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庄子演义-杂篇-让王(七)

(2011-02-04 10:13:24)
标签:

屠羊说

陈义

文化

Extensive Interpretation of Chuang Tzu Part 3

庄子演义 杂篇

Declination to Throne (7)
让王()

1 King Zhao of Chu exiled himself for losing the war. Tu Yang Yue followed him.
楚昭王因败战流亡,屠羊说也跟着昭王出走他乡。
2 After a few years, the king reoccupied his land and came into power again. To thank those faithful fellows who followed him in the exile, he decided to give them an audience and some rewards.
几年后,昭王收复失土,又回到国内主持政务。昭王感谢这些跟着他流亡国外的忠心人士,决定召见他们,并给予一定的奖励。

楚昭王失国,屠羊说走而从于昭王。昭王反国,将赏从者。
3 When he sent an envoy to Tu Yang Yue, asking him to the palace for audience, Tu Yang Yue; however, declined it.
当他派人去约见屠羊说时,屠羊说却拒不前往。
4 He said, “The king lost his country which made me unemployed. Now the king comes into power, I am employed again. Now that I have job and income, I am satisfied. What do I asked for?”
他说:「大王失国,我也失去了工作。大王返国,我也回到工作岗位。如今我有工作,有收入,已经很满意了,我还求什么呢?」

及屠羊说。屠羊说曰:「大王失国,说失屠羊;大王反国,说亦反屠羊。臣之爵禄已复矣,又何赏之有!」
5 Disagreeing with Tu Yang Yue, King Zhao insisted that Tu Yang Yue has to come for audience and reward asking.
昭王不同意屠羊说的推辞,坚持屠羊说一定要来求赏。
6 Tu Yang Yue’s explained: “The king losing his power has nothing to do with me, a small potato, so losing power is not my fault. Also, I can’t take the credit on for the king coming into power, so I should not receive the King’s reward.
屠羊说又说:「大王失国,跟我这小百姓无关。所以,失国一节不能定我的罪。大王返国,这样的功劳也算不到我头上。所以,大王的奖赏我不敢领受。」

王曰:「强之!」屠羊说曰:「大王失国,非臣之罪,故不敢伏其诛;大王反国,非臣之功,故不敢当其赏。」
7 The king didn’t give up yet and insisted on giving Tu Yang Yue an audience. Then Tu Yang Yue explained it again. He said, “According to the law of the state of Chu, only a man who made great contribution to the state is qualified to be received an audience by the king and to receive handsome rewards. I, a small potato, have no enough bravery to defend our state. When enemy attacked our city, I fled because of fear, not because I was loyalty, faith, and dutiful to the King. Now the king breaches the regulation and the rule of state to give me an audience exceptionally. I don’t think it is right and expect the king to think it over again.”
昭王还是不肯罢休,一定坚持要见屠羊说。这时我们这位先生又讲了。他说:「根据楚国的法律,必须要为国立下大功,才有资格晋见大王,接受重赏。我这个小老百姓,没有治国之才以报国,也没有十足的勇气捍卫国家。当敌军攻打我们的城府时,我是因为害怕才逃亡的。并不是真正的什么忠贞之士,一定要跟大王走。今天大王要违背国家的典章制度,以特例来召见我,我想这件事情是非常不妥的,还望大王三思。」

王曰:「见之。」屠羊说曰:「楚国之法,必有重赏大功而后得见。今臣之知不足以存国,而勇不足以死寇。吴军入郢,说畏难而避寇,非故随大王也。今大王欲废法毁约而见说,此非臣之所以闻于天下也。」
8 King Zhao insisted again. He sent Sima Ziqi to persuade Tu Yang Yue. The king said to Sima Ziqi, “I think Tu Yang Yue’s views and ideas are very insightful though he is a peddler who slays and sells mutton in the market. With the dignity of high position, please represent me to visit him in person. You tell him that I want to promote him to a high position and ask him to work for our state.”
楚昭王还是不死心。他又请司马子綦去说服屠羊说。昭王对司马子綦说:「屠羊说虽然只是市场一名杀羊,卖羊肉的小贩,可是我觉得他的看法,想法都极有见地。请你以司马之尊亲自走一趟。就说,我想提拔他坐上三公的位子,为国家效力。」

王谓司马子綦曰:「屠羊说居处卑贱而陈义甚高,子綦为我延之以三旌之位。」
9 Sima Ziqi went and persuaded Tu Yang Yue. However, he didn’t change his idea. Tu Yang Yue said, “I know that the high position really is much dignified than I as a butcher of mutton and its salary is higher than mine. But I can’t make the king be reproached for abuse of appointment because of my greed. Please go back and tell the king that I really dare not accept his kindness. Let me be a common person all the same.”
司马子綦衔命来劝说屠羊说。我们这位先生依然不改初衷。他说:「我知道三公的位置确实比我这个杀羊的尊贵,其奉禄也比我卖羊肉的收入好很多。可是我怎么可以因为自己贪婪爵禄而陷楚王于妄施官位之名呢?请你回去告诉昭王,小民实在不敢领受他的好意,还是让我做个小老百姓吧!」
10 The king found no way to persuade the stubborn and stiff guy to act as official in his government, so he gave up the appointment eventually.
昭王无法,只得放弃这个又臭又硬的老顽固,打消邀其出仕的念头。

屠羊说曰:「夫三旌之位,吾知其贵于屠羊之肆也;万钟之禄,吾知其富于屠羊之利也;然岂可以贪爵禄而使吾君有妄施之名乎!说不敢当,愿复反吾屠羊之肆。」遂不受也。

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