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[转载]08启航考研作文冲刺课讲义部分答案

(2010-04-01 19:03:43)
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 第三节 基本句型训练

 

1. People should realize the dreadful result of developing the smoking habit.

  There should be a general awareness of the dreadful consequences of taking up the smoking habit.

2. Because energy is becoming less and less, we have to find a way to solve this problem.

  Energy becoming less and less, we have to find a solution to this problem.

3. If there is enough money in your pocket, you can do everything desired.(改为独立主格句)

   There being enough money in your pocket, you can do everything desired.

4. With the development of science and technology and the improvement of people’s living standard, the new media Internet has come into our life.

  With science and technology highly developed and the people’s living standard greatly improved, the Internet, as a new media, has come into our life.

5. It brings students intensive pressure. Some students can’t endure this pressure. (用定语从句)

  It brings intensive pressure, which students can’t put up with.

6. In order to get a comprehensive development for all students, school authorities should design a new educational program. (用定语从句)

School authorities should design a new educational program which can enable all students to get a comprehensive development.

7. We are making great efforts to improve our living environment. (改为无人称句)

  Great efforts are being made to improve our living environment.

8. We should carry out effective measures to solve this problem.(改为无人称句)

  It is necessary for us to carry out effective measures to solve this problem.

9. They are famous and wealthy just because they are lucky. (名词化)

   Their fame and wealth have just resulted from their good luck.

10. If we are watching too much TV, our reading ability will be seriously affected. (名词化)

   Too much exposure to TV will seriously affect our reading ability.

11. If we don’t recognize the serious problem of growing population, we will make a big mistake.

   Failure to recognize the serious problem of growing population will lead to a big mistake.

12. In order to prevent the problem becoming too serious to solve, we must take an immediate step.

   An immediate measure must be taken to prevent the problem from becoming too serious to ...

13. We did not realize the problem of energy crisis until the end of last century.

Not until the end of the last century were we aware of the problem of energy crisis.

14. Teenagers are pressured by school work. They are also encouraged by their peers. Under such circumstances, they resort to smoking. But sometimes they feel a little guilty.

  Pressured by school work and encouraged by their peers, teenagers often resort to smoking, though they feel a little guilty sometimes.(同主语)

15. College students now are primarily interested in grades and economic success. They are expected to cheat on exams more frequently. This is not like those who graduated 10 years ago. They are only concerned with their own personal future. They seldom consider problems of society. All these are reported by a recent study.

   A recent study reports that college students, primarily interested in grades and economic success, are expected to cheat on exams more frequently than those who graduated 10 years ago. And that they are only concerned with their own personal future, considering little problems of society.(同主语)

 

 

第四节 作文经典句型练习

.  It + 被动语态 + that…

1.人们普遍认为,广泛的文化交流在许多方面对各国人民有好处。

It is universally acknowledged (recognized) that extensive cultural exchange does good to people form various nations in many ways.

2.人们通常认为,一个人如果没有在现实生活中经历逆境和困难,他意志就决不能变得足够坚强。It is generally accepted that without experiencing hardships and difficulties in real life one can never become strong-minded enough.

3.人们必须承认,就青少年来说,一个充满竞争的环境对于生活技能的锻炼来说是必要的。

  It must be admitted that a competitive environment is necessary for the practice of life skills on the side of teenagers.

4.不可否认的是,旅游业的过度发展可能会破坏某些风景区的生态平衡。

It cannot be denied that the overgrowth of tourism may disturb the ecological balance of some scenic resorts.

5.众所周知,体育锻炼能够提高和增进我们的身心健康。

It is well known to all that physical exercises can improve and enrich our physical and mental well-being.

. It is + 形容词 + that…

6.显而易见/不言而喻/毫无疑问,这种情况是直接由于过度的紧张和压力而造成的。

It is obvious (self-evident, clear, undeniable, apparent) that the situation is caused directly by excessive tension as well as stress.

7.人们对这个有争议的问题持不同的态度,这是可以理解的/不可避免的。

  It is comprehensible / understandable (inevitable) that people’s attitudes are divergent/different  on this controversial issue.

8.很难想象/相信我们年轻人竟然如此沉溺于这个虚拟的网络世界里。

It is unimaginable (incredible/unbelievable) that we youngsters should be much addicted to the virtual net world.

. It is + 形容词 + for sb ( sth. ) to do sth

9.大家积极参加体育锻炼非常重要。因为体育锻炼不仅我们的身体有好处,而且对我们的心理和性格也有好处。It is important (vital) for everyone to participate actively in physical exercises, for they will do good not only to our body but also to our mind and personality.

10.现在大学生毕业时很难找到一个理想的工作,特别是那些学基础课程专业的学生,比如历史和数学。It is currently difficult for a university student to find an ideal job upon his graduation, especially those majoring in fundamental courses such as history and mathematics.

11.现在非常迫切需要采取紧急措施来控制非法毒品在青少年中大幅度蔓延。

It is highly imperative that urgent measures should be done to control the widespread use of illegal drugs among teenagers.

. as /along with/Coupled with “随着句型

12.随着经济的快速发展,中国人民的生活标准已经大大提高,许多家庭能够买得起房子和汽车。Along with the rapid growth of economy, the living standards of the Chinese people have been greatly improved. Houses and cars are within easy reach of(买得起)many families.

13.随着每年培养的大学生越来越多,求职市场的情况正变得愈加严峻。

Coupled with a growing number of college graduates being turned out each year, the situation in the job market is getting tighter and tighter.

14.随着工业和农业的不断进步,缺水的问题也将越严重。

As industry and agriculture advances, the problem of water shortage will be the more serious.

15.随着中国进一步开放和扩大与其它国家的教育交流,出国留学在中学生中正越来越流行。

As China opens further to the outside world and increases its educational exchange with other countries, going abroad to study is increasingly fashionable among middle school students.

. There be句型

16.在过去十年里,年轻已婚夫妇想生孩子的数量已出现了明显的下降趋势。

In the past ten years there has been a marked decline in the number of young married couples who want to have children.

17.近来,关于是否要克隆人类出现了热烈的讨论/辩论。

In recent years, there has been a heated /spirited debate/controversy concerning whether human beings should be cloned.

18.现在仍然有许多孩子因为贫困而不能上学。There are still quite a number of children who cannot afford to go to school because of poverty.

19.随着因特网业的发展,越来越多的人会上网冲浪。As the Internet industry develops, there will be an increasing number of folks surfing on the web.

20.现在人们对孩子不得不要承受的学习和心理上的沉重负担表现出越来越多的担忧。

Currently there is a growing concern over the heavy burden, both academic and psychological, which our children have to bear.

. 表示使……变得…”的句型  make +宾语+形容词  make+形容词+for sb to do sth.

21.信息技术的广泛引用会使我们的工作和生活更加方便和丰富。

 The widespread introduction of modern information technology will make our work and life more convenient and colorful.

22.最重要的是,我们应该不断地加强我们的环保意识,使我们的世界成为适合人类居住的美好家园。Most importantly, we should increasingly heighten our environmental awareness and make our world a beautiful homeland suitable for us to live in.

23.现代交通意味着让人们出门旅行更加快捷、方便和舒适。

Modern transportation means making it highly fast, convenient and comfortable for people to travel far away from home.

24.先进的医学科技使得人类的寿命更长,遭受各种疾病越少。

Advanced medical science has made it possible for human beings to lead a much ….

so that(以便)/so…that(如此以致)句型

25.青少年是如此喜欢时装以至他们花大量钱来买时髦的衣服。

Teenagers are so keen about fashions that they spend large amounts of money on fashionable clothes.

26.我们青年人应该学会以恰当的方式来减轻压力以便我们能够更好地适应这个竞争社会。

We youths should learn to reduce pressure in proper ways so that we can better adapt to the competitive society.

. 非限制性定语从句

27.有些人可能沉溺于网上冲浪,这会危害他们的身心健康。

  Some people may be addicted to netsurfing, which impairs their physical and mental health.

28.越来越高的离婚率将引发一系列的问题,这受到大众的极大关注。

  The increasingly high divorce rate will cause a series of problems, which deserves great public attention.

. 用分词结构扩展内容

29.由于人们没有意识到地球上的水资源是有限的,因此人们每天浪费了大量的水。

 People, not realizing that water resources on the earth are limited, waste a great amount of water every day.

30.公民有权利知道真相和约束名人,从而形成一种公众舆论。

Citizens have the right to know the truth and supervise the celebrity, thus forming a kind of public opinion.

31.由于父母亲对孩子寄予极大希望,所以当他们得知其孩子考试不及格时,他们再也抑制不住自己极度的失望和生气了。

 Having placed great expectations on their son, they couldn’t hold back huge disappointment and anger when they learnt their son’s failure to pass the test.

32.随着生活水平的提高,越来越多的人们开始购买汽车来满足工作和生活的需要,也就恶化了交通问题。

With the improvement of living standards, a growing number of folks begin to buy cars to meet the needs of work and life, thereby worsening the traffic problems.

. 结论句型

33.只要我们马上明智地采取行动,我们一定能够解决当前的这个紧迫的问题。

 As long as we act intelligently and promptly, we are bound to solve the present severe problem.

34.只要我们采取有效的措施,由老龄化社会所引发的问题将会减少到最小程度。

 As long as we take effective measures, the problems caused by the aged society will be reduced to the smallest extent.

35.只要政府和个人做出努力,就一定能找到一个解决这个问题的方法。As long as the government and individuals strive hard, there will certainly be a way to solve this problem.

36.从提供的所有证据来看,我们可以稳妥地得出如下结论,体育锻炼对青少年的心理和智力的发展都有益。Judging from all evidence offered, we can safely come to the conclusion that physical exercises are beneficial to the psychological and intellectual growth of teenagers.

37.简而言之,在优先考虑发展经济的时候,应该做出大的努力来加强伦理和道德教育。

In short (In a word/All in all/To sum up), great efforts should be made to enhance ethic and moral education when high priority is given to the economic development.

 38.只有当这些措施付诸实践的时候,缺水的问题才能得到解决。

 It is only when these measures are put into practice that the shortage of water can be solved.

39.只有当这个问题得到很好的解决时,我们才能维持一个稳定和谐的社会。

Only when the old age problem is well coped with can we maintain a stable and harmonious society.

40.如果各行各业的人们足够关注这个问题,我们城市的生活将一定更加美好。

  If folks from all walks of life pay enough attention to this problem, our life in the city will certainly be more enjoyable.





第五节 写作基本功30句

 

一.主语

  1.找到问题出现的原因将会大大地帮助你减少压力和紧张。

  Finding the causes of your problems will greatly help you reduce stress as well as tension.

2.很难想象没有因特网我们的生活会是什么样子。

   It is difficult to imagine what life would be like without the internet.

3.鼓励大学毕业生去西部工作是一个明智的决策。

     It is a wise decision to encourage college students to work in west China.

4.从他的行为中可以清楚看到,他不讲道德。

   It is obvious from his behavior that he has no morality.

5.最重要的是我们应该意识到这个问题的严重性。

   What counts/matters most is that we should be aware of the seriousness of this problem.

6.越来越多的国家欢迎不同的文化证明了我的观点。

   The fact proves our opinion that an increasing number of countries welcome different cultures.

7. 大学生是否应该参加商业活动是个有争议的话题。

   It is a controversial issue whether college students should participate in business activities.

二、谓语

  8.我们年轻人应该行为举止恰当,有礼貌。

   We youths should conduct ourselves properly and have good manners.

  9.这些行为应该受到道德和舆论的谴责。

   These behaviors should be condemned by morality and public opinions.

  10.应该采取有效的措施来阻止这种不良现象的发生。

   Effective measures should be carried out to prevent this bad phenomenon..

三、宾语

  11.政府应该在这个问题的解决中扮演重要的角色。

  The government should play an important role in solving this problem.

  12.人们深信,学校应该减轻压力,家庭应该重建和谐,政府应该加大投入。

    Folks are convinced that schools should reduce pressure, that families should rebuild harmony and that the administration should increase financial investment.

  13.这对于开阔人们的眼界是很有好处的。

  It is beneficial for broadening people’s horizon/vision.

  14.现在许多人无视公共规章,我们应向公众呼吁树立公德心。

  Currently an increasing number of folks disregard public rules/regulations.

四、表语

  15.我认为这个事实是不言而喻的。

    I hold this fact to be self-evident.

  16.这些措施似乎很合理。

   These measures seem to be highly feasible/rational.

五、定语

  17.有很多因素导致了这个问题。

    There are a couple of factors that give rise to this problem.

  18.良好的社会风气能促进家庭的和谐及社会的进步。

    Favorable public moral climate can enhance the harmony of families as well as the social advance.

  19.大学应该提供实践课程,这对社会有利。

  Colleges ought to provide practical courses, which is conducive to the whole society.

20.性别歧视是现代社会的耻辱,我们每个人都有责任解决它。

    Sex discrimination is a shame for modern society, which all of us are duty-bound to eliminate.

六、状语

  21.有了坚定的决心,人就能够克服他所遇到的任何困境和危险。

     With a strong determination, one is able to overcome whatever hardships and dangers he may encounter.

  22.没有他无私的帮助,她不可能度过这次难关。

     Without his selfless assistance, she wouldn’t have pulled through this difficulty.

  23.远离亲人朋友,人会觉得孤独。

      Living far from relatives and friends, people will feel lonely.

  24.面对这个问题,我们应该努力找到解决它的办法。

     Confronted with this problem, we should strive to find a solution to it.

七、补语

  25.观念的不同使他很难理解他父母亲。

     Different views make it difficult for him to understand his parents.

26.我们发现树立正确的人生观对大学生来说是非常重要的。

   We find it highly significant for college students to develop a correct outlook on life.

  27.大家的无私照顾和关心使她的生活充满了阳光。

     Everyone’s selfless care and attention makes her life full of sunlight.

八、情态动词

  28.我们应该努力维护公共道德,改进社会风气。

     We should strive to safeguard public morals and improve social climate.

  29.我们必须努力抓住和充分利用生活中的每一个机会来提高自己。

     We must strive to seize and make full use of every opportunity to improve ourselves.

  30.我们应教育公众树立正确的时间观念。

     We should educate the public in establishing correct time-awareness/consciousness.

 

Revision Exercises:

1. People all know that reading is very important. But people have different opinions towards how to read. Some people say we’d better read selectively, and other people believe that we should read extensively.

  Currently it is universally acknowledged that reading is highly significant. But when it comes to how to read, there has sprung up a heated discussion with regard to whether we should read selectively or extensively.

2. They are very selfish. They tend to earn lots of money but they dislike and avoid their parents.

=They are so selfish that they care about nothing but earning money and shirk the responsibility of supporting parents.

 

 

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