3年内完全效力,有时甚至更长。 The military commissioned the study because it was debating how to handle a large stockpile of drugs that were to expire shortly.军方委托的研究,因为它是讨论如何处理的药物要在短期内大量过期库存。 And tossing out the drugs was an expensive prospect.而抛出的药物是一种昂贵的前景。 As a result of the study, the military continues to use certain medications for a period of time after the expiration date.作为研究结果,军队继续使用一段时间后,某些药物的有效期。

Why, then, does consumer health information stress the importance of tossing medications after the expiration date?那么,为什么不强调消费者的健康信息的折腾后的到期日期药物的重要性?

According to the pharmaceutical industry, this is because there are certain medications, such as nitroglycerine (used by heart patients for chest pain), insulin (used by diabetics to control blood sugar), and liquid medications such as antibiotics that degrade more quickly than other medications.据制药行业,这是因为有某些药物,例如硝酸甘油(因胸部疼痛的心脏病患者使用),胰岛素(糖尿病患者使用的血糖控制)和液体药物,如抗生素,即降解速度比其他药物。 This means that some of the effectiveness of the medication is lost if used past the expiration date - a serious risk for someone with heart disease, diabetes, or a serious infection.这意味着,该药物的有效性是失去一些过去的到期日期,如果使用 - 对有心脏疾病,糖尿病或严重感染的人一个严重的风险。

And while much of the original potency remains in other medications if used beyond their expiration date, their effectiveness depends in large part upon how the medication is stored.尽管原效力于其他药物仍然很大,如果超出其到期之日起使用,其有效性取决于药物是如何存储在大的一部分。 Most people store drugs under less than ideal conditions.大多数人储存药品不到理想的条件下。 Drugs degrade more quickly under warm, moist conditions - exactly the condition found in the medicine cabinet, on a window ledge, or in the cupboard above the stove.根据药物更迅速地降低温暖,潮湿的条件 - 完全符合条件的药品柜,窗台上,或在火炉上方橱柜。

The bottom line?底线? Nothing magical happens the day after a medication's expiration date; the drug neither loses all of its potency nor becomes toxic to use.没有什么神奇发生后的第二天一药物的到期日期,该药物既不失去其效力,也不成为所有有毒使用。 But to assure maximum efficacy, you should use most medications before the expiration date.但是,为了保证最大的功效,你应该使用在到期日期之前最药物。 And for best shelf life, store all medications in a cool, dry place.而最佳保质期,储存在阴凉,干燥的地方所有的药物。

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