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他帮助千百万人丰衣足食

(2015-07-22 09:32:01)
标签:

饥饿

世界粮食奖

农业

内容来源:分享美国  地址链接:http://go.usa.gov/3Gw2Y

有人将“世界粮食奖”(
World Food Prize)称为“诺贝尔粮食和农业奖”,该奖项表彰在改善世界粮食供给方面做出突破性贡献的人。今年的获奖者来自孟加拉国,他以前是一名会计师。
 

法兹勒·哈桑·阿比德爵士(Sir Fazle Hasan Abed)因为他所作出的贡献被英国皇室授予爵位。他在孟加拉国经历了毁灭性的龙卷风和独立战争之后,于1972年创建了BRAC(前身为孟加拉农村发展委员会)。在40多年后的今天,BRAC已经帮助近1.5亿人摆脱贫困。

重点关注妇女儿童

他帮助千百万人丰衣足食

阿比德努力支持女童教育和增强妇女权能(图片由World Food Prize提供)

除了支持各种商业经营,包括鱼苗孵化场、茶园和牛奶加工中心,阿比德还把帮助农村妇女作为重点工作,让她们学习现代农业技术,例如如何有效地给作物施肥。阿比德设立了多种项目,已使数百万人通过小额信贷机构提供了超过10亿美元的贷款。这些贷款帮助妇女创立了可持续发展的小企业,生产碘盐或养牛,以及养殖奶牛和家禽。【请参见你是否考虑今后从事农业?

BRAC的创新帮助将孟加拉国的儿童死亡率从25%降低至7%。这是怎么做到的?阿比德培训妇女教其他人如何将水、盐和糖混合成一种可以防止脱水的溶液。培训人员的薪酬由各家各户对培训内容的理解程度决定,从实质上使这项工作成为全世界最早的激励型社会创业项目之一。

阿比德在得知他获得世界粮食奖的提名后说:“只有让最贫穷的人,特别是妇女,能够掌握自己的命运,才能消除地球上的极端贫困和匮乏。”

以坦桑尼亚多多马区(Dodoma)的一名农民克里斯蒂娜·约翰(Christina John)为例。BRAC于2006年开始在这个东非大国提供培训。自从她在培训中学习到有关蔬菜种子和农田管理的知识以来,她的收入增加了四倍。现在她赚的钱足够供她的孩子们上学。

为千百万人提供粮食

今天,BRAC在孟加拉国以及亚洲、非洲和加勒比地区的其他10个国家开展工作,据估计帮助了1.35亿人。

世界粮食奖总裁肯尼思·奎因(Kenneth Quinn)说:“当世界面对为超过90亿人口提供粮食这一巨大挑战的时候,在如何教育女孩、给予妇女权能以及使整整几代人摆脱贫困方面,阿比德和BRAC创造了可供全球效仿的杰出模式。”

美国农业部长汤姆·维尔萨克(Tom Vilsack )说:“法兹勒爵士和他的组织认识到让妇女积极参与STEAM(科学、技术、工程、农业和数学) 领域将有益于我们本地乃至全球的社区。”

他帮助千百万人丰衣足食

阿比德的努力惠及世界各地千百万人,特别是女性。 (图片由World Food Prize提供)

世界粮食奖的由来

世界粮食奖是由诺贝尔和平奖得主诺曼·博洛格(Norman Borlaug)于1986年发起的。博洛格是一位农学家,在艾奥瓦州(Iowa)一个农场上长大。在20世纪60年代和70年代,作为绿色革命之父,他杂交培育了数千种小麦品种,创造了“矮麦”,并开发了一种新的农业技术,使数亿人免遭死亡和饥荒。

该奖项的获得者来自世界各地,包括印度、中国、古巴、丹麦、塞拉利昂、巴西和埃塞俄比亚。正是在埃塞俄比亚,加比萨·埃西塔(Gebisa Ejeta)将抗旱高粱引入非洲。美国获奖者包括粮食科学家菲利普·纳尔逊(Philip Nelson),他彻底改革了大宗粮食的运输和储存。

10月15日,阿比德将在艾奥瓦州德梅因(Des Moines)举行的“博洛格对话”(Borlaug Dialogue)上接受世界粮食奖。“博洛格对话”是一个为期三天的国际研讨会,与会者包括来自超过65个国家的农业和发展专家。


Millions of mouths to feed? He did it.
 

Sometimes called the “Nobel Prize for food and agriculture,” the World Food Prize recognizes people who have made breakthrough contributions towards improving the world’s food supply. This year’s winner is a former accountant from Bangladesh.

Sir Fazle Hasan Abed, knighted for his work by the British crown, founded BRAC (formerly known as Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee) in 1972 following Bangladesh’s devastating cyclone and war of independence.  More than 40 years later, BRAC has helped nearly 150 million people out of poverty.

Focus on women and children

他帮助千百万人丰衣足食

Abed supports girls’ education and women’s empowerment. (Courtesy of the World Food Prize)

Beyond supporting a range of businesses, including fish hatcheries, tea plantations and milk processing centers, Abed has made it his business to help women in rural villages. They learn modern farming techniques, such as how to efficiently apply fertilizer to crops. Abed established programs that have enabled millions to disburse more than $1 billion through microfinance organizations. The loans have allowed women to create small, sustainable businesses producing iodized salt or raising cows, along with dairy and poultry farming. 

BRAC’s innovations helped cut Bangladesh’s child mortality rate from 25 percent to 7 percent. How? Abed trained women to teach others how to mix a solution of water, salt and sugar — a combination that prevents dehydration. Instructors’ wages were based on how well households understood this lesson, in essence making this effort one of the world’s earliest incentive-based social entrepreneurship programs.

“Only by putting the poorest, and women in particular, in charge of their own destinies, will absolute poverty and deprivation be removed from the face of the earth,” Abed said after he learned of his nomination for the award. 

Take Christina John, a farmer in Dodoma district in Tanzania. As a result of the vegetable seeds and field management lessons she received from BRAC, which began operations in the large East African nation in 2006, her income increased fourfold. She now earns enough money to send her children to school.

Feeding millions

Today, BRAC operates in Bangladesh and 10 other countries in Asia, Africa and the Caribbean, reaching an estimated 135 million people. 

“At a time when the world confronts the great challenge of feeding over 9 billion people,” said World Food Prize President Kenneth Quinn, Abed and BRAC “have created the pre-eminent model being followed around the globe on how to educate girls, empower women and lift whole generations out of poverty.”

U.S. Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack said that “Sir Fazle’s and his organization’s recognition that engaging women in STEAM fields — science, technology, engineering, agriculture and math — benefits our local and global communities.”

他帮助千百万人丰衣足食

Abed’s work has benefited millions, especially women, around the world. (Courtesy of the World Food Prize)

The roots of the World Food Prize

The World Food Prize was conceived in 1986 by Nobel Peace Prize recipient Norman Borlaug, an agronomist who grew up on a farm in Iowa. Thefather of the Green Revolution in the 1960s and 1970s, he crossbred thousands of wheat varieties, created “dwarf wheat” and developed a new agriculture technique that saved hundreds of millions of people from death and famine.

Recipients of the award have hailed from all over the world, including India, China, Cuba, Denmark, Sierra Leone, Brazil and Ethiopia, whereGebisa Ejeta brought drought-resistant sorghum to Africa. U.S. winners include food scientistPhilip Nelson, who revolutionized bulk food transportation and storage.

Abed will receive the World Food Prize on October 15 in Des Moines, Iowa, during the Borlaug Dialogue, a three-day international symposium that attracts agriculture and development experts from more than 65 countries.

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