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新概念三——第十二课笔记    2011-9-16

(2011-09-23 17:06:21)
标签:

杂谈

Lesson 12
        Life on a desert island
 
【New words and expressions】 生词和短语

     ★desert island
     荒岛
desert: 沙漠 背弃,遗弃
dessert: 甜点

     ★unrealistic
adj. 不真实

     ★paradise
n.   天堂,乐士
A lot of people imagine the USA as their paradise.
heaven: 天堂,天国,也指死亡


     ★wretched
adj. 可怜的,艰苦的
miserable
lead a wretched/miserable/terrible life

     ★starve
v.   挨饿
starve to death

     ★element
n.   成分

     ★opportunity
n.   机会
golden opportunity
Opportunity knocks only once.
chance: 表机会时可以与opportunity互换,表可能性时则不可
There is  a chance that I will see him.

我将有个机会见他。

The chances are that he will be elected the president.

他将有可能被选为总统。

     ★coral
n.   珊瑚

     ★Virgin Islands
     维尔京群岛

     ★Miami
n.   迈阿密(美国最南的城市)

     ★dinghy
n.   救生筏,小船

     ★Caribbean
n.   加勒比海

     ★spear gun
     捕鱼枪

     ★lobster
n.   龙虾

     ★tanker
n.   油轮

     ★genuinely
adv. 由衷地
He is genuinely thankful to me
genuine(adj.)
(n.)genuineness

     ★Robinson Crusoe
     鲁滨孙.克鲁索(小说《鲁滨孙漂流记》主人公)

 课文:   Most of us have formed an unrealistic picture of life on a desert island. We sometimes imagine a desert island to be a sort of paradise where the sun always shines. Life there is simple and good. Ripe fruit falls from the trees and you never have to work. The other side of the picture is quite the opposite. Life on a desert island is wretched. You either starve to death or live like Robinson Crusoe, Waiting for a boat which never comes. Perhaps there is an element of truth in both these pictures, but few us have had the opportunity to find out.
    Two men who recently spent five days on a coral island wished they had stayed there longer. They were taking a badly damaged boat from the Virgin Islands to Miami to have it repaired. During the journey, their boat began to sink. They quickly loaded a small rubber dinghy with food, matches, and cans of beer and rowed for a few miles across the Caribbean until they arrived at a tiny coral island. There were hardly any trees on the island and there was no water, but this did not prove to be a problem. The men collected rainwater in the rubber dinghy. As they had brought a spear gun with them, they had plenty to eat. They caught lobster and fish every day,and, as one of them put it 'ate like kings'. When a passing tanker rescued them five days later, both men were genuinely sorry that they had to leave.

   译文:   我们许多人对于荒岛生活有一种不切实际的想法。我们有时想象荒岛是阳光终日普照的天堂。在那里,生活简单又美好。成熟的水果从树上掉下来,人们根本无需劳动。另一种想法恰恰相反,认为荒岛生活很可怕,要么饿死,要么像鲁滨孙那样,天天盼船来,却总没见船影。也许,这两种都像都有可信之处。但很少有人能有机会去弄个究竟。
    最近有两个人在一座珊瑚岛上呆了5天,他们真希望在那儿再多呆一些日子。他们驾着一条严重损坏的小船从维尔京群岛阿密修理。途中,船开始下沉,他们迅速把食物、火柴、罐装啤酒往一只救生筏上装。然后在加勒比海上划行了几英里,到了一座珊瑚岛上。岛上几乎没有一颗树,也没有淡水,但这不算什么问题。他们用像皮艇蓄积雨水。由于他们随身带了一支捕鱼枪,因此,吃饭不愁。他们天天捕捉龙虾和鱼,正如其中一位所说,吃得“像国王一样好”。5天后,一条油轮从那儿路过,搭救了他们。这二位不得不离开那个荒岛时,还真的感到遗憾呢!

   课文分析:

1、 Most of us have formed an unrealistic picture of life on a desert island.

    form an unrealistic picture of sth.: 对……抱有不切实际的幻想
    A large number of people have formed an unrealistic picture of the job.


2、We sometimes imagine a desert island to be a sort of paradise where the sun always shines.

   imagine sth.to be./imagine sth.as 想象……是……

 

3、 The other side of the picture is quite the opposite.

    quite the opposite恰恰相反

 

4、Perhaps there is an element of truth in both these pictures, but few us have had the opportunity to find out.
   an element of truth :a bit of turth  有可信之处

    find out 找出,查明,揭发

 

5、 Two men who recently spent five days on a coral island wished they had stayed there longer.

    wish作谓语动词,其后的宾语从句要使用虚拟语气。

①、与现在愿望不一致:主语+过去时    be用were

 Eg:I wish I were you.

    我希望我是你。

②、与过去愿望不一致:主语+had+过去分词

Eg: If it had not rained yesterday we could have played tennis.

   如果昨天没有下雨的话我们就可以打网球了。

③、与将来愿望不一致:主语+would/could/might/should+原型

Eg:I wish that I could go abroad tomorrow.
   我希望我明天可以出国。

 

6、There were hardly any trees on the island and there was no water, but this did not prove to be a problem.

  hardly any: very little/few  几乎无
  Eg:Hardly anybody likes him because he is so rude.

  几乎没有人喜欢他,因为他很粗鲁。

  prove to be=turn out to be 结果是

 


 

 

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