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82. OECD中国专项研究词汇表(12.3)

(2010-05-22 20:44:43)
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教育

分类: 词汇整理

按:2005年,在一次国际会议上,得到几份OECD的中国研究报告,分别是:OECD Economic Surveys: China; China in the Global Economy: Governance in China; China in the World Economy: The Domestic Policy Challenges(这些文件在网上可以找到)。内容共计1500页。由于是外国人谈中国的事,报告中使用的表达方法,对于汉译英有很好的借鉴意义。于是,我分别于2006年和2009年两次组织学生,搜集、整理文件中的表达方法,提供中文翻译,最后得到词条5000条。现在发布到网上,与各位学习英语和翻译的网友分享。由于文件较大,分为20次发布。注意:中文翻译可能不准;我没有逐条核实。

 

ownership rights所有权                                                         

ownership- specific advantages所有权优势                                                

ownership stakes所有权股                                                     

ownership structure所有权结构                                             

ownership structure of listed companies上市公司股权结构                          

ownership structure/patterns所有制结构                                 

ozone layer depleting substance破坏臭氧层的物质                                      

packaging materials包装材料                                                 

paid-in capital资本公积(资本公积是指投资者或者他人投入到企业、所有权归属于投资者、并且投入金额超过法定资本部分的资金。)Part1,P127      

paid-in equity capital实收股权资本                                         

paid-up capital实收资本/已缴资本part2 p274                     

Panel of Evaluation and Assessment评估小组                                              

paradigm范例                                                                       

paramount极为重要的                                                           

parent company母公司p110 ,paragraph3

parent holding company持股母公司                                        

Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property《保护工业产权的巴黎公约》     

Partial flotation?中文不确定p304              

partial privatization部分私有化                                               

participating rate参与率                                                         

participation mechanisms参与机制                                         

participation rate in senior secondary schools高中入学率                                    

Party committee党支部Part1,P112           

Party constitution党章                                                           

Party groups党组                                                                  

pass the legislature通过立法                                                   

patent专利权                                                                        

patent applications专利申请                                                   

Patent Co-operation Treaty (PCT)共同体专利公约                                      

Patent Law专利法                                                                 

patents专利                                                                          

patents for invention发明                                                       

patents for new appearance design外观设计                                               

patents for new utility design实用新型                                    

pattern of ownership所有制形式                                            

pattern of production生产模式                                               

pawn shop当铺,典当行p117,paragraph1                                 

pay a lump-sum compensation一次性赔偿                              

Pay awards报酬标准                                                             

pay level survey收入水平调查                                               

pay severance benefits偿付退职福利金                                   

pay unauthorized fees不正当收费                                           

pay-as-you-go随买随付                                                         

pay-as-you-go principle量入为出原则                                     

PAYG (pay as you go)现收现付制(养老金                                                

payment arrears支付欠款                                                      

payment clearance system支付清算系统                                 

payment system支付系统                                                      

payroll tax工资税p42                              

PBC People's Bank of China中国人民银行                              

PCT Patent Co-operation Treaty专利合作条约                                            

peasant burden农民负担                                                        

penal regime刑事制度                                                           

Penn World TablesPWT)可以检索PWT数据,又叫Summers-Heston data.数据包括1950-1992年的29个变量和138个国家。                                                                                            

pension养老金                                                                      

pension beneficiaries抚恤金领取者                                         

pension fund养老基金                                                           

pension insurance养老保险                                                    

pension outlays养老金支出                                                    

pension reform养老保险改革part2p258                            

pension system养老保险制度                                                

pensioner领养老金者                                                            

pensions and social relief抚恤和社会福利                                                                 

People's Bank of China (PBC)中国人民银行                                                

People's Court System人民法院系统                                      

People's Procuratorate System人民检察院系统                                          

People's Procuratorate人民检察院                                        

People's Daily人民日报                                                         

per annum每年                                                                     

per capita人均p44                                  

per capita availability of water人均水源持有量                                            

per capita expenditure人均支出                                              

per capita income人均收入                                                    

per capita rural income农村人均收入                                      

per farmer availability of arable land农民人均可用耕地面积                         

per se本身,本质上                                                              

percentage distribution of enrolment and expenditure by level of education各层次教育入学率和支出率             

percentage point百分点                                                         

performance audits绩效审计                                                  

performance contract绩效合同p98 ,paragraph1

performance evaluation绩效评估                                            

performance indicators绩效指数                                            

performance management绩效管理          

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