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Vocab.

(2011-06-19 20:50:05)
标签:

教育

 

 

 

 

Listening


1)题型
Form Filling 登记表,填充题
Multipe Choice 选择题
Matching 配对题
Maps 地图填空题
Notes Taking/Summary Gaps 笔记填空题和摘要提
Diagram Labeling 话题研究中对某物体或流程组成部分进行标识
Short Answer 简短回答题
Sentence Completion 补充句子信息

 

Reading

News webpage
www.economist.com
www.newscientist.com
www.americanscientist.org
www.msn.com

主要题型

Multiple Choice               选择题
Identifying Informtion        (T/F)
Matching Information          段落信息搭配
Matching Headings             标题题
Matching Feature              分类;人物-观点;地点-描述
Matching Sentence/Endings     句子搭配
Sentence Completion & Summary 句子与小结填空
Diagram,Note,Table,Flow-chart  图标
Short Answer Quztion           简答题

——————————————————————
Identifying Information

I
1-答题的书写标准;填答题sheet
2-解题步骤:1)阅读题目要求2)定位key words(在原文中circle)3)精读句子-选择

II How to figure it out?

三要:       数字,大写字母,原词;
            独特名词、动词、形容词、副词;
            生僻词汇;

三不要:     普通的常见词汇;
             文章主题词、标题词;
             同一种题型内部多次重复出现的词;
           
特殊的判定词:any,all,every,none,fully totally 一类“绝对化”的词,通常为F
做题方法:Scanning&Skimming       Intensive Reading

———————————————————————

1.是非题有强烈的顺序性原则
2.原文助于(定位词)出现,但句子内容换成其他无关信息通常为“NOT GIVEN”
3.FALSE 的原则:一 绝对化
               二 原文与题干考点词类型相同,但具体内容不同
4.破折号的作用:解释;两者相等

———————————————————————

【T/F】
1、一一对应
2、细节考察
3、顺序原则
4、NG数量(5--1、2)

———————————————————————


Writing

Task One(150w.15-20')
                               
图表题包括:line pie bar table                    
                                                go up/rise/increase/grow up/climb up           
Contents:change+comparision+integrated Change:go down/decrease/drop/fall/decline          
                                                 remain/steady/stable
                                                 go up and down/fluctuate/fluatuation
Form:begining body ending

变化的程度:stlight/slightly            sharp/sharply
           steady/steadily             dramatic/dramatically
           gradual/gradually           considerable/considerably

——————————————————————————————

 

Task Two(250,20-25')

Begining:Background 突出重要性
         Conflicts 冲突 
         personal views

Expressions
conflicts:some think...while others hold opposite view/think other wise
          dfferent people hold different opinion
          the opinion various from person to person
          the debate goes on and on with good arguements on both sides

i.e
In this day and age,the development of society enables people to enhance/improve
their living.While the living enviroment is the key factor.However,people hold different opinion towards whether to live in a big city or the countryside.Some think living in a big city is a wise decision.As for me,I totally agree with their views.

 

——————————————————————————————————————

语言表达
The artist's work pushed our civilization to a higher level(upgrade)
For example,you work in a big factory(Suppose)
You'll find you are fit for(cut) business and you can make it your main job(career)
We'll get nothing at all if we depend on luck(nowhere)
Their brain is still very young(immature/childish/naive)
Dissatisfaction makes(impel) people produce desire for better things(the better)
They can't analyze clearly what is right and what is wrong(tell the right from wrong)
It will help children learn to form a good habit of dealing with time
                                        (utilize/make good use of time)

Though it is not the best job,it affords to his life
                                  (a job is job/
                              can make ends meet)

 

———————————————————————————————————————

 

1.there be no… 不能用于表示某种情境下某物的不可用性
2.damage-destroy 区别在于是否完全毁灭
3.区域性:站在全球性角度,而非仅限于中国
4.background 不讨论理由
5.sunny哥所指的topic是指背景相关的主题


Speaking


Topic 1
How do you like your life in school?
Key aspect:=location
           =environment;excellent
           =teachers

 

—————————————————————————————————

喜欢的颜色
Yellow stands for passion and energy,It makes people feel cheerful,It also reminds of the Sun and higher pursue.

—————————————————————————————————

Topic 2
How do you think shopping has changed in China since you were born?
=Shopping mall;decoration;choice;sevice
=New way of shopping;online shopping
=People;fashion;luxury

—————————————————————————————————
运动

superfacial 肤浅的
badminton 羽毛球 rugby 橄榄球
snooker/billiard 台球  pool 撞球
ice hocky 冰球 aerobics 有氧运动
joggying
keep good shape
feel relaxed and refreshed
swimming-gentle
muscular a.
campus ['kæmpəs] 学校

-1 Do you think teamwork is important?
  =spirit,cooperation
-2 Why do you think more and more people get interested in outdoor activities?
  =a good way of entertainment/touch the nature
  =challenging stimulating
-3 Why are people crazy about the extrem sports?
  =out of curiosity [,kjurɪ'ɑsətɪ]  broaden the view

Bugee jumping 蹦极
sky diving    跳伞
rock climbing 攀岩

—————————————————————————————————

电影
Comedy:funny,hilarious [hɪ'lɛrɪəs]极可笑的,amusing/meaningless
Action:fascinating,stimulating,full of action and kungfu
Swordsman 武侠,笑傲江湖
Adventure:dangerous,adventurous
Animation:entertaining,adorable,character
Historical Epic:spectacular,impressive,splendid pictures
Romance:romantic,touching
Detective [dɪ'tɛktɪv](侦探类):spectacular
Science fiction:full of imagination
Disaster:breathtaking,special effect 特效
Thriller:disgusting

—————————————————————————————————

TV programme

1]watch movies in cinema/at home?
  Cinema:better sound and visual effect,larger screen/costly
  Home:cheap
2]People should go to cinema
  respect the cast's effect,resist the pirate[反盗版],improve the quality of life/waste of money and time

Music:light music,classical music,Jazz,folk music
     -I like music,it's the language of Love

couch potato  -potato …狂
reality show (8090)
dramma 电视剧
sitcom 情景剧
—————————————————————————————————

Reading

novel,fiction,biography,fairy tales童话 fable寓言
comic books,magic novel(Harry Potter),timetravel fiction,
magazine (vogue 流行风尚)
*.widen the sight,get information to update the mind,enrich the experience

1.Do you think people read more or less today than in the past?
 -In the past,not so much entertainment,technology is widely used today.
2.Do you read online?Do you think books printed on paper will disappear?
-E-books:convenient,for free,bad for eyes
 Paper books:feel good,smell good,take notes
3.What do you think are the qualities of a good book?
  alternative stories,worth thinking,
  reflect on =think
  go deeper than beautiful words

—————————————————————————————————

What are the benefits of collecting?
add value,investment

—————————————————————————————————

What are the benefits of drawing?
express urselves,cultivate one's mind
appreciate beauty

To draw well,What factors are important?
patience.
—————————————————————————————————  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

[Vocabulary]
-----------by Toski Yisa

DAY 1


obligation              [,ɑblə'geʃən] (道义上或法律上的)义务;责任,恩惠 to/towards
dross                   [drɔs]浮渣;渣滓;废物
swallow                 ['swɑlo]燕子吞食 浅水区

 
target                  ['tɑrgɪt]n靶;觇标 v把...作为目标 His target is to save $10
coherence               [ko'hɪrəns] 统一;连贯性
monologue               ['mɑn!,ɔg]独白 =monolog
auditorium              [,ɔdə'torɪəm]大礼堂
calligraphy             [kə'lɪgrəfɪ]书法
study load
desperate               ['dɛspərɪt] 危急的;绝望的
commit suicide          ['suə,saɪd]n.v
reasonable
multicultural
enriching                                         浓缩
ignore                                            忽视
framework                        ['frem,wɝk]      框架,结构
investigate                      [ɪn'vɛstə,get] 调查,研究[(+into)]
frequent
freelancer                                       自由职业者
metropolis                       [mə'trɑp!ɪs]   大都市;首都;首府 
costal
remote                           [rɪ'mot]       远程的
laid-back                                       【俚】悠闲的;
Tibeten
whales                           [hwel] n.       鲸 【口】巨大,出色的人(或物)
factor                                           因素;要素 v 做代理商
AI                                               智能
significance                     [sɪg'nɪfəkəns] 含义;意思,有意义的
impact=effect=influence                          冲击力,撞击力 影响;作用
wildness tourism
therapy=treatment=remedy
Micro-enterprise(corporation)    ['ɛntɚ,praɪz] 冒险精神;进取心
cooperation                      [ko,ɑpə'reʃən]
hospitable                                       合作,协力
commuter                         [kə'mjutɚ]      经常乘公交车辆往返者
leisurer
enchanting=charming              [ɪn'tʃæntɪŋ]  迷人的

 

distract attention from study
Chengdu is a city that once you come you don't want to leave any more


Day 2


soar                         [sor]          n.v 高飞;高耸;高涨
resort                       [rɪ'zɔrt]    n.v 诉诸,凭借,求助 经常去 +to
adore                        [ə'dor]            崇拜, 爱慕
court                                    法庭,法院;(开)庭 求爱,求婚;恋爱
                                    We used to go there when we were courting.
                                           我们谈恋爱的时候常去那儿。
ought                        [ɔt]              应当,应该

comprehensive                [,kɑmprɪ'hɛnsɪv]全面的,综合的
competence                                      能力,权限
input                                       n.v 投入;输入
output                                      n.v 产量;产出;产品
upgrade                                         往山上,上坡 升级;提高品级
be cut out for                                  适合于
nowhere                                         没有什么地方
bar exam                                        律师考试
suede                                           皮革                                         
trim                         [trɪm]       n.v.a修剪;修整(头发),苗条的                    
decorate                     ['dɛkə,ret]        装饰,布置
decoration n
authentic                    [ɔ'θɛntɪk]          正宗的
overpass                                        天桥;高架道 优于;超越
flyover                                         立交桥
parking lot                                     停车场
The Democratic Party 民主党
commercial                                      商业的;商务的 
rescue                                          挽救(+from)
senator                      ['sɛnətɚ]         参议员  
shelter                      ['ʃɛltɚ]         避难所(+from)
ambush                       ['æmbuʃ]   v.n    埋伏
troop                        [trup]          军队,部队 v.群集,集合(+up/together)
lesbian
GOP=Grand Old Party=Republican                  美国共和党 共和党员
fatality                     [fə'tælətɪ]       死亡 死亡事故
penalty                      ['pɛn!tɪ]        处罚;刑罚 罚款(+for)


sth hinges on
play truant
living standard/cost
the pace of life 生活节奏

Right you are. 好的/你真好
not now=leave me alone
explore more tourism resources. 开发更多旅游资源

 

Day 3


comrade                         ['kɑmræd]     同志,朋友
be confront with                              面临;遭遇      
chris/i/
christ/ai/                                    基督 耶稣像
penalty                         ['pɛn!tɪ]   处罚
face capital of punishment                   
finance
fixed loan                                    固定的量
pay back
lessen=reduce

conclude
include\_Opposite
exclude/

scandal           ['skænd!] 丑闻
participate                 参加                             
participation
dash                    v.n 猛冲,急奔 2.搀和 (+with)3.n(+at/for)
habitant
smurf                       蓝精灵
promote(+to)      [prə'mot] 促进,发扬;提升 (+to)
crisis                    n.危机;紧急关头;转折点
racist            ['resɪst]种族主义者
braid             [bred]    发辫,辫子
refuge            ['rɛfjudʒ]躲避;避难;庇护[(+from)]
refugee n         [,rɛfju'dʒi]难民
housing agency    房屋中介
downpour          洪涝,暴雨

dominate          ['dɑmə,net]v. 1. 处于支配地位,拥有压倒优势(+over)
dominant           a.
(pre)domination         n.


essence           ['ɛsns] 本质,实质 精华液
essential=vital=crucial=critical(at the critical moment)=relevant
relevant          ['rɛləvənt] 有关的;切题的;恰当的
affiliated school [ə'fɪlɪ,etɪd] 附属的;相关的
be linked to                     与…关联的
tremendous=enormous=immense=dramatic  [trɪ'mɛndəs]  [ɪ'nɔrməs] [ɪ'mɛns] 巨大的
guardians                       监护人
individual                 n.a. 个人的
purchase          ['pɝtʃəs]  购买,进货 绳索,滑轮
asset             ['æsɛt]    资产,有价值的东西
stall                         货摊,摊位;书报亭 v 把...关入畜舍
plight=hardship               困境,苦境
ignore=mat 地席;草席=neglect=omit   忽略
investigate       [ɪn'vɛstə,get]  调查,研究
vivid  
vogue n.a 流行 风行 风尚
vague [veg] 模糊不清的
have a vague memory about sb/sth
coverage 报道
illustrate        ['ɪləstret] 阐明[(+with)]
modify
modification
iron ore
concept
misconcept
The Pearl Harbour
isolate
isolation
incorporate
athlete performance
instensive
pessimistic
set up=found=establish=build

enhance
accelerate
stimulate
promote

steady
stable
constant

genetics
economics
statistics

gifted
so-called

explode(a.explosive)
explore
exploit
tremendous
endure
power event
endurance event

breaching of the river banks 决堤
transfer asset oversea  向海外转移资产

 


DAY 4

wrinkle  n.皱纹
tender  a.温柔的,嫩的
frail a.脆弱的
kneel v.跪下来
tease v.取笑
stream n.小溪
chief a.主要的
in grief 在悲伤中

navy 海军蓝
khaki 卡其色
wheat 小麦色
salmon 三文鱼色
tanned 古铜色
indigo 牛仔布色
cream/beige 奶油色
camel 驼色
refreshed 很有精神的

 

I become myself/suit my complexion 跟肤色很搭
easy to be matched with other colors
perfect match      绝配
sneaker            运动鞋
torn jeans         破布牛仔
vest               马甲
bracelet           手镯
blouse            (女)衬衫
shirts            (男)衬衣
boyfriend shirts  (女)衬衫
vintage            复古的
down coat          羽绒服
casual             随意的
appropriate        正确的,合适的
classy 时尚
chic   
fabulous/gorgeous
special occassion  特殊场合
show respect
platform booties   厚底靴
leggings           紧身裤袜
improve the quality of life
blind to           盲目地
clothes made man   人靠衣装
job=occupation
social status      社会地位
elegant            有气质的
baggy              肥大的
lame               俗,song
snobbish           势力的
discriminate       歧视
corporate
(un)reliable       可信赖的
Girls are born for shopping
consider…over     考虑…多于
release the stress 减压
shoppaholic        购物狂
-aholic            ……狂
kill time          打发时间
pale red=light red 浅…
stand for=represent
violet             紫罗兰

a fat cat          富翁


hang on=keep on
let's face iit      面对现实
BWH=bust waist hips 三围
Reform and door opening pocily

half an eye         稍加留意
snob                势利眼
dod in the manger   占着茅坑不拉屎
dog it              逃避责任

out of a job        失业
job-hopping         跳槽
job-hunting         求职
 
proliferation       [prə,lɪfə'reʃən]【生】增殖;激增;扩散
backbone             主心骨
enable to            使…有能力做
profound             a.深层的

 

DAY 5


await   等待[+v-ing]
morsel   ['mɔrs!] 少量,一点点(+of)
obscure  黑暗的 朦胧的含糊的 
lustrous ['lʌstrəs] 有光泽的
flame    v.n 火焰, 热情, 燃烧

worn out  穿烂了
torn out  弄烂了
tear      [tɛə,tiə]撕,扯(+at)流泪

工资:salary 固定工资/wage Part-time/fee(lawyer)/income 收入
      remuneration 薪酬/reuenue 收入/commission 佣金/allowance 补贴
      venue 地点/subsidy 补贴/penision 养老金/scholarship 全奖
      bonus 奖金/reward 奖金 奖品

chaos 混乱
chaotic [ke'ɑtɪk]

果--因
A be associated with B
be linked up with
be linked to
result from

因果
lead to
cause
result in
give rise to

in installment 分期付款
install        安装
go Dutch       AA制
full/stuffed   饱了
pessimistic(pessimistism)/nagative passive
optimistic/active/positive
extinct(ion)          消亡,灭绝
instinct(ion)=nature  本能
distinct(ion)         区别
abundunt=fruitful=adequate=sufficient 富饶的,丰富的
exaggerate                      [ɪg'zædʒə,ret]v.夸张,夸大
restrict=limit=control=restrain [rɪ'stren]
acceleration 加速,加速度
stimulate                       ['stɪmjə,let]  刺激;激励
Arctic        北极圈                                
ecology       生态学 生态,环境
fragile       易碎的;脆的
handout       传单;印刷 讲义 资料
operate/run/manage
distribute    分发分配(+to/among)
attribute     把...归咎于(+to)
remote        [rɪ'mot] 遥远的;偏僻的(+from)
click         遥控器
booming/prosperous['prɑspərəs]/flourishing/thriving  繁荣的
initial       开始的,最初的
vulnerable    ['vʌlnərəb!]易受伤的,脆弱的
inhabit       v.居住于栖息于

immature  [,ɪmə'tjur] 幼稚的
childish  ['tʃaɪldɪʃ]
naive     [nɑ'iv]
impel     [ɪm'pɛl] 推进,推动
utilize   ['jut!,aɪz] 利用

take away=reduce
take over=displace=replace
There is a huge/little gap/difference/distinction in sth
attempt to do


DAY 6 & 7

merely 仅仅地
bullet 子弹
tragic  ['trædʒɪk]  悲剧的
cataclysm ['kætə,klɪzəm] 灾难
scramble  混乱的 爬行,攀爬
paralysed  ['pærəlaɪzd] 【英】瘫痪的 吓得不能动弹的,呆若木鸡般的

quotation  引用,引证
exemplify  v.举例说明
property   财产,资产 特性,属性
criminal   n.罪犯 v. 犯罪的
highlight  强调,突出 照亮
reject/refuse/decline/turn down 拒绝
draw one's attention to
partner organisation 合作机构
lobby 大堂
lobby group 游说团
combine A with B
combination 联合,连结
selection   挑选
raisefunds  筹措资金
feedback    反馈
critisize   v.批评
critism      批判主义
expectation n.
awareness  公共意识
increase in line 直线上升
vilent 暴力的
naive 幼稚的
nostalgic 怀旧的
entertainer


DAY 8

dedicate
consecrate
vain
concieve
struggle
hallow
detract
perish


voilent
naive
wostalgic
sitcom
fable寓言
fairy tales 童话
antique
receipt
inwive 发票
cultivate
elegance
bride
frangrante
groom
toothpaste
flour
stir-fry
stew
steam
old shabby resturaunt with good reputation
Entrace
Exit
retailar
wholeseller
slim
plamp
weed
cyber words 网络语言
trendsetter=fashion icon潮人
microblog微博
grassroots 草根性
back to back 隐姓埋名的
originality 原创性
Flash marirage-flash off
speed-dating 闪电约会
copycat-made in china 山寨
smuggled goods=fake goods 仿货
genuine 真货


DAY 9


stretch out
altitude 海拔
attitude 态度
faculty
buoyant vista
lethargy
manifold
impairment
hazily


visual symbols
subject  实验对象;主观的
control group 对照组
object 反对,客观
convention 惯例,常规
perspective 透视图
on one's initiative 就本人来看
paparrazzi 狗仔队
steering wheel 方向盘
take back 吃惊
appreciate 利用,体会,感知
orthodox 传统的
pharmacy  ['fɑrməsɪ]药学,药剂学,药店
be reluctant to 不情愿做
prescribe 指示,指令;开处方
assess  [ə'sɛs] v.评估
conservative  [kən'sɝvətɪv]  保守的,守旧的 conserve
theoretical [,θiə'rɛtɪk!] 理论的
therapist=specialist=professor
diverse  [daɪ'vɝs] 多种多样的
diversity
expertise [,ɛkspɚ'tiz] 专门知识;专门技术 专家鉴定

joint 关节
dimension 维数(3D)
understanding=knowlegde=knowing
temporary 临时的
comtemporary 现代的
take into account 把……考虑进去 体谅

originate v
original  a.起初的,原创的
originality n.
deadline 时间限制
athropology 人类学
discipline 学科,院系
immense
sub-  
subculture 亚文化(文化分支)
Evolution 进化论
domestic [də'mɛstɪk] 家庭的,国内的,【美】国货 仆人,佣人
self discipline 自律
overlap 重合,重叠


DAY 10-15


Rabindranath Tagore
stir
anklets
eyelids
jewel
tryst
rustle
sentry
tremble
droop
thorough
toe
foe
hoe
doe
extract
tedium
resignation
alacrity
stalled
unanimous
prosperous
era
build the future

bid farewell to sb
take an action 实施
seek-sought-sought
kneel on his knees

furious
jury
rural
prosperity
stagger out
gutter
inquire=ask
pitches
muddy
spirit
madmen
advocate
conduct

 

DAY

 

sponsore

sponsorship

rucksack

spring

fall

postgraduate

undergraduate

bachelor

executive

business executive

faculty

clarity=clearly

thoroughly

literacy

enroll

book sth ahead of

concecutive

irrigate

irrigation

canal

food chain

fertile

fertility

fertilize

fertilizer

pest

pestcide

discipline 纪律;学科

catastrophe

press conference

pressing

personel=staff

soil erosion

pollutant

desalination

erode

delta

sediment

sedimentation

come about

initiative

isolate(from)

isolation

volcanoe

volcanic

fracture

friction

tred friction

magma/molten/lava

outcrop/crust

horizon

horizontal

liquor

emit

emission

explode

swift=fast=quick

expand

beam

shatter

emerge

supplemented

treasurer

ATM=Automatic Teller Machine

multivational

sustain

sustainable development

ape

farming subsidy

transmit

pyramids

A as well as B

wheras A,B

pupil

take on

take off

take sth/sb into consideration

take into acccount

give priority to

principle

principal

attain

cornstone

handicap/hardship/difficulty/ dilemma 进退两难

immigrate

emigrate

descend

component

descendant

tossil

evident

evidence

evidently

originality

minimally

technically

sounder

ironrcally

footing 基础

 

play a sounder and more objective footing

stuggle for

fullfil one's dream

underscore

dash/hyphen

joint account

uppercaste

statement

 

elementary school

secondary school

fruitful=abundant=adequate=substantical

despite

regardless of=in spite of

 

freshman

sophomore

junior

senior

preview

bypass

It's generally acknowledged that

tend to

 

observe

reserve

conserve

preserve

 

natural consercation

launch-start

peer

counterpart

detect

the results were phenomenal

make great strides in..

 

restict   

restrain  

constrain  

suppress

 

chronic

chronicle

acute

 

access

assess

deposit

 

account

deposit account

current account

reference book

reptile

cost more or less the same

 

despive sb of

moreover

deadly

economic globalisation

economical

rail

light rail

heavy rail

trolley

tram

prosperity=boom

proverty=asset

poverty

 

 

innovate 

 

 1) People can perform everyday tasks, such as shopping and banking as well as business transactions, without meeting other people face-to-face. What are the effects of this on an individual and the society as a whole?

  2) Some people think that personal happiness is directly related to economic success. Others argue that happiness depends on different factors. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

  3) Some people think that good health is a basic human need, so the medical service should not be run by profit-making companies. Do you think the disadvantages of the private health care outweigh the advantages?

  4) Some people think that family life and parents have great influence on children's development, while others consider that external influence plays a more important role in children's life, discuss both views and give your own opinion.

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