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【SAT词汇专题】填空题目意群词汇必备总结(感谢任钛石)

(2011-05-02 21:18:22)
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体育

分类: SAT词汇专题

这个词表是我在任钛石(SAT填空老师,现在在北大读研)老师从数百道填空题目中总结出来的意群单词,我将其按照SAT填空的特点分成了四大类:正评价单词、负评价单词、支持类动词、反对类动词。这四类词汇对于SAT填空的解题非常重要。SAT填空中所考查的对应关系是反复重复重现的,高频对应也就这么几种,所以请大家务必重视。本次表特别适合准备参加5、6月份SAT考试的同学临考之前复习使用。

 

正评价单词

节俭 frugal husband prudence thrift

大方 munificent liberal bounteous freehanded generous

安静 serene peaceful tranquil sedate phlegmatic dispassionate equable imperturbable placid staid quietude

先驱 precursor harbinger herald forerunner

吸引 appealing telling compelling inviting taking engrossing

中立 indifferent apathetic dispassionate neutral unbiased impassive

迷人的 Winsome riveting

奇异 bizarre outlandish weird eerie exotic esoteric

勇敢 valorous intrepid undaunted indomitable gallant

天真 naïve guileless innocent artless ingenuous

格言 Adage aphorism dictum epigram maxim precept

装饰多 flashy decorative embellish garish flamboyant tawdry gaudy bedizen foppish garish gaudy frippery lurid flamboyance flaring meretricious showy florid regal resplendent bravura sumptuous  

谨慎 politic prudent scrupulous conscientious canny chary meticulous gingerly(adv.) discretion punctilious wary

卓越杰出的 Preeminent prominent eminent transcendent salient

无瑕疵的 Immaculate impeccable irreproachable

欢快的 vivacious active animated brisk dynamic energetic Ebullient ecstasy effervescence euphoria exuberance exult jollity jubilation mirth transport exuberant gay lively spirited sprightly spry  

充沛 exuberance opulence profusion cornucopia bountiful copious fertility plenitude prolific affluence ample

奇特的,罕见的 exceptional  remarkable  stupendous

奇妙的  miraculous wonderful marvelous

大胆的,莽撞的 audacious bold  brave  daring  gallant  heroic valiant  prowess dauntless Fortitude mettle valor undaunted hardy dauntless gamely indomitable intrepid prowess

多产的,丰富的 prolific  fecund  fertile  fruitful  productive munificent prosperous affluent  flourish  opulent plentiful abundant

持久的  everlasting perpetual permanent endurable abiding eternal

谨慎的,警觉的 wary  chary  vigilant  discreet  considerate cautious prudent careful circumspect

神圣的 spiritual sanctuary

迅速发展,趋于繁荣prosper  flourish  thrive  boom mushroom sprout

平息物 balm emollient pain-killer analgesic anodyne placebo

宁静的,平静的 quiet  calm  serene  peaceful  silent  still tranquil  pacific composed phlegmatic dispassionate equable imperturbable placid sedate staid tranquil quietude

冷静的,不为所动的phlegmatic impassive apathetic composed indifferent reserved nonchalant collected unruffled imperturbable impervious

真正的,纯种的 genuine  authentic

真实的,诚实的 candid  candor  frank  fair  genuine  open pure  trustworthy  trustful  veracious virtuous

忠诚  fidelity  allegiance attachment devotion  faith  fealty steadfast

精确,准确 accuracy  exactness exactitude  precision

大纲,摘要 compendium  synopsis abstract  summary

仁慈的,宽大的 lenient  benefic  beneficent benign  benignant clement clemency benign countenance indulgent magnanimous leniency

严格的 rigid rigor rigorous severity stringent

迷人的,诱人的 intriguing alluring  appealing attractive  captivate charming  enchanting enticing  fascinating interesting inviting tantalizing tempting  thrilling  winning  ingratiating

优势,主权,权势 clout  ascendance ascendancy  authority preponderance  

合理的  logical  national  reasonable sound

一致的,相等的 congruent tantamount commensurate concord harmony agreement rapport conformity

相称的,合适的 condign  becoming fitting  proper  suitable  appropriate

温顺的,驯服的  obedient  meek  gentle  docile  tame deference supple complaisant docile amenable flexible tractable amenable obedient pliant submissive compliant dutiful meek

聪明敏锐的 perspicacious perceptive shrewd acumen acute sagacious subtlety discerning incisive shrewd astute heady

思考 meditation cerebration muse pore cogitate ponder ruminate

预感 foreboding presentiment presage

预兆 foreshadow premonition presage prognosis prophetic betoken bode portend portent indicative

清楚 conspicuous arresting blatant obtrusive noticeable arresting prominent remarkable salient striking noticeable conspicuous outstanding tangible palpable manifest overt patent conspicuous

话少 terse concise compendious curt laconic succinct summary taciturn muted retiring reticent concise curt brief compendious condensed compressed laconic reticent

关系近 Germane pertinent affiliated gregarious rapport

天生的 congenital inherent intrinsic

起初、原始的 nascent incipient rudimentary germinal inchoate primordial embryonic pristine

 

负评价单词

挥霍 prodigal lavish spendthrift wasteful  squander  extravagant sumptuous

小气 thrift miserly parsimonious petty stingy niggardly penurious mean skinflint tightfisted

小气鬼 miser niggard

单调 torpid lethargic inane drab monotonous

好斗 belligerent bellicose aggressive contentious

诽谤 vilify slander malign defame traduce

反感 antipathy repulsion aversion

陈腐 banal commonplace trite hackneyed cliché

傻瓜 fatuous asinine lunatic

固执 stubborn obdurate intractable recalcitrant obstinate

混乱 commotion turbulent boisterous pandemonium chaotic

喧闹 Obstreperous pandemonium boisterous bustle clangor clamorvociferous

恶臭 notorious noisome fetid malodorous fetid flagrant foul malodorous noisome notoriety putrid skunk stench stink rancid reek stale

装饰少 austere Spartan unadorned sober severe plain

炎热 torrid scalding sultry scorching

后悔 penitent compunction contrite remorse

无耻 impudent  shameless unscrupulous

容易冲动的 impetuous hasty headlong rash brash passionate reckless

理论家  doctrinaire pedant  theorist

残忍的,野蛮的 ferocious brutal  cruel  fierce ruthless vicious wild atrocious

秘密的,偷偷的 cryptic  furtive  covert  surreptitious  

隐居 hermit seclusion monastic sequester recluse

避难所  asylum  haven  harbor  institution refuge  shelter sanctuary

傲慢,专横 hauteur  swagger  imperious arrogance overbearing preemptory presumptuous bumptious scurrilous haughty insolent arbitrary contemptuous swagger  strut stride

恶作剧的,顽皮的 prankish  naughty  impish  elfish  devilish  mischievous

笨拙的,麻烦的 cumbersome awkward ungainly ponderous   

暴乱,骚动 agitation  bother  commotion stir

大风暴  tempest  violence  storm

大混乱,大灾难 havoc  calamity  catastrophe misfortune mishap woe tragedy

巨大的,惊人的 prodigious enormous extraordinary  gigantic cosmic astronomical gargantuan hulking magnitude mammoth prodigious titanic voluminous colossal huge  immense  mammoth vast  tremendous

胆小的,胆怯的 cowardly  craven  fearful  diffident  scared  pusillanimous timid dastard  poltroon  tremulous gall-less

过量 Glut plethora superfluous

贫困的,贫乏的 indigent  penurious penury  impecunious  needy

沼泽,湿地 marsh  mire  fen  mesh  swamp

虚弱的,衰老的 feckless  flaccid  flagging  languid  effete feeble

短暂的,瞬间的 momentary temporary transient ephemeral evanescent provisional

世俗的 mundane commonplace earthly earthy terrene terrestrial uncelestial worldly carnal corporal secular humane

假神圣 sanctimonious sanctified

过分注重细节的、挑剔的、拘于礼节的 meticulous nitpick  finicky  finical exacting censoring fastidious choosy  critical  particular  selective

苦行僧  stoic ascetic martinet adherent pilgrim  

骚动不安 turbulence turmoil ferment agitation pandemonium sedition tumult uproar

放纵、享乐 indulge  coddle  mollycoddle hedonism epicure cater to spoil libertine licentious voluptuary wastrel mollycoddle coddle cosset humor(迁就) lenient dissipate gorge(暴食)

假的 fallacious mendacious ostensible apocryphal feint spurious mendacious ostensible

做作的 contrived artificial mannered stilted affected

坏脾气的,暴躁的 cantankerous  cranky  irascible  irritable  quarrelsome choleric  apoplectic churlish  petulant  raspy

蹒跚,摇晃,跌倒 stagger  sway  tumble  waver flounder  ramshackle

粗略的,大概的 schematic cursory  coarse  crude  rough  vulgar

荒谬的,愚蠢的 absurd  silly  ridiculous senseless ludicrous

琐碎的,不重要的 trivial  frivolous  inane  measly  paltry  puny shallow  slight  superficial  trifling  worthless

卑贱的,可怜的 scurry  abject miserable pathetic  mean  wretched ignoble  contemptible  despicable shameless ignominious

怪人 recalcitrance nonconformist iconoclast bohemian eccentric nomadic

怪人特征 erratic idiosyncratic peculiar queer singular weird offbeat

教条 convention dogma tradition

顽强的,坚固的 headstrong obstinate stubborn adamant bullheaded pigheaded inflexible tenacious   unbending unyielding dour recalcitrant bigotry  tenacity  pertinacity

疯狂的 demented delirium frantic frenetic frenzied maniacal rabid zany

模糊 equivocal elliptical ambiguous evasive elusive enigmatic obscure impalpable inscrutable intricate murky nebulous

话多 glib vocative fluent talkative voluble compact epigrammatic marrowy meaty

关系远 dissociation(n.分裂) aloof impersonal unsociable reserved solitary standoffish unapproachable withdrawn

 

支持类动词

预见 portend prophesy prescient foreshadow

偏爱 penchant for propensity for tendency to disposition on

迷住 Captivate enthrall capture enrapture entrance engross

引诱、蛊惑: Entice lure tempt allure

模仿 mimicry imitation pastiche simulate ape

祝福,感谢 bless  bliss  blessing  benediction

赞扬  extol compliment glorify laud praise commend acclaim eulogize

颂词n. Encomium eulogy anthem paean panegyric tribute extol laud acclaim exalt plaudit

支持 Buttress bolster espouse endorse advocacy

居住  dwell  abide  reside  inhabit  occupy

夸张,吹牛 exaggerate bombast  overstate  full-blown overdo magnify  amplify  enlarge

免责,确定无罪 exempt  exonerate exculpate  invulnerable  absolve acquittal amnesty exonerate exculpate vindicate

释放 extricate emancipate unfetter alleviate

促进,帮助 precipitate accelerate advance  facilitate  hasten  hurry promote  quicken  speed-up  assist  abet  press

煽动激起  rouse  arouse  awaken excite  foment  anger inflame pique provoke  disquiet incense  whet  stimulate stir  instigate  galvanize vex  rile  roil  annoy  aggravate disturb

恳求 beseech entreat implore solicit supplicate

效忠,尊敬 homage  adoration deference  esteem  honor  respect reverence veneration worship

暗示 insinuate allude implicate innuendo intimate

婉转的表述 inkling circuitous circumlocution euphemism

分配,给予,分发 allocate  allot  apportion  assign  distribute  divide

灌输教导 inculcate indoctrinate infuse

假定 postulate premise supposition assumption hypothetical reputed

报复、报答 requite reprisal retaliation retribution

补偿 restitution redress reparation atone compensatory

批准认可 sanction approbation endorsement ratification acknowledge

 

反对类动词

剥夺 disenfranchise divest strip deprive

平息抚慰 mollify solace conciliate assuage placate pacify mollify pacify placate appease propitiate quell solace allay assuage extenuate mitigate palliate remit alleviate remission

伪装 dissemble dissimulate feign camouflage fabricate sham

否认 deny naysay gainsay repudiate disclaim refute refuse

删节 expurgate bowdlerize abridge prune truncate

轻视 disdain  spurn  despise  reject  scorn  contempt  derogate  belittle  disparage  depreciate flout  defile

嘲笑 deride  mock  ridicule  scorn  sneer  quip flout persiflage taunt mordant spoof  badinage  banter

浪费时间,嬉戏 dally  dawdle  delay  lag  linger  loiter

欺骗,诈骗 deceive  beguile mislead  trick swindle

揭密,泄漏 uncover  disclose  expose  open  reveal  unmask

偷窃  filch  pilfer  steel  thieve  purloin  burgle

诽谤,中伤 aspersion  slander  derogate  calumniate smear libel  discredit asperse  denigrate  injure

反对  demur  deprecate  dissent  dissident

否认,拒绝,驳斥 deny  contradict dispute  refute  renounce  naysay rebuff withhold dismiss reject  repudiate  gainsay renege rejoinder controvert repulsion retort

逃避、避免 abscond evasive shirk shun eschew obviate parry sheer

哀悼,后悔,哀叹 deplore  bemoan  regret  lament  dirge  bewail repent

驱逐,出境 deport  banish  expel  expatriate evict  exile oust  exclude  ostracize

取消,撤销,废除 repeal  nullify  abolish  quash  withdraw  abrogate abolish  annul  cancel invalidate recall  rescind evoke  retract  overrule expunge abrogate countermand derelict repeal rescind expunge

束缚  shackle  handcuff  manacle  chain  bind  fetter

使衰弱,使衰老 enfeeble  enervate  debilitate  weaken  vitiate

责备,指责,咒骂 accuse  blame  censure  charge  denounce  impugn impeach  indict execrate  condemn  criticize  reproach reprove  disapprove upbraid  vituperate injure reprehend rebuke  inveigh  diatribe  abuse  lambaste obloquy  invective

平息抚慰  quell appease  extinguish hush  lull  mollify pacify  quiet  smother  stifle  subdue  suppress foil  slake  quench

节制 restrain self-denial abstemious constrain temperate

伪造,掺假 adulterate forge  counterfeit  falsify  bogus

减弱,降低 appease  allay  alleviate  ease  lessen moderate  pacify  relieve attenuate  abate

犹豫,停滞 balk  boggle  scruple  demur  falter  flounder pause  vacillate  waver  hesitate

消除,除去 efface  erase  obliterate  raze  eliminate exterminate

使成僵局,僵局 stalemate  deadlock

屈尊 condescend deign

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