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2010职称英语-AB练习(2)

(2011-02-05 15:09:04)
标签:

杂谈

分类: 高级工程师申报

第35讲第八篇 完型填空

An Early(adj. 早期的,早的) Form(n. 形式, 形状 v. 形成) of Jazz Music(n. 爵士音乐)

 

答案与解析:

1. Music comes(v. 出现,到来,来(自)) in many(adj. 许多的) forms(n. 形式); most countries (n. 国家)have a style(n. 风格,文体) of their own(adj. 他们自己的).

 

补充:of one’s own/某人自己的

 

1. 考点: 定语从句( when jazz was born是定语从句,修饰 the turn of the last century(上个世纪之交)

2. 考点: 文章主题词(music n. 音乐)

2. At the turn of (adv. 在...之交)the last(adj. 最近的,最后的 v. 持续) century(n. 世纪), when jazz(n. 爵士乐) was born(v. 出生, 诞生), America(n. 美国) had no prominent(adj. 卓越的, 突出的) music of its own(adj. 它自己的).

 

3. No one (n. 没有人)knows(v. 知道) exactly(adv. 正确地, 确切地,正好) when (it) was invented(v. 被发明) or by whom(pron. 谁).

 

3. 考点:  heard( v. 听到, 听说)

4. But(conj. 但是)  it began to (v. 开始)be heard (v.听到)in the early(adj. 早期的) 1890s.

 

4.  考点: popular(adj. 受欢迎的, 流行的, 大众的)

5. Jazz is America(n. 美国)’s contribution to(n. 对...的贡献)popular music.

 

36讲

5.  考点: follows(v. 遵循)     

6. In contrast to (adv. 与...形成对比)classical music(n. 古典音乐), which follows (v. 遵循,跟随, 理解)  formal(adj. 刻板的,正式的, 形式的) European(adj. 欧洲的) traditions(n. 传统, 惯例), jazz is spontaneous(adj. 自发的) and free(adj. 自由的, 免费的) in form(n. 形式, 形状).

 

6.考点: 现在分词作状语(expressing(v. 表达))

7. It bubbles(v. 沸腾 n. 泡沫) with energy(n. 活力,能量), expressing the moods(n. 心情, 情绪), interests(n. 兴趣,利息v.  使产生兴趣), and emotions(n. 情感,感情) of the people.

 

7.  考点: sounded  ( v. 听起来) 

8. In the 1920s jazz sounded ( v. 听起来 n. 声音 adj. 健全的, 可靠的) like(prep.象 v. 喜欢) America.

 

9. And so(conj. 因此 adv. 这样地) it does (= sound America)today(adv. 今天,现今).

 

8.  origins(n. 起源,起因)

10. The origins (n. 起源)of the music  are as interesting as (象...一样地有趣)the music itself(pron. 本身).

 

11. American(adj. 美国的) Negroes(n. 黑人), or(conj. 即,或者) blacks(n.黑人, 黑色), as(conj. 正如,与...一样, 因为 ) they are called(v. 被称为) today, were the jazz pioneers(n. 先驱,倡导者).

 

9.   as(prep. 作为)

12. They were brought to (v. 被带到)the Southern(adj. 南方的) states(n. 州,国家, 状态 n. 陈述) as (prep. 作为)slaves(n. 奴隶).

 

13. They were sold to (v. 被卖给)plantation(n. 种植园) owners(n. 所有者) and forced (v. 被迫)to work long(adj. 长的, 长期的v. 渴望) hours(n. 小时).

 

10. 考点:  formed (v. 形成)        

14. When(conj. 在...的时候) a Negro died(v. 死亡, 去世) his friends(n. 朋友) and relatives(n. 亲戚)formed (v.形成) a procession(n. 队伍) to carry(v. 运送, 传送) the body(n. 尸体,身体) to the cemetery(n. 墓地).

 

11. procession(n. 队伍)     

15. In New Orleans(n. 新奥尔良), a band(n. 乐队,带子) often accompanied(v.陪伴, 伴奏) the procession(n. 队伍).

 

16. On the way to (adv. 在去往...的路上)the cemetery(n. 墓地) the band played(v. 演奏,播放,玩) slow(adj. 缓慢的), solemn(adj. 严肃的) music suited to (adj. 适合...的)the occasion(n. 场合, 时机).

 

12. But(conj. 但是)

17. But on the way home (adv. 在回家的路上)the mood(n. 情绪) changed(v. 改变, 变化).

 

18. Spirits(n. 情绪,精神, 灵魂) lifted(v. 提高, 举起 n.  电梯)

 

13.  alive(adj. 活着的, 活泼的)          

19. Death(n. 死亡) had removed one of (v. 从...中除去/拿走...)their number(n. 数字, 一群人) but the living(n. 活着的人) were glad(adj. 高兴的) to be alive.

 

14. happy(adj. 快乐的,幸福的)

15. 过去分词后置作定语 (played (被演奏的))

20. The band played happy music, improvising on (v. 即席创作)both the harmony(n. 和声,和谐) and the melody(n. 悦耳的音调 ) of the tunes(n. 曲调,调子) played at the funeral(葬礼).

 

21. This music made everyone(pron. 每个人) want to (v. 想要)dance(v. 跳舞).

 

22. It was an early(adj. 早期的, 早先的) form(n. 形式) of jazz(n. 爵士乐).

 


第37讲阅读理解  第五篇Sino-Japan Animosity(n. 仇恨) Lessens(v. 减少)

 

答案与题解:

2.According to the passage,the Beijing-Tokyo Forum(n. 论坛)

A)is held every year in Beijing

B)aims at (v.致力于…)promoting(v.促进) communication (n. 交流)between the two countries

C)mainly attracts representatives (n. 代表)from the governments n.政府)of the two countries

D)releases a survey on Sino-Japanese relation (n. 关系)every five years.

 

第二题答题解析:运用“线索词定位法”寻找出题句

(第一段)Chinese and Japanese people view each other slightly more positively than last year, according to a survey released on Wednesday at a press conference in Beijing.

(第二段)The survey is jointly sponsored by China Daily and Genron ,a Japanese think tank similar to the American Council on Foreign Relations.It also found overwhelming agreement in both countries that Sino-Japanese relations were important.

(第三段)[定位线索词集中出现在第三段中,由此判断第三段就是该题出题段。]The survey is a part of the Beijing-Tokyo Forum,an annual gathering(n. 聚会) of senior(adj. 高级的, 年长的) government officials and representatives from Chinese and Japanese NGOs(n. 非政府组织) designed to (adj. 被设计用来…的)improve(v. 提高) communication and understanding(n. 理解) between the two countries

该题答案为B。

 

3.In the last year    %of ordinary Chinese and    %of Chinese students have a positiveadj. 积极的, 肯定的) impressionn. 印象) of Japann. 日本)

A)35.7;45.2

B)51.9;42.4

C)5.5;26.6

D)30.2:43.2

第三题答题解析:运用“线索词定位法”寻找出题句

(第一段)Chinese and Japanese people view each other slightly more positively than last year, according to a survey released on Wednesday at a press conference in Beijing.

(第二段)The survey is jointly sponsored by China Daily and Genron ,a Japanese think tank similar to the American Council on Foreign Relations.It also found overwhelming agreement in both countries that Sino-Japanese relations were important.

(第三段)The survey is a part of the Beijing-Tokyo Forum,an annual gathering of senior government officials and representatives from Chinese and Japanese  designed to improve communication and understanding between the two countries.

(第四段)Conducted every year for five years now, the survey focused on two different groups of people:ordinary citizens,and intellectuals.In China, the intellectual group was comprised mainly of university students from well-known schools like Peking University.In Japan, the “intellectual” group was mainly made up of previous members of Genron NPO.

(第五段)Among ordinary Chinese polled(v. 调查), 35.7 percent said they have “very good” or “relativelyadv. 比较) good’’ impressions of Japan,a 5.5-percentage point(n. 百分点) increase(n. 增加) compared with(adv. 与…相比) last year45.2 percent of Chinese students had a positive impression of Japan,two percentage points more than last year. Only 26.6 percent of Japanese have a positive impression of China,however.

D)30.243.2

 

(第六段)Still,an overwhelming majority of the respondents from each country said Sino-Japanese relations were “important” and wanted their leaders to deepen talks and cooperation with each other.

(第七段)But 51.9 percent of ordinary people and 42.4 percent of students in China said they saw no change(n. 变化) in relations(n. 关系) between the two countries over the 1ast yean.  In Japan, 64.8 percent of those ordinary people and 53.4 percent of intellectuals(n. 知识分子) surveyed(v. 调查) shared(v. 共有,分享) the view that there was no improvement(n. 改进) in bilateral(adj. 双边的) ties this year.[提示: 这个段落中的句子也容易设为出题句。]

该题答案为D。

 

4.Which of the following is NOT mentioned as the major obstacles(n. 障碍) to improving(v. 改进) bilateraladj. 双边的) ties(n. 联系)? (是非判断题)

A)territorial disputes

B)trade frictions

C)visits by Japanese officials to Yasukuni Shrine n. 靖国神社)

D)the Nanjing Massacre

 

第四题答题解析:运用“线索词定位法”寻找出题句

(第五段)Among ordinary Chinese polled.35.7 percent said they have “very good” or “relatively good’’ impressions of Japan,a 5.5-percentage—point increase compared with last year.45.2 percent of Chinese students had a positive impression of Japan,two percentage points more than last year[第三题的出题句。]. Only 26.6 percent of Japanese have a positive impression of China,however.

(第六段)Still,an overwhelming majority of the respondents from each country said Sino-Japanese relations were “important” and wanted their leaders to deepen talks and cooperation with each

other.

(第七段)But 51.9 percent of ordinary people and 42.4 percent of students in China said they saw no change in relations between the two countries over the 1ast yean In Japan.64.8 percent of those ordinary people and 53.4 percent of intellectuals surveyed shared the view that there was no improvement in bilateral ties this year.

Historical(adj. 历史的) issues(n. 问题) and territorial(adj. 领土的) disputes (n. 争端)remain two major obstacles to improving bilateral  relations,the survey found.What concerns(v.影响) the Chinese most are historical issues, visits by Japanese officials to Yasukuni Shrine,and[依据“出现在并列结构中的选项不是答案”判断CD都不是答案。只有选项B中提到的“trade friction(贸易摩擦)”没有出现, 因此B是答案。] the Nanjing Massacre

C)visits by Japanese officials to Yasukuni Shrine n. 靖国神社)

D)the Nanjing Massacre

该题答案为B: trade friction (贸易摩擦)。

该题可能换种方式设问:

问: 下列哪个(些)选项是阻碍中日关系改进的主要障碍?

 

5.The survey (n. 调查)found that ___.

A)most Japanese had good or relativelyadv. 比较地) good impressions n.印象)of China

B)the bilateral adj. 双边的)relationship was perceived (v。 认为)as being improved(v. 改进) over last year by the majorityn. 大多数) of respondents n. 调查者,回答者)from the both countries

C)an overwhelming majorityn. 压倒性的多数) of the respondents from each country believed(v. 认为, 相信) that the Civiladj. 民间的) exchanges (n. 交往, 交换)were an importantadj. 重要的) way to improve(v. 改进) relationsn. 关系)

D)The territorialadj. 领土的) issue (n. 问题)ranked (v. 排列)among the top list of common concerns (n. 关注的问题)that people in both countries want their leadersn. 领导者) to talk about in bilateral meetings

第五题答题解析:运用“线索词定位法”寻找出题句

 

(第八段)Historical issues and territorial disputes remain two major obstacles to improving bilateral relations,the survey found.What concerns the Chinese most are historical issues.visits by Japanese officials to Yasukuni ,and the Nanjing Massacre[第四题的出题句。]

(第九段)Perceptions on economic and trade relations have improved, though.About 47 percent of ordinary Japanese said China had been“helpful”this year in fighting the global economic crisis, compared with just 30 percent last year.The percent of Japanese intellectuals who said Chinese economic growth was good for Japan increased from 65.8 percent to 8 1.4 percent this year.

(第十段)Cooperation in East Asian issues,trade and investment,energy, and the environment and climate change top the list of common concerns that people in China and Japan want their leaders to talk about in bilateral meetings,the survey found.

(第十一段)Civil exchanges (n. 交往,交易)were regarded by the most people from the both countries as an important way to improve relations.90.7 percent of the students and 85.7 percent of the ordinary people in China and 95.8%of intellectuals and 74.8%of the ordinary people in Japan viewed civil exchanges as“important’’or “relatively important”.

(第十二段)Chinese and Japanese both learn about each other’s countries mostly through television news and newspapers,the survey found.(533 words)

C)an overwhelming majorityn. 压倒性的多数) of the respondents n. 调查者, 回答者)from each country believed(v. 认为, 相信) that the Civiladj. 民间的) exchanges (n. 交往, 交换)were an importantadj. 重要的) way to improve(v. 改进) relationsn. 关系)

该题答案为C:

 


第39讲第三十篇    Wikipedian. 网络百科全书)’ Imposes v. 把…施加到…)New Curbsn. 限制) On Editing(v.编辑) Articlesn. 文章)

 

答案与题解

 

1.What is the latest adj. 最近的)changen. 变化) of Wikipedia(n. 网络百科全书)?

A)Now not everybody can edit entries[备选项中的共有定词汇(实意词)是有效的定位线索。](n. 词条, 登陆, 条目) in Wikipedia.

B)Fewer restrictions n. 限制)will be imposed on the edition(n. 版本) of entries

C)Some of the pages(n. 页) will not register(v. 记录, 注册) changes without the approval(n. 批准) of an experiencedadj. 有经验的) Wikipedia editor

D)All entries for living adj. 活着的)people will not be edited from now on(adv. 从现在开始).

解析

运用“线索词定位法”在文章中查找出题句

(第一段)Wikipedia,the famous online encyclopedia,is looking to (v. 期望)impose more discipline(n. 纪律) with new restrictions(n. 限制) on the editing of articles.

(第二段)The latest changes come as(conj. 随着) Wikipedia tries to balance(v. 平衡) a need for credibility(n. 可信度) and a desire for (n. 对…的渴望)openness(n. 公开).

(第三段)While anyone can still edit entriesn. 词条),the site(n. 网站) is testing pages that won’t register changes until they are approved by an experienced Wikipedia editor

C)Some of the pages(n. 页) will not register(v. 记录, 注册) changes without the approval(n. 批准)

(第四段)If the site’s users respond(v. 反应) well to the test run(n. 运行),the new restrictions will apply to (v.适用于…)all entries (n. 词条)for living people in the next few weeks.

(第五段)The idea is to block the kind of high-profile vandalism(n. 破坏) that has marred(v. 破坏) some pages

该题答案为C

 

第40讲2.Why has Wikipedia set the criteria forn. …的标准)“experienced editorn. 编辑)'’status(n. 身份, 状况) relatively low(adj. 低的)? (因果题)

A)Because experienced editors are rare(adj. 罕见的).

B)Bccause a lot of people are interested in the editing of entries(n. 词条).

C)Because stricter criteria may discourage(v. 阻碍) legitimate adj. 合法的) editing

D)Because people receive no pay for (n. …的报酬)their editing

解析

运用线索词定位法在文章中查找出题句

Wikipedia,the famous online encyclopedia,is looking to impose more discipline with new restrictions on the editing of articles.

The latest changes come as Wikipedia tries to balance a need for credibility and a desire for openness.

(第三段)While anyone can still edit entries,the site is testing pages that won’t register changes until they are approved by an experienced Wikipedia editor[第一题的出题句。]

If the site’s users respond well to the test run,the new restrictions will apply to all entries for

living people in the next few weeks.

The idea is to block the kind of high-profile vandalism that has marred some pages.

In One of the most recent embarrassments,US Democratic Senators Robert Byrd was prematurely declared dead by rogue editors.

(第七段)Still(adv. 仍然),Wikipedia risks(v. 冒…的风险) discouraging(v. 阻碍) legitimate editing [只有选项C中的定位线索词legitimate editing在出题句周边的语句中出现了, 因此C是答案。该题考察篇章词汇the risks的指代内容。]if restrictions on (n. 对…的约束)changes or additions(n. 增加的内容, 增加) become too burdensome(adj. 难以承担的),keeping (v.阻止)articles from getting better or keeping up with (v. 跟上 )events.That may be especially true on more obscure pages with fewer active volunteers to approve edits

timely.

(第八段)Aware of (adj. 知道…的)the risks(n. 那些风险), Wikipedia has set the criteria for“experienced editor”status relatively low

该题答案为C:

 

3.Which statement about Robert Byrd is false?(是非判断题)

A)He is a member of American Democratic Partyn. 美国民主党)

B)He is a member of the Senaten. 参议院)

C) He was wrongly declared dead by Wikipedia

D)He used to edits entries in Wikipedia

解析

运用线索词定位法在文章中查找出题句

 

(第六段)In One of the most recent embarrassments(n. 尴尬事件,尴尬),US Democratic Senator(n. 议员) Robert Byrd was prematurely(adv. 过早地) declared dead by rogue(n. 无赖) editors.

A)He is a member of American Democratic Partyn. 美国民主党)

B)He is a member of the Senaten. 参议院)

C) He was wrongly declared dead by Wikipedia

 

该题答案为D D是文章中没有提及的信息

 

4.Which of the following statements about Wikipedia is true? (是非判断题)

A) This is the first time that Wikipedia imposes restrictions on the editing of entries

B) People can still edit all the entries on the English site freely.

C)The current discipline (v. 纪律)imposed on the editing of articles is too lax(adj. 松懈的) so that a lot of embarrassments (n. 尴尬事件)have been caused.

D)Wikipedia is now firmly(adv. 坚定地) sticking to (v. 坚持)its originaladj. 最初的) philosophy(n. 哲学).

解析

运用线索词定位法在文章中查找出题句

 

(第六段)In One of the most recent embarrassments,US Democratic Senators Robert Byrd was prematurely declared dead by rogue editors[第三题的出题句。]

(第七段)Still,Wikipedia risks discouraging legitimate editing if restrictions on changes or additio become too burdensome,keeping articles from getting better or keeping up with events.[第二题的出题句。]That may be especially true on more obscure pages with fewer active volunteers to approve edits timely.

(第八段) Aware of the risks, Wikipedia has set the criteria for“experienced editor”status relatively low[第二题的出题句。].Users who are registered for a few days can give changes the 0K, said Jay Walsh,a spokesman for the nonprofit Wikimedia Foundation,which runs the site.

(第九段)A more uniform(adj. 统一的) system for(prep. 适合于) filtering(adj. 逐渐渗入的,逐渐出现的) changes on Wikipedia represents(v. 表现出) a step back (adv. 向后地)from the site’s original philosophy,which called for (v.呼吁,要求)harnessing(v. 利用) the collective (adj. 集体的)knowledge of volunteer(n. 自愿者) editors without any major(adj. 大的, 主要的) restrictions.

 

D)Wikipedia is now firmly(adv. 坚定地) sticking to (v. 坚持)its originaladj. 最初的) philosophy(n. 哲学).

 

(第十段)But it is not the first time Wikipedia has attached(v. 系上) some strings(n. 线, 带子).

A) This is the first time that Wikipedia imposes restrictions on the editing of entries

 

(第十一段)The same flagging process,for example,has been imposed on all entries in the German-1anguage Wikipedia for more than a year.

(第十二段)On the English site,too,high-profile(adj. 引人注目的)pages that are likely to be defaced(v. 损坏),such as Michael Jackson’s,have been tightly(紧紧地) restricted(v. 限制).

B) People can still edit all the entries on the English site freely.

该题答案为:C。

该题可能被改编为:下列哪个选项的说法不正确

 

5.Pierre Omidyar is

A) a senatorn. 议员)

B) a spokesmann. 发言人) of Wikipedia

C)a university professor

D)an enterprisern. 企业家)

解析

运用线索词定位法在文章中查找出题句

Separately,the Omidyar Network,a philanthropic(adj. 与慈善事业相关的) investment group started by eBay founder[同位语结构上常设出题点。 ](n. 奠基人) Pierre Omidyar, said on Tuesday it is committing $2 million over two years to the Wikimedia Foundation.Omidyar Network’s grant will support Wikimedia’s goals of bringing free educational content to people around the world and supporting more people to help create that content.(530 words)

该题答案为D

 


第41讲第三十四篇           Career(n. 职业, 事业) with a Uniform(n. 制服 adj. 统一的)

 

答案与解析:

1. According to the passage, all of the following reasons make many college grads (n. 毕业生)choose(v. 选择) to join the army EXCEPT: (判断是非题)

A. the story of Xu Sando causes young people to dream to put on a uniform

B. the grads are facing a grim (adj. 严酷的)employment (n. 就业)situation

√C. the pay (n. 工资, 报酬)from the PLA is relatively higher than the grads can earn in other jobs.

D. The PLA offers (v.提供)a series of preferential (adj. 优惠的)treatments (n. 待遇, 对待, 治疗)for college grads who join the army(n. 军队)

寻找出题句:

(第一段 )WANT to be the next Xu Sando? The TV drama Soilders’ Sortie(Shibing Tuji) might have caused millions of young people to dream idly(adv. 没有理由地,懒惰地) of putting on an army uniform and going off to boot camp?(选项A的设置依据。

A. the story(n. 故事) of Xu Sando causes(v. 造成) young people to dream(v. 梦想) to put on a uniform(v. 穿上制服)

(第二段 )In fact, a large number of students graduating might consider doing just that. Last month, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) announced that there will be 120,000 job openings this year for college grads. So, one of every 50 grads have a chance if he or she would like to march down to the local recruiting office. Anyone enlisting(v. 应招, 赞助) will get preferential treatment in tuition(n. 学费) compensation(n. 补偿) and in job opportunities(n. 机会).(选项D的设置依据。)

D. The PLA offers (v.提供)a series of preferential (adj. 优惠的)treatments (n. 待遇, 对待, 治疗)for college grads who join the army(n. 军队)

 

(第三段 )This decision(选项B主要是针对“篇章词汇指代内容的确定”这个考点设置。) comes against a backdrop(n. 背景) of bad(adj. 坏的) employment news and a cooling(adj. 冷却的) economy(n. 经济). This year’s reruitment quota(n. 限额) outnumbers(v. 超过) last year’s 39,000 by about three-fold(n. 三倍).

B. the grads are facing a grim (adj. 严酷的)employment (n. 就业)situation

 

(第四段 ) “It’s important to pull in fresh, talented people who can deal with the new equipment and a high-tech military to modernize the nation’s defense,”said Bai Zixing, a senior officer in the PLA General Staff Department.

该题答案为C。

该题可能进行改编: 问“下列哪个选项正确?”

 

第42讲 2. It can be inferred(v. 推断) that about ___ students graduating consider(v. 爆率) join the army(v. 参军).

A. 120,000

√B. 6,000,000

C. 39,000

D. 2,000,000(选项A, B和选项D之间存在计算的关系,因此推测该题可能需要进行简单的计算。)

寻找出题句:

(第一段)WANT to be the next Xu Sando? The TV drama Soilders’ Sortie(Shibing Tuji) might have caused millions of young people to dream idly of putting on an army uniform and going off to boot camp?(第一题的出题句。

(第二段)In fact, a large number of students graduating might consider doing just that. Last month, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) announced that there will be 120,000 job openings(n. 空缺) this year for college grads. So(adv. 因此), one of every 50 grads have a chance(n. 机会) if he or she would like to march(v. 前进) down to the local(adj. 当地的) recruiting office(n. 征兵办公室). Anyone enlisting will get preferential treatment in tuition compensation and in job opportunities.(第一题的出题句。

B. 6,000,000

(第三段)This decision comes against a backdrop of bad employment news and a cooling economy(第一题的出题句。). This year’s reruitment quota(n. 限额) outnumbers(v. 比…多) last year’s 39,000 by about three-fold(n. 三倍).(该句也容易设置为出题句: 该句涉及现在情况与过去情况的对比。)

(第四段)“It’s important to pull in fresh, talented people who can deal with the new equipment and a high-tech military to modernize the nation’s defense,”said Bai Zixing, a senior officer in the PLA General Staff Department.

该题答案为B。

 

3. Besides the backdrop(n. 背景) of bad employment news and a cooling economy, which of the following causes (v.造成)the PLA to raise this year’s reruitment quota(n. 征兵限额)? (因果题)

A. The TV drama(n. 电视剧) Soldier’s Sortie (n. 士兵突围)is high in the ratings(n. 收视率).

√B. The PLA wants to attract high-quality personnel (n. 人员)to meet the need of hi-tech sector (n. 高技术部门)in the nation’s defense(n. 国防).

C. The PLA is increasing the size(n. 大小, 尺寸) of the army(n. 军队的人数).

D. Some students who have already vounteered(v. 自愿) to sign up (v.签约)may change their minds(v. 改变想法).

寻找出题句:

(第一段)WANT to be the next Xu Sando? The TV drama Soilders’ Sortie(Shibing Tuji) might have caused millions of young people to dream idly of putting on an army uniform and going off to boot camp?(第一题的出题句。)

(第二段)In fact, a large number of students graduating might consider doing just that. Last month, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) announced that there will be 120,000 job openings(n. 空缺) this year for college grads. So(adv. 因此), one of every 50 grads have a chance(n. 机会) if he or she would like to march(v. 前进) down to the local(adj. 当地的) recruiting office(n. 征兵办公室).(第二题的出题句。) Anyone enlisting will get preferential treatment in tuition compensation and in job opportunities.(第一题的出题句。

(第三段)This decision comes against a backdrop of bad employment news and a cooling economy.(第一题的出题句。) This year’s reruitment quota(n. 限额) outnumbers(v. 比…多) last year’s 39,000 by about three-fold(n. 三倍).(提示: 因果题中问及的原因常出现在出题句的后面。)

(第四段)“It’s important to pull in (v. 吸收)fresh(adj. 有活力的), talented(adj. 有才华的) people who can deal with (v.处理,操作)the new equipment(n. 设备)and a high-tech military(adj. 军事的) to modernize(v. 使…现代化) the nation’s defense,”said Bai Zixing, a senior officer (n. 高级官员)in the PLA General Staff Department(n. 总参谋部).

B. The PLA wants to attract high-quality personnel (n. 人员)to meet the need of hi-tech sector (n. 高技术部门)in the nation’s defense(n. 国防).

 

(第五段)The age limit for college recruits has been raised to 24, and there’s one more important policy change: Grads who have already volunteered to sign up can quit if they change their minds after finding another job before November, the deadline for enlistment. This gives grads an extra choice in starting a career.

该题答案为B。

该题可能会进行改编: 问“下列哪些原因是造成PLA增加今年征兵限额的原因? ”

 

4. Why does the author think that grads are given an extra(adj. 额外的) chance in starting a career?(因果题)

A. The one-time(adj. 以前的) recruitment payment(n. 报酬) offered(v. 提供) by the PLA may ease(v.减轻) the grad’s economic burden(n. 负担).

B. The grads who join the army have more chances to further(v. 继续, 促进) their study after completing their service(n. 服务).

√C. Grads who have already volunteered(v. 自愿) to sign up(v. 签约) may give up (v. 放弃)before the deadline for (n. …的最终期限)enlistment(n. 征兵) if they can find another job that is more suitable(adj. 适合的).

D. No restrictions(n. 限制) are made on things like going abroad (v. 出国)after the service period(n. 时期).

寻找出题句:

(第一段)WANT to be the next Xu Sando? The TV drama Soilders’ Sortie(Shibing Tuji) might have caused millions of young people to dream idly of putting on an army uniform and going off to boot camp?(提示: 因果题中问及的原因常出现在出题句的后面。)

(第二段)In fact, a large number of students graduating might consider doing just that. Last month, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) announced that there will be 120,000 job openings(n. 空缺) this year for college grads. So(adv. 因此), one of every 50 grads have a chance(n. 机会) if he or she would like to march(v. 前进) down to the local(adj. 当地的) recruiting office(n. 征兵办公室). (第二题的出题句。)Anyone enlisting will get preferential treatment in tuition compensation and in job opportunities.(第一题的出题句。)

(第三段)This decision comes against a backdrop of bad employment news and a cooling economy. This year’s reruitment quota(n. 限额) outnumbers(v. 比…多) last year’s 39,000 by about three-fold(n. 三倍).

(第四段)“It’s important to pull in (v. 吸收)fresh(adj. 有活力的), talented(adj. 有才华的) people who can deal with (v.处理,操作)the new equipment(n. 设备)and a high-tech military(adj. 军事的) to modernize(v. 使…现代化) the nation’s defense,”said Bai Zixing, a senior officer (n. 高级官员)in the PLA General Staff Department(n. 总参谋部).(第一题的出题句。)

(第五段)The age limit(限制) for college recruits(新兵) has been raised(提高) to 24, and there’s one more important policy(政策) change: Grads who have already volunteered to sign up (签约)can quit (放弃)if they change their minds (改变想法)after finding another job before November, the deadline for enlistment(征兵). This gives grads an extra choice in starting a career.

C. Grads who have already volunteered(v. 自愿) to sign up(v. 签约) may give up (v. 放弃)before the deadline for (n. …的最终期限)enlistment(n. 征兵) if they can find another job that is more suitable(adj. 适合的).

答案为: C.

5. The word confidential in the last paragraph could be best replaced by

A. concise (adj. 简明的 )

B. professional (adj.职业的 )

C. creative (adj. 创造性的 )

D. secret (adj. 秘密的 )

寻找出题句:

(最后一段)There are no restrictions on (n. 对…的限制)things like going abroad (v. 出国)after the service period(n. 服役期), unless one deals with (v. 处理)confidential work in the army.

该题答案为D.

 


第43讲第三十五篇    Dorm (= dormitory/宿舍 )Food (is)More Comfy(adj. 舒服的, 轻松的)

答案与题解:

1.Which of the following is not mentioned as a basic equipment (n. 设备)in today’s student dorms?(判断是非题)

A)fridges(= refrigerator  n. 冰箱)

B)microwaves (n. 微波炉)

C)notebook( n. 笔记本) computer

D)(只有选项D中的词语没有在出题句及出题句周边的语句中被提及.TV sets( n. 电视机)

寻找出题句:

(第一段)Once upon a time,eating in an American college dorm meant soup(汤) in a hot pot(罐) or getting pizza(比萨饼) delivered.The most interesting thing about the campus dining hall (餐厅)was often the salad bar(酒吧).

(第二段)No more.These days, US college students have refined(幽雅的) tastes(品味, 品尝, 体验) and a growing(越来越多的) interest in preparing their own food.Mini-refrigerators and(利用”出现在并列结构中的选项不是答案”可排除A和B.) microwaves in dorm rooms are as essential(adj. 基本的) as laptops(膝上型电脑).

 

C)notebook( n. 笔记本) computer

 

(第三段) “The cooking awareness of college students is increasing,”said Tom Post,president of campus dining for Sodexo,a major food service company.“Students today grew up watching celebrity chefs on TV ,eating organic food and valuing good nutrition.”

该题答案为D.

D) TV sets( n. 电视机)

该题可能进行改编: 问”下列哪个选项是当今学生宿舍里的基本设备?”

 

2(该题没有严格按照文章发展顺序设置问题.).Which of the following statements is true according to the author?(判断是非题)

A) The salad bar is still the most interesting food to them up to now(adv. 到目前为止).

B)Today Pizza remains the most popular food to US college students

√C)US college students want their dining(吃饭) options(选择) to be more flexible(灵活的, 柔软的) and personalized(个人化的).

D)Colleges have made no changes to meet students’needs

寻找出题句:

B)Today Pizza remains the most popular food选项B中的定位线索结构”the most popular food”没有在出题句及出题句周边的语句中出现. to US college students

(第一段)Once upon a time,eating in an American college dorm meant soup in a hotpot or getting pizza delivered.The most interesting thing about the campus dining hall(n. 食堂) was (设置选项A是为了考察一般过去时态的意义. 该句与选项A的意义不一致. )often the salad bar

A) The salad bar is still the most interesting food to them up to now(adv. 到目前为止).

 

(第二段)No more.These days, US college students have refined tastes and a growing interest in preparing their own food.Mini-refrigerators and microwaves in dorm rooms are as essential as

laptops.(第一题出题句)

(第三段)“The cooking awareness of college students is increasing,”said Tom Post,president of campus dining for Sodexo,a major food service company.“Students today grew up watching celebrity chefs (n. 厨师) on TV ,eating organic(adj. 有机的) food and valuing(v. 重视, 评价) good nutrition.”

(第四段)In response,cafeteria(n. 自助餐厅) menus (n. 菜单)have changed.Sodexo’s top campus foods for 2009 include Vietnamese noodle soup,goat cheese salad,and Mexican chicken.But colleges are also catering to (v. 迎合)student demands for (n. 对…的要求)more flexible(adj. 灵活的) and personalized(adj. 个人化的) dining (n. 食物)options

C)US college students want their dining(吃饭) options(选择) to be more flexible(灵活的, 柔软的) and personalized(个人化的).

该题答案为C:

第44讲3.The following food are among Sodexo’s top campus foods for 2009 EXCEPT:

A) Italian Pizza

B) Vietnamese(adj. 越南的, 越南人的) noodle soup

C)goat(n. 山羊) cheese(n. 干酪) salad(n. 暖羊奶芝士沙)

D) Mexican chicken (n. 鸡肉)

寻找出题句:

(第一段)Once upon a time,eating in an American college dorm meant soup in a hotpot or getting pizza delivered.The most interesting thing about the campus dining hall was often the salad bar.

(第二段)No more.These days.US college students have refined tastes and a growing interest in preparing their own food.Mini-refrigerators and microwaves in dorm rooms are as essential as

laptops.(第一题出题句.

(第三段) “The cooking awareness of college students is increasing,”said Tom Post,president of campus dining for Sodexo,a major food service company.“Students today grew up watching celebrity chefs on TV ,eating organic food and valuing good nutrition.”

(第四段)In response,cafeteria menus have changed.Sodexo’s top campus foods for 2009 include(v. 包括) Vietnamese(adj. 越南的) noodle soupgoat cheese salad(暖羊奶芝士沙),and (可依据“出现在并列结构中的选项不是答案”而直接判断出A是答案。)Mexican chicken.But colleges are also catering to student demands for more flexible and personalized dining options.(第二题出题句.

该题答案为A.

A)    Italian Pizza

该问题可能会被重新编写: 问”哪种食物是Sodexo的顶级校园食物( Sodexo’s top campus foods)?”

 

4.Which of the following statements about Angelo Berti is NOT true?(判断是非题)

A)He is a chef (n. 厨师)at the College of the Holy Cross in Worcester(n. 伍斯特), Massachusetts(n. 马萨诸塞州).

B) He teaches cooking in a cooking school

C)He believes that cooking means more than preparing food (n. 食物)following the recipes(n.处方, 菜单 ).

D) He regards (v. 把…看作为…) dining (n. 吃饭)together as a good way to expand the circle of friends(n.朋友圈 ).

寻找出题句:

(第一段)Once upon a time,eating in an American college dorm meant soup in a hotpot or getting pizza delivered.The most interesting thing about the campus dining hall was often the salad bar.

(第二段)No more.These days.US college students have refined tastes and a growing interest in preparing their own food.Mini-refrigerators and microwaves in dorm rooms are as essential as

laptops.(第一题出题句.)

(第三段) “The cooking awareness of college students is increasing,”said Tom Post,president of campus dining for Sodexo,a major food service company.“Students today grew up watching celebrity chefs on TV ,eating organic food and valuing good nutrition.”

(第四段)In response,cafeteria menus have changed.Sodexo’s top campus foods for 2009 include Vietnamese noodle soup,goat cheese salad,and Mexican chicken(第三题出题句.).But colleges are also catering to student demands for more flexible and personalized dining options(第二题出题句)

(第五段)Chartwells,the company that prepares food for dining halls at Ohio Wesleyan University in the state of Ohio,offers microwaveable meals that students can take away,as well as a program where students can have food individually prepared.Or they can even do their own cooking.

(第六段)This fall,Sarah Lawrence College in New York will offer students on its meal plan a chance

to pick up groceries in the cafeteria as an alternative to a cooked meal.

(第七段) “Students want things that are easy to make,things that don’t take long and will still taste good,”said Rachel Holcomb,a University of Massachusetts-Amherst student who updated recipes for the new edition of The Healthy College Cookbook.

(第八段)Angelo Berti,a chef at the College of the Holy Cross in Worcester,Massachusetts,(提示:插入语结构上常设出题点.)teaches cooking  in dorm(n. 宿舍) kitchens.But Berti says he’s not just(adv. 仅仅) teaching recipes(n. 菜谱, 处方).He’s encouraging(v. 鼓励) students to use dining(n. 吃饭) together as a way to socialize(v. 使社会化) and as a means(n. 手段) of self-expression_r(n. 自我表现).“The meal(一餐饭) is your canvas(n. 帆布).”Berti said.“You paint what you want.”

该题答案为B.

该题可能会进行改编: 问”关于Angelo Berti的陈述哪个正确?

5.What does Angelo Berti mean by saying“The meal is your canvas”?

A)Cooking is so (adv. 如此...以至于…)boring(adj. 令人厌烦的) that it is not worthy(adj. 有价值的) for students to have a try(v. 尝试).

B)College students should make their meal as simple as possible(adv. 尽可能地…).

C)Cooking is a good way to express(v.表达) oneself freely(自由地).

D)lf one wants(v. 想要) to become a successful(adj. 成功的) cook, he’d better (最好)learn painting first.

寻找出题句:

(第八段)Angelo Berti,a chef at the College of the Holy Cross in Worcester,Massachusetts,teaches cooking  in dorm(n. 宿舍) kitchens.But Berti says he’s not just(adv. 仅仅) teaching recipes(n. 菜谱, 处方).He’s encouraging(v. 鼓励) students to use dining(n. 吃饭) together as a way to socialize(v. 使社会化) and as a means(n. 手段) of self-expression_r(n. 自我表现).“The meal(一餐饭) is your canvas(n. 帆布).(当问题问及文章中某个句子的意义时, 往往需要结合上下文的意义才能对该句的意义进行正确的理解.)”Berti said.“You paint(v. 描绘) what you want(v.想要).”

该题答案为C。

 


第45讲2010年基础强化班课程

阅读判断

 

建议把该题型作为最后一种题型来完成:

因为即使不答题, 通过填入7个A通常能获得2-4分。

阅读判断通常答案分布规律:

A成为答案的次数通常为3-4次;

B成为答案的次数通常为2-4次;

C成为答案的次数通常为1-3次;

建议: 全填A作为答案。

典型答案分布形式: 3A, 2B, 2C

建议该题型完成时间为5-7分钟;建议用技巧结合阅读判断答案分布规律快速答题。

 

选自2009年综合B/C阅读判断考题:

20America’s 50th female astronauts is right now moving round the Earth.

√A. right   B. wrong   C. not mentioned

(最后一段)As we gather here today in this historic, magnificent building, the 50th woman to leave the Earth is orbiting(绕轨道运行).

 

选自2009年理工A阅读判断考题:

18. Most of theworld’s population may live within 100 km of the sea in 2005.

√A. right   B. wrong   C. not mentioned

(第三段第二句)Three-quarters of the world’s people may live within 100 km of the sea in 2005, putting even more pressure on stretched coastal(adj. 沿海的) ecosystems(n. 生态系统).

 

19. Almost all coral reefs may disappear in 100 years.

A. right   √B. wrong   C. not mentioned

(第三段第三句): Two thirds of fisheries (n. 鱼业 )are exploited at or beyond their sustainable limits, and half the world’s coral reefs (n. 珊瑚礁) may perish in 100 years.

 

▼答题应对策略3—线索词定位法。

利用题干中的典型定位线索词(专有名词及数字作为定位线索, 在文章中快速确认出题句并判断答案).

 

选自2009年综合B/C阅读判断考题:

21. Hillary Clinton will support Obama in the upcoming presidential election campaign.

Right      Wrong       √C  Not Mentioned

 

When I was asked what it means to be a woman running for President, I always gave the same answer: that I was proud to be running as a woman but I was running because I thought I'd be the best president. But I am a woman, and like millions of women, I know there are still barriers and biases out there, often unconscious. I want to build an America that respects and embraces the potential of every last one of us.

I ran as a daughter who benefited from opportunities my mother never dreamed of. I ran as a mother who worries about my daughter's future and a mother who wants to lead all children to brighter tomorrows.

To build that future I see, we must make sure that women and men alike understand the struggles of their grandmothers and mothers, and that women enjoy equal opportunities, equal pay, and equal respect.

Let us resolve and work toward achieving some very simple propositions: There are no acceptable limits and there are no acceptable prejudices in the twenty-first century.

You can be so proud that, from now on, it will be unremarkable for a woman to win primary state victories, unremarkable to have a woman in a close race to be our nominee, unremarkable to think that a woman can be the President of the United States. And that is truly remarkable.

To those who are disappointed that we couldn't go all the way – especially the young people who put so much into this campaign – it would break my heart if, in falling short of my goal, I in any way discouraged any of you from pursuing yours.

Always aim high, work hard, and care deeply about what you believe in. When you stumble, keep faith. When you're knocked down, get right back up. And never listen to anyone who says you can't or shouldn't go on.

As we gather here today in this historic magnificent building, the 50th woman to leave this Earth is orbiting overhead. If we can blast 50 women into space, we will someday launch a woman into the White House.

 

选自2009年综合A阅读判断考题:

 

19 Churchill is confident that he will live longer than Hitler

Right    Wrong    √C Not mentioned

20 The Royal Air Force  will launch massive air strikes against the Germans

Right    Wrong    √C Not menfioned

 

Keep on Fighting

Turning once again to the question of invasion,I would observe that there has never been a period in all these long centuries of which we boast when an absolute guarantee against invasion,still less against serious raids.could have been given to our people.In the days of Napoleon the same wind which would have carried his transports across the channel might have driven away the blockading(封锁)fleet There was always the chance, and it is that chance which has excited and befooled(愚弄) the imaginations of many continental tyrants. Many are the tales that are told. We are assured that novel methods will be adopted,and when we see the originality of malice(怨恨),the ingenuity of aggression, which our enemy displays, we may certainly prepare ourselves for every kind of novel stratagem(战略) and every kind of brutal and treacherous(奸诈的) manoeuvre (花招)I think that no idea is so outlandish(古怪的) that it should not be considered and viewed with a searching,but at the same time, I hope,with a steady eye.

We must never forget the solid assurances of sea power and those which belong to air power if it can be locally exercised I have,myself,full confidence that if all do their duty, if nothing is neglected,and if the best arrangements are made,as they are being.made.we shall prove ourselves once again able to defend our island home,to ride out the storm of  war, and to outlive the menace(威胁)of tyranny, if necessary for years, if necessary alone. At any rate,that is what we are going to try to do.This is the resolve of His Majesty’s government—every man of them.This is the will of parliament and the nation. The British empire and the French republic, linked together in their cause and ln their need,will defend to the death their native soil,aiding each other like good comrades to the utmost of their strength. Even though large tracts of Europe and many old and famous states have fallen or may fall into the grip of the Gestapo and all the odious(可憎的)apparatus of Nazi rule,we shall not flag(变弱) or fail.

We shall go on to the end,we shall fight in France.we shall fight on the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air,we shall defend our island,whatever the cost might be.we shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds,we shall fight in the fields and in the streets,we shall fight the hills,we shall never surrender.and even if.which 1 do not for a moment believe this island or a large part of it were subjugated(征服) and starving,then our empire beyond the seas,armed and guarded by the British fleet,would carry on the struggle, until, in God’s good time,the new world,with its power and might, steps forth to the rescue and the liberation of the old.

 

选自2009年综合B/C阅读判断考题:

21. Hillary Clinton will support Obama in the upcoming presidential election campaign.

Right      Wrong       √C  Not Mentioned

 

When I was asked what it means to be a woman running for President, I always gave the same answer: that I was proud to be running as a woman but I was running because I thought I'd be the best president. But I am a woman, and like millions of women, I know there are still barriers and biases out there, often unconscious. I want to build an America that respects and embraces the potential of every last one of us.

I ran as a daughter who benefited from opportunities my mother never dreamed of. I ran as a mother who worries about my daughter's future and a mother who wants to lead all children to brighter tomorrows.

To build that future I see, we must make sure that women and men alike understand the struggles of their grandmothers and mothers, and that women enjoy equal opportunities, equal pay, and equal respect.

Let us resolve and work toward achieving some very simple propositions: There are no acceptable limits and there are no acceptable prejudices in the twenty-first century.

You can be so proud that, from now on, it will be unremarkable for a woman to win primary state victories, unremarkable to have a woman in a close race to be our nominee, unremarkable to think that a woman can be the President of the United States. And that is truly remarkable.

To those who are disappointed that we couldn't go all the way – especially the young people who put so much into this campaign – it would break my heart if, in falling short of my goal, I in any way discouraged any of you from pursuing yours.

Always aim high, work hard, and care deeply about what you believe in. When you stumble, keep faith. When you're knocked down, get right back up. And never listen to anyone who says you can't or shouldn't go on.

As we gather here today in this historic magnificent building, the 50th woman to leave this Earth is orbiting overhead. If we can blast 50 women into space, we will someday launch a woman into the White House.

提示:

判断出选项C后,剩下的题的答案可以全填入A, 这样在该阅读判断上可以拿到4分!

 

选自2009年综合A阅读判断考题:

 

19 Churchill is confident that he will live longer than Hitler

Right    Wrong    C Not mentioned

20 The Royal Air Force  will launch massive air strikes against the Germans

Right    Wrong    C Not menfioned

 

Keep on Fighting

Turning once again to the question of invasion,I would observe that there has never been a period in all these long centuries of which we boast when an absolute guarantee against invasion,still less against serious raids.could have been given to our people.In the days of Napoleon the same wind which would have carried his transports across the channel might have driven away the blockading(封锁)fleet There was always the chance, and it is that chance which has excited and befooled(愚弄) the imaginations of many continental tyrants. Many are the tales that are told. We are assured that novel methods will be adopted,and when we see the originality of malice(怨恨),the ingenuity of aggression, which our enemy displays, we may certainly prepare ourselves for every kind of novel stratagem(战略) and every kind of brutal and treacherous(奸诈的) manoeuvre (花招)I think that no idea is so outlandish(古怪的) that it should not be considered and viewed with a searching,but at the same time, I hope,with a steady eye.

We must never forget the solid assurances of sea power and those which belong to air power if it can be locally exercised I have,myself,full confidence that if all do their duty, if nothing is neglected,and if the best arrangements are made,as they are being.made.we shall prove ourselves once again able to defend our island home,to ride out the storm of  war, and to outlive the menace(威胁)of tyranny, if necessary for years, if necessary alone. At any rate,that is what we are going to try to do.This is the resolve of His Majesty’s government—every man of them.This is the will of parliament and the nation. The British empire and the French republic, linked together in their cause and ln their need,will defend to the death their native soil,aiding each other like good comrades to the utmost of their strength. Even though large tracts of Europe and many old and famous states have fallen or may fall into the grip of the Gestapo and all the odious(可憎的)apparatus of Nazi rule,we shall not flag(变弱) or fail.

We shall go on to the end,we shall fight in France.we shall fight on the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air,we shall defend our island,whatever the cost might be.we shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds,we shall fight in the fields and in the streets,we shall fight the hills,we shall never surrender.and even if.which 1 do not for a moment believe this island or a large part of it were subjugated(征服) and starving,then our empire beyond the seas,armed and guarded by the British fleet,would carry on the struggle, until, in God’s good time,the new world,with its power and might, steps forth to the rescue and the liberation of the old.

提示:

判断出选项C后,剩下的题的答案可以全填入A, 这样在该阅读判断上可以拿到5分!

 

▼答题补充策略(利用该策略能获得2- 4分):

1.    抓住题干中的特殊词汇直接对答案进行感性判断(正确率 ﹥ 80%);

Some,  may/can/could/might,

probably/likely/possible/possibly,

 

just/only/merely(仅仅),can not(不可能),  in no case(决不), unlikely(不可能), impossible

have to(不得不, 必须)

all, whole

competely, entirely, totally

 

阅读判断答案分布特点2:

通常第一小题的答案为A或B; C这个答案

常出现中间部分及结尾部分问题的答案;

选自2009年卫生A阅读判断考题:

16.The number of prematurely stopped clinical trials has increased recently.

A. right   B. wrong  C. Not mentioned

 

17. The trials were stopped early because the treatments proved to be of no value.

A. right   B. wrong  C. Not mentioned

 

18. The 25 trials involved roughly the same number of participants.

A. right   B. wrong  C. Not mentioned

 

19. Some of the trials were probably stopped early for commercial reasons.

√A. right   B. wrong  C. Not mentioned

 

20. Participants in the trials were happy when they were stopped early.

A. right   B. wrong C. Not mentioned

 

21. Some of the trials were too short to show their long-term effects.

√A. right   B. wrong  C. Not mentioned

 

22. Stuart Pocock believed that in no case should clinical trials stop early.

A. right   √B. wrong  C. Not mentioned

利用“特殊词判断策略”在该阅读判断题上直接拿到5分!

 

选自2009年综合A阅读判断考题:

16 Throughout Britain’s history, there has been no guarantee that an invasion would not

happen.

Right    Wrong    C Not mentioned

17 Napoleon and his army once crossed the English Channel and conquered Britain

Right    Wrong    C Not mentioned

 

18 The enemy  will use every means conceivable to destroy Britain

Right    Wrong    C Not mentioned

 

19 Churchill is confident that he will live longer than Hitler

Right    Wrong    C Not mentioned

 

20 The Royal Air Force will launch massive air strikes against the Germans

Right    Wrong    C Not mentioned

 

21 The British empire is so strong that it does not have to take Hitler’s menace seriously.

Right    Wrong    C Not mentioned

 

22 Although many countries have been overrun by the Germans,the British people will never give in

Right    Wrong    C Not mentioned

“特殊词判断策略”在该阅读判断题上不奏效,因此在利用线索词定位法判断出了选项C的出现为位置及出现个数后,剩下的题全填入A, 这样拿到5分!

 

选自2009年理工A阅读判断考题:

16. It is estimated(v. 估计) that water use (n. 水的使用)will rise(v. 上升, 增加)by 50% in the next 30 years.

√A. right   B. wrong   C. not mentioned

(第一段最后一句)Half the world’s wetlands have disappeared during the last century, while estimates suggest that water use will rise by 50% in the next 30 years.

 

17. Most developed countries will face water shortages in 20 years.

A. right   B. wrong   C. not mentioned

 

18. Most of theworld’s population may live within 100 km of the sea in 2005.

√A. right   B. wrong   C. not mentioned

 

19. Almost all coral reefs may disappear in 100 years.

A. right   √B. wrong   C. not mentioned

 

20. Some species of fish in the Atlantic are at dangerously low level.

√A. right   B. wrong   C. not mentioned

 

21. The world bank report implies that urgent action should be taken to protect water supplies.

A. right   B. wrong    C. not mentioned

 

22. India exceeds environmental limits for water use.

A. right   B. wrong   C. not mentioned

“特殊词判断策略”+ “线索词定位法”判断出了一些题的答案分别为A和B, 因为C还没有出现, 所以剩下的题全填入C, 这样拿到4分!

 


第46讲2010年基础强化班课程

阅读理解

第四十四篇

Americans Get(v. 变成,获得, 染上(疾病)) Touchy(adj. 易怒的, 敏感的)(越来越喜欢肢体接触的美国人)

The New York Times recently reported that American teens are hugging practically everyon they see.Say goodbye to the greetings of the past.from the hands-off“What’s up!”to the handshake or high- .For young people across the country, hugging is the new“Hello”.

‘Girls are hugging girls.Boys are hugging boys.Girls and boys are hugging each other.And,like every 1Tlajor trend.there are lots of variations on the form.There’s the classic,full—body.Arms-around-the-person bear hug,the casual one-armed side hug,the group hug and the hug from behind.There’s the handshake that turns into a hug and the hug that turns into a pat on the back.

As trends go,this one scorns pretty innocent.But some parents,teachers and school administrators are worried nonetheless.Will young people who aren’t as comfortable with, physical contact feel peer pressured into hugging?Will kids who don’t receive hugs feel left ?

Could all extra-long hug slide into the more ominous territory of sexual harassment?

In response to some of these concerns,some schools have set up new rules to limit or elilninatc hugging.One school head has created a three-second limitation’for hugs at her school.

A few schools have taken even more drastic measures,placing a ban on all forms of touching between students. A few important points are being left out of the discussion.While the US has traditionally been reserved about touching-saving hugs and kisses for relatives,romantic partners anti very close friends-people in many other parts of the world have been greeting each other this way for ages.

In Latin America or Western Europe,in countries like Spain,France。and Italy,a kiss on the check is common among women,as well as among women and men who arc not romantically involved.The cheek-kiss varies by region.Sometimes it is just an air kiss blown past the face.In other places,the proper way of greeting is to deliver a kiss upon both cheeks,or sometimes even a triplet of kisses performed by kissing one cheek,then the other,then back to the first.

Latin American men are more likely to shake hands when greeting other men,but in some countries like Turkey,it’s not unusual for men who know each other wcll to exchange kisses on the cheek.Meanwhile,for the Maori people of New Zealand,a traditional greeting called the “hongi”involves pressing noses together.

So,from a global perspective,the new trend of teen hugging in America is not so‘‘new’’ after all.People all around the world 1move in close to say hello,and Americans arc just now joining in.(483 words)

 

词汇:

touchy易怒的:敏感的

harassment骚扰

triplet三个一组;三件一套

注释:

1. touchy的本意为“易怒的”、“敏感的”,这里用来指“喜欢肢体接触的,”标题意味美国人越来越喜欢肢体接触了。

2. High-five是美国文化手势的一种,并没有正式的中文名称,一般代表了“庆祝成功的击掌,”有时也写成“Give me five”

3.Feel left out:感到被排斥。

4.Three-second limitation:指学校制定的将拥抱限制雨:三秒钟之内的规定。

5. Maori people:毛利人(新西兰的土著)。

练习:

1.The word“practically”in the first paragraph could be best replaced by      .

A)certainly

B)nearly

C)actively

D)voluntarily

2.Which ot’the following is NOT among the typical ways of greetings in the past?

A)hands off“What’s up”

B)handshake

C)high-five

D)embrace

3.Some parents,teachers and school administrators concern the new trend of hugging for the

following reasons EXCEPT:

A)Some young people get involved into the trend due to peer pressure.

B)Those who don’t receive hugs feel left out.

C)There’s the danger that hugging slide into the more ominous territory of sexual

harassment.

D)Diseases could be transmitted more easily through the extra-long body contact.

4.Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?

A)Teenagers across the US hug everyone they see in nearly the same way.

B)Although some adults worry about the trend.few measures have been taken to ban on

it.

C)Traditionally,the US people have been reserved about hugging between anybody.

D)In some countries,it’s usual for men to kiss each other on the cheek.

5.Wc Call infer that the author holds a     attitude toward the new trend of hugging.

A)positive

B)negative

C)indifferent

D)conservative

答案与题解:

1(遇到阅读理解部分的词汇题时先翻查词典, 借助词典弄清楚考察词所有的词义和用法,有时答案就在词典里。).The word“practically”in the first paragraph could be best replaced by                     suggest

A)certainly(adv. 的确,当然)

B)nearly – almost – virtually

C)actively(adv. 活跃地,积极地)

D)voluntarily(adv. 自动地)

practically – actually – in fact – really 事实上

该题答案为B。

 

2.Which of the following is NOT among the typical (adj. 典型的)ways of greetings(n. 问候) in the past?

A)hands- off “What’s up

B)handshake

C)high-five

√D)embrace(v.拥抱)

寻找出题句:

(第一段)The New York Times recently reported that American teens are hugging practically everyone they see.(第一题出题句。)Say goodbye to the greetings of the past, (which range )from the hands-off“What’s up!to the handshake or (第二题可以依据“出现在并列结构中的选项不是答案”而直接判断答案.)high-five.For young people across the country, hugging is the new“Hello”.

A and B

A, B and C

A, B, C and D

A or B

either A or B

neither A nor B

both A and B

from A to B

not only A but also B

 

该题答案为D。

D)embrace(v.拥抱)

该题可能会被进行改编: 问“下列哪个选项是过去寒暄的典型方式?”

 

第47讲第四十四篇

Americans Get(v. 变成,获得, 染上(疾病)) Touchy(adj. 易怒的, 敏感的)(越来越喜欢肢体接触的美国人)

The New York Times recently reported that American teens are hugging practically everyon they see.Say goodbye to the greetings of the past.from the hands-off“What’s up!”to the handshake or high- .For young people across the country, hugging is the new“Hello”.

‘Girls are hugging girls.Boys are hugging boys.Girls and boys are hugging each other.And,like every 1Tlajor trend.there are lots of variations on the form.There’s the classic,full—body.Arms-around-the-person bear hug,the casual one-armed side hug,the group hug and the hug from behind.There’s the handshake that turns into a hug and the hug that turns into a pat on the back.

As trends go,this one scorns pretty innocent.But some parents,teachers and school administrators are worried nonetheless.Will young people who aren’t as comfortable with, physical contact feel peer pressured into hugging?Will kids who don’t receive hugs feel left ?

Could all extra-long hug slide into the more ominous territory of sexual harassment?

In response to some of these concerns,some schools have set up new rules to limit or elilninatc hugging.One school head has created a three-second limitation’for hugs at her school.

A few schools have taken even more drastic measures,placing a ban on all forms of touching between students. A few important points are being left out of the discussion.While the US has traditionally been reserved about touching-saving hugs and kisses for relatives,romantic partners anti very close friends-people in many other parts of the world have been greeting each other this way for ages.

In Latin America or Western Europe,in countries like Spain,France。and Italy,a kiss on the check is common among women,as well as among women and men who arc not romantically involved.The cheek-kiss varies by region.Sometimes it is just an air kiss blown past the face.In other places,the proper way of greeting is to deliver a kiss upon both cheeks,or sometimes even a triplet of kisses performed by kissing one cheek,then the other,then back to the first.

Latin American men are more likely to shake hands when greeting other men,but in some countries like Turkey,it’s not unusual for men who know each other wcll to exchange kisses on the cheek.Meanwhile,for the Maori people of New Zealand,a traditional greeting called the “hongi”involves pressing noses together.

So,from a global perspective,the new trend of teen hugging in America is not so‘‘new’’ after all.People all around the world 1move in close to say hello,and Americans arc just now joining in.(483 words)

 

词汇:

touchy易怒的:敏感的

harassment骚扰

triplet三个一组;三件一套

注释:

1. touchy的本意为“易怒的”、“敏感的”,这里用来指“喜欢肢体接触的,”标题意味美国人越来越喜欢肢体接触了。

2. High-five是美国文化手势的一种,并没有正式的中文名称,一般代表了“庆祝成功的击掌,”有时也写成“Give me five”

3.Feel left out:感到被排斥。

4.Three-second limitation:指学校制定的将拥抱限制雨:三秒钟之内的规定。

5. Maori people:毛利人(新西兰的土著)。

练习:

1.The word“practically”in the first paragraph could be best replaced by      .

A)certainly

B)nearly

C)actively

D)voluntarily

2.Which ot’the following is NOT among the typical ways of greetings in the past?

A)hands off“What’s up”

B)handshake

C)high-five

D)embrace

3.Some parents,teachers and school administrators concern the new trend of hugging for the

following reasons EXCEPT:

A)Some young people get involved into the trend due to peer pressure.

B)Those who don’t receive hugs feel left out.

C)There’s the danger that hugging slide into the more ominous territory of sexual

harassment.

D)Diseases could be transmitted more easily through the extra-long body contact.

4.Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?

A)Teenagers across the US hug everyone they see in nearly the same way.

B)Although some adults worry about the trend.few measures have been taken to ban on

it.

C)Traditionally,the US people have been reserved about hugging between anybody.

D)In some countries,it’s usual for men to kiss each other on the cheek.

5.Wc Call infer that the author holds a     attitude toward the new trend of hugging.

A)positive

B)negative

C)indifferent

D)conservative

答案与题解:

3.Some parents,teachers and school administrators (n. 管理者)concern(v. 关注, 关心) the new trend(n. 趋势) of hugging(n. 拥抱) for the following reasons EXCEPT:(因果题)

A)Some young people get involved into (v.卷入)the trend due to (adv. 因为)peer(n. 同等人) pressure(n. 来自同龄人的压力).

B)Those who don’t receive hugs (n. 拥抱)feel left out(被遗漏, 被遗忘).

C)There’s the danger (n. 危险)that hugging slide into (v. 溜进)the more ominous(adj. 不吉利的, 令人不愉快的) territory(n. 领域) of sexual harassment(n. 性骚扰).

√D)Diseases could be transmitted(v.传播, 传输) more easily(adv. 容易地) through the extra-long(adj. 过于长时间的) body contact(n. 身体接触).

寻找出题句:

(第一段)The New York Times recently reported that American teens are hugging practically everyone they see(第一句出题句。).Say goodbye to the greetings of the past.from the hands-off“What’s up!”to the handshake or high-(第一句出题句。)five.For young people across the country, hugging is the new“Hello”.

(第二段) ‘Girls are hugging girls.Boys are hugging boys.Girls and boys are hugging each other.And, like every major trend, there are lots of variations(n. 变异) on the form.There’s the classic(adj. 古典式的),full—body, arms-around-the-person bear hug(n. 熊抱),the casual(adj. 不经意的) one-armed side(n. 侧面) hug,the group(n. 群体) hug and the hug from behind(adj. 从后面的).There’s the handshake that turns into a hug and the hug that turns into a pat(n. 轻拍) on theback(这几个句子也可能设置为出题句。)(n. 后背).

(第三段) As trends go(v. 发展),this one scorns(v. 藐视, 轻视) pretty innocent(adj. 天真的).But some parents,teachers and school administrators are worried nonetheless(adv. 但是).Will young people who aren’t as comfortable(adj. 舒服的) with physical contact (n. 身体接触)feel peer pressured into hugging?Will kids who don’t receive(v. 得到) hugs feel left out ? Could all extra-long hug slide into the more ominous(adj. 令人不愉快的) territory of sexual harassment(n. 性骚扰)?

A)Some young people get involved into (v.卷入)the trend due to (adv. 因为)peer(n. 同等人) pressure(n. 来自同龄人的压力).

B)Those who don’t receive hugs (n. 拥抱)feel left out(被遗漏, 被遗忘).

C)There’s the danger (n. 危险)that hugging slide into (v. 溜进)the more ominous(adj. 不吉利的,令人不愉快的) territory(n. 领域) of sexual harassment(n. 性骚扰).

D)Diseases could be transmitted(v.传播,传输) more easily(adv. 容易地) through the extra-long(adj. 过于长时间的) body contact(n. 身体接触).

该题答案为D:

该题可能被改写: 问“父母, 家长和学校管理者对这种寒暄方式感到担心的原因”

 

4.Which of the following statements is true(adj.正确的, 真实的) according to the passage(n. 短文)? (判断是非题)

A)Teenagers across the US hug everyone they see in nearly the same way

B)Although some adults (n. 成年人)worry about the trend, few measures (n. 措施)have been taken to ban(v. 禁止) on it.

C)Traditionally,the US people have been reserved (adj. 含蓄的, 保留的)about hugging between anybody

√D)In some countries,it’s usual(adj. 平常的, 通常的) for men to kiss each other (pron. 彼此)on the cheek(n. 脸颊).

寻找出题句:

(第一段)The New York Times recently reported that American teens are hugging practically everyone they see(第一题出题句。).Say goodbye to the greetings of the past.from the hands-off“What’s up!”to the handshake or high- (第二题出题句。).For young people across the country, hugging is the new“Hello”.

(第二段)Girls are hugging girls.Boys are hugging boys.Girls and boys are hugging each other.And, like every major trend.there are lots of variations on the form.There’s the classic,full—body, arms-around-the-person bear hug,the casual one-armed side hug,the group hug and the hug rom behind.There’s the handshake that turns into a hug and the hug that turns into a pat on the back.

(第三段)As trends go,this one scorns pretty innocent.But some parents,teachers and school administrators are worried nonetheless.Will young people who aren’t as comfortable with, physical contact feel peer pressured into hugging?Will kids who don’t receive hugs feel left ?

Could all extra-long hug slide into the more ominous territory of sexual harassment? (第三题出题句。

(第四段)In response to some of these concerns,some schools have set up new rules to limit or elilninatc hugging.One school head has created a three-second limitation’for hugs at her school. A few schools have taken even more drastic(adj. 激烈的) measuresplacing a ban on (v.禁止)all forms of touching(n. 接触) between students.(该句意义与选项B的意义矛盾。 设置选项B是为了要求考生对“正反意义进行判别”。

B)Although some adults (n. 成年人)worry about the trend, few measures (n. 措施)have been taken to ban(v. 禁止) on it.

(第五段)A few important points are being left out of the discussion.While(conj. 虽然) the US has traditionally been reserved(adj. 保守的) about touching --- saving (v. 节省,挽救)hugs and kisses for relatives,romantic(adj. 浪漫的) partners(n. 伴侣, 合作者) and very close(adj. 亲密的) friends --- people in many other parts of the world have been greeting(v. 寒暄) each other this way for ages(n. 时代).

C)Traditionally,the US people have been reserved (adj. 含蓄的,保留的)about hugging between anybody.

 

(第六段)In Latin America or Western Europe,in countries like Spain,France, and Italy,a kiss on the check is common among women,as well as among women and men who arc not romantically involved.The cheek-kiss varies by region.Sometimes it is just an air kiss blown past the face.In other places,the proper way of greeting is to deliver a kiss upon both cheeks,or sometimes even a triplet of kisses performed by kissing one cheek,then the other,then back to the first.

(第七段)Latin American men are more likely to shake hands when greeting other men,but in some countries like Turkey, it’s not unusualNot unusual = usual 存在近义结构之间的改写关系。(adj. 非同寻常的) for men who know each other well to exchange(v. 交换) kisses on the cheek.Meanwhile,for the Maori people of New Zealand,a traditional greeting called the“hongi”involves pressing noses together.

D)In some countries,it’s usual(adj. 平常的,通常的) for men to kiss each other (pron. 彼此)on the cheek(n. 脸颊).

该题答案为D。

 

5(态度题看文章结尾段及文章开头段。).We can infer(v. 推断) that the author holds a     attitude toward the new trend (v. 趋势)of hugging(n. 拥抱)

√A)positive(adj. 积极的, 肯定的)

B)negative (adj. 消极的,否定的)

× C)indifferent (adj. 漠不关心)

D)conservative (adj. 保守的)

寻找出题句:

(最后一段)So,from a global perspective(n. 观点),the new trend of teen hugging in America is not so‘‘new’’  after all(adv. 毕竟).People all around the world move (v.移动)in close(adv. 接近地, 亲密地) to say hello,and Americans are just now joining in(v.加入,参加).(483 words)

该题答案为A。

 

第48讲概括大意与完成句子

 

建议把该题型作为倒数第二种题型来完成:

因为该题部分概括大意题有一定的难度, 而且没有典型答案分布特点,因此想要拿到一定分数需要一定的答题时间, 但该题型中的完成句子题出题较简单,容易拿分。 该题型上预期得分4分左右。

建议该题型完成时间为10-12分钟;建议用技巧快速答题。

概括大意题答题步骤:

第一步: 查看被选项, 利用被选项中的特殊词汇(专有名词, 缩略词,数字)对含有特殊词汇的备选项是否可能是某个指定段落的小标题进行判断;

 

选自2009年理工类A/B概括大意与完成句子考题:

 

Chimpanzees

23 Paragraph 1      .

24 Paragraph 2      .

25 Paragraph 3      .

26 Paragraph 4      .

 

A Genetic differences between chimps and" humans

×B Reasons for HIV resistance

C Implications of chimpanzee extinction for humans

×D Effective AIDS treatment

E Genetic similarities between chimps and humans

×F Chimps' resistance to HIV

         Chimpanzees (黑猩猩) will soon be extinct (灭绝). If the present rate of hunting and habitat (栖息地) destruction continues, then within 20 years, there will be no chimpanzees living in the wild. But this is more than an environmental or moral tragedy (悲剧). Chimpanzee extinction may also have profound implications (含意) for the survival of their distant relatives - human beings.

 

A Genetic differences between chimps and" humans

×B Reasons for HIV resistance

C Implications of chimpanzee extinction for humans

×D Effective AIDS treatment

E Genetic similarities between chimps and humans

×F Chimps' resistance to HIV

 

2  In 1975 the biologist Marie-Claire King and Allan Wilson discovered that the human and chimpanzee genomes (基因组) match by over 98%. Compare this to the mouse, used as model for human disease in lab tests, which shares only 60% of its DNA with us. In fact, chimpanzees are far more similar to humans than they are to any other species of monkey. As well as resembling us genetically, chimps are highly intelligent and able to use tools. These facts alone should be enough to make protection of chimps an urgent priority (优先). But there is another, more selfish reason to preserve the chimp.

 

 

A Genetic differences between chimps and" humans

×B Reasons for HIV resistance

C Implications of chimpanzee extinction for humans

×D Effective AIDS treatment

E Genetic similarities between chimps and humans

×F Chimps' resistance to HIV

   The chimpanzees' trump card (王牌) comes in the field of medical research. Chimpanzees are so similar to humans that veterinarians (兽医) often refer to human medical textbooks when treating them. Yet chimpanzees do show differences in several key areas. In particular, chimps are much more resistant to a number of major diseases. It is this ability that is so interesting.

 

 

A Genetic differences between chimps and" humans

B Reasons for HIV resistance

C Implications of chimpanzee extinction for humans

D Effective AIDS treatment

E Genetic similarities between chimps and humans

F Chimps' resistance to HIV

4  For example, chimps seem to show a much higher resistance than humans to HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. Indeed, their use as experimental animals in AIDS research has declined because they are so resistant.

 

 

选自2009年综合类A/B概括大意与完成句子考题:

 

McGrady's art is a spectacle

 

23  Paragraph 2

24  Paragraph 3

25  Paragraph 4

26  Paragraph 5

 

A McGrady’s Injury

B Necessity for the Teammates to Improve Their Own Skills

×C Evaluation from Two Different Perspectives

D Spectacular Performance on the Court

E Players Houston Can’t Do Without

×F Yao Ming’s Performance

 

2. "It's hard for me, because I'm a fan of basketball," Houston point guard Rafer Alston told the Houston Chronicle newspaper after McGrady's 44-point performance against Utah on January 5. "When he's shooting the ball like that, a lot of times I'm standing there watching and, all of a sudden, [the other team's] getting the ball and going on a fast break, and I'm getting yelled at by the coach." Indeed, McGrady's body control, his energy, his shooting - watching these are like watching an artist at work, blending colours, constructing sentences, or playing music.

 

A McGrady’s Injury

B Necessity for the Teammates to Improve Their Own Skills

×C Evaluation from Two Different Perspectives

D Spectacular Performance on the Court

E Players Houston Can’t Do Without

F Yao Ming’s Performance

 

3. Unfortunately, McGrady, 27, hasn't always been on the job. Already this season, he's missed seven games with back spasms. After Yao Ming was injured on Dec. 23, it appeared Houston would be without both of its stars. McGrady, however, returned three days later and has been playing well ever since, scoring more than 30 points in each of the last six games, as of Tuesday. Houston can't seem to get on without him. When McGrady was injured, the Rockets won two and lost five.

 

A McGrady’s Injury

B Necessity for the Teammates to Improve Their Own Skills

C Evaluation from Two Different Perspectives

D Spectacular Performance on the Court

×E Players Houston Can’t Do Without

×F Yao Ming’s Performance

4. "Listen, there are only four or five people on the entire planet that can do the things he can do with the basketball," forward Shane Battier said of McGrady. "From a fan's perspective - and we're fans even though we're players - it's really fun to watch him do that. "From a player's perspective, his game can affect the entire team. No question. We see him, and we get excited, and that pumps us up. He keeps making shots, and suddenly it seems to become easier for everybody."

 

A McGrady’s Injury

B Necessity for the Teammates to Improve Their Own Skills

D Spectacular Performance on the Court

E Players Houston Can’t Do Without

F Yao Ming’s Performance

5. But it won't, really. Houston has just begun an important stretch on their schedule. Four of the next seven games will be played away from Houston - and without Yao. Six of the games will be against teams with winning records. Opponents will double-team McGrady in an attempt to dull the impact of his art. Instead of watching, McGrady's teammates will need to create a little art of their own.

 

第49讲第二步:查看指定段落中是否有明显段落主题词或主题句, 如果有则考虑直接利用利用段落主题词或段落主题句判断该段主题;

选自2009年理工A/B概括大意与完成句子考题

A Genetic differences between chimps and" humans

×B Reasons for HIV resistance

C Implications of chimpanzee extinction for humans

×D Effective AIDS treatment

E Genetic similarities between chimps and humans

×F Chimps' resistance to HIV

         Chimpanzees (黑猩猩) will soon be extinct (灭绝). If the present rate of hunting and habitat (栖息地) destruction continues, then within 20 years, there will be no chimpanzees living in the wild. But this is more than an environmental or moral tragedy (悲剧). Chimpanzee extinction may also have profound implications (含意) for the survival of their distant relatives - human beings.

主题句提示词:

implication/ significance/ importance/influence/effect/affect

 

选自2009年理工A/B概括大意与完成句子考题

A Genetic differences between chimps and" humans

×B Reasons for HIV resistance

×D Effective AIDS treatment

E Genetic similarities between chimps and humans

×F Chimps' resistance to HIV

2  In 1975 the biologist Marie-Claire King and Allan Wilson discovered that the human and chimpanzee genomes (基因组) match by over 98%. Compare this to the mouse, used as model for human disease in lab tests, which shares only 60% of its DNA with us. In fact, chimpanzees are far more similar to humans than they are to any other species of monkey. As well as resembling us genetically, chimps are highly intelligent and able to use tools. These facts alone should be enough to make protection of chimps an urgent priority (优先). But there is another, more selfish reason to preserve the chimp.

主题句提示词:

discover/find/learn(了解)/determine(确定)

 

选自2009年理工A/B概括大意与完成句子考题

A Genetic differences between chimps and humans

×B Reasons for HIV resistance

×D Effective AIDS treatment

×F Chimps' resistance to HIV

   The chimpanzees' trump card (王牌) comes in the field of medical research. Chimpanzees are so similar to humans that veterinarians (兽医) often refer to human medical textbooks when treating them. Yet(but, however) chimpanzees do show differences in several key areas. In particular, chimps are much more resistant to a number of major diseases. It is this ability that is so interesting.

 

B Reasons (?) for HIV resistance

D Effective AIDS treatment

F Chimps' resistance to HIV

5  For example, chimps seem to show a much higher resistance than humans to HIV, the virus(n. 病毒) that causes AIDS. Indeed, their use as experimental animals (n. 试验动物)in AIDS research has declined(v. 下降) because they are so resistant.

 

选自2009年卫生A/B概括大意与完成句子考题

Cancer

A How is cancer treated?

B Does cancer always cause pain?

C Can cancer be prevented?

D What is cancer?

E How common is cancer?

F What causes cancer?

Cancer is a group of many related diseases(n. 疾病) that begin in cells,the body’s basic building blocks The body is made up of many types of cells. Normally, cells grow and divide to produce more cells as they are needed to keep the body healthy Sometimes,this orderly process goes wrong. New cells form when the body does not need them,and old cells do not die when they should The extra cells form a mass of tissue called a growth or tumor(肿瘤). Benign(良性的)tumors are not cancer.  They can often be removed and, in most cases.they do not come back.. Malignant(恶性的)tumors are cancer.  Cells in malignant tumors are abnormal and divide without control or order.

段落主题句典型句型:

A is B

A is called B

A is considered to be B

第50讲概括大意与完成句子

选自2009年卫生A/B概括大意与完成句子考题

Cancer

A How is cancer treated?

B Does cancer always cause pain?

C Can cancer be prevented?

D What is cancer?

E How common is cancer?

F What causes cancer?

Cancer is a group of many related diseases that begin in cells,the body’s basic building blocks The body is made up of many types of cells. Normally, cells grow and divide to produce more cells as they are needed to keep the body healthy Sometimes,this orderly process goes wrong. New cells form when the body does not need them,and old cells do not die when they should The extra cells form a mass of tissue called a growth or tumor(肿瘤). Benign(良性的)tumors are not cancer They can often be removed and, in most cases.they do not come back.. Malignant(恶性的)tumors are cancer Cells in malignant tumors are abnormal and divide without control or order.

段落主题句典型句型:

A is B

A is called B

A is considered to be B

 

A How is cancer treated?

B Does cancer always cause pain?

C Can cancer be prevented?

E How common is cancer?

F What causes cancer?

Scientists have learned that cancer is caused by changes in genes that normally control the growth and death of cells Certain lifestyle and environmental factors can change some normal genes into genes that allow the growth of cancer. Many gene changes that lead to cancer are the result of tobacco use,diet,exposure to ultraviolet(紫外的)radiation from the sun,or exposure to carcinogens(致癌物)in the workplace or in the environment.  Some gene alterations are inherited.

 

A How is cancer treated?

B Does cancer always cause pain?

C Can cancer be prevented?

E How common is cancer?

Cancer treatment can include surgery, radiation therapy,chemotherapy(化疗),hormone therapy and biological therapy The doctor may use one method or a combination of methods, depending on the type and location of the cancer, whether the disease has spread, the patient’s age and general health,and other factors.  Because treatment for cancer can also damage healthy cells and tissues, it often causes side effects. Patients and doctors generally discuss the treatment options.weighing the likely benefits of killing cancer cells and the risks of possible side effects.

 

B Does cancer always cause pain?

C Can cancer be prevented?

E How common is cancer?

4 Having cancer does not always mean having pain. Whether a patient has pain may depend on the type of cancer.the extent of the disease,and the patient’s tolerance for pain. Most pain occurs when the cancer grows and presses against bones, organs, or nerves . Pain may also be a side effect of treatment. However,pain can generally be relieved or reduced with prescription medicines or over—the—counter drugs recommended by the doctor.

 

第三步:查看段落中是否有明显细节信息词(专有名词, 数字), 如果有则考虑利用“论据反推论点(段落主题)”的方法确认该段主题;

A Genetic differences between chimps and" humans

×B Reasons for HIV resistance

C Implications of chimpanzee extinction for humans

×D Effective AIDS treatment

E Genetic similarities between chimps and humans

×F Chimps' resistance to HIV

 

2  In 1975 the biologist Marie-Claire King and Allan Wilson discovered that the human and chimpanzee genomes (基因组) match by over 98%. Compare this to the mouse, used as model for human disease in lab tests, which shares only 60% of its DNA with us. In fact, chimpanzees are far more similar to humans than they are to any other species of monkey. As well as resembling us genetically, chimps are highly intelligent and able to use tools. These facts alone should be enough to make protection of chimps an urgent priority (优先). But there is another, more selfish reason to preserve the chimp.

选自2009年综合A/B概括大意与完成句子考题

A McGrady’s Injury

B Necessity for the Teammates to Improve Their Own Skills

×C Evaluation from Two Different Perspectives

D Spectacular Performance on the Court

E Players Houston Can’t Do Without

×F Yao Ming’s Performance

 

2. "It's hard for me, because I'm a fan of basketball," Houston point guard Rafer Alston told the Houston Chronicle newspaper after McGrady's 44-point performance against Utah on January 5. "When he's shooting the ball like that, a lot of times I'm standing there watching and, all of a sudden, [the other team's] getting the ball and going on a fast break, and I'm getting yelled at by the coach." Indeed, McGrady's body control, his energy, his shooting - watching these are like watching an artist at work, blending colours, constructing sentences, or playing music.

 

第四步: 对于无法利用以上方法判断出段落主题的段落, 建议可在空格处全部填入具有以下特点的选项作为答案:

1.      含有文章主题词(文章标题中的实义词)的选项;

选自2009年理工A/B概括大意与完成句子考题

chimpanzee

A Genetic differences between chimps and humans

B Reasons for HIV resistance

C Implications of chimpanzee extinction for humans

D Effective AIDS treatment

E Genetic similarities between chimps and humans

F Chimps' resistance to HIV

 

选自2009年综合A/B概括大意与完成句子考题

 

McGrady's art is a spectacle

 

A McGrady’s Injury

B Necessity for the Teammates to Improve Their Own Skills

C Evaluation from Two Different Perspectives

D Spectacular Performance on the Court

E Players Houston Can’t Do Without

F Yao Ming’s Performance

 

2.      含有概括词(goal, result, consequence, purpose)或观点词(necessity, importance, effect, significance, influence, implication)的选项.

选自2009年综合类A/B概括大意与完成句子考题:

 

McGrady's art is a spectacle

 

A McGrady’s Injury

B Necessity for the Teammates to Improve Their Own Skills

C Evaluation from Two Different Perspectives

D Spectacular Performance on the Court

E Players Houston Can’t Do Without

F Yao Ming’s Performance

 

选自2009年理工A/B概括大意与完成句子考题

chimpanzee

A Genetic differences between chimps and humans

B Reasons for HIV resistance

C Implications of chimpanzee extinction for humans

D Effective AIDS treatment

E Genetic similarities between chimps and humans

F Chimps' resistance to HIV

第51讲补全短文

 

建议作为考试中的第4种题型进行解答。

建议答题时间为10-12分钟;

建议用技巧答题;

 

第一步:查看被选项中的特殊词汇(专有名词(人名)和数字)

第二步 勾画出被选项中的篇章词汇( the + n. →”this/that/these/those + n. →人称代词(I, me, you, we us除外, it 物主代词 his/her this/ that/ these/ those /it/ some/many/most

第三步 查看空格前后句中是否有词语直接地或间接地(以近义词的形式,家族词汇的形式, 以正反义词的形式, 以概括词或被概括词的形式)与某个被选项中的词语形成呼应, 有词语呼应的选项可能是答案。

 

第一步 →→

 

选自2008A级补全短文考题

What’s Lacking in ‘ Sicko ’?

 

× MrMoore also decided to ignore problems in other countries,like France’s high taxes and Britain’s cash—short hospitals.

× But the film as a whole,he concluded,is “breathtakingly meretricious(似是而非的),”in large part because of its characterizations of other countries’ health care systems.

× The problems have been noticed—and criticism is coming not just from Mr. Moore’s detractors(诋毁者).

× He ticked off(v. 用记号勾出) a number of negative statistics to counter(v.反对) the positive ones offered by MrMoore

Health care is the prevention,treatment,and management of illness.

This is particularly true in health care,a market in which scarce(稀罕的)goods are ridiculously expensive,but needed by everybody.

 

When it comes to economic decisions,there are always trade-offs(取舍).Gain one thing and you lose something else._________(46)

空格46处的答案只能是E或F。 F填入空格处后与空格前句之间的意义衔接自然, E填入空格后不能与空格前句在意义上自然衔接, 因此答案为F(F也是最长的选项, 最长的选项通常都是答案)

 

第53讲第二步 →→

第5部分:补全短文(2009年B级考题)

 

Reduce Packaging减少包装

 

Pressure increased recently on British supermarkets and retailers to reduce packaging as part of an anti-waste反浪费 campaign运动. __ F. The campaign was initiated(v.发起) by The Independent Newspaper.__(46). Britain generates 4.6 million tons of household waste(n. 垃圾) every year by packaging.同一语句要用同一事态。

Dozens of people have expressed anger at the excess of plastic wrapping. Campaigners has called on Britain to learn from other European countries. __________________(47). When returned bottles are put in a vending machines(自动售货机), the deposit is refunded. Environmentalists warn that Britain lags behind in this.

There were reports of growing unease among consumers over the amount of packaging they have to deal with. Trade standards officers also object to excessive packaging. _________________(48)

In response to a campaign by Britain's The Independent newspaper, leading supermarkets have pointed to various initiatives to win the public confidence. __________________(49)

But campaigners said retailers and the government could learn much from anti-waste practices on the Continent. In Sweden, non-recyclable batteries have been taxed since 1991 to encourage a switch to alternatives. _____________(50) In Germany, plastic bags are unheard of in supermarkets and deposits are paid for reusable plastic and glass beverage bottles.

 

A. If a product is over packaged, don't buy it.

B. In Belgium, when you buy something in a plastic or glass container, you make a deposit.

C. This is because too much padding can give buyers a false impression of what they are buying.

D. This has resulted in a 74 percent reduction in sales.

E. Tesco said(v. 说) it was saving 112,000 tons of cardboard a year by switching to reusable plastic crates(装货箱) for transporting its fresh produce.选项D和E可能是答案、

√F. The campaign哪项运动 was initiated(v.发起) by The Independent Newspaper.

 

第5部分:补全短文(2009年A级考题)

 

My Life at Renda 我在人大的生活

I learned very quickly that being a teaching assistant (TA) at the University of Iowa would be different from life as a teacher at Renmin University.

________________(46) Eyes staring, mouths open, students examining my big nose, hands nervous, people whispering while I wrote my name on the blackboard.

At Iowa, when my first classes began, half my students still hadn't arrived. When everyone finally found a seat, ringing cellphones and loud yawns interrupted my opening remarks.

 

 

Most were polite(adj. 礼貌的), or at least,indifferent(adj. 漠不关心的)

It's not that American students were disrespectful(adj. 失礼的). __ Most were polite(adj. 礼貌的), or at least,indifferent(adj. 漠不关心的)_(47) They were, however, far more skeptical than the students I had at Renda. The truth is I couldn't fault them for their skepticism. Undergraduates at large US universities -especially freshmen and sophomores ? often have several classes a semester handled by TAs. In some cases, the TA sets the course content. ______________(48) Most have good intentions, but only a few are as effective as flesh-and-blood professors.

Every teacher has to confront obstacles to learning - no matter what the culture. Students who talk during lectures, students who cheat, students who question the grade they get for a paper or project - dealing with these is all part of the job. __________________(49)

 

The difference, I think - at least in my experience is that in the US I had to swallow more of my pride. __________________(50)

I had a responsibility to teach them, of course, but I had to do so indirectly-as a guide who himself had a few things to learn from the students.

 

Back at Renda,I had walked into my first classes feeling like a celebrity

In my students’s minds,I had little to offer them,except perhaps some sample questions for the mid-term exam

In others,the TA works as a grader and discussion leader

I encountered these in China and I faced them in the US    

On the other hand being taught by a graduate student is not necessarily bad

√F  Most were polite(adj. 礼貌的), or at least,indifferent(adj. 漠不关心的)

补充:

空格前后句中出现的时态也常可作为判断答案的一个依据。MY等第一人称单词的语句不能是答案。these和them表示指示代词。不能判断的话就选B.

 

 

第三步→→

选自2009年A级补全短文考题

 

My Life at Renda

 

I learned very quickly that being a teaching assistant (TA) at the University of Iowa would be different from life as a teacher at Renmin University.

________________(46) Eyes staring, mouths open, students examining my big nose, hands nervous, people whispering while I wrote my name on the blackboard.

At Iowa, when my first classes began, half my students still hadn't arrived. When everyone finally found a seat, ringing cellphones and loud yawns interrupted my opening remarks.

It's not that American students were disrespectful. __________________(47) They were, however, far more skeptical than the students I had at Renda. The truth is I couldn't fault them for their skepticism. Undergraduates at large US universities -especially freshmen and sophomores ? often have several classes a semester handled by TAs. In some cases, the TA sets the course content. __ In others,the TA works as a grader and discussion leader

__(48) Most have good intentions, but only a few are as effective as flesh-and-blood professors.

In others,the TA works as a grader and discussion leader

 

Every teacher has to confront obstacles to learning - no matter what the culture. Students who talk during lectures, students who cheat, students who question the grade they get for a paper or project - dealing with these is all part of the job. __________________(49)

The difference, I think - at least in my experience is that in the US I had to swallow more of my pride. __________________(50)

I had a responsibility to teach them, of course, but I had to do so indirectly-as a guide who himself had a few things to learn from the students.

 

Back at Renda,I had walked into my first classes feeling like a celebrity

In my students’s minds,I had little to offer them,except perhaps some sample questions for the mid-term exam

√C  In others,the TA works as a grader and discussion leader

I encountered these In China and I faced them in the US

On the other hand being taught by a graduate student is not necessarily bad

Most were polite.or at least,indifferent

 

补充:

形成对比意义的前后句中常含有以下词汇:

ago/in the past ←→ now/currently/at present

some  ←→ some/others

one  ←→ the other/another

on the one hand  ←→ on the other hand

It is not that... ←→ It is that...

increase/rise←→reduce/decrease/fall

 

课堂练习:

选自2009年B级完成句子考题

 

Reduce Packaging

 

A. if a product is overpackaged,  don't buy it

B. In Belgium, when you buy something in a plastic or glass container, you make a deposit.

C. This is because too much padding can give buyers a false impression of what they are buying.

D. This has resulted in a 74 percent reduction in sales.

E. Tesco said it was saving 112,000 tons of cardboard a year by switching to reusable plastic crates (板条箱)for transporting its fresh produce.

 

F. The campaign (那个运动)was initiated by The Independent newspaper.


  Pressure increased recently on British supermarkets and retailers to reduce packaging as part of an anti-waste campaign____46 ___.Britain generates 4.6 million tons of household waste every year by packaging.

提示:如果在一个句群中某个句子带有自己的时间状语,如every year, last year, in the future 等,则这个句子的时态应由该句中出现的时间状语决定。

 

A. if a product is overpackaged,  don't buy it

B. In Belgium, when you buy something in a plastic or glass container(容器), you make a deposit(n. 押金).

C. This is because too much padding can give buyers a false impression of what they are buying.

D. This has resulted in a 74 percent reduction in sales.

×E. Tesco said it was saving 112,000 tons of cardboard a year by switching to reusable plastic crates (板条箱)for transporting its fresh produce.

Dozens of people have expressed anger at the excess of plastic wrapping. Campaigners have called on Britain to learn from other European countries.___47__.When returned bottles (瓶子)are put in a vending machines, the deposit is refunded. Environmentalists warn that Britain lags behind in this.

A. if a product is overpackaged,  don't buy it

C. This is because too much padding(n. 填料) can give buyers a false impression of what they are buying.

D. This has resulted in a 74 percent reduction in sales.

×E. Tesco said it was saving 112,000 tons of cardboard a year by switching to reusable plastic crates (板条箱)for transporting its fresh produce.

 

There were reports of growing unease among consumers over the amount of packaging they have to deal with. Trade standards officers also object to (v. 反对)excessive packaging (太多的包装)__48_.

 

49题和50题只利用技巧不容易把答案做出来,因此建议在两个空格中均填入一个剩下的选项中最长的选项:E。

 

 

2008年A级补全短文题太难, 因此利用备选项中的人名判断出一个答案后, 剩下的空格全填入一个最长的选项或含有逻辑词汇的较长选项

What’s Lacking in ‘ Sicko ’?

When it comes to economic decisions,there are always trade.offs(取舍).Gain one thing and you lose something else._________(46)

The central argument of Michael Moore’s movie“Sicko”一that the cure to the  nation’s health care problems is a single—payer system—is hardly novel and is certainly worth consideration,whether or not you agree with it.But in comparing the American system with single—payer plans of other countries—Britain,France,Canada and Cuba—Mr.Moore left out the trade•offs,characterizing those countries as health care paradises._________ (47)

Kurt Loder,the film critic who is best known as the anchor(主持人)of“MTV News,” wrote a critique(批评)of the film for MTV’s website. “Sicko” he said。“does a real service”in portraying(描绘)victims of American insurance companies—like the people who died because their only treatment、options were considered“experimental’’and therefore not covered._________ (48)

When “governments attempt to regulate the—balance between a limited supply of health care and an unlimited demand for it,they’re inevitably forced to ration treatment,Mr.Loder asserted._________ (49)Mr.Loder cited the short film“Dead Meat,”which presents anecdotes(轶事)of failure in the Canadian single—payer system.In its one—sidedness,‘‘Dead Meat’’might have made for a nice double feature with“Sicko.”and left movie—goers with a more complete understanding of the complications of deciding on a health care system。_________ (50)

This all makes an otherwise “emotionally compelling film not necessarily an intellectually satisfying one;”wrote Darren Barefoot,a Canadian blogger(博客作者).

Mr.Moore also decided to ignore problems in other countries,like France’s high taxes and Britain’S cash—short hospitals.

But the film as a whole,he concluded,is “breathtakingly meretricious(似是而非的),”in large part because of its characterizations of other countries’ health care systems.

The problems have been noticed—and criticism is coming not just from Mr-
    Moore’s detractors(诋毁者).

He ticked off a number of negative statistics to counter the positive ones offeredby Mr.Moore.

Health care is the prevention,treatment,and management of illness.

This is particularly true in health care,a market in which scarce(稀罕的)goods are ridiculously expensive,but needed by everybody.

2007年A级补全短文考题 应该能拿10分

 

American Dreams美国梦想

 

×A Nobody is poor in the US.在美国没有贫穷。说的太绝对,不是答案。

B The top 0.01 per cent of households has seen its tax bite fall by a full 25 percentage points since 1980.

C For upper class families they have risen 41 per cent.

D Now it is 9.8 times.现在和过去也可能是对比项。

E As it does so,the possibility to cross that gap gets smaller and smaller.

F All one has to do is to work hard and climb the ladder towards  the top.

 

There is a common response to America among foreign writers:the US is a land of extremes where the best of things qre just as easily found as the worst.This is a cliche(陈词滥调).

In the land of black and white,people should not be too surprised to find some of the biggest gaps between the rich and the poor in the world. But the American Dream offers a way out to everyone._ F All one has to do is to work hard and climb the ladder towards  the top._(46) No class system or govemment stands in the way.

Sadly,this old argument is no longer true.Over the past few decades there has been a fundamental shift in the structure of the American economy.

The gap between the rich and the poor has widened and widened.__ E As it does so,the possibility to cross that gap gets smaller and smaller._(47)

E As it does so,the possibility to cross that gap gets smaller and smaller.

 

Over the past 25 years the median US family income has gone up 18 per cent.For the top 1 per cent,however,it has gone up 200 per cent.Twenty-five years ago the top fifth of Americans had an average income 6.7 times that of the bottom fifth._ D Now it is 9.8 times._ (48)

D Now it is 9.8 times.

 

C For upper class families they have risen 41 percent.

Inequalities have grown worse in different regions.In California,incomes for lower class families have fallen by 4 percent since 1969._ C For upper class families they have risen 41 percent.__(49) This has led to an economy hugely in favor of a small group of very rich Americans.The wealthiest 1 per cent of households now control a third of the national wealth.There are now 37 million Americans living in poverty.At 12.7 per cent of the population,it is the highest percentage in the developed world.

 

Yet the tax burden on America’s rich is falling,not growing. B The top 0.01 percent of households has seen its tax bite(n. 税的减免) fall by a full 25 percentage points since 1980.(50) There was an economic theory holding that the rich spending more would benefit everyone as a whole.But clearly that theory has not worked in reality.

B The top 0.01 percent of households has seen its tax bite(n. 税的减免) fall by a full 25 percentage points since 1980.

 

F All one has to do is to work hard and climb the ladder towards  the top.最后一个是46空格的答案。

 

含有以下逻辑词汇的选项通常都是答案:

but, however然而, yet仍然

therefore因此, so因此, thus于是,因此, because因为

then那么,因此

moreover而且, what’s more, furthermore而且,此外

instead代替,顶替

 

选自2008年B级补全短文考题

 

Rising Tuition in the US

(首先对该备选项进行判断)A  The application is then sent to the student's university, where the school itself will decide whether free money will be given to the student and how much
At public universities, however, tuition increases must also be approved by a state education committee, sometimes called the board of governors
(接下来可以对该备选项进行判断)C  The school currently charges US$23,410 a year for tuition
Many American people are simply unable to pay the growing cost of food
That's more than double the rate of inflation
The state government covers the rest

 

Every Spring,US university administrators gather to discuss the next academic year’S budget.They consider faculty salaries,utility costs for dormitories,new building needs and repairs to old ones.They run the numbers and conclude-it seems,inevitably-that,yet again,the cost of tuition must go up.

According to the US'S College Board,the price of attending a four-year private university in the US rose 81 percent between 1993 and 2004._______(46)In 2005 and 2006,the numbers continued to rise.

× The school currently charges US$23,410 a year for tuition

选项C不可能成为空格46处的答案, 原因是空格前后句都在讲述过去的情况,而选项是在讲述现在的情况。根据英文的写作逻辑, 通常是过去和现在的对比, 而不会出现先说过去, 然后说现在, 接着又说过去的情况。 该题答案为选项E。如果该处空格处的答案不容易判断, 可以把该小题暂时放弃。


That's more than double the rate of inflation


    According to university officials
,college cost increases are simply the result of balancing university checkbooks."Tuition increases at Cedarville University are determined by our revenue needs for each year."said the university’s president,Dr Bill Brown."Student tuition pays for 78 percent of the university’s operating costs."Brown’s scholiast a private university that enrolls about 3.1 00 undergrads and is consistently recognized by annual college ranking guides like US News and World Report’s and The Princeton Review’s.________(47)

Tuition at private universities is set by administration and then sent for approval to the school’s board of trustees(董事).________(48)This board oversees (监管)ail of a state’s public institutions.

John Durham,assistant secretary to the board of trustees at East Carolina University(ECU),explains that state Law says that public institutions must make their services available whenever possible to the people of the state for free.Durham said that North Carolina residents only pay 22 percent of the cost of their education. ________(49)State residents attending ECU pay about US$10,000 for tuition room and board before financial aid.

Amid the news about continued increases in college costs,however,there is some good news.Tuition increases have been accompanied by roughly equal increases in financial aid at almost every university.To receive financial aid,US students complete a formal application with the federal government.The federal government then decides whether an applicant is eligible(有资格的)for grants or loans_________(50)

参考答案:

 

Every Spring,US university administrators gather to discuss the next academic year’S budget.They consider faculty salaries,utility costs for dormitories,new building needs and repairs to old ones.They run the numbers and conclude-it seems,inevitably-that,yet again,the cost of tuition must go up.

According to the US'S College Board,the price of attending a four-year private university in the US rose 81 percent between 1993 and 2004._______(46)In 2005 and 2006,the numbers continued to rise.

× The school currently charges US$23,410 a year for tuition

选项C不可能成为空格46处的答案, 原因是空格前后句都在讲述过去的情况,而选项是在讲述现在的情况。根据英文的写作逻辑, 通常是过去和现在的对比, 而不会出现先说过去, 然后说现在, 接着又说过去的情况。 该题答案为选项E。如果该处空格处的答案不容易判断, 可以把该小题暂时放弃。


That's more than double the rate of inflation


    According to university officials
,college cost increases are simply the result of balancing university checkbooks."Tuition increases at Cedarville University are determined by our revenue needs for each year."said the university’s president,Dr Bill Brown."Student tuition pays for 78 percent of the university’s operating costs."Brown’s scholiast a private university that enrolls about 3.1 00 undergrads and is consistently recognized by annual college ranking guides like US News and World Report’s and The Princeton Review’s.________(47)

空格47的答案是C The school currently charges US$23,410 a year for tuition), 选项C中的the school在空格前句中有指代的内容(Brown’s scholiast(Brown’s scholiast(一所私立大学)))。


Tuition at private universities is set by administration and then sent for approval to the school’s board of trustees(董事).________(48)This board oversees (监管)ail of a state’s public institutions.

At public universities, however, tuition increases must also be approved by a state education committee, sometimes called the board of governors(n. 地方长官)

分析: 选项B中的public university(公立大学)与空格前句中的private universities(私立大学)形成呼应;选项B中的approve与空格前句中的approval形成家族词汇的呼应。空格后句中的篇章词汇(the board(那个委员会))在选项B中有指代的内容(the board of governors).

John Durham,assistant secretary to the board of trustees at East Carolina University(ECU),explains that state Law says that public institutions must make their services available whenever possible to the people of the state for free.Durham said that North Carolina residents only pay 22 percent of the cost of their education. ________(49)State residents attending ECU pay about US$10,000 for tuition room and board before financial aid.

空格49的答案是F(The state government covers the rest(州政府支付剩下的费用))。 选项F中的词语(state)与空格后句中的词语(state)呼应。

Amid the news about continued increases in college costs,however,there is some good news.Tuition increases have been accompanied by roughly equal increases in financial aid at almost every university.To receive financial aid,US students complete a formal application with the federal government.The federal government then decides whether an applicant is eligible(有资格的)for grants or loans_________(50)

The application is then sent to the student's university, where the school itself will decide whether free money will be given to the student and how much


分析: 选项A在空格前句中有指代的内容。

 


第54讲阅读理解第四十五篇p200

    Women (are) Staying(v. 停留,保持) in Mini-Skirts(n. 超短裙) for Longer(adv. 更长久地)

答案与题解:

1.Debenhams could most possibly (adv. 最可能)be:

A)a fashion(n. 时尚) magazine

B)a lifestyle(n. 生活方式) association(n. 协会)

C)an expert(n. 专家) on trends(n. (变化)趋势)

D)a department store(n. 百货商店)

寻找出题句:

(第一段)British women are happy nowadays(adv. 现在) to wear(v. 穿,戴) mini—skirts up until(prep. 直到) the age(n. 年龄) of 40,according to research (n. 研究)by Debenhams

(第二段)Just 20 years ago,few(adj. 很少的, 几乎没有) women would dare to (v. 敢)wear a mini—skirt after the age of 33,the store提示:“篇章词汇指代内容的确定” 是职称英语阅读题中的常见考点之一。)said.“It shows that women now have an increasing confidence in their bodies and are happy to dress accordingly,”it added in a statement.“If this trend continues,there’s no doubt that,within the next decade,women in their mid 40s and early 50s will rightly regard a mini-skirt as an essential part of their everyday wardrobe”

答案为D。

D)a department store(n. 百货商店)

 

2.According to the passage(n. 短文), British(adj. 英国的) women are happy to wear mini-skirts up until an older(adj.年长的 ) age because of (adv. 因为)the following reasons EXCEPT:(因果题/判断是非题)

A)Women are more and more confident提示:含有形容词、副词比较级的选项可能是答案选项。 但这个选项均涉及形容词的比较级结构。)(adj. 自信的)in their bodies

B)Women nowadays(adv. 现在) pay much more attention to (v. 关注)body building(n. 健身),and this provides(v. 给…提供) them with well toned(adj. 和谐的, 线条良好的) bodies to wear mini-skirts.

C)The climate(n. 气候) of Great Britain are getting warmer(adj. 更温暖的) in recent(adj. 近来的) years,thus(adv. 因此) women can wear minis(n. 迷你型) for a longer time.

D)More and more women are now living on their own(adv. 独立地, 独自地).

寻找出题句:

(第一段)British women are happy nowadays to wear mini—skirts up until the age of 40,according to research by Debenhams.

(第二段)Just 20 years ago,few women would dare to wear a mini—skirt after the age of 33,the store said(第一题出题句。).“It shows that women (= British women)now have an increasing(adj. 越来越多的) confidence in their bodies and are happy to dress accordingly,” it added in a statement.“If this trend continues,there’s no doubt that,within the next decade,women in their mid 40s and early 50s will rightly regard a mini-skirt as an essential part of their everyday wardrobe (n. 衣柜).”

A)Women are more and more confident (adj. 自信的)in their bodies

 

(第三段)The figures emerged(v. 显现) when the store examined the latest age profile(n. 概貌) of women buying short,36-cm skirts over the past six months.Their results(n. 结果) show that it has jumped(v. 上升) from an average(adj. 平均的) age of 36-years-old at the start(n. 开始) of millennium(n. 千禧年)to 40 today.Figures(n. 数字) from 1980 showed(v. 显示) that on average (adv. 平均)women stopped(v. 停止) buying minis when they reached(v. 到达) 33 years old--a figure(n. 数字) unchanged(adj. 无变化的) from the mid-1960s.

(第四段)The store noted(v. 指出) that experts believe(v.认为) that the popularity(n. 普及, 受欢迎) of intensive(adj. 强烈的, 集中的, 高强度的) gym(n. 体育) culture(n. 健身文化),providing women with well toned线条良好的bodies for longer(adv. 更长久的) may be the reason.The increasing number of British women living on their own may also be a factor(n.因素).

B)Women nowadays(adv. 现在) pay much more attention to (v. 关注)body building(n. 健身),and this provides(v. 给…提供) them with well toned(adj. 和谐的, 线条良好的) bodies to wear mini-skirts.

D)More and more women are now living on their own(adv. 独立地, 独自地).

C)The climate(n. 气候) of Great Britain选项C中的定位线索”climate of Great Britain”没有在出题句及出题句周边的语句中出现。 are getting warmer(adj. 更温暖的) in recent(adj. 近来的) years,thus(adv. 因此) women can wear minis(n. 迷你型) for a longer time.

 

该题答案为: C。

该题可能被改编为问“英国妇女在到了很大年纪后仍然还很乐意穿迷你裙的原由包括….

 

第55讲3.We can infer(v. 推断) from the second and third paragraph that in 1970s      

A)A lot of women dared to wear mini-skins at the age of 40

B)Most women between 33 and 36 were still happy to wear mini-skirts.

C)Even women in their early 50s rightly(adv. 肯定地) regarded (v. 把…看作为…)a mini-skirt as an essential(adj. 基本的) part of their everyday (adj. 日常的)wardrobe(n. 衣柜).

D)Most women no longer wore mini-skins when they reached the age of 33

寻找出题句:

(第一段)British women are happy nowadays to wear mini—skirts up until the age of 40,according to research by Debenhams.

(第二段)Just 20 years ago,few women would dare to wear a mini—skirt after the age of 33,the store said(第一题出题句。).“It shows that women now have an increasing confidence in their bodies and are happy to dress accordingly,”it added in a statement.(第二题出题句。)“If this trend continues,there’s no doubt that,within the next decade,women in their mid 40s and early 50s will rightly(adv. 肯定地) regard(v. 把…看作为…) a mini-skirt as an essential part of their everyday wardrobe.”

C)(提示:对于推断题,备选项如果指定推断范围中某个/某些语句的直接表达或转述都肯定不是答案。)Even women in their early 50s rightly(adv. 肯定地) regarded (v. 把…看作为…)a mini-skirt as an essential(adj. 基本的) part of their everyday (adj. 日常的)wardrobe(n. 衣柜).

 

(第三段) The figures emerged when the store examined the latest age profile of women buying short,36-cm skirts over the past six months.Their results show that it has jumped from an average age of 36-years-old at the start of millennium’to 40 today.Figures from 1 980 showed that on average (adv. 平均)women stopped (v. 购买)buying“Stop doing/停止做…”是该题中重要的语言考点。)minis when they reached 33 years old--a figure unchanged(adj. 无变化的) from the mid-1960s.(依据该句内容能可推断出选项D。)中期

D)Most women no longer wore (v.穿) mini-skirts when they reached the age of 33

该题答案为D:

 

4.Which of the following statements about the length (n. 长度)of the mini-skirts is true?

A)At the age of 14girls often wear mini-skirts which are about 46cm in size

B)Girls at the age of 19 wear the shortest mini-skirts

C)At the age of 23most girls wear mini—skins which are 37cm long

D)From the age of 23 skirt length increases because girls are in their first stable(adj. 稳定的) relationship

寻找出题句:

(第一段)British women are happy nowadays to wear mini—skirts up until the age of 40,according to research by Debenhams.

(第二段) Just 20 years ago,few women would dare to wear a mini—skirt after the age of 33,the store said.(第一题出题句。)“It shows that women now have an increasing confidence in their bodies and are happy to dress accordingly,”it added in a statement.(第二题出题句。)“If this trend continues,there’s no doubt that,within the next decade,women in their mid 40s and early 50s will rightly regard a mini-skirt as an essential part of their everyday wardrobe.”

(第三段)The figures emerged when the store examined the latest age profile of women buying short,36-cm skirts over the past six months.Their results show that it has jumped from an average age of 36-years-old at the start of millennium’to 40 today.Figures from 1 980 showed that on average women stopped buying minis when they reached 33 years old--a figure unchanged from the mid-1960s.(第三题出题句。)

(第四段) The store noted that expels believe that the popularity of intensive gym ,providingwomen with well toned bodies for longer may be the reason.The increasing number of Britishwomen living on their own may also be a factor.(第二题出题句。)

(第五段)The Debenhams’ study showed that a modern woman’s love affair with a mini-skirt begins at the age of 14 but that she doesn’t buy her first one until the age of 16.Instead,she flouts schoolrules by rolling up the waistband of the school uniform to give the impression of wearing a mini skirt.

(第六段)(被选项中的定位线索词集中出现在该段中, 因此推断该段可能是出题段。)Skirts get shorter between the ages of l6 and 19, reducing(v. 减少) in size(n. 尺寸) from 46 to 36 cm before reaching their shortest,a mere 32 cm,_at the age of 23.(提示:同位语结构常设为出题点。该同位语结构的意义与选项B不一致。Skirt length increases slightly(adv. 稍微地) between the ages of 23 and 27,rising to(v. 增加到) 37 cm,possibly due to (adv. 因为)girls being in their first stable(adj. 稳定的) relationship,with no desire(n. 渴望) to attract(v. 吸引) attention(n. 注意力),the store said.

A)At the age of 14girls often wear mini-skirts which are about 46cm in size

×B)Girls at the age of 19 wear the shortest mini-skirts

×C)At the age of 23most girls wear mini—skins which are 37cm long

D)From the age of 23 skirt length increases because girls are in their first stable(adj. 稳定的) relationship

该题答案为D。

 

5.The word“zoom”in the first sentence of the last paragraph can be best replaced by:

A) soar(v.剧烈增加)

B)decrease (v. 减少)

C)hold steady (v. 保持稳定)

D)drop (v. 下降,停止, 落下)

寻找出题句:

zoom: v. 突然扩大, 急速上升

该题答案为A。


综合A级及B级阅读理解推荐复习范围:

建议综合A的考生重点复习一下内容:

第44篇  Americans get touchy

第45篇  Women staying in Mini-skirts for longer

第50篇  Older volcanic eruptions

第48篇  The beginning of American literature

第44篇 Finding enlightenment in Scotland

建议A级考生了解以下内容:

第35篇  Dorm food more comfy

第34篇  Career with a uniform

第38篇  immigration and problems

第37篇  Who wants to live forever

第30篇  Wikipedia imposes new curbs on …

第29篇 Find yourself packing it on…

第9篇  Single-parent kids do best

 

建议综合B的考生重点复习一下内容:

第35篇  Dorm food more comfy

第34篇  Career with a uniform

第38篇  immigration and problems

第37篇  Who wants to live forever

第40篇 New US plan for disease prevention

建议B级考生了解以下内容:

第5篇  Sino-Japan animosity lessens

第30篇  Wikipedia imposes new curbs on …

第2篇  Outside-the-classroom learning makes ...

第23篇 The only way is up

第29篇 Find yourself packing it on…

第9篇  Single-parent kids do best

 


第56讲         阅读理解

 

Outside-the-classroom Learning(学习) Makes a Big Difference(很重要)

 

make a difference: 造成不同,很重要

Putting a bunch of college students in charge of a $300,000 Dance Marathon, fundraiser surely sounds a bit risky. When you consider the fact that the money is supposed to be given to. Children in need of medical care, you might call the idea crazy.

Most student leaders don't want to spend a large amount of time on something they care little about, said 22-year-old University of Florida student Darren Heitner. He was the Dance Marathon's operations officer for two years.

Yvonne Fangmeyer, director of the student organization office at the University of Wisconsin, conducted a survey in February of students involved in campus organizations.2 She said the desire for friendship was the most frequently cited reason for joining.

At large universities like Fangmeyer's, which has more than 40,000 students, the students first of all want to find a way to "belong in their own comer of campus".

Katie Rowley, a Wisconsin senior, confirms the survey's findings. "I wanted to make the campus feel smaller by joining an organization where I could not only get involved on campus but also find a group of friends."

All of this talk of friendship, however, does not mean that students aren't thinking about their resumes. "I think that a lot of people do join to ‘fatten up their resume’," said Heitner. "At the beginning of my college career, I joined a few of these organizations, hoping to get a start in my leadership roles."

But without passion student leaders can have a difficult time trying to weather the storms that come. For example, in April, several student organizations at Wisconsin teamed up3 for an event designed to educate students about homelessness and poverty. Student leaders had to face the problem of solving disagreements, moving the event because of rainy weather, and dealing with the university's complicated bureaucracy.

"Outside-of the classroom learning really makes a big difference," Fangmeyer said.

 

词汇:

Bunch n. 群

Marathon n. 马立松;耐力活动

fundraiser n. 募捐

weather v. 经受风雨

bureaucracy n. 官僚机构

 

注释:

1.Putting a bunch of college students in charge of a$300,000 Dance Marathon,fundraiser surely sounds a bit risky.让一群大学生去负责募集30万美元的马拉松式的跳舞活动,这种募捐听起来肯定有点儿冒险。“putting...in charge of...”是“让……负责”。

2.Yvonne Fangmeyer, director of the student organization office at the University of Wisconsin, conducted a survey in February of students involved in campus organizations.Yvonne Fangmeyer是威斯康星大学学生组织办公室主任,在二月组织了一次学生参加校园组织的调查。“a survey of students involved in campus organizations”太长了,所以“in February”插到了中间。

3.“teamup”是“参加”。

 

练习:

1. An extracurricular activity like raising a fund of $300,000 is risky because most student leaders

A) are lazy.

B) are stupid.

C) are not rich enough.

D) wilt not take an interest in it.

……

答案与解析:

 

1. An extracurricular(课外的) activity(活动) like raising(募集) a fund(资金) of $300,000 is risky(冒险的,有风险的) because most (大多数的)student leaders(领导者)___.

A) are lazy.

B) are stupid.

C) are not rich(富有的)  enough(足够地).

D) will not take an interest(兴趣) in (对...感兴趣)it.

 

 

1. An extracurricular(课外的) activity(活动) like raising(募集) a fund(资金) of $300,000 is risky(冒险的, 有风险的) because { most }【解题过程中要关注含有修饰词的结构。在下一道题中提问句中的修饰词是我们识别出题句的重要线索。】student leaders(领导者)___.

A) are lazy.

B) are stupid.

C) are not rich(富有的)  enough(足够地).

D) will not take an interest(兴趣) in (对...感兴趣)it.

分析:

解题思路:利用提问句及被选项中的名词性结构作为线索结构,在文章中快速定位与出题句。

(观点句)Putting a bunch of (一群)college students in charge of (负责)a $300,000 Dance Marathon, fundraiser(募捐) surely(肯定) sounds(听起来) a bit risky(冒险的). When you consider the fact that the money is supposed to (打算)be given to Children in need of medical care(医疗护理), you might call the idea crazy(疯狂的, 愚蠢的).

Most student leaders  {don't}【批注:含有否定结构的句子常设为出题句。该题考查上下文之间的意义关系:观点+ 解释】 want to spend(花费) a large amount of (大量的)time on something they care little(adv.完全不) about(关心, 在意/ 与选项D中“take an interest in”意义接近), said 22-year-old University of Florida (弗罗里达大学)student Darren Heitner. He was the Dance Marathon's operations officer for two years.

Yvonne Fangmeyer, director of the student organization office at the University of Wisconsin, conducted a survey in February of students involved in campus organizations.2 She said the desire for friendship was the most frequently cited reason for joining.

At large universities like Fangmeyer's, which has more than 40,000 students, the students first of all want to find a way to "belong in their own comer of campus".

Katie Rowley, a Wisconsin senior, confirms the survey's findings. "I wanted to make the campus feel smaller by joining an organization where I could not only get involved on campus but also find a group of friends."

All of this talk of friendship, however, does not mean that students aren't thinking about their resumes. "I think that a lot of people do join to ‘fatten up their resume’," said Heitner. "At the beginning of my college career, I joined a few of these organizations, hoping to get a start in my leadership roles."

But without passion student leaders can have a difficult time trying to weather the storms that come. For example, in April, several student organizations at Wisconsin teamed up3 for an event designed to educate students about homelessness and poverty. Student leaders had to face the problem of solving disagreements, moving the event because of rainy weather, and dealing with the university's complicated bureaucracy.

"Outside-of the classroom learning really makes a big difference," Fangmeyer said.

1.D 问题问的是:像募集30万美元的的课外活动有点冒险是为什么?答案可以从第二段的第一句话中找到。第一句话是这么说的:大多数学生头头并不想在它们不感兴趣的事上花大量的时间。

 


第57讲     阅读理解

 

练习:

……

2. American students join campus organizations mostly for

A) making a difference.

B) gaining experience.

C) building friendship.

D) improving their resumes.

……

答案与解析:

 

2. American students join campus(校园) organizations(组织) {mostly}【批注:关注修饰词】 for

A) making a difference(造成不同).

B) gaining(获得) experience.

C) building friendship(友谊).

D) improving(改进) their resumes(简历).

分析:

(第一题出题句)Putting a bunch of college students in charge of a $300,000 Dance Marathon, fundraiser surely sounds a bit risky.1  When you consider the fact that the money is supposed to be given to. Children in need of medical care, you might call the idea crazy.

(第一题出题句)Most student leaders don't want to spend a large amount of time on something they care little about, said 22-year-old University of Florida student Darren Heitner. He was the Dance Marathon's operations officer for two years.

(第三段)Yvonne Fangmeyer, director(主任)  of the student organization office (组织办公室)at the University of Wisconsin, conducted(做) a survey (做调查)in February(二月) of students involved in(参与) campus organizations.2 She said the desire for(渴望...) friendship was the {most}【批注:与提问句中的mostly呼应. 该题考查依据上下文判断单词join的意义(join campus organizations.】 frequently(频繁地) cited(引用) reason(原因) for joining(省略了campus organization/校园组织)(参见).

At large universities like Fangmeyer's, which has more than 40,000 students, the students first of all want to find a way to "belong in their own comer of campus".

Katie Rowley, a Wisconsin senior, confirms the survey's findings. "I wanted to make the campus feel smaller by joining an organization where I could not only get involved on campus but also find a group of friends."

All of this talk(议论) of friendship, however, does not mean(意味着) that students aren't thinking about (考虑)their resumes. "I think that a lot of people do join to ‘fatten up their resume’," said Heitner. "At the beginning of my college career, I joined a few of these organizations, hoping to get a start in my leadership roles."

But without passion student leaders can have a difficult time trying to weather the storms that come. For example, in April, several student organizations at Wisconsin teamed up3 for an event designed to educate students about homelessness and poverty. Student leaders had to face the problem of solving disagreements, moving the event because of rainy weather, and dealing with the university's complicated bureaucracy.

"Outside-of the classroom learning really makes a big difference," Fangmeyer said.

2.C 问题问的是:美国学生参加校园组织的主要目的是什么?答案可以从第三段找到。第三段是这么说的:威斯康星大学学生组织办公室主任Yvonne  Fangmeyer在二月组织了一次学生参加校园组织的调查。她说,寻求友谊是最经常列举的理由。

 

练习:

……

3. Who is Katie Rowley?

A) She's a senior professor.

B) She's a senior student.

C) She's a senior official.

D) She's a senior citizen

……

答案与解析:

 

3. Who is Katie Rowley?

A) She's a senior professor.

B) She's a senior student.

C) She's a senior official.

D) She's a senior(地位较高的) citizen

分析:

(第一题出题句)Putting a bunch of college students in charge of a $300,000 Dance Marathon, fundraiser surely sounds a bit risky.1  When you consider the fact that the money is supposed to be given to. Children in need of medical care, you might call the idea crazy.

(第一题出题句)Most student leaders don't want to spend a large amount of time on something they care little about, said 22-year-old University of Florida student Darren Heitner. He was the Dance Marathon's operations officer for two years.

(第二题出题句)Yvonne Fangmeyer, director of the student organization office at the University of Wisconsin(威斯康星州大学), conducted a survey in February of students involved in campus organizations.2 She said the desire for friendship was the most frequently cited reason for joining.

(第四段)At large universities like Fangmeyer's, which has more than 40,000 students, the students first of all want to find a way to "belong in their own comer of campus".

Katie Rowley, a Wisconsin senior, confirms(肯定, 确认) the survey's findings(研究结果). "I wanted to make(使) the campus(校园) feel(感觉) smaller by joining an organization where I could not only get involved (参与)on campus(校园)but also find a group of friends(找到一群朋友)."

All of this talk of friendship, however, does not mean that students aren't thinking about their resumes. "I think that a lot of people do join to ‘fatten up their resume’," said Heitner. "At the beginning of my college career, I joined a few of these organizations, hoping to get a start in my leadership roles."

But without passion student leaders can have a difficult time trying to weather the storms that come. For example, in April, several student organizations at Wisconsin teamed up3 for an event designed to educate students about homelessness and poverty. Student leaders had to face the problem of solving disagreements, moving the event because of rainy weather, and dealing with the university's complicated bureaucracy.

"Outside-of the classroom learning really makes a big difference," Fangmeyer said.

3.B问题问的是:Katie Rowley是谁?文章提到了好几个人,Katie Rowley是其中的一个。第五段讲到了Katie Rowley。“a Wisconsin senior”是“威斯康星四年级学生”。

 

练习:

……

4. What do student leaders need to carry an activity through to a successful end?

A) Passion.

B) Money.

C) Power.

D) Fame.

……

答案与解析:

 

4. What do student leaders need(需要) to carry(进行) an activity(活动) through to a successful(成功的) end(终点)?

A) Passion.

B) Money.

C) Power.

D) Fame.

分析:

(第一题出题句)Putting a bunch of college students in charge of a $300,000 Dance Marathon, fundraiser surely sounds a bit risky. When you consider the fact that the money is supposed to be given to. Children in need of medical care, you might call the idea crazy.

Most student leaders don't want to spend a large amount of time on something they care little about, said 22-year-old University of Florida student Darren Heitner. He was the Dance Marathon's operations officer for two years.

(第二题出题句)Yvonne Fangmeyer, director of the student organization office at the University of Wisconsin, conducted a survey in February of students involved in campus organizations.2 She said the desire for friendship was the most frequently cited reason for joining.

At large universities like Fangmeyer's, which has more than 40,000 students, the students first of all want to find a way to "belong in their own comer of campus".

(第三题出题句)Katie Rowley, a Wisconsin senior, confirms the survey's findings. "I wanted to make the campus feel smaller by joining an organization where I could not only get involved on campus but also find a group of friends."

All of this talk of friendship, however, does not mean that students aren't thinking about their resumes. "I think that a lot of people do join to ‘fatten up their resume’," said Heitner. "At the beginning of my college career, I joined a few of these organizations, hoping to get a start in my leadership roles."

{ But }【批注:典型的考点提示词。该题考点:考查上下文之间的意义关系:观点 + 举例分析。】without(没有) passion student leaders can have a difficult time trying(很难...) to weather(经受住) the storms (暴风雨)that come. For example(例如), in April, several(几个) student organizations(组织) at Wisconsin teamed up(参加) for an event(事件,活动) designed(意欲的) to educate students about homelessness (无家可归)and poverty(贫穷). Student leaders had to face(面对) the problem of solving(解决) disagreements(分歧), moving(更改)the event because of rainy(下雨的) weather, and dealing with (应对)the university's complicated(复杂的, 难对付的) bureaucracy(官僚机构).

"Outside-of the classroom learning really makes a big difference," Fangmeyer said.

4.A 问题问的是:为了把一项活动顺利地贯彻到底学生头头需要什么?答案可以从倒数第二段找到。第一句话是这么说的:但是,如果没有激情(passion),学生头头试图经受急风暴雨的考验是会有困难的。

 

练习:

……

5. The phrasal verb fatten up in paragraph 6 could be best replaced by

A) invent.

B) rewrite.

C) polish.

D) complete.

……

答案与解析:

 

5. The phrasal(成语的, 短语的) verb fatten up in paragraph 6 could be best replaced by

A) invent(发明, 创造).(不能与resume(简历)搭配使用, 因此被排除)

B) rewrite(重写).

C) polish(擦亮, 润色).

D) complete(完成).

分析:

(第6段)All of this talk(议论) of friendship(友谊), however(然而), does not mean(意味着) that students aren't thinking about (考虑)their resumes(简历). "I think that a lot of (许多的)people do(的确) join to {‘fatten up their resume’}【批注:关注小语境。考题考察依据上下文判断短语的意义。】," said Heitner. "At the beginning of my college career, I joined a few of these organizations, hoping to get a start in my leadership roles."

But without passion student leaders can have a difficult time trying to weather the storms that come. For example, in April, several student organizations at Wisconsin teamed up3 for an event designed to educate students about homelessness and poverty. Student leaders had to face the problem of solving disagreements, moving the event because of rainy weather, and dealing with the university's complicated bureaucracy.

"Outside-of the classroom learning really makes a big difference," Fangmeyer said.

5.C 问题问的是:哪个词替换第6段中的“fatten up”最合适?“fatten up”原义是“使

人或动物变肥”,在这里可以解释为使一个人的履历更充实一些,因此也好看一些。因此意思上最接近的是“polish”(润色)。

 


 

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