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awesome lantern festival

(2011-02-18 00:15:09)
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杂谈

The Lantern Festival(元宵节)
awesome <wbr>lantern <wbr>festival

  Lantern Festival is a China's traditional festival.It is on the 15th day of the 1st lunar month, usually in February or March in the Gregorian calendar. As early as the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 25), it had become a very important festival .

  元宵节是中国的一个传统节日。在阴历一月的第十五天,通常在阳历的二月或三月。早在西汉,元宵节就已经是很重要的节日了。

      awesome <wbr>lantern <wbr>festivalawesome <wbr>lantern <wbr>festivalawesome <wbr>lantern <wbr>festival

 

    The important activity on this day is watching lanterns. In the Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 220), Buddhism(佛教) flourished in China. One emperor heard that Buddhist monks would watch sarira, or remains from the cremation of Buddha's body, and light lanterns to worship Buddha on the 15th day of the 1st lunar month. So he ordered to light lanterns in the imperial palace and temples to show respect to Buddha on this day. Later, the Buddhist rite developed into a grand festival among common people and its influence expanded from the Central Plains to the whole of China.

元宵节最重要的活动就是观灯。在汉代,(元宵赏灯始于东汉明帝时期),佛教盛行一时,(明帝提倡佛教)他听说佛教有正月十五日僧人观佛“舍利”,点灯敬佛的做法。于是,他就命令这一天夜晚在皇宫和寺庙里点灯敬佛。以后这种佛教礼仪节日逐渐形成民间盛大的节日,它的影响从中原扩大到整个中国。         

   awesome <wbr>lantern <wbr>festivalawesome <wbr>lantern <wbr>festivalawesome <wbr>lantern <wbr>festival

 

Till today, the lantern festival is still held each year around the country. Lanterns of various shapes and sizes are hung in the streets, attracting countless visitors. Children will hold self-made or bought lanterns to stroll with on the streets, extremely excited.

直到今天,全国各地每年都有元宵放花灯的习俗,街头挂满了各种花灯,不同形状大大小小的花灯吸引了武术的游客前来观赏。孩子们特别的兴奋,因为他们可以手提着自制的或买来的花灯上街玩耍。 

  awesome <wbr>lantern <wbr>festivalawesome <wbr>lantern <wbr>festivalawesome <wbr>lantern <wbr>festivalawesome <wbr>lantern <wbr>festival

  "Guessing lantern riddles"is an essential part of the Festival. Lantern owners write riddles on a piece of paper and post them on the lanterns. If visitors have solutions to the riddles, they can pull the paper out and go to the lantern owners to check their answer. If they are right, they will get a little gift. The activity emerged during people's enjoyment of lanterns in the Song Dynasty (960-1279). As riddle guessing is interesting and full of wisdom, it has become popular among all social strata.

   “猜灯谜”是这个节日的重要组成部分。灯主们把谜语写在纸条上,如果游客们知道谜底,他们可以把纸条取下来到灯主们那里核对,如果答对了,他们就会得到一个小礼物。早在宋代人们开始赏灯的时候,这个活动就开始了。因为猜灯谜既有趣又益智,所以在各个阶层都很流行。

               awesome <wbr>lantern <wbr>festivalawesome <wbr>lantern <wbr>festivalawesome <wbr>lantern <wbr>festival

 

 

People will eat Yuanxiao, or Tangyuan (rice dumplings ), on this day, so it is also called the "Yuanxiao Festival." Tangyuan is small dumpling balls made of glutinous rice flour with rose petals, sesame, bean paste, jujube paste, walnut meat, dried fruit, sugar and edible oil as filling. Tangyuan can be boiled, fried or steamed. It tastes sweet and delicious. What's more, Tangyuan in Chinese has a similar pronunciation with "Tuanyuan”, meaning reunion. So people eat them to denote union, harmony and happiness for the family.

 

人们在这一天要吃元宵,或者叫汤圆,所以这一天也叫“元宵节”。汤圆是用糯米粉做成的小圆球,有各种各样的馅儿,如玫瑰、芝麻、豆沙、枣泥,胡桃、干果等加上糖和食用油混合而成。可汤煮、油炸、蒸食,味道很甜很鲜美。有团圆美满之意,人们吃汤圆象征着家庭团圆美满和幸福。

 

awesome <wbr>lantern <wbr>festivalawesome <wbr>lantern <wbr>festivalawesome <wbr>lantern <wbr>festivalawesome <wbr>lantern <wbr>festivalawesome <wbr>lantern <wbr>festival

 

    In the daytime of the Festival, performances such as a dragon lantern dance, a lion dance, a land boat dance, a Yangge dance, walking on stilts and beating drums while dancing will be staged. On the night, except for magnificent lanterns, fireworks form a beautiful scene. Most families set off fireworks into the sky. That makes up a colour picture around us, full of happiness and laugh.
  Now people in some cities are not allowed to set off firecrackers or fireworks because it's not safe to do that,especially for children.

在元宵节这一天,白天有像耍龙灯、耍狮子、踩高跷、划旱船扭秧歌、打太平鼓等活动。在晚上,除了美丽壮观的花灯,美丽的烟火也是元宵节的又一景观。家家户户都放烟火,这构成了一幅色彩斑斓的图画,带给人们幸福和欢笑.

现在很多城市都禁放烟花炮竹,因为不安全,尤其是小孩放鞭炮更加危险.

                               awesome <wbr>lantern <wbr>festivalawesome lantern festival

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