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12-20-2010

(2010-12-20 09:29:35)
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专八人文知识整理(上)

各位网友,此次整理较多,也确实辛苦各位了!为了考试,请不要着急,慢慢享受吧,对考研的同学也有帮助哦...

Land and People

1.The official name of Great Britain is___.
(The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)
2.On the British Isles there were two countries before___.(1918)
3.The Republic of Ireland became independent in the year___.(1949)
4.Of all the four parts of Island in Great Britain ___ is the largest in area. (England)
5.In ___ the British Commonwealth was founded. (1913)
6.The Strait of Dover is only ___ km.wide.(33)
7.On the island of Britain from north to south it runs ___ km and the widest part extends ___ km.(1,000;500)
8.Scotland has an area of ___ sq.km., which makes it rank the second in size.(78,760)
9.The highest mountain in Britain, Ben Nevis, lies in ___.(the Highlands)
10.The longest river in Britain is ___.(the Severn River)
11.The largest lake in Britain is ___.(Lough Neagh)
12.Britain is an island country which lies between latitude ___ to ___ degrees north.(50;60)
13.The prevailing ___ winds or Westerlies blow over the country all the year.(south-west)
14.In Britain the average rainfall throughout the whole year is over ___ mm.(1,000)
15. The average population density in Britain is ___ people per square kilometer.(237)
16.In Britain ___ of the population is urban and ___ is rural.(90%;10%)
17.The Celts arrived in Britain after ___.(700BC)
18.The ancestors of the Welsh were the ancient ___.(Britons)
19.Names beginning with "M" are ___.(Scottish)
20.Irish,often called Erse, is a form of ___.(Gaelic)
The Oringins of a Nation

1.The first known settles of Britain were ___.(the Iberians)
2.The true Roman occupation began in ___.(43AD)
3.The Hadrians Wall was built during the occupation of ___.(the Romans)
4.The names Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday came from ___.(Druidism)
5.The Witan, the basis of the Privy Council was created by ___.(the Anglo-Saxons)
6.Alfred the Great was the King of ___.(Wessex)
7.Canute was a ___ leader.(Danish)
8.When Edward the Confessor died, the Witan chose ___ as English King.(Harold)
9.In 1066 Harold and his troops fought against William's army on Senlac Field near ___.(Hastings)
10.For nearly ___ years Britain was under the Roman occupation.(400)
The Shaping of the Nation

1."Domesday Book" was compiled during the rule of ___.(William I)
2.When William died in 1087, he left Normandy to ___, and England to ___.(Robert; William Rufus)
3.In Henry's day a jury consisted of ___ men.(12)
4.The Constitutions of Clarendon in 1164 increased the jurisdiction of ___.(the civil courts)
5.The Canterbury Tales was written by ___.(Geoffrey Chaucer)
6.The Murder in the Cathedral is about the martyrdom of ___.(Henry II)
7.Magna Carta was signed in ___ at a conference at ___.(1215;Oxford)
8.According to Magna Carta no tax should be made without the approval of ___.(the King)
9.Led by ___, the barons forced Henry III to accept ___.(Simon de Montfort; the Great Charter)
10.In 1265 Simon summoned the Great and two ___ from each town.(yeomen)
11.Even today the British royal assent to law is still written in ___ "le roil le veut".(English)
12.Under ___ Wales was conquered.(Henry III)
13.The Hundred Year's War lasted from ___ to ___.(1337;1453)
14.The Black Death swept through England in the summer of ___ without warning.(1348)
15.By the end of 14th century the Black Death reduced England's population from 4 million to ___ million.(3)
16.The Peasant Uprising led by John Ball happened in ___.(1381)
Transition to the Modern Age

1.The Wars of Roses refereed to the battles between ___ and ___.(the House of York; the HOuse of Lancaster)
2.The Wars of Roses broke out shortly after ___.(the Hundred Year's War)
3.The Wars of Roses broke out in ___ and ended in ___.(1455;1485)
4.The Wars of Roses ended with the failure of ___.(the House of Lancaster)
5.After the Wars of Roses the rule of ___ began.(the Tudors)
6.The last battle of the Wars of Roses was at ___ in 1485.(Bosworth Field)
7.The first king of the Tudors was ___.(Henry VII)
8.In foreign affairs, Henry VIII was aided by ___, Archbishop and Lord Chancellor.(Thomas Wolsey)
9.Henry VIII dissolved all of England's monasteries and nunneries because ___.(they were much more loyal to the Pope than to their English kings)
10. The real change of "the Reformation" came in the day of ___.(Edward VI)
11.___ is remembered as the monarch who lost the French port of Calais.(Mary Tudor)
12.England has been Protestant since the reign of ___, a Protestant Queen.(Elizabeth I)
13.Elizabeth I was the daughter of ___ and ___.(Henry VIII; Anne Boleyn)
14.The Armada was defeated by England in ___.(1588)
15.Stuarts began with the rule of ___.(James I)
16.The Renaissance began in northern ___ in the early ___ century.(Italy; 14th)
17.The Renaissance was typified by the universal genius of ___.(Leonardo da Vinci)
18.The finest exponents in English Renaissance were Christopher Marlowe, Ben Johnson and ___.(William Shakespeare)
19.___ established blank verse in plays.(Christopher Marlowe)
20.___ influenced greatly the early works of William Shakespeare.(Christopher Marlowe)
21.Which in the following is the tragedy of Shakespeare?(Hamlet)
22.___ created a dream world of mystery and magic which has influenced many later poets, especially the Romantics.(Edmund Spenser)
23.The Gunpowder Plot of 1605 was engineered by ___.(Guy Fawkes)
24.___ was regarded as the second Magna Carta.(The Petition of Right)
25.___ contained a series of seven laws against the Puritans.(The Clarendon Act)
26.In the Glorious Revolution the Catholic English king, ___ was driven out of England.(James II)
27.After the Glorious Revolution came the Age of ___, a monarchy with powers limited by Parliament.(the Constitutional Monarchy)
28.It was during the reign of ___, the name Great Britain came into being in 1707.(Anne)
The Rise and Fall of the British Empire

1.___ was the forerunner of the Conservative Party.(The Tories)
2.The open field system could be dated back to ___ century.(5th)
3.According to the open field system each year ___ field was left "fallow".(1/3)
4.The open field system lasted till ___ century.(18th)
5.The seed frill was invented by ___.(Jethro Tull)
6.The English king ___ was given the nickname "Farmer George".(George III)
7.The Industrial Revolution began in the late ___ century and ended in early ___ century and it first sprang in ___.(18th;19th;Britain)
8.The Industrial Revolution first started in ___.(textiles)
9.In Britain the real revolution in textiles was in ___.(1770)
10.The spinning jenny was invented by ___.(James Hargreaves)
11.The first steam engine was devised by ___.(Thomas Newcomer)
12.As a result of the Industrial Revolution, Britain was by ___ the "workshop of the world".(1830)
13.The Chartist Movement lasted from ___ to ___.(1836;1848)
14.In ___, the London Working Men's Association was founded.(1836)
15.The Physical Force Chartists was led by ___.(Feargus O'Conour)
16.The Moral Force Chartists was led by___.(William Lovett)
17.During the Chartist Movement ___ petitions were presented to the Parliament.(3)
18.The People's Charter made in 1836 had ___ points.(6)
19.During the Chartist Movement the first petition was presented in ___ and the last was in ___.(1840;1848)
20.Influenced by the French Revolution the British Parliament passed ___ of 1799-1800 to forbid the formation of unions.(the Combination)
21.During the rule of the ___ government, the Trade Union Act of ___ legalized the trade unions and gave financial security.(Liberal;1871)
22.The Independent Labor Party was formed in ___, led by ___.(1893;Keir Hardic)
23.The Labor Party became the opposition for the first time in ___.(1922)
24.English colonial expansion began with the colonization of ___ in ___.(Newfoundland;1583)
25.After the Seven Years, War Canada was ceded to Britain by ___.(The 1763 Treaty of Paris)
26.___ divided Canada into Upper Canada and Lower Canada.(The Canada Act of 1791)
27.Canada was established as a dominion by ___.(The British North America Act of 1867)
28.Australia was first discovered by ___ in the early ___.(Dutch;1600s)
29.In ___ the six self-governing colonies were united in one dominion --- the Independent Commonwealth of Australia.(1901)
30.New Zealand was first sighted by the ___ seaman ___ in ___.(Dutch; Abel Tasman; 1642)
31.In the 1770s ___ visited New Zealand and claimed it for England.(Captain James Cook)
32.Britain drew up the Treaty of Waitangi in ___ with ___ chiefs.(1840; Maori)
33.New Zealand was completely independent in ___.(1931)
34.The British East India Company was established in ___.(1600)
35.In ___ Queen Victoria became Empress of India.(1877)
36.The Suez Canal was first built by ___ engineers.(French)
37.In the ___ British merchants began to smuggle opium into China from India.(1830s)
38.In ___, the Chinese, led by the Imperial Commissioner Lin Zexu, confiscated the British merchants' opium and burned them.(1839)
39.After the Opium War in 1840 the British troops occupied Hong Kong in ___.(1841)
40.After the Opium War in 1840, ___ was signed in 1842.(the Treaty of Nanjing)
41.After the Second Opium War China was forced to open ___ ports.(11)
42.In Britain, after the First World War women over ___ years old were granted the right to vote.(30)
43.The spark of World War I was struck at ___ in ___.(Sarajevo;1914)
44.The Sudetenland was given to Germany by ___.(the Munich Agreement)
45.The Great Exhibition 100 years ago was held by ___.(the Conservative Government)
46.The Beatles, the popular band in 1960s, came from ___.(Liverpool)
47.In 1979 the Conservative Party returned to power again and ___ became the Prime Minister.(Margaret Thatcher)
48.In ___ the Falkland Island war broke out between Britain and ___.(1982;Argentina)
The Economy

1.After ___, Britain gave up its economic hegemony and suffered a deep low of its position of industrial leadership. (the Second World War)
2.With help from ___, the British economy quickly recovered from the Second World War. (the USA)
3.By the end of ___, the British economy had returned to its pre-war levels. (1947)
4.In 1950 Britain's GDP and its foreign trade ranked ___ and its per capita income ranked ___ in the world. (second; third)
5.The end of ___ Britain witnesses the first oil shock. (1973)
6.In ___ Britain became a net exporter of oil. (1980s)
7.The 1940s in Britain was regarded as the decade of ___ in economy.(nationalization)
8.The 1980s in Britain was remembered as the era of ___. (privatization)
9.Almost all the industrial areas in Britain except ___ and ___ are based on coalfields. (London;Belfast)
10.The coal from the coalfield of ___ is ,ost suitable for producing blast furnace coke used in British steelworks. (the North-East)
11.___ coalfields produce coal suitable for the power stations. (The Midlands)
12.It is estimated that Britain has the oil reserves of ___ million barrels. (13)
13.In Britain the imported cotton arrives at the city of ___ and then carried by canal to the great textile manufacturing city of ___.(Liverpool; Manchester)
14.Britain was a world leader in shipbuilding during the middle of the ___ century. (19th)
15.Now the British motor industry is dominated by ___ firms. (4)
16.The motor vehicle industry in Britain began to developed in the early ___ century. (20th)
17.The area between ___ and ___ in Scotland is referred to as the "Silicon Glen". (London;South Wales)
18.In Britain ___ of the population who are farmers manage ___ of the land area. (3%;70%)
19.In Britain any farm employing more than ___ farm workers is a big farm. (4)
20.There are mainly ___ farm types in Britain.(6)
21.The chief arable farming areas are in ___ and ___.(the East;the South East)
22.The two very important crops in Britain are ___ and ___.(wheat;barley)
23.Both ___ and ___ are the staple food of Britain.(wheat;potatoes)
24.In Britain ___ is not grown.(rice)
25.___ is the chief kind of farming in the North and West of Britain.(Stock farming)
26.Britain is the ___ largest trading nation in the world.(fifth)
27.Britain has been a major trading power since the ___ century.(17th)
28.About half of British trade is with ___. (EEC)
Government and Administration

1.The United Kingdom is government in the name of ___, by ___. (the Sovereign; His or Her Majesty’s Government)
2.The British monarchy can be traced back to at least ___ century. (the 9th)
3.The present British monarch, Queen Elizabeth II was crowned in ___.(1953)
4.___ is the “supreme governor” of the Church of England.(The monarch)
5.In law British Prime Minister is appointed by ___.(the monarch)
6.All royal expenditure is approved by ___.(the British Parliament)
7.The life of the British Parliament is ___ years and divided into ___.(5;sessions)
8.The leader of the House of Lords is ___. (the Lord Chancellor)
9.___ has the ultimate authority for law-making. (The Lower House)
10.In Britain the members of the Lower House are elected either at a general election or at ___.(a by-election)
11.In Britain the general election is normally held every ___ years. (5)
12.In Britain the citizens aged ___ or over have the right to vote.(18)
13.In Britain a candidate must be at least ___ or over with the deposit of £___.(21;500)
14.The Social and Liberal Democratic Party is the combination of the Social Democratic Party and ___.(the Liberal Party)
15.The House of Lords cannot delay a bill passed by the Lower House for more than ___ months.(12)
16.The House of Common is headed by ___.(the Speaker)
17.The British Cabinet is presided by ___. (the Prime Minister)
18.The local government on the mainland of Scotland is on ___ basis. (tow-tier)
19.Northern Ireland is divided into ___ districts.(26)
20.Which of the following is NOT true about the British Parliament. (The Lord Chancellor is responsible for the records of proceedings of the House of Lords and for the text of Acts of Parliament.)
Justice and Law

1.___ is confined mainly to economic and social matters in Britain. (European Community Law)
2.In ___ the Lord Advocate, is responsible for prosecutions in the courts.(Scotland)
3.Whether the accused is guilty or innocent is decided by ___.(the jury)
4.The jury in Scotland contains ___ members.(15)
5.England and Wales are divided into ___ circuits for the purpose of hearing criminal cases.(6)
6.___ is the ultimate court of appeal in civil cases throughout the United Kingdom.(The House of Lords)
7.In England and Wales the highest judicial appointments are made by the Queen on the advice of ___.(the Prime Minister)
8.Which of the following statements is NOT true about the common law in the U.K.? (It mainly includes the Acts of Parliament.)
Social Affairs

1. The NHS was established in the UK in ___. (1948)
2. ___ do not contribute to the cost of the NHS. (Students)
3. In Britain ___ cannot received a voucher towards the cost of their spectacles. (officials at office)
4. ___ is directly responsible for the NHS. (Central government)
5. The contributory social security benefits include ___. (retirement pension)
6. Women at the age of ___ and men at the age of ___ are entitled to a state retirement pension. (60,65)
7. ___ is uniquely related to the Crown. (Church of England)
8. About 1,312 churches are governed locally in Scotland by ___. (Kirk Session)
9. The General Assembly meets annually under the presidency of an elected moderator, who serves for ___. (one year)
10. ___ is NOT among the Anglican Churches. (The Baptists)
11. The Free Church does NOT include ___. (the Church of England)
12. ___ is the largest of the Free Churches. (The Methodist Church)
13. ___ allows only men to become priests. (The Roman Catholic Church)
14. There are now ___ Roman Catholic provinces in Britain. (7)
15. December 25th is ___. (Christmas Day)
16. ___ is liable to be charged by the NHS for treatment in an accident, emergency or for an infectious disease. (No one)
17. Services provided for expectant mothers and mothers with young children do NOT include ___. (free sight test)
18. Unemployment benefit of ___ a week for a single person is payable for up to a year in any one period of unemployment. (£45.45)
19. Employers are responsible for paying statutory sick pay to employees for up to a maximum of ___ weeks if employees are sick or disable. (28)
20. Most pregnant working women receive their statutory maternity pay directly from their employer for a maximum of ___ weeks. (18)
 
美国概况

  1. The traditional dividing line in America between “east” and “west” is the Mississippi River.(密西西比河也是美国最长最为重要的河流,被美国人“众河之父”Father of Waters)

  2. Non-Hispanic white is the largest racial group in the whole population of U.S. A.

  3. Before 2000, the largest minority group in the United States is African Americans. 2000年前美国黑人是美国人数最多的少数民族,2000年后Hispanics/Latinos也就是拉丁裔的美国人成为美国人数最多的少数民族。

  4. America has the world's oldest written constitution and political party.

  5. As to roles of American president, which is NOT precisely defined in the U. S. Constitution?

      A. He is the head of the state

      B. He is the chief executive of the U. S.

      C. He is the commander in chief of the armed forces

      D. He is the head of his political party

  6. The economic problems caused by the depression in 1929 were eventually solved by the New Deal. (proposed by F. D. Roosevelt)

  7. The New England region's cultural character was shaped largely by Puritan spirit.

  8. California is the largest state in terms of size and population in America.

  9. Which of the following is NOT America's newspaper?

      A. Wall Street Journal

      B. USA today

      C. Guardian (英国《卫报》)

      D. The Milwaukee Journal

  10. ABC, CBS, NBC, PBS, CNN, MTV, HBO等都是美国主要的新闻与有线电视网络(News and Cable Networks)

  11. To the west of mainland America lies the Pacific Ocean. 美国大陆东部则是大西洋。

  12. Detroit, a U. S. city bordering Lake Erie, is famous for its automobile industry.

  13. New York City is the largest city and the chief port of the United States.

  14. Washington D. C. is named after both George Washington and Christopher Columbus.

  15. The U. S. Congress has the power to make these laws except of _______.

  A. defense  B. citizenship and naturalization C. marriage  D. the regulation of foreign trade

  16. The first American president to be elected from the Republican Party was Abraham Lincoln.

  17. Of the fifty states, the smallest state in area is Rhode Island.

  18. The national flag of the United States is known as the Star-Spangled Banner.

  19. The number of the Representatives from each American state depends on the population.

  20. The statue of liberty was given to American people by France as a gift in 1884.

  21. Franklin D. Roosevelt's presidential term is the longest. (12 years)

  22. American Civil War broke out in 1861 and finished in 1865.

  23. Thomas Jefferson prepared the draft of the Declaration of Independence.

  24. In 31 October Halloween is celebrated.

  25. The US was rated fourth in the world in terms of land area.

  26. The seats in the Senate are allocated to different states equally. (two for each state)

  27. Hollywood, the center of American movie industry, is closest to Los Angeles.

  28. The first Puritans came to America on the ship May Flower.

  英国概况

  1. Which of the following does not belong to the Island of Great Britain?

  A. England    B. Scotland   C. Ireland   D. Wales

  2. Modern football game began in England.

  3. In Britain education is compulsory for children between the ages of 5 to 16.

  4. The longest river in Britain is the Severn River.

  5. The general election in Britain is held every five years.

  6. “God Save the Queen” is the national anthem of Britain.

  7. In 1588 the English fleet defeated the Spanish Armada and established the supremacy over the sea.

  8. Big Ben is a famous clock in London.

  9. In 1066 William the Conqueror led the Norman army in invading and defeating England.

  10. The Times is the British oldest daily newspaper.

  11. The Industrial Revolution started in the Great Britain.

  12. Margaret Thatcher is the first female Prime Minister in the history of Great Britain.

  13. The capital of Wales is Cardiff.

  14. There are two major national parties in Britain: the Conservative party and the Labor party.

  15. The new agency Reuters(路透社)was founded in London.

  16. The Anglo-Saxons were the ancestors of the English and the founders of England.

  17. Glasgow is the largest city in Scotland. Edinburgh is the capital of Scotland.

  18. The British Parliament consists of three elements: the Crown, the House of Lords and the House of Commons.

 

英国文学
1. Beowulf: national epic in old English
2. Geoffrey Chaucer: father of modern English poetry; The Canterbury Tales
3. Sir Gawain and the Green Knight: story about King Arthur and his knights of the Round Table
4. Renaissance: it was an intellectual movement. It sprang first in Italy in the 14th century and gradually spread all over Europe. Two features are striking of this movement. The one is a thirsting curiosity for the classical literature. Another feature is the keen interest in the activities of humanity.
5. Thomas More: Utopia
6. William Shakespeare: Four Great Tragedies: Hamlet, Macbeth, King Lear, Othello
  He was also famous for his sonnets and love tragedy: Romeo and Juliet.
7. John Milton: Paradise Lost (great epic)
8. Daniel Defoe: Robinson Crusoe
9. Jonathan Swift: Gulliver’s Travels
10. John Bunyan: Pilgrim’s Progress (It is regarded as the most successful religious allegory in the English language.)
11. Samuel Johnson: A Dictionary of the English Language
12. In the mid-18th century, a new literary trend called Romanticism came to Europe and then to England.
13. National poet of Scotland: Robert Burns
14. William Wordsworth: Lyrical Ballads (It marked the beginning of Romanticism in English poetry.)
15. George Gordon Byron: Don Juan
16. Percy Bysshe Shelley: Ode to the West Wind
17. John Keats: Ode to a Nightingale
18. In the Victorian Age (1836 – 1901), romanticism gradually gave way to realism.
19. Charles Dickens: A Tale of Two Cities; David Copperfield; Oliver Twist
20. Emily Bronte: Wuthering Heights
21. Thomas Hardy: Tess of D’Urbervilles
22. William Makepeace Thackeray: Vanity Fair
23. George Bernard Shaw: Pygmalion; Mrs Warren’s Profession (He is considered to be the best-known English dramatist since Shakespeare.)
24. John Galsworthy: The Forsyte Saga
25. James Joyce: “stream-of-consciousness”

语言学

  1. The core of linguistics: Phonetics, Phonology, Morphology, Syntax, Semantics, Pragmatics

  2. The beginning of Modern linguistics: marked by the publication of F. de Saussure's book Course in General Linguistics in the early 20th century.

  3. Prescriptive vs. Descriptive规定性研究与描写性研究

   Linguistics is descriptive while traditional grammar is prescriptive.

  4. Competence vs. performance 语言能力与语言运用: the distinction was proposed by the American linguist N. Chomsky in 1965. The two terms are similar with Saussure's langue and parole. However, Saussure took a sociological view of language and Chomsky looks at language from a psychological point of view.

  5. Phonetics: the study of the phonic medium of language; it is concerned with all the sounds that occur in the world's languages.(语音学)

  6. Phonology: aims to discover how speech sounds in a language form patterns and how these sounds are used to convey meaning in linguistic communication.(音位学)

  7. 音位学与语音学的不同:语音学着重于语音的自然属性;音位学强调语音的社会功能。

  8. Morphology: refers to the study of the internal structure of words, and the rules by which words are formed.(形态学)

  9. Morpheme: the smallest unit in terms of relationship between expression and content, the minimal unit of meaning.

  10. Word-formation: the process of word variation signaling lexical relationships. They are compound and derivation.

  11. Transformational-Generative grammar: proposed by Chomsky in 1957(转换生成语法)

  12. hyponymy上下义关系,指一种意义包含关系,一个上义词一般会有许多下义词,比如flower与violet的关系即上下义关系。

  13. antonymy反义关系:(1)Gradable antonyms两者并非绝对对立,而是相对hot-cold;(2)complementary antonyms互补,两者绝对对立,非此即彼,如dead-alive(3)relational antonyms相反的,两个实体之间关系的相互颠倒buy-sell

  14. Sociolinguistics: It is the sub-filed of linguistics that studies the relation between language and society, between the uses of language and the social structures in which the users of language live.社会语言学

  15. Sapir-whorf hypothesis萨皮尔伍尔夫假说: according to Edward Sapir and Benjamin Whorf, language filters people's perception and the way they categorize experiences.此假说认为语言决定或影响人的思维方式和行为。

  16. acquisition(习得):it is a process similar to the way children acquire their first language, and it is a subconscious process without minute learning of grammatical rules.

   Learning(学习): it is a conscious learning of the second language knowledge by learning the rules and talking about the rules.

 
专八人文知识必背
  1. A Tale of Two Cities was written by Charles Dickens.
  2. Phonology: The study of speech sounds in language or a language with reference to their distribution and patterning and to tacit rules governing pronunciation. 音位学; 在语言或一门语言中,对有关其分类和模式以及为大家所默认的发音规则的研究音韵学, 音系学
  3. Syntax: The study of the rules whereby words or other elements of sentence structure are combined to form grammatical sentences. 句法,研究词或其它句子成分如何联合起来形成合乎语法的句子规则的学科
  4. Semantics: The study or science of meaning in language forms.语义学,以语言形式表示意思的研究或科学
  5. acronym : 首字母组合词,首字母缩略词,比如,NATO, UNESCO, BASIC,它们可以连拼,但VOA是 Initialism。
  6. Metonymy: A figure of speech in which one word or phrase is substituted for another with which it is closely associated, as in the use of Washington for the United States government or of the sword for military power. 换喻或转喻,一种,一个词或词组被另一个与之有紧密联系的词或词组替换的修辞方法,如用华盛顿代替美==或用剑代替军事力量,对面来了三个“红领巾”也是,以红领巾指代少先队员。
  7. Simile: A figure of speech in which two essentially unlike things are compared, often in a phrase introduced by like or as, as in How like the winter hath my absence been or So are you to my thoughts as food to life (Shakespeare).明喻, 一种修辞手法,把两种基本不相像的东西进行比较,通常在由 like或 as引导的短语中,如 “我的离开好象是冬天来临”或“你对我的思想就象食物对于生命一样重要”(莎士比亚)
  8. Metaphor: A figure of speech in which a word or phrase that ordinarily designates one thing is used to designate another, thus making an implicit comparison, as in a sea of troubles or All the world's a stage(Shakespeare) 隐喻一种语言表达手法,通常用指某物的词或词组来指代他物,从而暗示它们之间的相似之处,如 “忧愁之海”或“整个世界一台戏”(莎士比亚) the ship of desert 沙漠之舟
  9. Oxymoron: A rhetorical figure in which incongruous or contradictory terms are combined, as in a deafening silence and a mournful optimist. 矛盾修饰法, 一种把互相矛盾或不调和的词合在一起的修辞手法,如在 震耳欲聋的沉默和悲伤的乐观 cruel kindness
  10. The affection name given to the clock tower of the Houses of Parliament, Westminster is Big Ben.
  11. John Milton the poet wrote of Adam and Eve’s expulsion from the Garden of Eden in Paradise Lost. Paradise Regained was also written by him.
  12. Sonnet: A 14-line verse form usually having one of several conventional rhyme schemes. 十四行诗体, 一种由十四行组成的诗歌形式,通常有一种传统的押韵形式, 莎士比亚用过此诗体。
  13. Slang: A kind of language occurring chiefly in casual and playful speech, made up typically of short-lived coinages and figures of speech that are deliberately used in place of standard terms for added raciness, humor, irreverence, or other effect. 俚语主要出现在非正式的、游戏性的话语中的一种语言,基本由存在时间很短的派生词和修辞构成,它们被故意地用来取代标准的词语以达到生动、幽默、无礼或其它效果
  14. Catch Phrase: A phrase in wide or popular use, especially one serving as a slogan for a group or movement. 警句,妙句,吸引人的词句广泛使用的或流行的用语,尤指用作集团或运动的口号的用语。
  15. Jargon: The specialized or technical language of a trade, profession, or similar group. 行话, 一个行业、职业或类似的团体中使用的专业的或技术的语言.
  16. Platitude: A trite or banal remark or statement, especially one expressed as if it were original or significant. 陈腔滥调, 陈腐的或平庸的评论或陈述,尤指某人表述它时好象它是新颖的或有意义的
  17. Hyperbole: A figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect, as in I could sleep for a year or This book weighs a ton. 夸张法,一种比喻,使用夸张来强调或产生某种效果,比如在我能睡一年或这书有一吨重
  18. onomatopoeia: The formation or use of words such as buzz or murmur that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to. 象声词, 词的构成或用法,例如 buzz或 nurmur模仿事物或行动的声音.
  19. hypotaxis: 从属关系
  20. parataxis: 并列结构,指 短语或分句间不用连词, 如:I came, I saw, I conquered.
  21. Transcendentalism: A literary and philosophical movement, associated with Ralph Waldo Emerson and Margaret Fuller, asserting the existence of an ideal spiritual reality that transcends the empirical and scientific and is knowable through intuition. 超验主义, 一种文学和哲学运动,与拉尔夫?沃尔多?爱默生和玛格丽特?富勒有关,宣称存在一种理想的精神实体,超越于经验和科学之处,通过直觉得以把握
  22. Nathaniel Hawthorne wrote the Scarlet Letter. 美国
  23. Morphology: The study of the structure and form of words in language or a language, including inflection, derivation, and the formation of compounds.词法,词态学,形态音位学, 语言或某一语言中对于单词的结构和形式的研究,包括词尾变化、派生和合成词的构成
  24. affricate: A complex speech sound consisting of a stop consonant辅音 followed by a fricative摩擦; for example, the initial sounds of child and joy. 塞擦音由闭塞音伴随着摩擦音而形成的复杂的语音;例如 child和 joy的第一个音Also called: affricative.
  25. Vanity Fair 名利场 was written William Makepeace Thackray
  26. Neil Armstrong was the first person to walk on the moon. Edwin Aldrin, Michael Collins
  尼尔.阿姆斯特朗、埃德温.奥尔德林、迈克尔.柯林斯
  27. The title of the national anthem 国歌 of Canada is O Canada. 此种类型题同学们可自己多找几个国家。
  28. Henry David Thoreau’s work, Walden, has always been regarded as a masterpiece of New England Transcendentalism.
  29. etymology: the history of a word. 词源学
  30. The dominant accent in the United States is General American. 除纽约市、南方、新英格兰
  31. John Lennon is a member of the band of Beatles 披头士或甲壳虫乐队in the 1960s.
  32. In Gulliver’s Travels格列佛游记, Jonathan Swift describes the island of the Houyhnhnms as the world’s most perfect society. 有理智和人性的马 Houyhnhnms are horses in fact.
  33. Ceoffrey Chaucer wrote Canterbury Tales in fourteenth century.
  34. morpheme: A meaningful linguistic unit consisting of a word, such as man, or a word element, such as -ed in walked, that cannot be divided into smaller meaningful parts. 词素, 一种含有一个单词的有意义的语言单位,如 -ed在单词 walked中,不能被划分为更小的有意义单位
  35. The name of the famous stadium露天体育场 in the north of London is Wembley.
  36. Wimbledon温布尔登[英国英格兰东南部城市](位于伦敦附近, 是著名的国际网球比赛地)
  37. Toad in the hole is a Traditional English recipe食谱, originating from Yorkshire, a county in the north of England. 烤面拖牛肉,,面拖烤香肠
  38. Boycott: To act together in abstaining from using, buying, or dealing with as an expression of protest or disfavor or as a means of coercion(强制). 联合抵制, 联合起来拒绝使用、购买或经销以示抗议、不满或作为强制的手段
  39. Segregation: The policy and practice of imposing the social separation of races, as in schools, housing, and industry, especially so as to practice discrimination against people of color in a predominantly white society. 种族隔离, 强制实行种族的社会分离政策及实践,如在学校、居住和工业中,尤指在白人居多的社会中实行有色人种歧视的政策
  40. Apartheid: An official policy of racial segregation practiced in the Republic of South Africa, involving political, legal, and economic discrimination against nonwhites. 种族隔离制, 南非共和国实行的一种官方的种族隔离政策,包括在政治、法律和经济诸方面对非白色人种的歧视.
  41. Integration: The bringing of people of different racial or ethnic groups into unrestricted and equal association, as in society or an organization; desegregation. 种族或宗教融合, 在社会或组织中,使不同的种族或宗教派别的人处于无限制的平等的关系中;取消种族隔离
  42. The majority of French-speaking Canadians live in Quebec.
  43. Sir Thomas More coined the word “Utopia”, it means nowhere land in Greek.
  44. The Hemingway Code heroes are best remembered for their indestructible spirit.
  45. Phoneme: any one of the set of smallest distinctive speech sounds in a language that distinguish one word from another 音位,音素, 语言中最小的语音单位,如英语里 mat中的 m和 bat中的 b
  46. polysemy: 一词多义
  47. patron saint:保护圣徒, 守护神
  48. Parentese: 父母语
  49. back formation: 逆构词 脱落一词的词缀以构成新词 typewriter → typewrite
  50. allomorph: Any of the variant forms of a morpheme. For example, the phonetic s of cats, z of dogs, and z of horses and the en of oxen are allomorphs of the English plural morpheme. 语素变体, 语素的一种变体形式,如语音学的中之 s在 cats中,z在 dogs中,和 iz在 horses中,还有 en在 oxen中都是英语复数语素的语素变体.
 
 
美国地理概况

The Fall Line瀑布线:A point where water-falls or rapids suddenly drop from a higher level to the lower one.
瀑布线指的是瀑布急速地从高处向低处流泻的点。

The Appalachian Range阿巴拉契亚山脉:1200 miles long,consists of the Piedmont Plateau, Appalachian Plateaus and Appalachian Range.
阿巴拉契亚山脉全场1200英里,由皮德蒙特高原、阿巴拉契亚高原及阿巴拉契亚山脉组成。

The Cordillera Range科迪勒拉山脉:Composed of the Coast Range, the Cascades and the Rocky Mountains.
科迪勒拉山脉由海岸山脉、卡斯卡德山以及洛基山组成。

The Great Basin大盆地:The Part between the Colorado and Columbia Plateaus.
指的是科罗拉多和哥伦比亚高地之间的部分。

The Great Central Plain中部大平原:The land mass between the Rocky Mountains and the Appalachians.
指的是洛基山和阿巴拉伊亚山之间的平原。

The Great Plain大平原:The western part of the central plain.
大平原:指的是中部平原以西的部分。

The Mississippi River密西西比河:The longest, the most important river in the U.S.A. . It has a drainage area of 3225000 square kilometers.
密西西比河是美国最长、最重要的河流。它的流域面积达3225000平方公里。

The Five Great Lakes北美五大湖:Lake Michigan, Superior, Erie, Huron and Ontario.
北美五太湖指的是密歇根湖、苏必利尔湖、伊利湖、休伦湖以及安大略湖。

The Niagara Falls尼亚加拉瀑布:Famous falls in North America, 1240 meters wide, the drop averages 49 meters.
尼亚加拉瀑布是北美最著名的瀑布,有1240米宽,平均落差为49米。

Yellow stone National Park黄石国家公园:Located in the northern part of Wyoming. It is the oldest national park in the world and the largest wildlife preserve in the U.S.A.
黄石国家公园位于怀俄明州的北部地区。是世界上最古老的国家公园,是美国最大的野生保护区。

Grand Canyon大峡谷:In northern Arizona, one of the great natural wonders of the world. It measures about 277 miles long, up to 18 miles wide, and more than a mile deep. Its walls show layers that tell the story of the formation of the earth.
大峡谷在亚利桑那州的北部,是世界上最伟大的自然奇迹之一。它约有277英里长,18英里宽,约1英里深。它的墙壁断层记录了地球形成的过程。

Old Faithful老忠实喷泉:The most famous gayer in Yellowstone National Park, erupting more than l00 feet in the air about every 73 minutes.
老忠实喷泉是黄石国家公园最著名的喷泉,每73分钟向空中喷水100英尺多高。

Chinatown唐人街:An area in a city where many Chinese people live and where are Chinese shops, restaurants, clubs; two, important Chinatowns: New York City and San Francisco.
唐人街是许多中国人生活、居住的地区,那里有许多中国店铺、饭店、夜总会。两条最重要的唐人街分别在纽约和旧金山。

Indian Reservation印第安保留地:It refers to the barren desert regions where only Indians live exclusively.
印第安保留地指的是专门给印第安人居住的贫瘠的沙漠地区。

New England新英格兰:It consists of six states: Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut. This region is featured with mountains, valleys, rivers.
新英格兰由六个州组成:缅因州、新罕布什尔州、佛蒙特州、马萨诸塞州、罗德岛州以及康涅狄格。这个地区主要以多山、多山谷、河流为特征。

The Mountain States山地诸州:Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, and New Mexico.
山地诸州指的是蒙大拿州、怀俄明州、科罗拉多州以及新墨西哥州。
The Pacific Coast States太平洋沿岸诸州:Washington, Oregon and California.
太平洋沿岸诸州包括华盛顿州、俄勒冈州以及加利弗尼亚州。

Mount McKinley 麦金利山:6187 meters high, on the middle of the Alaska, the highest peak on this continent.
麦金利山高达6187米。在阿拉斯加的中部。是这片大陆上最高的山峰。

Pearl Harbor 珍珠港:The base of the Pacific Fleet of the U.S.A. near the city of Honolulu in Hawaii.
珍珠港是美国太平洋舰队的基地,在夏威夷的火奴鲁鲁市附近。

加拿大地理概况
    Canada is the world's second largest country after Russia. 60% of the population in Canada inhabit in the area between Quebec city and the western end of Lake Ontario.
    加拿大是世界上幅员第二大的国家,大约60%的人口集中在魁北克市与安大略省西端。
    Toronto多伦多:Toronto is Canada's largest city and the provincial Capital of Ontario.
    多伦多是安大略省的省会,加拿大经济中心,第一大城市。
    Ottawa渥太华:Ottawa is the capital of Canada and the country's fourth largest city. It is located in the Ottawa Valley in the eastern part of the province of Ontario.
    加拿大首都,第四大城市,地处安大略省东部的安大略谷。
    Vancouver温哥华:Vancouver is British Columbia’s largest city and the third largest city in Canada. It is an important ice-free harbor and the major Canadian outlet to the Pacific Ocean and the largest cargo port on the Pacific.
    不列颠哥伦比亚省的最大城市,也是加拿大第三大城市。它是加拿大一个非常重要的不冻港,而且是加拿大通往太平洋的主要通道,太平洋最大的货运港口。
    Quebec魁北克省:Quebec is the largest province in Canada geographically, and the second most populous, after Ontario. It differs from the other provinces of Canada because of its strong French culture. Montreal, the second largest city of Canada, is located in this province. The Quebec city is the center of the province.
    魁北克省是加拿大最大的省,人口仅次于安大略省。法国文化的强烈影响使它与其他省区不一样。加拿大第二大城市蒙特利尔位于该省。其中心是位于圣劳伦斯河上的魁北克城。
    The Canadian Shield加拿大地盾:The Canadian Shield is a semicircle band of rocky highlands and plateaus around the Hudson Bay from the northern shores of Quebec to the Arctic shores of the Northwest Territories. The Shield covers almost half of the Canadian territory.
    这是围绕哈得孙海湾的一块半圆形多石高低和高原,从魁北克省的北部海岸一直延伸到西北自治领的北极沿岸。几乎加拿大的一半面积在加拿大地盾一带。
    Mount Logan 洛跟峰:Mount Logan is the highest peak in Canada and is located in the Yukon Territory of northwest Canada.
    加拿大最高峰,位于加拿大西北部的育空地区。
    The Mackenzie River 马更些河:The Mackenzie River is the longest river in Canada, flowing between the Canadian Shield and the Rocky Mountains.
    马更些河是加拿大最长的河流,流经加拿大地盾与西部落基山脉之间,全长1600公里。
英国地理概况
    The English Channel: The Channel is a narrow sea passage which separates England and France and connects the Atlantic Ocean and North Sea.
    英吉利海峡:英吉利海峡是一道狭长的海峡,分割英法两国,连接大西洋和北海。
    The Dee estuary: A small sea ( in Irish Sea) where the Dee River enters.
    迪河河口:是迪河流入的一个小海。
    "The Act of Union of 1801": In 1801 the English Parliament passed an act by which Scotland, Wales and the Kingdom of England were constitutionally joined as the Kingdom of Great Britain.
    1801合并法:1801年英国议会通过法令,规定英格兰、苏格兰和威尔士根据宪法合并成为大不列颠王国。
    Gaelic: It is one of the Celtic Language, and is spoken in parts of the Highlands.
    盖尔语:是盖尔特语言的一种,在高地地区仍有人说这种语言。
    The "backbone of England": It refers to the Pennies, the board ridge of hills.
    英格兰脊梁:指的是山脉的背脊。
    Lead ore: British lead ores have been worked since pre-Roman times. It contains silver.
    铅矿:自前罗马时代开始,英国的铅矿就被开发了。内含银。
    China clay: The deposits of china clay in Cornwall are of great economic value.
    瓷土:康沃尔的瓷土沉淀带来了巨大的经济价值。
 
专八人文英国美国文学作者及作品
英国文学

1、Geoffrey Chaucer杰佛利?乔叟1340-1400 长诗:The House of Fame声誉之堂;Troilus and Criseyde特罗勒斯与克丽西德
小说:Canterbury Tales坎特伯雷故事集----英国文学史上现实主义第一部杰作
(他是最早有人文主义思想的作家,现实主义文学的奠基人)
2、William Shakespeare莎士比亚1564-1616 The Tempest暴风风雨;The Two Gentlemen of Veronaz维罗纳二绅士;The Mercy Wives of Windsor温莎的风流妇人;Measure for Measure恶有恶报;The Comedy of Errors错中错;Much Ado about Nothing无事自扰;Love’s Labour’s Lost空爱一场;A Midsummer Night’s Dream仲夏夜之梦;The Merchant of Venice威尼斯商人;As You Like It如愿;The Taming of the Shrew驯悍记;All’s Well That Ends Well皆大欢喜;Twelfth Night第十二夜;The Winter’s Tale冬天的故事;The Life and Death of King John/Richard the Second/Henry the Fifth/Richard the Third约翰王/理查二世/亨利五世/理查三世;The First/Second Part of King Henry the Fourth亨利四世(上、下);The First/Second/Third Part of King Henry the Sixth亨利六世(上、中、下);The Life of King Henry the Eighth亨利八世;Troilus and Cressida脱爱勒斯与克莱西达;The Tragedy of Coriolanus考利欧雷诺斯;Titus Andronicus泰特斯?安庄尼克斯;Romeo and Julet罗密欧与朱丽叶;Timon of Athens雅典的泰门;The Life and Death of Julius Caesar;朱利阿斯?凯撒;The Tragedy of Macbeth麦克白;The Tragedy of Hamlet哈姆雷特/王子复仇记;King Lear李尔王;Othello奥塞罗;Antony and Cleopatra安东尼与克利欧佩特拉;Cymbeline辛白林;Pericles波里克利斯;Venus and Adonis维诺斯?阿都尼斯;Lucrece露克利斯;The Sonnets十四行诗
3、Francis Bacon培根1561-1626 Advancement of Learning学术的进展;Novum Organum新工具;New Atlantic新大西岛;Essays论文集(Of Studies论学习;Of Wisdom for a Man’s Self)
4、John Milton约翰?弥尔顿1608-1674 L‘Allegro欢乐的人;Il Penseroso沉思的人;Comus科马斯;Lycidas列西达斯;Areopagitica论出版自由;Pro Populo Anglicano Defense为英国人民声辩; Pro Populo Anglicano Defense Secunda再为英国人民声辩;Paradise Lost失乐园;Paradise Regained复乐园;Samson Agonistes力士参孙
5、John Bunyan班扬1628-1688 The Pilgrim’s Progress天路历程;
The Life and Death of Mr Badman培德曼先生的一生
6、Joseph Addison艾迪生 诗:The Campaign 远征;             剧本:Cato加图
名文;Adventure of A shilling一先令的历险
7、Richard Steele理查德?斯梯尔1672-1729 The Christian Hero基督教徒的英雄
名文:The Spectator Club旁观者俱乐部
8、Danniel Defoe丹尼尔?迪福1660-1731 (标志着近代英国小说的形成)
Hymn to the Pillory枷刑颂;Robinson Crusoe鲁宾孙飘流记;Captain Singleton辛格顿船长;Moll Flanders莫尔弗兰德斯;A Journal of the Plague Year大疫年日记
9、Jonathan Swift斯威夫特1667-1745 The Battle of Books书的战争;A Tale of A Tub一个木桶的故事;The Drapier’s Letters布商的书信;A Modest Proposal一个温和的建议;Guilliver’s Travels格列佛游记(A Voyage to Lilliput/Brobdingnag/Laputa, Balnibarbi, Luggnagg, Glubbdubdriba and Japan/The Country of the Houyhnhnms小人国/大人国/拉普他等地/智马国游记)
10、Alexander Pope蒲柏1688-1744 Pastorals田园诗集;An Essay on Criticism批评论;Windsor Forest温莎林;The Rape of the Lock卷发遇劫记;The Duncial愚人志;Moral Essays道德论;An Essay on Man人论;Epistle to Dr Arbuthnot与阿布斯诺博士书
11、Henry Fielding亨利?菲尔丁1707-1754(英国现实主义小说的奠基者) 剧本:The Coffeehouse Politician咖啡屋政客;Don Quixote in England堂?吉诃德在英国;The Historical Register for the Year历史记事
长篇小说:The History of the Adventures of Joseph Andrews,and of His Friend Mr Abraham Adams约瑟?安德鲁传;The Life of Mr Jonathan Wild the Great大伟人江奈生?魏尔德传;The History of Tom Jones,a Foundling汤姆?琼斯;Amelia阿美利亚
12、Samuel Johnson塞缪尔?约翰生1709-1784 A Dictionary of the Engligh Language英语语言辞典;Lives of Poets诗人传;Vanity of Human Wishes人类欲望的虚幻;Rasselas拉塞勒斯
名文:Letter to Lord Chesterfield给吉士菲尔伯爵的信
13、Oliver Goldsmith哥尔斯密1728-1774 The Vicar of Wakefield威克菲尔德牧师传;The Citizen of the World世界公民;The Deserted荒村;She Stoops to Conquer屈身求爱;The Rivals情敌 ;The School for Scsanda造谣学校
14、William Blake布莱克1757-1827 Poetical Sketches素描诗集;Songs of Innocence天真之歌;Songs of Experience经验之歌The French Revolution法国革命;The Marriage of Heaven and Hell天堂与地狱的婚姻;America;Milton;Jerusalem
名诗:London;The Tiger
15、Robert Burns彭斯1759-1796 Poems Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect苏格兰方言诗集
名诗:The Tree of Liberty自由村;Scots Wha-Hae苏格兰人;The Two Dogs两只狗;Holy Willie’s Prayer威利长老的祈祷;My Heart’s in the Highlands我的心呀在高原;A Red,Red Rose一朵红红的玫瑰;John Anderson约翰?安德生,My Jo;A Man’s A Man for A’That不管身在何处都须保持尊严;Robert Bruce’s March to Bannockburn
16、William Wordsworth威廉?华兹华斯1770-1850 An Evening Walk黄昏漫步;Lyrical Ballads抒情歌谣集(与柯勒律治合编);Lucy Poems露西组诗(She Dwett Among the Untrodden Ways;To the Cuckoo杜鹃颂;I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud;The Solitary Reaper孤寂的刈麦人);Ode on Intimations of Immorality不朽颂;Ode to Duty义务颂;The Excursion远足;The Prelude序曲
17、Samuel Taylor Coleridge柯勒律治1772-1834 Lyrical Ballads;The Fall of the Bastille巴士底狱的毁灭;The Rime of the Ancient Mariner老船夫;Kubla Khan忽必烈汗;Biographia Literaria文学传记
18、Walter Scott瓦尔特?司各特1771-1832 诗:The Minstrlsy of the Scottish Border苏格兰边区歌谣集;Marimion玛里恩;The Lady of the Lake湖上夫人
小说:Waverley威弗利;Guy Mannering盖?曼纳令;Rob Roy罗布罗伊;The Heart of Midlothian米德洛西恩监狱;Ivanhoe艾凡赫;Kenilworth坎尼尔华斯;Woodstock皇家猎馆;Queentin Durward昆廷?达沃
19、Jane Austin简?奥斯丁1775-1817 Pride and Prejudice傲慢与偏见;Sense and Sensibility理智与情感;Emma爱玛;Mansfield Park曼斯菲尔德公园;Persuasion好事多磨;Northanger Abbey诺桑觉寺
20、Charles Lamb查尔斯?兰姆1775-1834 Tales from Shakespeare莎士比亚故事集;Alburn Verses诗集;Essay of Elia伊利亚散文集(Dream Children梦中儿女;A Dissertation unpon Roast Pig烤猪论;Old China古瓷;New Year’s Eve除夕;The Praise of Chimney Sweepers扫烟囱童工赞;The Superannuated Man领取养老金的人;A Bachelor’s Complaint of the Behavior of Married People单身汉对结过婚的人的行为的抱怨)
21、William Hazlitt威廉?赫兹里特1778-1830 Characters of Shakespeare’s Plays莎剧中的人物;A View of the English Stage英国舞台一瞥;Lecture on the English Poets论英国诗人;The Spirit of the Age时代精神;Sketches and Essays素描与随笔;Table Talk桌边文谈
名文:On Familiar Style
22、George Gordon Byron乔治?拜伦1788-1824 Hours of Idliness懒散的时刻;English Bords and Scottish Reviewers英国诗人与苏格兰评论家;Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage,Cantos I and II,Canto III 1818恰罗德?哈罗德游记;Ode to the Framers of the Frame-bill编织机法案编制者颂;Oriental Tales东方叙事诗(The Bride of Abydos阿比道斯的新娘;The Corsa海盗;The Siege of Corinth柯林斯之围);Manfred曼弗雷德;The Age of Bronze青铜世纪;Don Juan唐?璜
名诗:She Walks in Beauty;The Isles of Greece
23、Percy Bysshe Shelley波西?比希?雪莱1792-1822 Queen Mab麦布女王;Prometheus Unbound解放了的普罗米修斯;Adonais阿东尼斯;The Cenci钦契;Song to the Men of England致英国人民;England in 1819;The Masque of Anarchy专制魔王的化装游行;Ode to the West Wind/a Skylark西风/云雀颂;A Defence of Poetry诗辩
24、John Keats约翰?济兹1795-1821 Endymion恩底弥翁;Isabella伊莎贝拉;The Eve of Sanit Agnes圣爱尼节前夜;Ode on a Grecian Urn希腊古瓮颂;Ode to a Nightingale夜莺颂;To Autumn秋颂;Hyperion赫披里昂(未完成)
25、Thomas Hood胡德1799-1845 The Song of the Shirt衬衫之歌;The Bridge of Sighs悲叹之桥;Miss Kilmansegg and Her Precious Leg基尔曼塞格小姐和她贵重的腿
26、Ernest Jones琼斯1819-1869 小说:The Women’s Wrongs妇女们的委屈
名诗:The Song of the Lower Class;The Song of the Future
27、Afred Tennyson丁尼生1809-1892 Poems of Two Brothers壎篪;Timbuctoo提姆巴克图;The Pricess公主;In Memoriam H H悼念哈拉姆;Maud毛黛;Enoch Arden伊诺克?阿登;Idylls of the King国王之歌
名诗:Ulysses;The Eagle;Break,Break,Break
28、Robert Browning 勃朗宁1812-1889 Paracelsus巴拉塞尔士;Strafford斯特拉福;Pippa Passes比芭走过;Dramatic Lyrics戏剧抒情诗;Dramatic Romances and Lyrics戏剧传奇与抒情诗(Home Thoughts;From Abroad;Prospice向前看);Dramatic Personae登场人物;Men and Women男男女女
29、Elizabeth Barrel Browning 1806-1861 Sonnets from the Portuguese葡萄牙十四行诗;The Cry of the Children

30、Charles Dickens狄更斯1812-1870 The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club匹克威克外传;Oliver Twist奥利弗?退斯特;American Notes美国札记;Martin Chuzzlewit马丁?朱述尔维特;The Old Curiosity Shop老古玩店;Dombey and Son董贝父子;David Copperfield大卫?科波菲尔;Hard Times艰难时世;A Tale of Two Cities双城记;Great Expectation远大前程
31、William MakepeaceThackery萨克雷1811-1863 The Book of Snobs势利者集;Vanity Fair名利场;History of Pendennis潘丹尼斯的历史;The History of Henry Esmond亨利?艾斯芒的历史;The Newcomes纽可谟一家;The Virginians弗吉尼亚人
32、Elizabeth Cleghorn Gaskell盖斯凯尔1810-1865 Mary Barton玛丽?巴顿;Ruth露斯;Cranford克兰弗德;North and South北与南;Life of Charlote Bronte夏洛蒂勃郎特传
33、Charlote/Emily/Anne Bronte夏洛蒂/爱米丽/安妮?勃郎特1816-1855 Jane Eyre简爱;Shirley雪丽/
Wuthering Height呼啸山庄/
Agones Grey艾格尼斯?格雷
34、George Eliot爱略特1819-1880 Adam Bede亚当?贝德;The Mill on the Floss弗洛斯河上的磨坊;Silas Marner织工马南;Middlemarch米德尔马契;Felix Holt,the Radical
35、Thomas Carlyle卡莱尔1795-1881 Sartor Resartus衣裳哲学/旧衣新裁;The Life of Schiller席勒传;The French Revolution;Heroes and Hero-worship论英雄与英雄崇拜
36、George Meredith梅瑞狄斯1828-1909 诗:Modern Love;Poems and Lyrics of the Joy of Earth大地欢歌
小说:The Ordeal of Richard Feverel理查德?法弗尔的考验;The Egoist利己主义者;Diana of the Crossways彷徨中的戴安娜;The Idea of Comedy and the Uses of the Comic Spirit喜剧的概念与喜剧精神的作用
37、William Morris莫里斯1834-1896 诗:The Earthly Paradise地上乐园;Chants of Socialism社会主义歌集;Pilgrims of Hope希望的探求者
小说:A Dream of John Ball梦见给翰?保尔;News from Nowher乌有乡消息
38、Samuel Butler勃特勒1835-1902 The Way of All Flesh如此人生;Erewhon埃瑞璜;Erewhon Revisited重游埃瑞璜
39、Thomas Hardy哈代1840-1928 Under the Greenwood Tree绿茵下;Far from the Madding Crowd远离尘嚣;The Return of the Native还乡;The Mayor of Casterbridge卡斯特桥市长;Tess of the D’urbervilles德伯家的苔丝;Jude the Obscure无名的裘德
诗集:Wessex Poems 威塞克斯诗集            史诗剧:The Dynasts统治者三部曲
40、Robert Couis Stevenson史蒂文生1850-1894 小说:New Arabian Nights新天方夜谭;Treasure Island宝岛;The Strange Case of Dr Jeykell and Mr Hyde化身博士;Kidnapped诱拐
游记:An Inland Voyage内陆游记;Travels with a Donkey in the Cevennes骑驴旅行;A Child’s Garden of Verses儿童诗园
41、Isabella Augusta Gregory/Perse格葛瑞/珀斯1852-1932 The Travelling Man旅行者;Spreading the News道听途说;Hyachinth Halvey海钦斯?哈尔威;The Gaol Gate监牢之门;The Rising of the Moon月亮上升的时候
42、Oscar Wilde王尔德1856-1900 长篇小说:The Picture of Dorian Gray道林?格雷的画像
童话:The Happy Prince and Other Tales快乐王子
诗集:De Prafundis惨痛的呼声;The Ballad of Reading Gaol累丁狱之歌
剧作:Lady Windermere’s Fan温德米尔夫人的扇子;A Woman of No Importance一个无足轻重的妇女;An Ideal Husband理想丈夫;The Importance of Being Earnest埃耐斯特的重要性
43、George Bernard Shaw萧伯纳1856-1950 长篇小说:An Unsocial Socialist业余社会主义者  评论:Quintessence of Ibsenism
剧本:Widoer’s Houses鳏夫的房产;Mrs Warren’s Profession华伦夫人的职业The Devil’s Disciple魔鬼的门徒;Man and Superman人与超人;John Bull’s Other Island英国佬的另一个岛;Major Barbara巴巴拉少校;Pygmalion劈克美梁;Heartbreak House伤心之家;The Apple Cart苹果车;Too True to be Good真相毕露
44、George Gissing吉辛1857-1903 小说:Demos民众;New Crub Srreet新穷士街;Born in Eile在流放中诞生;The Private Papers of Henry Ryecroft拉伊克罗夫特的日记(散文);Charles Dickens:A Critical Study狄更斯研究
45、Joseph Conrad康拉德1859-1924 长篇小说:Almayer’s Folly奥尔迈耶的愚蠢;The Nigger of the Narcissus水仙号上的黑鬼;Lord Jim吉姆老爷;Nostromo诺斯特罗莫;The Secret Agent间谍;Chance机缘;Victory胜利
短篇小说:An Outpost of  Progress文明的前哨;Heart of Darkness黑暗的中心;Youth青春
46、Joseph Rudyard Kipling罗德雅德?吉卜林1865-1936 诗集:Barrak Room Ballad营房诗集;The Seven Seas七海;Recession and Other Poems赞美诗及其他;The Five Nations五国
长篇小说:Kim基姆;Captain Courageous勇敢的船长
短篇小说:Plain Tales from the Hills;Soldiers There;The Story of the Gadsby;Life Handcap生命的阻力;The Jungle Book;The Second Jungle Book林莽之书;The Lost Legion
47、William Butler Yeats叶芝1865-1939 诗:Respondibilities责任;The Tower塔;The Winding Stair盘旋的楼梯
名诗:A Deap Sworn Vow;Easter 1916
剧本:The Land of Heart’s Desire理想的国土;The Hour Glass时漏;Dedidre黛德尔
Autobiographies自传三部曲;Essays and Introduction
48、Herbert George Wells威尔斯1866-1946 科幻小说:The Time Machine时间机器;The Island of Dr Morau莫洛博士岛;The Invisible Man隐身人;When the Sleeper Waked;The Shape of Things to Come未来事物的面貌            An Outline of World Histrory 世界史纲
社会生活小说:Tono Bungay托诺?班格;Ann Veronica安?维罗尼卡;Kipps基普斯
49、Enoch Arnord Bennett阿诺德?本涅特1867-1931 A Man from the North北方人;Anna of the Five Towns五镇上的安娜;The Old Wives’ Tale老妇谭;Clayhanger克莱亨厄
剧本:Milestones;How to Live Twentyfour Hours a Day
50、John Galworthy高尔斯华绥1867-1933 From the Four Winds天涯海角(The Man of Property有产业的人;In Chancery骑虎难下;To Let出租→The Forsyte Saga福尔塞世家);(The White Monkey白猿;The Silver Spoon银匙;Swan Song天鹅曲→A Modern Comedy现代喜剧)
剧作:The Silver Box银匣;Strife斗争
51、Saki萨奇(Hector Hugh Munro孟柔)1870-1916 短篇小说集:Reginald雷金纳德;Reginald in Russia;The Chronicles of Clovis克洛维斯记事;Beats and Super-beats;The Toys of Peace;The Square Egg方蛋
名文:Dusk
52、Edward Morgan Forster福斯特1879-1970 长篇小说:Where Angels Fear to Tread天使们忘而却步的地方;The Longest Journey最漫长的旅程;A Room with a View可以远眺的地方;A Passage to India印度之行
短篇小说集:The Eternal Moment永恒的时刻
散文集:Abinger Harvest在阿宾格村的收获;Two Cheers for Democracy
53、John Millington Synge沁孤1871-1909 The Playboy of the Western World西方世界的花花公子;Riders to the Sea骑马下海的人们;Deridre of Sorrows悲伤的黛达尔;In the Shade of the Glen在幽谷的阴影下;The Tinker’s Wedding补锅匠的婚礼
54、Bertrand Russell罗素1872-1970 Road to Freedom到自由之路;Marriage and Morals婚姻与自由;Mysticism and Logic神秘主义与逻辑;Sceptical Essays怀疑论集;The Analysis of Mind心理分析;History of Western Philosophy西方哲学史;Priccipia Mathematica数学原理;A Free Man’s Worship
短篇小说:Satan in the Suburbs撒旦在郊区;Portraits from Memory回忆中的画像
55、William Somerset Maugham毛姆1874-1965 小说:Liza of Lambeth兰贝思的莉莎;Of Human Bondage人类枷锁;Cakes and Ale寻欢作乐;The Moon and Six Pence月亮与六便士
短篇小说:Complete Short Stories短篇小说集
剧本:Smith ;The Circle;Our Betters位居我们之上的人们
56、John Masefield梅斯菲尔德1878-1967 诗:Salt-Water Ballads海上歌谣;The Everlasting Mercy永久的仁慈;The Widow in the Bye Street小街的寡妇;The Daffodil Fields水仙田;Reynard the Fox狐狸雷纳德
小说:Captain Margaret;Multitude and Solitude群与独;Sard Harker萨德?哈克尔
剧本:The Locked Chest
57、Giles Lytton Strachey斯特雷奇1880-1932 传记:Emiment Victorians维多利亚时代的杰出人物;Queen Victoria
评论集:Land-marks in French Literature;Books and Characters
58、Sean O’casey肖恩?奥凯西1880-1964 剧本:The Shadow of a Gunman枪手的影子;Juno and the Peacock裘诺与孔雀;The Plough and the Stars犁与星;The Star Turns Red;Red Roses for Me给我红玫瑰
自传体小说:I Knock at the Door我敲门;Pictures in the Hallway门厅里的图画;Drums under Windows窗下鼓声;Inishfallen,Fare Thee Well英尼希法伦,再见;Rose and Crown;Sunset and Evening Star日落与金星
59、James Joyce乔伊斯1882-1941 短篇小说:Dubiners都柏林人
长篇小说:A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man青年艺术家的画像;Ulysess尤利西斯;Finnegans Wake芬尼根的觉醒
60、Virginia Woolf沃尔芙1882-1941 长篇小说:Mrs Dalloway达洛威夫人;To the Lighthouse到灯塔去;Orlando奥兰多传;The Waves浪;Flush弗乐希;Between the Acts幕间
散文集:The Common Readers;The Death of the Moth and Other Essays;A Room of One’s Own;Three Guineas三个基尼亚
名文:Modern Fiction现代小说    日记:A Writer’s Diary
61、David Herbert Lawrence劳伦斯1885-1930 The White Peacock白孔雀;Sons and Lovers儿子与情人;The Reinbow虹;Women in Love恋爱中的妇女;Lady Chatterley’s Lover查泰莱夫人的情人
62、Katherine Mansfield曼斯菲尔德1888-1923 In a German Pension在一个德国公寓里;Blis幸福;The Garden Party园会;The Dove’s Nest鸽巢;Something Childish幼稚集
63、Thomas Stearns Eliot艾略特1888-1965 诗集:Prufrock and Other Observation普鲁夫洛克及其他;The Waste Land荒原;The Hollow Men空虚的人们;Ash-Wednesday圣灰星期三;Four Quarters
诗剧:Murder in the Cathedral大教堂里的谋杀案;The Family Reunion团圆
评论集:The Sacred Wood圣林;Homage to John Dryden向约翰?德莱顿致敬;For Lancelot Andrews纪念兰斯洛特?安德鲁斯
64、Aldous Leonard Huxley赫胥黎1894-1963 Antic Hay滑稽的环舞;Point Counter Point旋律和对立;Brave New World新奇的世界;Letters书信集;Ape and Essence猿与本质;Eyeless in Gaza加沙的盲人;After Many a Summer多少个夏天之后;The Doors of Perception感觉之门;Fairy Godmother天使教母(←Two or Three Graces雅事二三)
65、John Boynton Priesley普里斯特利1899- 小说:The English Comic Characters英国喜剧从物;The English Novel英国小说;The Good Companions好伙伴;Angel Pavement天使街;They Walk in the City;他们走在城市中;Let the People Sing让人们歌唱
剧本:Dangerous Corner危险的转角;Time and the Conways时代与康威一家;In Inspector Calls罪恶之家;When We Are Married;The Linden Tree普提树;Summer Day’s Dream夏日梦
66、Hugh MacDiarmid麦克迪尔米德1892-1978 Sangshaw诗歌集;A Drunk Man Looks at the Thistle醉汉看蓟;First/Second/Third Hymn to Lenin;In Memoriam James Joyce悼念乔伊斯 ;Collected Poems
名诗:Why I Choose Red;Moonlight Among;The Pines;Third Hymn to Lenin
67、Ivor Armstrong Richards理查兹1893-1979 Principles of Literary Criticism文学批评原理;Science and Poetry;Practical Criticism实用批评;Coleidge on Imagination柯尔律治论想象;The Philosophy of Rhetoric修辞哲学;Basic in Teaching :East and West教学基础(The Four Kinds of Meaning);Basic English and It’s Uses基础英语及其应用
68、Leshe Poles Hartley哈特利1895-1972 短篇小说集:Night Fears and Other Stories黑夜的恐惧及其他故事(The Killing Bottle致命瓶;The White Wand白色魔杖)   论文集:The Novelist’s Responsibility
长篇小说:Eustace and Hilda优斯塔斯与希尔达三部曲(The Shrimp and the Anemone虾与海葵);The Go-Between信使;The Hireling佣工;Facial Justice表面正义;The Boat;A Perfect Woman一个完美的女人;The Betrayal背叛;My Sister’s Keeper妹妹的监护人
69、Elizabeth Bowen鲍恩1899-1973 The Hotel旅舍;The House in Paris巴黎寓所;The Death of the Heart心死;The Heat of the Day炎日        短篇小说集:Look at All Those Roses(Tears ,Idle Tears)
70、Victor Sawdon Pritchett普里彻特1900- 短篇小说:The Sailor水手;The Sense of Humour幽默感;Mr Beluncle贝伦克尔先生
游记:The Spanish Temper西班牙性格    评论集:Books in General书籍泛谈
自传:A Cab at the Door:A Memoir马车在家门口:回忆录;  Midnight Oil挑灯夜谈
71、George Orwell奥威尔1903-1950 小说:Down and Out in Paris and London巴黎伦敦落魄记;Homage to Catalonia向坎塔罗尼亚致敬;Animal Farm兽园;Nineteen Eighty-Four
散文集:Dickens,Dali and Others狄更斯,达里及其他;Shooting on Elephant and Other Essays猎象记及其他;The Collected Essays,Journalism and Letters of George Orwell in Four Volumes奥威尔散文,新闻写作及书信集
名文:Lear Tolstoy and The Fool
72、Frank O’connor奥康纳1903-1966 论文集:The Lonely Voice:A Study of the Short Story寂寞之声:短篇小说研究
自传:An Only Son独生子;My Father’s Son;The Backward Look:A Survey of Irish Literature爱尔兰文学回顾
短篇小说集:Collection Two:Stories by Frank O’connor(Private Property私有财产)
73、Evelyn Waugh伊夫林?沃1903-1966 长篇小说:Decline and Fall没落与堕落;Vile Bodies行尸走肉;A Handful of Dust 一撮灰尘;Black Mischief黑色的祸害;Scoop挖新闻;Put out More Flags多升几面旗;Bridgeshead Revisited重游布赖兹海德(Men at Arms行伍生涯;Officers and Gentlemen军官与绅士;Unconditional Surrender无条件投降→The Sword of Honour荣誉之剑三部曲)
自传:A Little Learning一点学问(三部只成一部)
短篇小说集:Mr Loveday’s Little Outing and Other Sad Stories洛弗戴先生一次短暂的外出与其他悲惨故事
74、Christopher Isherwood 衣修午德1904- All the Conspirators所有的阴谋者;Mr Norris Changeds Traits诺里斯先生换火车;Sally Bowles萨利?鲍尔斯(选自《再见吧,柏林》);Journey to a War战地行;Prater Violet紫罗兰姑娘;The World in the Evening夜晚的世界;Down there on A Visit在那儿进行访问;A Single Man单身汉;A Meeting by the River河畔相会
75、Graham Greene格雷厄姆?格林1904- 消遣:Stamboul Train斯坦布尔列车;A Gun for Sale一支出卖的枪;Our Man in Havana我们在哈瓦纳的人
严肃:The Power and the Glory权力与荣誉;The Heart of the Matter问题的核心;The End of the Affair爱情的结局;The Quiet American;The Comedians喜剧演员;The Human Favor人的因素
76、Charles Percy Snow斯诺1905-1980 Strangers and Brothers陌生人与兄弟们;The Light and the Dark光明与黑暗;Time of Hope希望的时刻;The Masters院长们;The New Men新人;Homecoings归家;The Conscience of the Rich富人的良心;The Affairs事件;Corridors of Power权力走廊;The Sleep of Reason理智沉眠;Last Things结局
77、Peter Courtney Quennell昆纳尔1905- Byron:The Year of Fame拜伦:盛名时期;Byron in Italy;Byron:A Self-Portrait拜伦:一幅自我画像;A History of English Literature;Four Portraits:Studies of the 18th Century四幅画像:关于十八世纪的研究
78、William Empson燕卜荪1906- 诗集:Poems;The Gathering Storm酝酿中的风暴;Collected Poems
名诗:Legal Fiction;Homage to the British Museum
论著:Seven Types of Ambiguity晦涩的七种类型;Some Versions of Pastoral田园诗的几种变化;The Structure of Complex Words复合词的结构
79、Wystan Hugh Auden奥登1907-1973 诗集:Poems;The Orators雄辩家;Look,Stranger!瞧,陌生人;Spain
诗剧:The Dog Beneath the Skin皮下之狗;The Ascent,F6攀登F6;On the Frontier边界上
The Sea and the Mirror海与镜;The Age of Anxiety忧虑时代;The Shield of Achilles阿基琉斯的盾牌;Homage to Clio向克奥女神致敬;About the House屋子内外
散文评论集:The Dyer’s Hand染工之手;Secondary World次要的世界
名诗:Who’s Who;The Unknown Citizen;Their Lonely Betters
80、William Golding戈尔丁1911- 长篇小说:Lord of the Flies蝇王;The Inheritors继承人;Pincher Martin平却?马丁;The Spire塔尖;The Pyramid金字塔
81、Angus Wilson威尔逊1913- 小说:The Wrong Set and Other Storie乱了套和其他短篇故事s;Anglo-Saxon Attitudes盎格鲁撒克逊态度;The Middle Age of Mrs Eliot艾略特夫人的中年;The Old Men at the Zoo; Late Call夜访;As if by Magic象是用了魔术
评论:Emile Zole爱弥尔?佐拉;The World of Charles Dickens;The Strange Ride of Rudyard Kipling吉卜林的奇异旅程
82、Dylon Thomas迪伦?托马斯1914-1953 诗:Eighteen Poems;The Map of Love爱的地图;Deaths and Entrances死亡与出场;Collected Poems
自传:Portrait of the Artist as a Young Dog作为一条小狗的艺术家画像
广播剧:Under the Milk Wood      名诗:Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night
83、Muriel Sarah Spark斯帕克1918- The Comforter安慰者;The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie琼?布罗迪小姐的黄金时代;The Diver’s Seat司机的座位;The Abbess of Crewe克鲁女修道院院长;Loitering with Intent存心游戏;Collected Stories I短篇小说集(一)
84、Richard Lessing多丽丝?莱辛1919- The Grass is Singing草儿在歌唱;Children of Violence暴力和孩子们(Martha Quest玛莎?金奎特 ;A Proper Marriage正当的婚姻;A Ripple from the Storm暴风雨掀起的涟漪;Landlocked被陆地围住的;The Four-gated City四门城);The Golden Notebook金色笔记;Briefing for a Descent into Hell堕入地狱简况;The Summer before the Dark
85、Iris Murdoch默多克1919- Under the Net在网下;The Bel钟l;A Severed Head砍掉的头;The Black Prince黑衣王子;The Sea,The Sea大海啊,大海
86、Philip Larkin拉金1922- 诗:The North Ship北方船;Jill;A Girl in Winter
诗集:The Less Deceived受骗较少的人;The Whitsun Weddings降灵节婚礼;High Windows高窗
名诗:Church Going;Reason for Attendance
87、Kingsley Amis 金斯莱?艾米斯1922- 小说:Lucky Jim幸运的吉姆;My Enemy’s Enemy我的敌人的敌人;One Fat Englishman一个英国胖子;That Uncertain Feeling那种不安感;Take a Girl Like You爱你这样的姑娘;Ending up死
88、John Wain韦恩1925- 长篇小说:Hurry on Down大学后的漂泊;Living in the Present生活在当代;The Contenders竞争者;Strike the Father Dead打死父亲;A Winter in the Hills山中寒冬
短篇小说集:The Life Guard救生员
89、Brian Wilson Aldiss奥尔迪斯1925- The Brightfountain Diaries明泉日记; The Billion Year Spree:The History of Science Fiction科幻小说史;Best SF Stories of Brian W Aldiss奥尔迪斯最佳科幻故事集(Outside外界)
90、Alan Sillitoe西利托1928- Saturday Night and Sunday Morning;The General;Key to the Door;A Tree on Fire;A Start in Life一位长跑运动员的孤独;The Loneliness of the Long-Distance Runner捡破烂人的女儿;The Ragman’s Daughter;The Windower’s Son
91、John Osborne奥斯本1929- Look back in Anger愤怒的回顾;Lurther;Inadmissible Evidence不能接受的证据;Time Present and Hotel in Amsterdam目前和阿姆斯特丹的旅馆
92、Ted Hughs特德?休斯1930- The Hawk in the Rain雨中鹰;Lupercal卢泼卡尔神(Hawk of Roosting);Scapegoats and Rabies替罪羊与狂犬病;Wodwo沃德沃怪物;Crow乌鸦
Songs of Woe哀歌
93、Arnold Wesker韦斯克1932- 剧本:The Wesker Triology韦斯克三部曲(Chicken Soup with Barley大麦鸡汤;Roots;I’m Talking about Jerusalem0;The Four Seasons;The Friends;The Journalists新闻记者;Caritas Christi卡里塔斯?克里斯蒂
94、Margaret Drabble德雷伯尔1939- 小说:A Summer Bird-cage夏日的鸟笼;The Garrick Year茄立克年;The Millstone磨石;The Needle’s Eye针眼 ;The Realms of Gold黄金世界;The Ice Age冰期


 
 
美国文学
1、Benjamin Franklin本杰明?富兰克林1706-1790 A Modest Inquiry into the Nature and Necessity of a Paper Money;Poor Richard’s Almanack穷查理历书;The Way to Wealth致富之道;The Autobiography自传
2、Thomas Paine托马斯?潘恩1737-1809 The Case of the Officers of Excise税务员问题;Common Sense常识;American Crisis美国危机;Rights of Man人的权利:Downfall of Despotism专制体制的崩溃;The Age of Reason理性时代
3、Philip Freneau菲利普?弗伦诺1752-1832 The Rising Glory of America蒸蒸日上的美洲;The British Prison Ship英国囚船;To the Memory of the Brave Americans纪念美国勇士-----同类诗中最佳;The Wild Honeysuckle野生的金银花;The Indian Burying Ground印第安人殡葬地
4、Washington Irving华盛顿?欧文1783-1859 A History of New York纽约的历史-----美国人写的第一部诙谐文学杰作;The Sketch Book见闻札记The Legend of Sleepy Hollow睡谷的传说-----使之成为美国第一个获得国际声誉的作家;Bracebridge Hall布雷斯布里奇田庄;Talks of Travellers旅客谈;The Alhambra阿尔罕伯拉
5、James Fenimore Cooper詹姆斯?费尼莫尔?库珀1789-1851 The Spy间谍;The Pilot领航者;The Littlepage Manuscripts利特佩奇的手稿;Leatherstocking Tales皮裹腿故事集:The Pioneer拓荒者;The Last of Mohicans最后的莫希干人;The Prairie大草原;The Pathfinder探路者;The Deerslayer杀鹿者
6、William Cullen Bryant威廉?柯伦?布莱恩特1794-1878 The Poems1821/1932诗选:To a Waterfowl致水鸟-----英语中最完美的短诗;Thanatopsis死亡随想---受墓园派影响; The Whitefooted Deer白蹄鹿;A Forest Hymn森林赋;The Flood of Years似水流年
7、Edgar Allan Poe埃德加?爱伦?坡1809-1849(以诗为诗;永为世人共赏的伟大抒情诗人-----叶芝) Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque怪诞奇异故事集;Tales故事集;The Fall of the House of Usher厄舍古屋的倒塌;Ligeia莱琪儿;Annabel Lee安娜贝尔?李-----歌特风格;首开近代侦探小说先河,又是法国象征主义运动的源头
Tamerlane and Other Poems帖木儿和其他诗;Al Araaf,Tamerlane and Minor Poems艾尔?阿拉夫,帖木儿和其他诗;The Raven and Other Poems乌鸦及其他诗:The Raven乌鸦;The City in the Sea海城;Israfel 伊斯拉菲尔;To Hellen致海伦
8、Ralf Waldo Emerson拉尔夫?沃尔多?爱默生1803-1882 Essays散文集:Nature论自然-----新英格兰超验主义者的宣言书;The American Scholar论美国学者;Divinity;The Oversoul论超灵;Self-reliance论自立;The Transcendentalist超验主义者;Representative Men代表人物;English Traits英国人的特征;School Address神学院演说
Concord Hymn康考德颂;The Rhodo杜鹃花;The Humble Bee野蜂;Days日子-首开自由诗之先河
9.Nathaniel Hawthorne纳撒尼尔?霍桑1804-1864
 Twice-told Tales尽人皆知的故事;Mosses from an Old Manse古屋青苔:Young Goodman Brown年轻的古德曼?布朗;The Scarlet Letter红字;The House of the Seven Gables有七个尖角阁的房子--------心理若们罗曼史;The Blithedale Romance福谷传奇;The Marble Faun玉石雕像
10、Henry David Threau亨利?大卫?梭罗1817-1862 Wadden,or Life in the Woods华腾湖或林中生活;Resistance to Civil Government/Civil Disobedience抵制公民政府;A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers
11、Walt Whitman沃尔特?惠特曼1819-1892 Leaves of Grass草叶集:Song of the Broad-Axe阔斧之歌;I hear America Singing我听见美洲在歌唱;When Lilacs Lost in the Dooryard Bloom’d小院丁香花开时;Democratic Vistas民主的前景;The Tramp and Strike Question流浪汉和罢工问题;Song of Myself自我之歌
12、Herman Melville赫尔曼?梅尔维尔1819-1891 Moby Dick/The White Whale莫比?迪克/白鲸;Typee泰比;Omoo奥穆;Mardi玛地;Redburn雷得本;White Jacket白外衣;Pierre皮尔埃;Piazza广场故事;Billy Budd比利?巴德
13、Henry Wadsworth Longfellow亨利?沃兹沃思?朗费罗1807-1882 The Song of Hiawatha海华沙之歌----美国人写的第一部印第安人史诗;Voices of the Night夜吟;Ballads and Other Poens民谣及其他诗;Belfry of Bruges and Other Poems布鲁茨的钟楼及其他诗;Tales of a Wayside Inn路边客栈的故事---诗集:An April Day四月的一天/A Psalm of Life人生礼物/Paul Revere’s Ride保罗?里维尔的夜奔;Evangeline伊凡吉琳;The Courtship of Miles Standish迈尔斯?斯坦迪什的求婚----叙事长诗;Poems on Slavery奴役篇---反蓄奴组诗
14、John Greenleaf Whittier约翰?格林里夫?惠蒂埃1807-1892 Poems Written During the Progress of the Abolition Question废奴问题;Voice of Freedom自由之声;In War Time and Other Poems内战时期所作;Snow-Bound大雪封门;The Tent on the Beach and Other Poems海滩的帐篷
Ichabod艾卡博德;A Winter Idyl冬日田园诗
15、Harriet Beecher Stowe哈丽特?比彻?斯托1811-1896 Uncle Tom’s Cabin汤姆叔叔的小屋;A Tale of the Great Dismal Swamp德雷德阴暗大沼地的故事片;The Minister’s Wooing牧师的求婚;The Pearl of Orr’s Island奥尔岛的珍珠;Oldtown Folks老城的人们
16、Frederick Douglass弗莱德里克?道格拉斯1817-1895 Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass an American Slave弗莱德里克?道格拉斯,一个美国黑人的自述/My Bondage and My Freedom我的枷锁与我的自由/The life and Time of Frederick Douglass弗莱德里克?道格拉斯的生平与时代
17、Emily Dickinson埃米莉?迪金森1830-1886 The Poems of Emily Dichenson埃米莉?迪金森诗集-----“Tell all the truth and tell it slant”迂回曲折的,玄学的
18、Mark Twain马克?吐温(Samuel Longhorne Clemens)---美国文学的一大里程碑 The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County加拉维拉县有名的跳蛙;The Innocent’s Abroad傻瓜出国记;The Gilded Age镀金时代;The Adventures of Tom Sawyer汤姆?索耶历险记;The Prince and the Pauper王子与贫儿;The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn哈克贝利?费恩历险记;A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court亚瑟王宫中的美国佬;The Tragedy of Pudd’nhead Wilson傻瓜威尔逊;Personal Recollections of Joan of Arc冉?达克;The Man That Corrupted Hadleyburg败坏哈德莱堡的人
How to Tell a Story怎样讲故事---对美国早期幽默文学的总结
19、Francis Bret Harte哈特1836-1902 The Luck of Roaring Camp咆哮营的幸运儿------乡土文学作家
20、William Dean Howells 威廉?狄恩?豪威尔斯1837-1920 The Rise of Silas Lapham赛拉斯?拉帕姆的发迹;A Modern Instance现代婚姻; A Hazard of Now Fortunes时来运转;A Traveller from Altruia从利他国来的旅客;Through the Eye of the Needle透过针眼----乌托邦小说;Criticism and Fiction;Novel-Writing and Novel-Reading小说创作与小说阅读
21、Henry Adams享利?亚当斯1838-1918 History of the United States During the Administration of Jefferson and Madison(历史著作);The Education of Henry Adams:An Autobiography享利?亚当斯的教育
22、William James威廉?詹姆斯1842-1910(首提“意识流”理论) Principles of Psychology心理学原理;The Will to Believe信仰的意志;Pragmatism:A New Name for Some Old Ways of Thinking实用主义:某些旧思想方法的新名称;The Meaning of Truth真理的意义
23、Henry James享利?詹姆斯1843-1916 小说:Daisy Miller苔瑟?米乐;The Portrait of a Lady贵妇人画像;The Bostonians波士顿人;The Real Thing and Other Tales真货色及其他故事;The Wings of the Dove鸽翼;The Ambassadors大使;The Golden Bowl金碗
评论集:French Poets and Novelists法国诗人和小说家;Hawthorne霍桑;Partial Portraits不完全的画像;Notes and Reviews札记与评论;Art of Fiction and Other Essays小说艺术
24、Ambrose Bierce安布罗斯?毕尔斯1842-1914? 小品集:The Fiend’s Deligh魔鬼的乐趣;Nuggests and Dust Panned out in California在加利福尼亚淘出的金块和金粉;Cobwebs from an Empty Skull来自空脑壳的蜘蛛网
短篇小说集:Tales of Soldiers and Civilians军民故事;In the Midst of Life在人生中间;Can Such Things Be?这种事情可能吗?The Devil’s Dictionary魔鬼词典(The Applicant申请者)
25、Edward Bellamy爱德华?贝拉米1850-1898 Looking Backward:2000-1887回顾:从2000看1887年;Equality平等;The Duke of  Sockbridge:A Romance of Shay’s Rebellion斯托克布里奇的公爵:雪司起义的故事;The Blindman’s World and Other Stories育人的世界及其他
26、Edwin Charles Markham马卡姆1852-1940 The Man With the Hoe荷锄人
27、Charles Waddell Chesnutt查尔斯?契斯纳特1858-1932 The Conjure Woman巫女;The Wife of His Youth and Other Stories of the Color Line他青年时代的妻子(The Sheriff’s Children警长的儿女)(the pioneer of the color line);The Marrow of Tradition一脉相承
28、Hamlin Garland汉姆林?加兰1860-1940 Crumbling Idol崩溃的偶像(真实主义veritism);Man Travelled Roads大路(The Return of a Private三等兵归来);Rose of Ducher’s Cooly荷兰人山谷中的露斯;A Son of the Middle Border中部边地农家子
29、O?Henry欧?享利(William Sidney Porter)1862-1910 The Man Higher Up黄雀在后;Sixes and Sevens七上八下
30、Edith Wharton伊迪斯?华顿1862-1937 The House of Mirth欢乐之家;Ethan Frome;Bunner Sister班纳姐妹;The Age of Innocent天真时代;The Customs of the Country乡村习俗;A Backward Glance回首往事
32、George Santayana桑塔亚那1863-1952 Scepticism and Animal Faith怀疑主义与动物性信仰;The Realms Being存在诸领域(本质/物质/真理/精神领域:4卷)(Relativity of Knowledge);Three Philosphical Poets三大哲学诗人;Poems(A Minuet:On Reaching the Age of Fifty小步舞曲:五十书怀);The Last Puritan最后的清教徒
33、William E?B Dubois威廉?艾伯?杜波依斯1868-1963 Souls of Black Folk黑人的灵魂(Of Booker T Washington and Others);The Suppression of the African Slave Trade into the USA制止非洲奴隶贸易进入美国;The Philadephia Negro;John Brown;The Black Flame黑色的火焰(三部曲)
34、Edgar Lee Masters埃德加?李?马斯特斯1868-1950 A Book of Verse诗集;Maximilian马克西米连(诗集);
Spoon River Anthology斯普恩河诗集(Lucinda Matlock鲁欣达?马物罗克)
35、Edwin Arlington Robinson鲁宾逊1869-1935 Captain Craig克雷格上尉---诗体小说;The Town Down the River河上的城镇;The Man Against the Sky衬托着天空的人;Avon’s Harvest沃冯的收成;Collected Poems诗集
36、Frank Norris弗兰克?诺里斯1870-1902 Moran of the Lady Letty茱蒂夫人号上的莫兰(romantic);Mc-Teague麦克提格(naturalistic);The Epic of the Wheat(realistic)小麦诗史(The Octopus章鱼,The Pit小麦交易所);A Deal in Wheat and Other Stories of the Old and New West小麦交易所及其他新老西部故事
37、Stephen Crane斯蒂芬?克莱恩1871-1900 Magic:A Girl of the Streets街头女郎梅姬(美国文学史上首次站在同情立场上描写受辱妇女的悲惨命运);The Red Badge of Courage红色英勇勋章;The Open Boat小划子;The Bride Comes to Yellow Sky新娘来到黄天镇
38、Theodore Dreiser西奥多?德莱塞1871-1945 Sister Carrie嘉莉姐妹;Jennie Gerhardt珍妮姑娘;Trilogy of Desire欲望三部曲(Financer金融家,The Titan巨人,The Stoic);An American Tragedy美国的悲剧(被称为美国最伟大的小说);Nigger Jeff黑人杰弗
39、Paul Laurence Dumbar保尔?劳伦斯?邓巴1872-1906 We Wear the Mask我们带着面具
他是美国第一个有成就的黑人诗人,被称为“黑种人的桂冠诗人”(Poet Laureate of the Negro Race)
40、Jack London杰克?伦敦1876-1916 The Son of the Wolf狼之子,The Call of the Wild野性的呼唤;The Sea-wolf海狼;White Fang白獠牙;The People of the Abyss深渊中的人们;The Iron Heel铁蹄;Marti Eden马丁?伊登;How I become a Socialist我怎样成为社会党人;The War of the Classes阶级之间的战争;What Life Means to Me生命对我意味着什么;Revolution革命;Love of Life热爱生命;The Mexican墨西哥人;Under the Deck Awings在甲板的天蓬下
41、Upton Sinclair厄普顿?辛克莱尔1878-1968 Spring and Harvest春天与收获;The Jungle屠场(揭发黑幕运动的代表作家);King Coal煤炭大王;Oil石油;Boston波士顿;Dragon’s Teeth龙齿
42、Irving Babbitt欧文?白壁德1865-1933
(新人文主义主要代表) Literature and the American College文学与美国学院()要求恢复古典文学教学;The New Laokoon新拉奥孔;Rousseau and Romanticism卢梭与浪漫主义;Democracy and Leadership民主与领导;On being Creative论创造性
43、Villa Sibert Cather维拉?凯塞1873-1947 O,Pioneers啊,先驱们;My Antonia我的安东尼亚;The Professor’s House教授之家;Death Comes for the Archibishop大主教之死
44、Gertrude Stein格特鲁德?斯坦因1874-1946 The Autobiography of Alice B Toklas爱丽丝?托克拉斯的自传;Tender Button温柔的钮扣
45、Robert Frest罗伯特?弗罗斯特1874-1963 A Boy’s Wish少年心愿;North of Boston波士顿之北(Mending Wall修墙,After Apple-picking摘苹果之后);Mountain Interval山间(成熟阶段)(The Road Not taken没有选择的道路);
West-running Brook西流的溪涧;A Further Range又一片牧场;A Witness Tree一株作证的树
46、Sherwood Anderson舍伍德?安德森1876-1941 Windy McPherson’s Son饶舌的麦克斐逊的儿子;Marching Men前进中的人们;Mid-American Chants美国中部之歌;Winesburg,Ohio/The Book of the Grotesque俄亥俄州的温斯堡/畸人志;Poor White穷苦的白人;Many Marriages多种婚姻;Dark Laughter阴沉的笑声
The Triumph of the Egg and Other Stories鸡蛋的胜利和其他故事;Death in the Woods and Other Stories林中之死及其他故事;I Want to Know Why我想知道为什么
47、Carl Sandburg卡尔?桑德堡1878-1967 Always the Young Stranger永远是陌生的年轻人s;In Reckless Ecstasy肆无忌惮的狂热;The Prairie Years草原的年代一、二;The War Years战争的年代(林肯传记);The American Songbag美国歌袋;The People,Yes人民,好;Honey and Salt蜜与盐;Corn-huskers辗米机(Fog雾);Smoke and Steel烟与钢
48、Wallace Stevens华莱士?史蒂文斯1879-1955 Harmonium风琴;The Man With the Blue Guitar弹蓝吉他的人;Notes Toward a Supreme Fiction关于最高虚构的札记(Peter Quince at the Clavier彼得?昆斯弹风琴;Sunday Morning礼拜天早晨);The Auroras of Autumn秋天的晨曦;Collected Poems诗集
49、Henry Louis Mencken孟肯1880-1956 Bernard Shaw:His Plays肖伯纳的戏剧;The Philosophy of Nietzche尼采的哲学;The American Language美车语言;Happy Days幸福的日子(自传三部曲);Newspaper Days新闻记者的岁月;Heathe Days倡导异端邪说的年代
50、William Carlos Williams威廉?卡罗斯?威廉斯1883-1963 收入Des Imagistes意像派(意像派的第一部诗选)
诗集:Sour Grapes;Spring and All春;The Desert Music;The Journey of Love爱的历程;Collected Poems;Complete Poems;Collected Later Poems;Pictures from Brueghel布留盖尔的肖像;Paterson佩特森(5卷长诗);Asphodal,That Green Flower常青花日光兰(长诗)
名诗:Red Wheelbarrow红色手推车;The Widow’s Lament in Spring寡妇的春怨;The Dead Baby;The Sparrow ,to My Father麻雀—致父亲;Proletarian Portrait无产阶级画像(from An Early Martyr先驱);
The Great American Novels伟大的美国小说;In the American Grain美国性格;Autobiography自传
51、Sinclair Lewis辛克莱?刘易斯1885-1951(美国第一个获诺贝尔奖) Dur Mr Wrenn我们的雷恩先生;The Job求职;The Main Street大先进;Babbitt巴比特;Arrowsmith艾罗史密斯;Elmer Gantry艾尔默?甘特里;Dodsworth多兹沃斯;It can’t Happen Here事情不会发生在这里;Kingsblood Royal王孙梦
52、Ezra Pound艾兹拉?庞德1885-1972 The Spirit of Romance罗曼司精神;The Anthology Des Imagistes意像派诗选;Cathay华夏(英译中国诗);Literary Essays文学论;Hugh Swlwyn Mauberley;A Few Don’ts by Imagiste意像派戒条;Personage面具;Polite Essays文雅集;The Cantos of Ezra Pound庞德诗章(109首及8首未完成稿)
53、Hilda Doolittle希尔达?杜丽特尔1886-1961 Sea Garden海的花园;Collected Poems(Dread山精;Pear Tree;Orchard);The Walls Do Not Fall墙没在倒塌(战争诗三部曲);Tribute to the Angels天使颂;The Flowering of the Rod柳条葳蕤;Tribute to Freud献给弗洛伊德;Hellen in Egypt海伦在伦敦(抒情长诗)
54、Thomas Stearns Eliot托马斯?艾略特1888-1965 Prufrock and Other Observations普罗夫洛克(荒原意识);The Waste Land荒原(The Burial of the Dead死者的葬礼;A Game of Chess弈棋;The Fire Sermon火诫;Death by Water水边之死;What the Thunder Said雷电之言);
名诗:Ash Wednesday圣灰星期三;Four Quarters四个四重奏
诗剧:Murder in the Cathedral大教堂谋杀案;Family Reunion大团圆;Cocktail Party鸡尾酒会
55、Eugene Oneil尤金?奥尼尔1888-1953 独幕剧:Bound East to Cardiff东航卡迪夫;The Long Voyage Home归途迢迢;The Moon of the Carribbeans加勒比人之月
多幕剧:Beyond the Horizon天边外(其成名作);Anna Christie安娜?克里斯蒂;The Emperor Jones琼斯皇;The Hairy Ape毛猿;All the God’s Children Got Wings上帝的儿女都有翅膀The Great God Brown大神布朗;The Strange Interlude奇异的插曲;Mourning Becomes Electr素娥怨/悲悼a;The Iceman Cometh送冰的人来了;The Long Days Journey Into Night进入黑夜的漫长旅程/日长路远夜常深沉
56、Katherine Anne Porter凯瑟琳?安?波特1890-1980 Flowering Judas开花的紫荆花(Maria Conception;The Jitting of Granny Weatherall);Pale Horse,Pale Rider;Leaning Tower and Other Stories------TheCollected Stories of K A Porter
Ship of Fools愚人船(唯一的一部长篇小说);The Never Ending Wrong千古奇冤(回忆录)
57、Archibald Mac Leish阿基博尔德?麦克利什1892-1982 Towers of Ivory象牙塔;The Happy Marriage幸福的婚姻;Streets in the Moon月色中的街;New Found Land新发现的大陆;Conquistador新西班牙的征服者;Poems1912-1952
广播剧:The Fall of the City城市的陷落;Airraid空袭
58、Michael Gold迈克尔?戈尔德1894-1967 120 Million一亿二千万;Change The World改变世界;The Hollow Man空心人;Jews Without Money没在钱的犹太人(自传体小说)
戏剧:Hoboken Blues;Fiesta节日;Battle Hymn歌;Prletarian Literature in the United States美国无产阶级文学选集(与人合编)
59、E Cumings肯明斯1894-1962 Tulips anddd Chimneys郁金香与烟囱;The Enormous Room大房间;XLI   Poems诗41首;Viva万岁;No,  Thanks不,谢谢;Collected Poems诗集;Eimi爱米(访苏游记)
60、Edmund Wilson埃德蒙?威尔逊1895-1972 Travel in  Two Democracies在两个民主国家里旅行;To the Finland Station到芬兰站去;A Piece of My Mind:Reflection at Sixty心里话:行年六十的沉思;Axel’s Castle阿克塞尔的城堡(象征主义批判的圭阜);The Ttriple Thinkers三重思想家;The Wound and The Bow创伤与箭;The Shores of Light光明之岸;The Fruits of the MLA现代语言协会的成果
61、John Dos Passos帕索斯1896-1970 The Three Soldiers;Manhattan Transfer;U.S.A(The Forty-second Parallel;1919;The Big Money);District of Columbia哥伦比亚大区(The Adventures of a Young Man一个年轻人的冒险;Number One第一号;The Grand Design伟大的计划);Orient Express东方特别快车(游记)
62、F Scott Fitzgerald弗朗西斯?菲茨杰拉德1896-1940(迷惘的一代) The Side of Paradise人间天堂;The Beautiful and the Damned美丽的和倒霉;The Great Gatsby了不起的盖茨比;Tender in the Night夜色温柔;The Last Tycoon最后的巨头
短篇小说:Flappers and Philosophers姑娘们和哲学家们;Tales of the Jazz爵士时代的故事;Taps at Reveille早晨的起床号→The Ice Palace冰宫;May Days五一节;The Diamond as Big as the Ritz像里茨饭店那样大的钻石;Winter Dreams冬天的梦;The Rich Boy富家子弟;Babylon Revisted重访巴比伦敦             The Crack-up崩溃(自传体文集)
63、William Faulkner威廉?福克纳1897-1962 The Marble Faun云石林神(诗集);Soldiers’ Pay兵饷(小说)
短篇小说:Dry September干燥的九月;The Sound and the Fury愤怒与喧嚣;As I lay dying当我垂死的时候;Light in August八月之光;Absalom,Absolam押沙龙,押沙龙(家世小说)
64、Malcolm Cowley马尔科姆?考利1898- 译作:法国安德烈?纪德Andre Gide的Imaginary Interview虚构的会议
诗集:Blue Juniata;The Dry Season;The Exile’s Return流亡者的回归(研究“迷惘的一代”的专著);A Second Flowering第二次繁荣(The Other War另一种战争)
65、Ernest Hemingway欧内斯特?海明威1899-1961(“迷惘的一代”的代表人物) In Our Time在我们的年代里;The Torrents of Spring春潮;The Sun Also Rises太阳照样升起;Farewell to Arms永别了,武器;For Whom the Bell Tolls丧钟为谁而鸣
短篇小说:Men Without Women没有女人的男人;The Winners Take Notheing胜者无所获;The Fifth Column and First Forty-nine Stories第五纵队与首次发表的四十九个短篇
政论:To Have and Have Not贫与富    回忆录:A Moveable Feast到处逍遥
66、Hart Crane哈特?克兰1899-1932 My Grandfather’s Love Letters祖父的情书;Praise for an Urn瓮颂;For the Marriage of Faustus and Hellen为浮士德和海伦的婚姻而作;Voyage航海;The Bridge桥(长诗);White Buildings白色的楼房(首部诗集)
67、Thomas Wolfe托马斯?沃尔夫1900-1938 Look Homeward,Angel天使,望乡→(续)Of Time and the River时间与河流;The Web and the Rock蛛网与岩石;You Can’t Go Home Again有家归不得;The Hills Beyond远山(未完成)
短篇小说:From Death to Morning从死亡到早晨
68、James Langston Hughes詹姆斯?兰斯顿?休斯1902-1969 Mulatto混血儿(剧本);The Weary Blues疲倦的歌声;Dear Lovely Death亲爱的死神;Shakespear in Harlem哈莱姆的莎士比亚;I Wonder as I Wander我漂泊我思考;The Best of Simple辛普尔精选
69、John Steinbeck约翰?斯坦贝克1902-1966 Cup of Gold金杯;Tortilla Flat煎饼房;In Dubious Battle胜负未定;Of Mice and Men鼠和人;The Grapes of Wrath愤怒的葡萄;The Moon is Down月亮下去了;Cannery Row罐头厂街;The Pearl珍珠
短篇小说:The Red Pony小红马(The Gift,The Great Mountains大山;The Promise许诺,The Leader of the People人们的领袖)
70、Nathanael West韦斯特1903-1940 The Dream Life of Balso Snell巴尔索?斯纳尔的梦幻生涯;The Day of Locust蝗灾之日;Miss Lonelyhearts寂寞小说
71、James Farrel 法雷尔1904-1979 Studs Lonigan斯塔兹?朗尼根(Young Lonigan少年朗尼根;The Young Manhood of Studs Lonigan朗尼根的青年时代,Judgement Day末日窝审判);Danny O’Neil丹尼?奥尼尔(五部曲);Bernard Carr伯纳德?卡尔(三部曲)
短篇小说:Calico Shoes花布鞋;Guillotine Party行刑队
文艺评论:A Note on Literary Criticism文艺评论札记;Literature and Morality文学与道德
72、Lillian Hellman丽莲?海尔曼1905-1983 The Children’s Hour孩子们的时光;The Little Foxes小狐狸;Watch on the Rhine守望莱茵河;The Searching Wind彻骨的风;The Autumn Garden秋园 ;Tos in the Attic阁楼里的玩具;The Days to Come未来的日子;Another Part of the Forest森林的另一处
回忆录:An Unfinished Wonman一个事业尚未终了的女人;Pentimento旧画新貌;Scoundrel Time邪恶的时代
73、Clifford Odets克利福德?奥德茨1906-1963 Waiting for Lefty等待老左/勒夫特;Awake and Sing!醒来歌唱;Till the Day I Die直到我死的那天;Paradise Lost失乐园;Golden Boy金孩子;Clash by Night夜间冲突;The Big Knife大刀;The Country Girl乡村姑娘;The Flowering Peach开花的桃树
74、Richard Wright理查德?赖特1908-1960 Uncle Tom’s Children汤姆叔叔的孩子们;Native Son土生子;Black Boy;黑孩子The Outsiders局外人;The Long Dream漫长的梦;Eight Men八人行
75、Eudora Welty尤多拉?韦尔蒂1906- 短篇小说:Death of a Travelling,Salesman巡回推销员之死;A Curtain of Green and Other Stories绿窗帘和其他;The Wide Net and Other Stories大网和其他故事;The Golden Apples金苹果;The Bridge of Innifallen英尼斯法伦的新娘
长篇小说:The Robber Bridgeroom强盗新朗;Detta Wedding德尔塔的婚姻;The Ponder Heart庞德的心;The Losing Battles失败的战斗;The Optismist’s Daughter乐观者的女儿
76、Valdimir Nabokov弗?纳博科夫1899-1977 Lolita洛莉塔;Pale Fire微暗的火;The Admiralty Sprie海军部大厦塔尖
77、Anais Nin安娜伊思?宁1903-1977 The Novel of Future未来的小说;Heida海达;House of Incest乱伦之家;Collages拼贴
78、Issac Bashevis Singer艾萨克?辛格1904-1991 Gimpel the Fool傻瓜吉姆佩尔;The Family Moskat莫斯卡特家族;Satan in Goray撒旦在戈雷;The Magician of Lublin卢布林的魔术师;The Slave奴隶;The Manor庄园;The Estate产业;Enenemies,A Love Story仇敌们,一个爱情故事;Shosha舒莎
短篇小说:The Spinoza of Market Street市场街的斯宾诺莎;A Friend of Kafka卡夫卡的朋友
名篇:Neighbours邻居
79、Robert Penn Warren罗伯特?沃伦1905-1989 Night Rider夜间骑士;At Heaven’s Gate在天堂门口;All King’s Men国王的全部人马;World Enough and Time足够的世界和时间;The Cave洞穴;Band of Angels天使的队伍;A Place to Come to归宿
诗集:Thirtysix Poems;Selected Poems1923-1943;Brother to Dragons;Promised:Poems1954-1956;You,Emperors and Others;Selected Poems New and Old 1923-1966;Elven Poems on the Same Themet;Incarnation Poem1966-1968显灵:1966-1968诗选;Now and Then:Poems 1976-1978此时与彼时1976-1978诗选
剧作:Proud Flesh骄傲的血肉之躯;Modern Rhetoric当代修辞学;Birth of Love爱之诞生(选自与Cleanth Brooks合编的  Understanding Poetry/Understanding Fiction)
逃亡者集团The Fugitive的宣言书I’ll Take My Stand我表明我的立场
80、Tennessee William田纳西?威廉斯1911-1983 American Blues美国的布鲁斯;Battle of Angels天使的战斗;The Glass Menagerie玻璃动物园;The Streetcar Named Desire欲望号街车;Cat on a Hot Tin Roof热铁皮屋顶上的猫;The Night of The Iguana鬣蜥之夜;Summer and Smoke夏与烟;The Rose Tattoo玫瑰纹;Sweet Bird of Yout可爱的青春鸟
81、John Cheever约翰?契弗1912-1982 短篇小说:The Expelled开除
短篇小说集:The Way Some People Live一些人的生活方式;The Enormous Radio and Other Stories巨型收音机和其他;The Housebreaker of Shaddy Hill and Other Stories绿茵山窃贼和其他;Some People,Places and Things That Will Not Appear in My Next Novel一些不会在我下一部小说中出现的人物、地点、事件;The Brigadier and the Golf Widow陆军准将和高尔夫迷寡妇;The World of Apples苹果世界→The Stories of John Cheever契弗短篇小说选
长篇小说:The Wapshot Chronicle/Scandal瓦普肖特纪事/丑闻;Bullet Park布利特公园;Falconer鹰猎者
82、Irwin Shaw欧文?肖1913-1984 Bury the Dead埋葬死者;Sailor off the Bremen不来梅港外的水手
长篇小说:The Young Lions幼狮;The Troubled Air混浊的空气;Lucy Crown露茜?克朗;Two Weeks in Another Town; Voices of a Summer Day夏日的喁喁声;Rich Man,Poor Man;Evening in Byzantium;Nightwork认夜工;Beggarman,Thief;Bread upon the Waters
83、Ralph Ellison拉尔夫?埃利林1914- 长篇小说:Invisible Man看不见的人
散文集:Shadow and Act影子与行动;Going to the Territory步入文学界
84、Bernard Malamud伯纳德?马拉默德1914-1986 长篇小说:The Natural天生运动员;The Assistant伙计;The Fixer装配工;A New Life新生活;God’s Grace上帝的恩赐        短篇小说:The Magic Barrel魔桶
85、Landall Jarrel兰达尔?贾维尔1914-1965 诗集:Blood for a Stranger献给一个陌生人的血;Little Friend ,Little Friend小朋友,小朋友;Losses损失;Seven-league Crutches七里格长的拐杖;The Lost World失去的世界
小说:Pictures of an Institution学院小景;The Woman at the Washington Zoo华盛顿动物园的女人
评论:Poetry and the Age诗歌与时代;The Death of the Ball Turret Gunner旋转炮塔炮手之死
86、John Berryman约翰?贝里曼1914-1972 诗:Homage to Mrs Bradstreet献给布拉兹特里夫人;The Dream Songs梦之歌;Poems1942;The Dispossessed被剥夺者(The Ball Poem小球诗);77 Dream Songs;Berryman’s Sonnets;Short Poems;His Toy;His Dream;His Rest;Love and Fame;Delusion,etc错觉及其他
小说:Recovery复原       传记:Stephen Crane斯蒂芬?克莱恩
87、Saul Bellow索尔?贝娄1915- 长篇小说:Dangling Man晃来晃去/挂起来的人;The Victim受害者;The Adventure of Augie March奥基?马奇历险记;Henderson the Rain King雨王汉德逊;Herzog赫索格;Mr Summlar’s Planet塞姆勒先生的行星;Humboldt’s Gift洪堡的礼物
中篇小说:Seize the Day且乐今朝
88、Arthur Miller阿瑟?米勒1915- Situation Normal情况正常;The Man Who Had All the Luck吉星高照的人;All My Sons都是我的儿子;The Death of a Salesman推销员;The Crucible严峻的考验/萨姆勒的女巫;A View from the Bridge桥头眺望;A Memory of Two Mondays两个星期一的回忆;After the Fall堕落之后;Incident at Vichy维希事件 ;The Price代价;The Creation of the World and Other Business创世及其他;The Archbishop’s Ceiling大主教的天花板;The American Clock美国时钟
89、Robert Lowell罗伯特?洛厄尔1917-1977 诗:Lord Weary’s Castle威尔利老爷的城堡;Life Studies人生探索
名篇:For Sale;Walking in the Blue;For the Union Dead献给联邦死难士→自白诗运动
90、J D Salinger杰罗姆?大卫?塞林格1919- 短篇小说:The Young Folks年轻人     短篇小说集:Nine Stories故事九篇
中篇小说:Franny弗兰尼;Zooey卓埃;Raise High the Roof Beam,Carpenters木匠们,把屋梁升高;Seymour:An Introduction西摩其人
长篇小说:The Cather in the Rye麦田守望者
91、Betty Frieden贝蒂?弗里丹1921- The Feminine Mystique女性的奥秘;It Changed My Life它改变了我的生活;The Second Stage第二阶段(How to get the Women’s Movement Moving Again)
92、Alex Haley亚历克斯?哈利1921-1992 The Autobiography of Malcolm X马尔科姆?艾克斯自传
Roots根;Hanning汉宁镇(自传体小说)
93、Jack Kerouac杰克?凯鲁亚克1922-1966(“垮掉的一代”奠基者) The Town and the City镇和城;On the Road在路上;The Subterraneans地下居民;The Dharma Bums达摩的流浪者;Visions of Cody科迪的梦想;Doctor Sax萨克斯医生;Maggie Cassidy麦琪?卡西迪;Mexico City Blues墨西哥城的布鲁斯;Lonesome Traveller孤独的旅行者;Desolation Angels凄凉天使;Satori in Paris巴黎参禅记;Vanity of Duluoz杜卢奥斯的偏见
94、Kurt Vonnegut库特?冯尼格特 长篇小说:Player Piano自动钢琴;The Sirens of Titan泰坦族的海妖;Cat’s Craddle猫的摇篮;Slaughterhouse Five第五号屠场;Mother Night黑夜母亲;God Bless You,Mr Rosewater上帝保佑你,罗斯瓦特先生;Breakfast of Champions顶呱呱的早餐;Slapstick,or Lonesome No More滑稽剧,又名不再孤独;Jailbird囚犯;Deadeye Dick神枪手迪克
短篇小说集:Welcome to the Monkey House欢迎到猴房来(Report on the Barnhouse Effect关于巴恩豪斯效应的报告)
95、Norman Mailer诺曼?米勒1923-   (垮掉的一代;文学恐怖主义者/亡命之徒) 裸者与死者;Barbary Shore巴巴里海滨;The Deer Park廘苑;An American Dream一场美国梦;The White Negro白色黑人;Advertisement for Myself为自己做广告;Why Are We in Vietnam?我们为什么要去越南;The Executioner’s Song刽子手之歌;The Armies of the Night夜色幕下的大军(History as a Novel/The Novel as History)—非虚构小说;New Journalism新新闻报道
96、James Dichey詹姆斯?迪基1923- 诗集:Into the Stone钻入石头;Drowning With Others跟别人一起淹死(The Lifeguard救生员);Helmets头盔;Buckdancer’s Choice班克舞者的选择;Poems1957-1967;The Iodiac黄道
长诗:Deliverance解脱
诗论集:The Suspect in Poetry诗歌中的嫌疑犯;Babel to Byzatium从巴别尔到拜占庭
97、Joseph Heller约瑟夫?海勒1923- 长篇小说:Catch-22第二十二条军规;Something Happened出了毛病;As Good as Gold像高尔德一样好               剧本:We Bombed in New Haven我们轰炸纽黑文;Catch-22;Clevinger’s Trial克莱文杰受审(据Catch-22第八章)
98、James Baldwin詹姆斯?鲍德温1924-1987 散文集:Note of  a Native Son土生子的笔记;Nobody Knows My Name;Fire Next Time下一次烈火;No Name in the Street他的名字被遗忘;The Devil Finds Work魔鬼找到工作
小说:Go Tell it on the Mountain向苍天呼吁;Giovanni’s Room乔万尼的房间;Another Country另一个国度;Tell Me How Long the Train’s Been Gone告诉我火车已开多久;If Beale Street Could Talk假如比尔能说话;Just Above My Head就在我头上
短篇小说集:Going to Meet the Man去见这个人
剧本:The Amen Corner阿门角;Blues for Mister Charley为查理先生唱布鲁斯/黑人怨;One Day When I was Lost有一天当我迷失的时候/迷路前后
100、Flannery O’Connor弗兰纳里?奥康纳1925-1964 长篇小说:Wise Blood慧血;The Violent Bear It Away它为强暴者所夺走
短篇小说集:A Good Man Is Hard to Find好人难寻;Everything That Rises Must Converg上升的一切必然汇合e
名文:Good Country People善良的乡下人;The Lame Shall Enter First跛腿者先进去;Greenleaf格林利夫;Revelation;Parker’s Back派克的背
101、William Styron威廉?斯泰伦1925- Lie Down in Darkness躺在黑暗中;The Long March长途行军;Set This House on Fire放火烧屋;The Confessions of Nat Turner纳特?特纳的自白;Sophie’s Choice索菲的选择
102、Allen Ginsburg艾伦?金斯堡1926- 诗集:Howl and Other Poems嚎叫及其他(America)(The Beat Generation垮掉的一代的宣言书和代表作);Kaddish and Other Poems卡第绪及其他;Plannet News行星消息;The Fall of America美国的衰弱
103、James Wright詹姆斯?赖特1927-1980 诗集:The Green Wall绿墙;Saint Judas圣徒犹大;The Tail and Eyes of a Lion狮子的尾巴和眼睛;The Branch Will Not Break树枝不会断;Shall We Gather at the River我们在河边聚会;Collected Poems;Two Citizens两位公民;Moments of the Italian Summer意大利之夏;To a Blossoming Pear Tree致盛开鲜花的梨树;This Journey;A Blessing祝福
104、Edward Albee爱德华?阿尔比1928- The Zoo Story动物园的故事;The Death of Bessie Smith贝西?史密斯之死;The Sandbox沙箱;The American Dream美国梦;Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?谁害怕弗吉尼亚?伍尔夫;Tiny Alice小爱丽丝;A Delicate Balance脆弱的羊群;Seascape海景;The Lady from Dubuque来自杜布克的女人;The Man With Three Arms在臂人
105、Martin Luther King Jr马丁?路德?金1929-1968 I Have a Dream;Stride Toward Freedom迈向自由;Strength to Love爱的力量;Why We Can’t Wait?;Where Do We Go from Here,Chaos or Community?今后我们何去何从,纷争还是团结?
106、Gary Snyder加里?斯奈德1930-   (ecology poet) Riprap大卵石(Piute Creek皮尤特河);Myths & Texts神话与现实;The Back Country偏僻的山村;Regarding Wave观浪(Meeting the Mountain进山);Turtle Island龟岛;Left Out in the Rain:New Poems 1974-1985留在雨中:1974-1985新诗集
文集:Six Sections from Mountains and Rivers Without End Plus One山水穷尽六章外一章;The Real Work:Interviews and Talks脚踏实地工作:访问记与演讲稿
107、John Barth约翰?巴思1930- 长篇小说:The Floating Opera漂浮的歌剧;The End of the Road穷途末路;The Sot-weed Factor烟草代理商;Letters书信集;Giles Goat-boy山羊孩子贾尔斯;Lost in the Funhouse迷失在开心馆里(Title题目);Chimera客迈拉; Sabbatical学院的轮休假;The Friday Book:Essays and Other Nonfictions星期五的书:论文及其他非小说
108、Tony Morrison托尼?莫里森1931- The Bluest Eye最蓝的眼睛;Sula苏拉;Song of Solomon所罗门之歌;Tar Baby柏油娃娃;Beloved;Jazz爵士乐
109、John Updike厄普代克1932- 长篇小说:The Poorhouse Fair养老院义卖会;Rabbit, Run兔子,跑吧;Rabbit Relax兔子回家;Rabbit Is Rich兔字发财;Centaur马人;Of the Farm农场;Couples夫妇;The Witches of Eastwick伊斯特威克的巫婆们;Tust Me信赖我
短篇小说集:Pigeon Feather and Other Stories鸽羽及其他故事;The Music School 音乐学校;Problems and Other Stories问题及其他故事
评论集:Hugging the Shore:Essays and Criticism拥抱海洋:论文与批评
诗集:Midpoint and Other Poems中点及其他诗篇
小说:V;The Crying of Lot 49   49号遗物的拍卖;Gravity’s Rainbow万有引力之虹
110、Joyce Carol Oates 乔伊斯?卡洛尔?欧茨1938- A Garden of Earthly Delights人间乐园;Expensive People奢侈的人们;Them;The Assassins刺客;Childwold查尔德伍德;Son of the Morning黎明之子;Unholy Loves不神圣的爱情;Bellefleur贝尔弗勒;Angel of Light光明天使;A Bloodsmoor Romance布勒兹摩传奇
短篇小说集:By the North Gate北门边;Upon the Swearing Flood洪水浪潮;The Wheel of Love爱之轮;Marriage and Infidelities婚姻与婚外恋
诗集:Anonymous Sins无名的罪孽;Love and Its Derangement爱与爱的错乱;Dreaming America梦想的美国
剧本:The Sweet Enemy甜蜜的敌人;Sunday Dinner星期天会餐;Ontological Proof of My Existence我存在的本体论证明;Miracle Play奇迹剧
论文集:The Edge of Impossibility:Tragic Forms in Literature不可能的边缘:文学的悲剧形式;New Heaven,New Earth:Visionary Experience in Literature新天堂,新人间:文学中的幻想经验
111、Sam Shepard萨姆?谢泼德1943-   剧本:Cowboys牛仔;The Rock Garden岩石花园;Cowboys #2牛仔第二号;Chicago芝加哥;Operation Sidewinder响尾蛇行动;Meloddrama情节剧
112、Sylvia Plath西尔维亚?普拉斯1932-1963(confessional school自白派) 诗集:The Colossus巨人集;Ariel阿里尔集(Daddy;Lady Lazarus拉扎勒斯夫人);The Uncollected Poems杂诗集;Crossing the Water涉水;Winter Trees
小说:The Bell Jar钟形玻璃罩(自传体小说)
名诗:Death & Co死亡公司
113、Philip Roth菲力普?罗斯1933- 短篇小说集:Goodbey,Columbus再见,哥伦布
Letting Go放手;When She Was Good当她是好女人的时候;Portnoy’s Complaint波特诺伊的怨诉The Breast乳房;The Professor of Desire欲望教授;Our Gang我们这一帮;The Great American Novel伟大的美国小说;My Life as a Man我作为男人的一生;The Ghost Writer代人捉刀的作家;Zukerman Unbound解放了的朱克曼
评论集:Reading Myself and Others评论自我与他人
114、Le Roi Jones勒罗依?琼斯1934- 诗集:The Dead Lecturer已故的讲师;Black Magic黑色魔术(Incident事件)
剧本:Dutchman;The Slave;The Motion of History历史的运动
115、Marrie Winn玛丽?温1936- The Fireside Book of Children’s Songs炉边儿歌集;The Paygroup Book儿童游戏大全The Fisherman Who Needed a Knife;The Thief Cather;The Baby Reader幼儿读物;The Plug-in Drug插入电源的毒品;Children Without Children没有童年的儿童
116、Thomas Pynchon托马斯?品钦1937-  (后现代主义) Geography of a Horse Dreamer马塞梦测者的地理;Angel City天使城;The Tooth of Crime罪恶的牙齿;Family家庭 (Curse of the Starving Class饥饿阶级的诅咒;Buried Child被埋葬的孩子;True West真正的西部);Fool for Love情痴;A Lie of the Mind心灵的谎言;Paris/Texas德州的巴黎
117、Alice Walker沃克1944- 长篇小说:TheThird Life of Grange Copeland格兰治科普兰的第三次生活;Meridian梅丽迪安;The Color Purple紫色      名文:The Civil Rights Movement:What Good Was It?
短篇小说集:In Love and Trouble相爱与苦恼;You Can’t Keep a Good Woman Down好女人永不屈服        散文集:In Search of Our Mothers’ Gardens
诗集:Once有一次;Revolutionary Petunias革命的牵牛花        传记:Langston Hughes

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