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道德经演义(七十八)

(2010-08-11 05:48:49)
标签:

滴水穿石

弱之胜强

柔之胜刚

文化

Extensive Interpretation of Tao Te Ching (78)

 道德经演义(七十八)


 There is nothing weaker than water, but none is superior to it in overcoming the hard, for which there is no substitute.

 天下莫柔弱于水,而攻坚强者莫之能胜,以其无以易之。

 That weakness overcomes strength, and gentleness overcomes rigidity.

 弱之胜强,柔之胜刚,

 There is no one does not know; however, no one can put into practice.

 天下莫不知,莫能行。

 Therefore the Sage says; “Who receives unto himself the calumny of the world, is the preserver of the state.

 是以圣人云:受国之垢,是谓社稷主。

 Who bears himself the sins of the world, is the king of the world.”

 受国不祥,是为天下王,

 True words seem paradoxical

 正言若反。



Xianchi’s Interpretation of Tao Te Ching (78) a。78

咸池评述道德经演义(七十八)a。78


1 There is some factors which can explain why water can penetrate hard stone. Above all, water is a kind of solvent, which can solve hard stone. Second factor is large proportion of water. Third factor is duration. Only continuous dropping might possibly penetrate stone.

 水滴能穿透坚硬的岩石,其中有几个重要的因素。首先,因为水是一种极佳的溶剂,它能溶解坚硬的岩石。另外是量的因素。再来就是持久性。滴水穿石是需要极长时间,持续不断地往下滴才有可能。

2 With such acknowledgement, we should not mistake the idea of Laotse: That weakness overcomes strength, and gentleness overcomes rigidity. The reasons of penetrating stone are solvency, large proportion of ubiquity and duration. The “weakness” and “gentleness” can’t accomplish the task without penetration, large proportion and long time.

有了这样的认识之后,我们对于老子说的 “弱之胜强,柔之胜刚” 就不应抱有错误的遐想。因为,其实溶解力、大量的普遍性存在,以及持久性,才是 “弱之胜强,柔之胜刚” 的真实原因。可见“柔” 、“弱”如果不具渗透力、不具数目众多的量、不具时间也是难以完成任务的。 
3 Penetration exerts itself to get into tiny clefts. Large proportion is the only way for creature to survive and to propagate.

渗透力的得以发挥,就在其体积是极端的微小,无论什么样的小缝、空间都能伸进去,而大量,则更是生物界所赖以存活、延续子孙的唯一途径。
4 In an ejaculation of man, sperm contains three hundred fifty million spermatozoa. Less than one million can enter womb; about one thousand can enter oviduct; only one hundred come close to ovum. In normal condition, only one can inseminate oviduct.

人类男性的每一次射精,其中精液所含的精子约有3亿5千个,能够顺利进入子宫内的精子则不足100万,到达输卵管的大约只有1000个左右,而有机会接近卵子的精子就只剩下100个而已,最后在正常情况下能获得授精机会的精子却只有一个。
5 Additionally, he must be diligent and make continuous try and effort. With accumulation and time, opportunity appears.

另外就是他必须要特别勤快,能不断的尝试、努力、从中累积成果,等到时间长了,机会也就会出现了。
6 The folk saying in Southern Fujian dialect is that he who stands on the side of stage for a long time; eventually, he will become a leading role. After graduation for more than 30 years, my classmates who have kept doing their jobs now have good posts; however, opportunity doesn’t favor those who can’t stand toil of job and low post so as to leave in half way.

闽南语里有一句谚语,意思是戏台边站久了,终有一天会变成主角。从学校毕业30多年,一直坚守岗位的同学,其中大部分都拥有不错的职位。相反的,那些耐不住低位、抵不住辛劳而中途离职的人,他们就完全没有类似的机会了。
7 In stock investment plan, time is very important. Focusing on a good and reliable company, it doesn’t matter at what the price that you buy in. The key point is that once you buy it, you should hold it. For a long time, then it must bring you profit. 

在股票投资计划里,"时间" 也是极为重要的一环。一旦找到了好公司后,买在什么样的价位并不是那么的重要; 重要的是,买了之后就千万别卖出去,一直抱着,只要时间长了就一定能赚钱。

8 Holding stock for a long term is the necessary condition for gaining in stock market, which is a common sense. Nevertheless, as Laotse say, everyone in the world knows it but no one is able to carry it out in practice. How sad it is.

长期持有是股票投资致胜的要件,这也是众所周知的常识。然而正如老子说的,它却是天下莫不知,莫能行。这就是我们人的悲哀了,奈何!

9 If we hope to get some advice by study the characters of water, we should notice the characters of its solvent, penetrative, universal, serving, durative, also its characters of omnipresent and necessary. A man can make a living in society, or even becomes a dominator. He must have a certain talent and can serve other so that group and other must depend on him.  

我们如果想从水的特性中来探索人在社会中致胜的方法,我们除了该注意水的溶解性、渗透性、普遍性、持久性等之外,我们还要注意其服务性、及其必要性等。一个人在社会上能立足,甚至于成为一方霸主,首先,他本身就必须具备一定的才能,可以为他人提供服务,进而成为群体或他人所必须仰赖的依靠。

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