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投入资金进行研发的千百万个理由

(2016-03-16 09:21:19)

内容来源:分享美国 地址链接:http://go.usa.gov/cGpDH  

奥巴马总统希望在生物医学研究领域投资 331亿美元。这是一大笔钱。但对于12名婴儿来说,生物医学研究意味着失明与否的差异。另外还有两千万人会从中受益。

研究与开发(R&D)是一笔划算的投资。这也是美国优先考虑的事项。这意味着高校、企业和政府都在投资于我们共同的未来。

一种变革性的新疗法

由加州大学圣地亚哥分校(University of California, San Diego)的研究人员主导的一个国际小组最近使用干细胞(这种细胞可以成为体内任何类型的专门的细胞)医治出生时患有先天性白内障的婴儿的眼睛。

研究报告的作者张康博士说,新的方法可以为患者提供“更安全和更好的治疗”。 没有参与该研究的儿科眼科医生法鲁克·奥奇(Faruk Örge)博士说,这“迈出了很了不起的一步,是个突破”。大家一致认为,新的治疗方法的侵入性更小,而且比传统的白内障手术更容易操作。

菲律宾一名患者接受白内障手术 (© AP Images) 菲律宾一名患者接受白内障手术 (© AP Images)
 

患先天性白内障的十二名婴儿接受了这种实验性治疗,这个治疗过程让患者用自己的干细胞来修复眼睛的晶状体并避免了植入晶状体。所有十二名婴儿接受的新型治疗都告成功。

这一成果的潜在好处是巨大的。世界卫生组织(World Health Organization)说,全球大约有两千万人因白内障而失明。

投资于未来

美国高校每年在科研方面花费上百万美元,为推动新的医学进展投入了大量的资金。发挥主导作用的包括约翰·霍普金斯大学(Johns Hopkins University)、密歇根大学安娜堡分校(University of Michigan–Ann Arbor)和威斯康星大学麦迪逊分校(University of Wisconsin–Madison),这些高校的生命科学项目获得了超过一半的研发资源。

欧巴马政府把政府对研发的支持放在首要地位,称其为“新技术的强大推动力”,并指令联邦机构确保研发成果可以“被其他科学家、公众及创新者采用,这些创新者可以把研发成果转化为能改善我们所有人生活的企业和产品。”

美国政府的研发重点包括:

  • 清洁能源和全球气候变化领域。
  • 地球观测,包括能帮助我们更好地预测与气候有关的灾害的技术。
  • 生命科学、生物学和神经科学领域的创新

20 million reasons funding research is a bargain

President Obama wants to invest $33.1 billion in biomedical research. That’s a lot of money. But for 12 infants, biomedical research just meant the difference between blindness and sight. Another 20 million people stand to benefit.
 

Research and development (R&D) is a bargain. It’s also a U.S. priority. That means universities, businesses and government all invest in our common future.

A revolutionary new treatment

An international team led by researchers at the University of California, San Diego, recently used stem cells (cells that can become any type of specialized cell in the body) to heal the eyes of infants born with congenital cataracts.

The new approach, said study author Dr. Kang Zhang, may offer patients “safer and better treatment.” “An amazing step and breakthrough,” agreed Dr. Faruk Örge, a pediatric ophthalmologist who was not involved with the study. All agree the new procedure is less invasive and easier to perform than traditional cataract surgeries.

菲律宾一名患者接受白内障手术 (© AP Images) A patient undergoes cataract surgery in the Philippines. (© AP Images)
 

Twelve infants born with a congenital cataract condition received the experimental procedure, which used their own stem cells to repair the eye’s lens and eliminated the need for lens implants. The new treatment succeeded on all the infants.

The potential benefits are huge. The World Health Organization says about 20 million people worldwide experience blindness due to cataracts.

Investing in the future

American universities spend millions of dollars each year on scientific research, making significant investments in developing new medical advances. The leaders include Johns Hopkins University, the University of Michigan–Ann Arbor, and the University of Wisconsin–Madison, where life sciences receive over half the resources devoted to R&D.

The Obama Administration has prioritized government support of R&D, calling it “a powerful driver of new technology” and directing federal agencies to ensure that the results are made available “to other scientists, to the public, and to innovators who can translate them into the businesses and products that will improve all of our lives.”

U.S. government R&D priorities include:

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