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什么是人类学 —— 致新同学

(2010-09-10 19:38:20)
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Anthropology is the study of culture. People around the world create different social, political, economic, and religious systems in different environments. Anthropologists study the similarity and diversity of these cultural systems, to find out the nature of human existence.

人类学是研究文化的学科。世界各地的人们生活在不同的环境中,创造出不同的社会、政治、经济以及宗教体系。人类学者致力于研究这些文化体系的相似性与多样性,以探寻人类存在的本质。

 

Many people think of anthropology as the study of "ancient traditions" and "exotic tribes." This is a misunderstanding. Most anthropologists today study modern societies, such as the USA and Japan, and how their cultures have changed.

许多人认为人类学是研究“远古习俗”与“异域部族”的学科。这是一种误解。如今,大多数人类学者研究现代社会,如美国与日本,探讨他们的文化如何变迁。

 

To understand the different aspects of cultural life, anthropologists use a holistic viewpoint and systematic research methods. We use both qualitative and quantitative methods of social science. But most importantly, we try to understand the views of people themselves. We put emphasis on interaction with people: observing directly what they do in their social world, and talking with them about what they do and why. For cultures that do not exist today, we use archeological methods.

为理解文化生活的不同方面,人类学者采用整体的视野与系统的研究方法。我们同时运用社会科学的定性与定量研究。但最为重要的是,我们试图理解人们自己的观点。我们注重与人(研究对象)的互动:观察他们在其社会世界中做些什么,通过交谈,了解他们的所作所为以及为何这样做。对于业已消失的文化,我们则运用考古学方法。

 

Students will learn to think critically through study of anthropology, and to see Chinese culture in a different light. This training will prepare students for their future careers, through cross-cultural knowledge and understanding of human relations. It will also provide skills in communication, dynamic thinking, teamwork, and organization.

通过人类学学习,学生将学习批判性思考,从不同的视角了解中国文化。人类学学科训练将通过跨文化知识以及对人类关系的理解为学生未来的生涯做准备。同时培养学生的沟通技巧、动态思考、团体合作以及组织能力。

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