加载中…
个人资料
绿动江南
绿动江南
  • 博客等级:
  • 博客积分:0
  • 博客访问:32,524
  • 关注人气:24
  • 获赠金笔:0支
  • 赠出金笔:0支
  • 荣誉徽章:
相关博文
推荐博文
谁看过这篇博文
加载中…
正文 字体大小:

美国领导地位再遇阻碍:奥巴马声称新能源政策不可行(绿动江南译)

(2010-11-07 13:58:39)
标签:

奥巴马

美国

温室气体

共和党

清洁技术

新能源

财经

分类: 翻译

2010年11月4日 作者: Nathanael Baker  翻译:绿动江南

在经历了一场失败的中选后的第二天,美国总统奥巴马坦言,通过全面详尽的新能源政策在短时间内不可能实现。

面对满屋子的记者奥巴马总统发表了谦逊的讲话,他说周二晚上的选举结果表明,美国民众希望看到共和党和民主党并肩作战共同致力于推进该国发展,这也是他发誓要做到的一切事情中的一个问题,包括能源。

在他的谈话中,奥巴马说他认为每个美国人都相信国家能源政策是按照需要制定的,并且强大的能源独立能力也是必须的。这些,奥巴马说给了共和党和民主党一个在一起商讨如何推进能源议程向前发展的机会。

总统承认,跟共和党合作将需要妥协——共和党曾游说强烈反对去年在众议院通过的、参议院提出的能源法案。特别是他们曾严厉批评政府在温室气体的排放限额和贸易政策方面的宣传。

妥协之一包括搁置政府今年准备通过的一项能源法案的意向。总统说,“今年、明年抑或后年,在众议院获得选票通过该法案都是没有把握的。”他进一步补充道,“在能源事务上我们可能不得不说现在执行这些还存在很多分歧。但是我们不能等待,我们应该在意见一致的领域开始谋取发展。”

那么,民主党人和共和党人在能源言论的哪些方面意见一致?哪些可以推进能源政策的制定?奥巴马概述了三个方面。

1.天然气-----我们一致认为,美国有大量的天然气资源,并且绝大多数都尚未开发。

2.发展电动车辆----我们一致认为,美国应该在本土大力开发和制造电动车辆。

3.核能----我们一致认为,核能是一种能减少对国外石油的依赖,并降低温室气体排放的资源。

这些领域的一致观点可以促进两党的合作关系?绝对可以。这些领域的发展将会推动美国的新兴可再生能源和清洁技术达到行业的前列吗?大概不会。

他并没有提到发展国家清洁能源的生产,如风能和太阳能,没有提到制定一个可再生能源的标准,没有提到温室气体排放上限,对创造吸引在清洁技术方面投资的平台也只字未提。推进天然气和核能并不是渐进的议程,这将会引发中美争夺在新能源经济方面的领导地位。

周二晚上的中选结果看来不仅仅意味着民主党的失败,也意味着新能源的失败。考虑到众议院和参议院多数的共和党人持有没有科学证据显示人为全球变暖是真实的这样的观点,太阳能或风能等代替煤或天然气发电的低排放技术将很难发展。

尽管美国还在继续摸索机会,期待引领化石燃料基础经济转变模式的潮流,但世界其他国家拒绝等待,可能很快就会将目光转向一个新的世界领导者。

 

原文如下(翻译不当之处,敬请雅正)

U.S. Leadership Stumbles Again: Obama Says New Energy Policy Unfeasible

 

November 4, 2010 by Nathanael Baker 

A day after his party endured a "shellacking" in midterm elections, U.S. President Barack Obama said passing new comprehensive energy policy was no longer a short-term possibility.

Standing humbled as he addressed a packed-room of reporters, President Obama said Tuesday night's election results illustrated that the American people want to see Republicans and Democrats working together to move the country forward; this is something he vowed to do on all issues, including energy.

In his address, the President said he didn't think there was anyone in America who believes national energy policy is working the way it needs to and that greater energy independence is needed.  This, Obama said, gives Republicans and Democrats an opportunity to come together and discuss how to move forward on the energy agenda.

The President acknowledged that working with Republicans will require compromise -- the Republican party lobbied staunchly against the energy bills that were passed in the House of Representatives and proposed in the Senate last year.  In particular they chastised the government's advocacy of a cap-and-trade policy for greenhouse gas emissions.

One of these compromises includes shelving the administration's intention of passing an energy bill this year.  The president said, "It's doubtful you could get the votes to pass that through the House this year or next year or the year after." He further added, "On energy issues we're probably going to have to say here are some issues where there's just too much disagreement to get this done right now.  But let's not wait, let's start making progress on the areas we agree on."

So, what areas in the energy discourse do Democrats and Republicans agree on?  Where can progress on energy policy be made?  The President outlined three areas:

Natural Gas - It is agreed this is a plentiful American resource that has largely been untapped.

Developing Electric Vehicles - It is agreed these vehicles need to be developed and manufactured in America.

Nuclear Power - It is agreed this is a resource can reduce dependence on foreign oil and greenhouse gas emissions.

Are these areas capable of promoting bi-partisan partnership? Most definitely.  Are they areas of development which will push the United States to the forefront of the emerging renewable energy and cleantech industries?  Probably not.

There is no mention of developing the country's manufacturing of clean technologies such as wind turbines or solar cells; no mention of developing a renewable energy standard; no mention of capping emissions; and no mention of creating structures to attract investment in clean technologies.  Promoting natural gas and nuclear energy is not the progressive agenda that will enable the United States to compete with China for leadership in the new energy economy.

Tuesday night's election results appear to represent not only a shellacking for the Democrats, but also a shellacking for clean energy.  Considering the majority of Republicans in the House and the Senate believe there is no scientific evidence showing anthropogenic global warming is real, it will be tough to sell the development of low emission technologies like solar or wind power instead of coal or natural gas.

While the United States continues to fumble opportunities to lead the paradigm shift away from a fossil fuel-based economy, the rest of the world refuses to wait, and may soon be turning its eyes to a new global leader.

0

阅读 评论 收藏 转载 喜欢 打印举报/Report
  • 评论加载中,请稍候...
发评论

    发评论

    以上网友发言只代表其个人观点,不代表新浪网的观点或立场。

      

    新浪BLOG意见反馈留言板 电话:4000520066 提示音后按1键(按当地市话标准计费) 欢迎批评指正

    新浪简介 | About Sina | 广告服务 | 联系我们 | 招聘信息 | 网站律师 | SINA English | 会员注册 | 产品答疑

    新浪公司 版权所有