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美国国际发展署征集创意以改进抗击埃博拉的工具以及新生儿护理工作

(2014-10-14 15:34:24)
标签:

军事

分类: 社会与生活
2014.10.09
两名身穿防护服的医护人员 (AP Images)

医护工作者身穿防护服参加救助埃博拉患者的培训

 

华盛顿——美国国际发展署(USAID)署长拉吉夫•沙阿(Rajiv Shah)表示,USAID正在寻找创新方式,以改善医护工作者用来抗击埃博拉(Ebola)的工具。

沙阿宣布启动“抗击埃博拉:发展大挑战”(Fighting Ebola: A Grand Challenge for Development)并指出:“我们同国际合作伙伴一道,将把全球的科学家、发明家、工程师和学生的专长及创造力转化成切实可行的解决方式。”

沙阿于9月7日在西雅图(Seattle)举行的大挑战年度会议(Grand Challenges Annual Meeting)上说:“有了你们的大胆创意和参与,我们就能给予医护工作者赢得这场战斗的胜利所需的工具。”

“抗击埃博拉挑战”(Fighting Ebola Challenge)最初侧重于寻找创新方式以便改善护理埃博拉患者的医护人员所使用的保护性设备和工具。USAID介绍说,这项挑战与白宫科学技术办公室(White House Office of Science and Technology)、疾病控制和预防中心(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)以及国防部(Department of Defense)结成伙伴关系,寻找新的、实用的解决方式。

孕产妇护理

一名产妇抱着新生儿 (AP Images)

在尼日利亚首都拉各斯(Lagos)的拉各斯岛妇产医院(Lagos Island Maternity Home),一名妇女抱着她刚刚出生两天的儿子。

USAID还于9月7日宣布,该机构协同“保障母婴生命:发展大挑战”(Saving Lives at Birth: A Grand Challenge for Development)的合作伙伴力争追加投入5000万美元,以拯救发展中国家的产妇及新生儿的生命。

沙阿说:“‘保障母婴生命’已调动起全世界最有聪明才智的思想家、研究人员和创业人士,关注产妇及新生儿健康这个至关重要的问题。在这项挑战的下一个阶段,我们致力于更加强调重视征集并加速各项创新,以便大幅度扩展我们在全世界所能达及的家庭的范围。”

“保障母婴生命挑战”(Saving Lives at Birth Challenge)的资助伙伴方包括USAID、比尔和梅琳达•盖茨基金会(Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation)、挪威政府以及英国国际发展部(Department for International Development)。

USAID指出:“‘保障母婴生命:发展大挑战’是一项全球性倡议,征集创新性的预防和治疗创意、方式及技术,旨在降低在生产过程中的婴儿和产妇的死亡率。”迄今为止,“发展大挑战”已在4轮有奖竞赛的过程中为81项创新提供了资金,以解决每年有289,000名孕产妇、280万名新生儿死亡以及260万例死胎的问题。

在今后5年,追加款项将加速并扩大‘保障母婴生命’对开创性的、可持续项目的投资,这些项目将对全世界最难达及的地区的孕妇和新生儿的生活产生改变性影响。

比尔和梅琳达•盖茨基金会全球健康项目总裁特雷弗•蒙代尔(Trevor Mundel)指出:“‘保障母婴生命’伙伴关系至关重要,能够确保所有儿童不仅生存下来,而且健康成长并发挥自己的全部潜能。支持创新以改善儿童和母亲的健康是我们所能做的最好的投资之一。”



Read more: http://iipdigital.usembassy.gov/st/chinese/article/2014/10/20141009309775.html#ixzz3G6PzVETM

USAID Challenges Innovators to Improve Ebola Tools, Neonatal Care

08 October 2014
Two people wearing safety hats, glasses, masks, ponchos and gloves (AP Images)

Health care workers wear protective gear during a training session on treating Ebola cases.

 

Washington — The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) is looking for innovative ways to improve the tools health care workers are using to battle Ebola, says USAID Administrator Rajiv Shah.

“Together with our international partners, we will translate the expertise and ingenuity of scientists, innovators, engineers and students from across the globe into real solutions,” Shah said in announcing Fighting Ebola: A Grand Challenge for Development.

“With your bold thinking and engagement, we can give health workers the tools they need to win this fight,” he said at the Grand Challenges Annual Meeting in Seattle on September 7.

The initial focus of the Fighting Ebola Challenge is to generate innovative ways to improve the personal protective equipment and tools used by health care workers caring for Ebola patients. The Challenge seeks new, practical solutions in partnership with the White House Office of Science and Technology, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Department of Defense, USAID said.

MATERNAL-NEONATAL CARE

Woman in hospital gown holding baby (AP Images)

A woman holds her 2-day-old son in the Lagos Island Maternity Home in Lagos, Nigeria.

USAID also announced on September 7 that the agency and its partners in Saving Lives at Birth: A Grand Challenge for Development aim to invest an additional $50 million to save the lives of mothers and newborns in developing countries.

“Saving Lives at Birth has mobilized the world’s brightest thinkers, researchers and entrepreneurs around the critical issue of maternal and newborn health,” Shah said. “During the next stage of this Challenge, we aim to put an even greater focus on sourcing and accelerating innovations that significantly expand our reach to families around the world.”

Funding partners for the Saving Lives at Birth Challenge include USAID, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the government of Norway and the U.K. Department for International Development.

“The Saving Lives at Birth: Grand Challenge for Development is a global call for innovative prevention and treatment ideas, approaches and technologies that aim to reduce infant and maternal mortality around the time of birth,” USAID said. To date, the Grand Challenge for Development has funded 81 innovations over the course of four award rounds to address the 289,000 maternal deaths, 2.8 million newborn deaths, and 2.6 million stillbirths that occur each year.

Over the next five years, the additional funding will accelerate and expand Saving Lives at Birth’s investment in groundbreaking, sustainable projects that can have a transformative effect on the lives of pregnant women and their babies in the hardest-to-reach corners of the world.

“The Saving Lives at Birth partnership is crucial to ensuring that all children not only survive, but thrive and reach their full potential,” said Trevor Mundel, president of global health at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. “Supporting innovations to improve the health of children and mothers is one of the best investments we can make.”



Read more: http://iipdigital.usembassy.gov/st/english/article/2014/10/20141008309647.html#ixzz3G6QRrDVA

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