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(2011-03-31 18:10:39)









分类: 教育资讯


  海、陆、空、车、偶、被by,单数、人类know to man。

  原状because of,、 owing to、 due to表语形容词
  before、after表一点, ago、later表一段。
  与之相比beside,除了last but one。
  but for否定用虚拟,复合介词待后言。
  例:in the morning 在早上
  in the afternoon 在下午
  in the evening 在晚上
  in the day 在白天
  例: at dawn, at daybreak 在黎明时候
  at noon 在中午
  at night 在夜间
  at midnight 在午夜
  at six o'clock 在6点钟
  at 7:30 (seven thirty) 在7点半
  at half past eleven 在11点半
  at nine fifteen 在9点15分
  at ten thirty a.m. 在上午10点30分
  seven to five 5点差7分(半小时以上)
  five minutes after two 2点过5分
  at a quarter to two 1点45分
  at the weekend 在周末
  即在"来年",在"某月",在"某年某月" (但在某年某月某
  例;in 1986 在1986年
  in 1927 在1927年
  in April 在四月
  in March 在三月
  in December 1986 1986年12月
  in July l983 1983年7月
  in spring 在春季 in summer 在夏季
  in autumn 在秋季 in winter 在冬季
  in the fist week of this semester 这学期的第一周
  in the third week 在第三周
  阳光、灯、影、衣、冒 in,
  例:Don't read in dim light. 切勿在暗淡的灯光下看书。
  They are reviewing their lessons in the bright light. 他们在明亮的灯光下复习功课。
  They are sitting in the shade of a tree. 他们坐在树阴下乘凉。
  a prisoner in irons 带着镣铐的囚犯
  He went in the rain to meet me at the station. 他冒雨到车站去接我。
  The poor dressed (clothed) in rags in old society. 旧社会穷人们衣衫褴褛.

以及:in the bright sunlight 在明亮的阳光下
  a merchant in disguise 乔装的商人
  the woman in white (black, red, yellow) 穿着白(黑、红、黄)色衣服的妇女
  in uniform 穿着制服
  in mourning 穿着丧服
  in brown shoes 穿着棕色鞋
  in his shirt sleeves 穿着衬衫

  例: They will come back in 10 days. 他们将10天以后回来。
  I'll come round in a day or two. 我一两天就回来。
  We'll be back in no time. 我们一会儿就回来。
  Come and see me in two days' time. 两天后来看我。(从现在开始)
  after... (从过去开始)

  例:Li and I arrived at Heishan county safe and sound, all is well. Don't worry. 李和我平安地到达黑山县,一切很好,勿念。
  I live in a great city (big city), my sister lives at a small town while my parents live at a village. 我住在大城市,我姐姐住在一个小城镇,而我的父母则住在农村。
  I'm in Liaoning, at Anshan. 我住在辽宁省鞍山市.
  有形with无形by,语言 、单位、材料in
例:The workers are paving a road with stone. 工人们正用石子铺路。(有形)
  The teacher is correcting the paper with a new pen. 这位教师正用一支新笔批改论文。(有形)
  "Taking Tiger Mountain by Strategy" is a good opera. <<智取威虎山>>是-出好戏。(无形)
  The product is separated by distilation into gasoline and gas oil. 这种产品是用蒸馏分离出气油和粗柴油。 (表示方式、手段、方法--无形)
  I really can't express my idea in English freely in-deed.我确实不能用英语流利地表达我的思想。 (表示某种语言用in)
  I wrote a novel in Russian. 我用俄语写了一本小说。(同上)
  The kilometer is the biggest unit of length in the metric system.公里是米制中最长的长度单位。 (表示度、量、衡单位的用in )
  The length is measured in meter, kilometre, and centimetre. 长度是以米、公里、厘米为单位来计算的。(同上)
  This board was cast in bronze not in gold. 这个牌匾是铜铸的,不是金铸的。
  例: The Democratic Party was then in power. 那时民主党执政。
  They found the patient in a coma. 他们发现病人处于昏迷状态。
  He has not been in good health for some years. 他几年来身体一直不好。
  Many who came in despair went away in hope. 许多人带着绝望情绪而来,却满怀希望而去。
  The house was in ruins. 这房屋成了废墟。
  The poor girl was in tears. 这个贫苦女孩泪流满面。
Her clothes were in rags. 她的衣跟穿破了。
  His shoes were in holes. 他的鞋穿出窟窿了。
  I only said it in fun. 我说这话只是开玩笑的。
  She spoke in grief rather than in anger. 与其说她讲得很气愤,不如说她讲得很伤心。
  in jest 诙谐地,in joke 开玩笑地,in spite 恶意地, in fairness 公正地,in revenge 报复, in mercy 宽大,in sorrow 伤心地等。
  His mind was in great confusion. 他脑子里很乱。
  Today everybody is in high spirits and no one is in low ebb. 今天大家都兴高采烈,没有一个情绪低落的。
  She and her classmates are in flower ages. 她和她的同学都正值妙龄。
  The compaign was in full swing. 运动正值高潮中。
  例:we accepted the item in principle. 我们在原则上接受了这个条款。

They are never backward in giving their views. 他们从来不怕发表自己的意见。
  The backward area has achieved self-sufficient in grain. 这个落后的地区在粮食方面已能自给。
  A good teacher must be an example in study. 一个好的教师必须是学习的模范。
  例:All the speeches were taken down in shorthand. 所有报告都用速记记录下来了。
  The Party has always educated us in the spirit of patriotism and internationalism. 党一贯以爱国主义和国际主义精神教育我们。
  例如: in all 总计
  in advance 事前
  in the meantime 与此同时
  in place 适当地
  in hopes of(或in the hope of) 怀着.......希望
  in connection with 和……有关
  in contact with 和……联系
  in addition to 除......以外
  in case of 倘若,万一
  in conflict with 和......冲突
  in force 有效的,大批
  in depth 彻底地
  in regard to 关于
  in the neighborhood of 大约、邻近
  in retrospect 回顾,一想起
  in behalf of 代表......利益
  in the least 一点,丝毫
  in alarm 惊慌、担心
  in the opinion of 据……见解
  in the long run 从长远说来
in one's opinion 在……看来
  in word 口头上
  in a word 总之
  in vain 无益地, 白白地
  in case 如果,万一,以防
  in detail 详细地
  in haste 急急忙忙地
  in conclusion 总之
  in spite of 尽管
  in other words... 换句话说
  in return 作为回报
  in the name of 以......名义
  be confident in 对......有信心
  be interested in 对......感兴趣
  in doubt 怀疑
  in love 恋爱中
  in debt 负债
  in fun (jest、joke) 玩笑地
  in hesitation 犹豫不决
  in wonder 在惊奇中
  in public (secret) 公开他(秘密地)
in a good humour 心情(情绪)好
  介词at和to都可以表示方向; 用at表示方向时,侧重于攻击的目标,往往表示恶意;用to表示方向时,突出运动的位置或动作的对象,侧重表示善意。试比较下列各句:
  1. A.She came at me. 她向我扑过来。
  B.She came to me. 她向我走过来。
  2.A.Jake ran at John. 几 杰克向约翰扑过去。
  B.Jake ran to John. 杰克朝约翰跑去。
  3.A. He rushed at the woman with a sword. 他拿着剑向那妇女扑过去。
  B. He rushed to the woman with a sword. 他带着剑向那妇女跑过去。
  4.A.He shouted at the old man. 他大声喝斥那老人。
  B. He shouted to the old man. 他大声向那老人说
  5.A.I heard her muttering at Xiao Li. 我听见她在抱怨小李。
  B.I heard her muttering to Xiao Li. 我听见她在同小李低声说话。
  6.A. She talked at you just now. 她刚才还说你坏话呢。
  B.She talked to you just now. 她刚才还同你谈话呢.
  7.A.She threw a bone at the dog. 她用一块骨头砸狗。
  B.She threw a bone to the dog. 她把一块骨头扔给狗吃。
8.A.He presented a pistol at me. 他用手枪对着我。
  B.He presented a pistol to me. 他赠送我一支手枪。
  日子、日期、年月日,星期加上早午晚; 以下皆用on。
例: on Octorber the first 1949 1949年10月1日
  on February the thirteenth l893 1893年2月13日
  on May the first 5月1日
  on the first 1号
  on the sixteenth 16号
  on the second of January 或 on January the second 1月2日

on a summer evening 在夏天的一个夜晚
  on Boxing Day 在节礼日(圣诞节次日)
  on New Year's Day 在元旦
  on my birthday 在我的生日
  但 in the Christmas holidays在圣诞节假期; in the eighteenth century 在十八世纪; in ancient times 在古代; in earlier times 在早期; in modern times 在现代,则用in,the present time 现在,at the present day当今则用at。
  on May Day 在"五·一"节
  on winter day 在冬天
  on Decenber 12th 1950 l950年12月12日
  on Sunday 在星期天
  on Monday 在星期一
  on Tuesday morning 星期二早晨
  on Saturday afternoon 星期六下午
  on Friday evening 星期五晚上
但last night 昨夜;in the evening 在晚上; on time准时,in time及时,等则不同。
  例: on the morning of 18th 18日早晨
  on the evening of 4th 4日晚上
  On the eve of their departure they gave a farewell banquet and their head gave a garewell speech. 他们在临行前夕举行了一次告别宴会,他们的团长发表了告别讲话。
  例:Did your supervisor like the story over (or on) the radio last night?
  I heard the news over (or on) the radio. 我从收音机里听到了这一条消息。
  taIk over the radio 由无线电播音
  on TV 从电视里......
  hear something on the wireless 在无线电里听到
  My brother works on an Army reclamation farm. 我哥哥在一个军垦农场工作。
  The students are working on a school farm. 学生们正在校办农场劳动。
  This is a farmer's house on a farm. 这是农场的农舍。
  Who is on duty, tody? 今天谁值日?
  We go on duty at 8 a.m. 我们上午8点钟上班。

  例: This afternoon we are going to listen to a report on the international situation. 今天下午我们要听关于国际形势的报告。
  Professor Shen will give us a talk on travelling in America. 申教授将给我们做关于美国之行的报告。
  You are wrong on all these issues. 在这些问题上你的看法都错了。
  The belief is based on practical experience. 这种信念是以实际经验为基础的。
  Theory must be based on practice. 理论必须以实践为基础。
  The people in the south live on rice. 南方人主食大米。(*)
  The citizens live on their salaries. 城市人*薪金生活。
  You can't afford luxuries, on an income of 100 yuan a month. *月薪100元的收入,你是买不起奢侈品的。
  Her pet dogs were fed on the choicest food. 她用精饲料喂养她心爱的狗。
  He is just a scrounger, who lives on other people. 他正是一个小偷,专*损害别人过日子。
  Keep the kettle on the boil (=boiling). 让水壶的水一直开着。
  The enemy are on the run (=running). 敌人在逃跑。
  on the march在行军中,on the mend 在好转中,on the prowl徘徊,on the move活动中,on the scrounge巧取豪夺(埋语),on the go活跃,忙碌,on the lookout注意, 警戒,on the watch监视着。on the hop趁不备抓住某人等等。
  on the People's Democratic Dictatorship<<实践论>>和<<矛盾论>>
  on the People's Democratic Dictatorship<<论人民民主专政>>

"on Coalition Government" <<论联合政府>>
  例:The house next to mine was on fire. 我邻居的房子着火了。
  The workers of the railway station were on strike. 铁路工人罢工了。
  Grapes and big water melons from Sinkiang are on sale on a large sale. 新疆葡萄和西瓜大量上市了。
  do something on the sly (quiet). 秘密地(暗地里,偷偷地)做某事。
  I've come here on business. 我是有公事来的。
  They went to Bern on a mission. 他们到伯尔尼去执行一项使命。
  They has been away on a long trip. 他们出去做一次长途旅行。
  I'll go home on leave next month. 下月我将休假回家。
  I went on business to Shanghai. I did not take leave. 我是公出去上海的,不是不告面别。
  She came to see you on purpose. 她是专程来看你的。
  He came here on purpose to discuss it with you. 他到这来是要与你讨论这件事的。
  This lunch is on me.
  "No. let's go Dutch."
  On the contrary, it was very easy to understand. 相反,这事儿很容易理解。
  P1ease come on time. (on schedule). 请准时来。
  注:in time是"及时"的意思。
The train arrived on schedule. 火车准时到达。
  例:Gases expand on heating and contract on cooling. 气体加热时膨胀,冷却时收缩。(特定时间)
  On entering the room, he found his friends dancing in high spirits. 一进屋,他就发现他的朋友们在愉快地跳舞。
  On reaching the city he called up Lao Yang. 一到城里他就给老杨打了一个电话。
  I'll write to him on hearing from you. 我接到你的来信就给他写信。(一……就)
  以及on the left, right向左向右,on the stair在台阶上等。
  例:On foot步行; on horse骑马; on donkey 骑驴。
  He rode on, blood flowing from his side. 他骑着马,鲜血从腰部流下来。
  The soldier of the Eighth Route Army rode 100 li on a horse a day in order to catch up with his unit. 为赶上部队,那位八路军战士骑马日行百里。
  Go on horse back! 骑马去!
  You are having me on! 你和我开玩笑呢!
  in cab和in carriage 不能用on或by cab或carrige。
  例:At the foot of the mountain, there are thirty of our comrades. 在山脚下,有我们30个同志。
There is a beautiful lake at the foot of the hill. 山脚下有一个美丽的湖。
  At the gate of the house there are many children playing glassball. 门口有一大群孩子在玩玻璃球。
  Who's standing there at the door? 谁站在门口?
  I don't need the dictionary at present. 我现在还不需要这本词典。
  He is at present in Washington. 他目前正在华盛顿。
  The train runs at fifty kilometres an hour. 火车每小时行驶50公里。
  we built the plant at top speed and minimun cost. 我们以最低的投资,最高的速度修建了该工厂。
  at home 在国内,在家里
  at ten degrees centigrade 在摄氏10度
  at minus ten degrees centigrade 摄氏零下10度

Water freezes at 0°centigrade. 水在镊氏零度结冰。
  Water usually boils at 100°. 水通常在摄氏loo度沸赐。
  at zero 在零度
  at the rate of 45 miles an hour
  at full speed 全速
  at a good price 高价
  at a low cost 低成本
  at a great cost 花了很大代价
  at that time 在当时
  Evaporation takes place at all tempertures. 蒸发在任何温度下都能发生。
at 1000RPM (revolution per minute) 每分钟1000转
  at a high speed 高速
  The soldiers launched an attack upon the enemy at sunset. 战士们在日落时对敌人发起了攻击。
  at daybreak 日出时
  The force at the core leading our cause forward is the Chinese Communist Party. 领导我们事业的核心力量是中国共产党。
  The atom has a nucleus at its core. 在原子的中心有一个原于核。
  At the beginning of this term the teacher in charge of our class was very strict with us. 这学期开始,我们的班主任老师对我们要求非常严格。





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