加载中…
个人资料
弗洛格
弗洛格
  • 博客等级:
  • 博客积分:0
  • 博客访问:4,426
  • 关注人气:2
  • 获赠金笔:0支
  • 赠出金笔:0支
  • 荣誉徽章:
相关博文
推荐博文
谁看过这篇博文
加载中…
正文 字体大小:

U6 教案

(2010-12-31 19:16:03)
标签:

杂谈

分类: 大学英语

Section A The Trashman  

Teaching Objectives:

 

1 To learn and talk about different professions (especially the trashman);

2.To enlarge the vocabulary amount ;

3.To analyze the article and focus on exemplification ;

4.To learn to take a right attitude towards this job-taker;

5.To master the key language points and grammatical structures in the text

6.To conduct a series of exercises in listening, speaking, writing and translating.

Background Information.

1)      John Gardner  

John Gardner was a psychology educator who became an official with the Carnegie Corporation in 1946  and then its president. He wrote eight non-fiction books including Excellence: Can We Be Equal and Excellent Too? The quotation referred to in Text A first appeared in the Saturday Evening Post and has since been used almost one thousand times in writings by others.

2)      Trashman/garbageman

People can be especially about their work, especially if they believe their job is not respected by society. Trashmen, also called garbagemen or garbage collectors, sometimes prefer to be called “sanitation engineers” or “environmental engineers”. These terms make their work seem more important.

Warm-up Questions / Activities

Watch a video(trash surprise) and then give your opinion about jobs.

     Do you think there exists prejudice in

 the kind of job one does?

     What is your ideal job? Give your reasons.

     If you were given a job as a trashman,

  would you accept it? Give your reasons.

Text Structure Analysis:

1. Main Idea

The text tells us the experience of being a trashman in the form of a diary.

2. Text Structure

Part I (Para. 1-3) Introduction

A general introduction about the work of being trashman.

Part II (Para. 4—11) Development

(1). The author was shocked to find that others would rather not exchange greetings with him. (Para.4—6)

(2). Steve raged spontaneously about what he encountered. (Para.7—11)

Part III (Para. 12—13)Conclusion

The writer concludes that society should have respect for both economists and trashmen, otherwise, they’ll both leave garbage behind.

Vocabulary in Focus

1. continuously(line 1): [构词法]  con(前缀:一起) +tin/tain(字根: 坚持) +后缀

 continue v. (使)继续continued a. 继续的continuing a. 连续的continuity n. 连续性

continual a.不断的continuance n. 继续continuation n. 继续continuative a. 继续的

continuator n. 继续者contain v. 包含;容纳container n. 容器containment n. 包含

2. wicked(line 2): adj. evil;serious or very severe 邪恶的;严重的/恶劣的

a wicked deed/lie/plot 邪恶的行为/谎言/阴谋
 wicked winter weather 冬季恶劣的天气
 wicked prices 离谱的价格

3. trembled (L. 4):

 一想到可能再次失去工作,他不寒而栗。He trembled at the idea/thought of losing his job again.(v. shake uncontrollably from fear)

当火车经过时,整个房子都在晃动。The whole house trembled as the train went by. (v. move backwards or forwards or from side to side)

4. head to (Line 5)   go to

The train is heading to Beijing.

It’s about time we were heading to the hotel where we are to be put up.

孩子们向学校走去,身后有小狗相随。The children were heading to/toward school, followed by their little dogs.

5. image(line 6): vt. form a mental picture 想像,设想

n. a copy of object(s) or event(s); mental picture of an object or event  图像,想像

Have you ever imaged the situations in which we human beings had no water and no electricity?

It’s hard to image what our society would have been like if SARS had not been brought under control.

她活像她的母亲。She is the very image of her mother.

雷锋的光辉形象将永远留在人民的心里。The splendid image of Lei Feng will forever live in the hearts of the people.

obtain a sharp image of …获得…的清晰图像

show a favorable image表现出良好的形象

public image公众形象

in the image of …按……的形象

6. route(line 8)  n. a way from one place to another 路

走水/陆/铁路  by a water/land/rail route

送报线/送奶线  a newspaper/milk route

在返回…的路上on one’s return route to

绕远路by a round-about route

在途中on route

7.      make the rounds (Line 9 )go around from one place to another

The postman is making the rounds of houses to find out to whom the letter belongs.
We make the rounds of the art galleries.

8.      lengthy (Line 11) very long  

His lengthy speech bored most of the audience.

He gave a lengthy speech on the importance of learning computer.

9. to go with(line 12): to match or suit (sth.)与…相配

玛丽的蓝色连衣裙与她那对水汪汪的大眼睛很相配。Mary’s blue dress goes well with her big dancing eyes.

10.civilize (Line 12) vt. (BrE civilise) make sb. behave in a more polite way

This comedy is about a man who tries to civilize a woman who ends up civilizing him.

The teacher had a civilizing influence on her pupils.

11. register(line 15): v. to show; 显示,表明 to write in a list or record  登记

在抗日战争中,中华民族显示了其伟大的精神和力量。During the Anti-Japanese War, the Chinese Nationality registered its great spirit and power.

新年伊始, 学生们都要登记注册。At the beginning of the year, all the students have to register.

12. look sb. in the eyes (Line 17)look directly at someone

I knew he was lying when he couldn’t look me in the eyes.

Can you look me in the eye and say you didn’t steal it?

13. responde (line 18)(构词法) re(prefix: back)+spond/spons (stem: promise应答)

respond v. 作答  respondency n. 作答respondent a. 有反应的; n. 作答者

responsible a.有责任心;负责任的responsibility n.责任(心); 职责responsive a. 应答的; 响应的)

14. at the sound of (line. 21 ):

类似表达:

一看到  at the sight of

一想到  at the thought of

一提到  at the mention of

一听到脚步声,小偷逃走了。At the sound of steps, the thief ran away.( on hearing )

15. retreat(line 22): vi. move back, especially when forced; escape 撤退; 逃避

敌进我退,敌住我扰,敌疲我打,敌退我进。

The enemy advances,we retreat; the enemy camps, we harass; the enemy tires, we attack; the enemy retreats; we pursue. 

16. peculiar (Line 23)a. 1) typical of a particular person, place, etc. 2) strange

The problem of traffic jam is not peculiar to this city.

This meat tastes peculiar; I hope it's all right.

17. rage (Line 26) n. a strong feeling of anger    v. shout angrily (at sb.)  

He flew into a rage.

He raged over such a trivial matter.

to rage against/at sb/sth. 对…大发雷霆

因我不小心摔坏了杯子, 他便对我大发雷霆。

He raged at me for my breaking the glass carelessly.

to fly into/to be in rage 勃然大怒

里德太太勃然大怒,叫人把简锁进了一间黑屋。

Mrs. Reed was in such a rage that she had Jane locked in a dark room.

in a fit of rage  一怒之下

曹操一怒之下错杀了杨修。

In a fit of a rage, Cao Cao killed Yang Xiu wrongly.

18. spontaneous (Line 26)   a. happening by itself without being planned

My spontaneous reaction was to run away.
His offer of help was quite spontaneous.

spontaneously ad.

19. nothing but (Line 30) only

The girl longs for nothing but a red skirt.

You are nothing but a liar.

20. folk(line 36): n. one’s relatives/relations 亲戚

a. of or having to do with the common people, their beliefs, stories, customs, and the like 民间的;民俗的

folk culture/music/dance/art /custom/song/tale

民俗文化/民间音乐/民间舞蹈/民间艺术/民间习俗/民歌/民间故事

21. be ashamed of (L. 38 ):

   老是向父母要钱我感到很惭愧。I feel ashamed of having to ask my parents for money all the time.(feel embarrassed about)

人们应该为污染环境而感到内疚。People should feel ashamed of polluting the environment.

22. boast about/of (Line 39) speak too proud of

他很爱自吹自擂  He is fond of boasting about himself.

She likes to boast about the cleverness of her child.

He boasts of being a movie star.

23. stay away from(line 41): keep away from; do not get close to 远离…; 别靠近…

远离拥挤和喧闹的大城市的办法之一是接近自然.

One of the ways to stay away from the crowded and noisy city is to get close to nature.

24. original (Line 44)a. 1) first; earliest  2) new and different 

My original suggestion was that we move to the country.

His thesis did not offer anything original.

25.  to stay at(line 44): remain behind at 保留;待在

他决定终生从教。He decided to stay at his job as a teacher for his lifetime.

求职面试时间定在下周四,所以你还得在家呆四天。The job interview is on next Thursday. Therefore, you have to stay at home for another four days.

26. contrary to(line 47): completely different from 与…相反;违反;不顾

这种做法是违反大多数人民的利益的。 Such practice is contrary to the interests of the majority of the people.

不顾大伙的建议, 他开始在雨中爬山。Contrary to all advice, he started to climb the mountain in the rain.

比较

to the contrary: differently 有相反情况

on the contrary: (used for expressing strong opposition or disagreement with what has just been said) not at all; no (与此) 相反

on the other hand: (used for adding a new and different fact to a statement …另一方面…

in contrast (with/to): showing the surprising difference between two very different facts 与…形成对比

1.“Does it rain a lot in the desert?”

“_ On the contrary,_ it hardly ever rains.”

2. It rarely rains in the desert, but ___on the other hand_____ it rains a lot in the coastal areas.  

3. It is hot in the desert in the day, but

    ____in contrast_________ it is very cold at night.

27. harm (Line 50)n. damage or hurt  vt. hurt; cause damage to 

His film was a complete failure, and this did his reputation a lot of harm.

Getting up early won't harm you!

28.  look down upon (Line 53) think that one is better or more important than somebody else

Don’t look down upon those who haven’t had a college education.

Women have grown tired of being looked down on by employers.

如果知识分子在一个国家受到歧视,那么要快速发展这个国家简直是白日做梦。

It’s a daydream to develop a country rapidly if the intellectuals are looked down on/upon in that country.

to look about 四处张望 to look after  照料 to look ahead 向前看

to look around/round 环顾;到处寻找 to look as if 看来似乎…to look away 把脸转过去

to look back  回顾, 追想to look forward to 盼望 to look into 调查;朝里看

to look on 旁观 to look out 小心;朝外看 to look over 检查

to look through  看透to look up 查阅;正在改进

29. to be in for(line 53): be unable to escape; be sure to get or have 免不了遭受

生活在地球上,免不了要遭受一些自然灾害。我们应该发扬人定胜天的精神来应对这些灾难。

Living on the earth, we are in for some natural disasters, with which we should deal by developing the spirit that man will surely conquer nature.  

30.  hold water (Line 55) be true or reasonable

The accused man claimed that he'd been in another city the night of the murder. But his story didn't hold water after three different witnesses testified in court that they had seen him running from the scene of the crime.

你的观点听起来很怪,似乎说不通。Your views sound strange and it seems that they don’t hold water.

31. call for(55): demand (sth. or sb.); ask for 要求

新的形势要求我们必须采取措施防止青少年犯罪。

The new situations call for our measures against young people’s committing crimes.  

那个贪官的行为应予严惩,法官判了他终生监禁。

That corrupt official’s actions called for a heavy punishment, and the judge sentenced him to life imprisonment.

to call away  叫走  to call back召回,叫回; 回电话 to call in  叫进, 引入 
to call off  宣告终止to call on/upon  访问; 号召…做某事 to call together 召集
to call up  动员,召集; 打电话给…

32. leave behind (L. 57):

飞机马上就要起飞了,可我却忘了带机票。The plane is about to take off, and yet I left my ticket behind. (forget to take)

凶手自杀了,留下了一个没有解开的谜。The murderer killed himself, leaving behind an unsolved mystery. (have remaining after one’s death)

Sentence Highlights

  1. My shoulder hurt wickedly each time I put another full barrel on it, and my legs occasionally trembled as I was heading to the street… (Line 2)

Paraphrase:

Each time when I put another full barrel of trash on my shoulder, it hurt me badly, and sometimes my legs even shook as I was walking to the street.

Note:

hurt: vi. 在此作不及物动词 意为 “疼痛”, 而不是 “使受伤”

每次我将满满的一桶垃圾扛上肩,肩膀就疼的厉害……

  1. Saturday meant most adults were at home on the route. So were school-age children. (Line 8)

Paraphrase:

On Saturdays most adults who lived in the area where I picked up trash were at home.

Note:

表示对前者的陈述也适用后者时,肯定倒装用“ so + 助动词/情态动词 + 后者”,否定倒装用“ neither / nor + 助动词 / 情态动词 + 后者”。

So引导的倒装句,时态、动词的形式要与上句一致,数由下句主语决定。其倒装结构为so+be/助动词/情态动词+主语。

He can speak English, so can I.

他会说英语,我也会。

If she doesn’t go there tomorrow, neither / nor will I.

如果她明天不去那儿,我也不去。

  1. There wasn’t time for lengthy talks but enough to exchange greetings that go with civilized ways. (Line 11)

Paraphrase:

There was not enough time to talk for long, but enough time to exchange some warm greetings as to show you have good manners. 

4. I said hello in quite a few yards before the message registered that this wasn’t normally done. (Line 15)

Paraphrase:

Before I understood that saying hello wasn’t something that was commonly done, I said hello to many people. 

Note:

The message here refers to “that this wasn't normally done”. The response the greeted people made to his greetings helped him to understand that he was doing something other trashmen never did and were not expected to do. This can be seen from the following sentences and paragraphs.

5. Who are you to say ….? (L. 30 ): What right do you have to say…?

该句式中的主语可根据需要用he, she, they 等来替换;say 可以用 argue, object, interfere, decide等替换。

你有什么权利说我该干吗?Who are you to say what I shall do?

他们凭什么干涉我们的内政?Who are they to interfere with our internal affairs?

6. I told her, “Listen, lady, I’ve got an I.Q. of 137, and I graduated near the top of my high school class. (L.31-32): The result of an intelligence test is called an I.Q., short for an intelligence quotient. Generally a person’s I.Q. is to be obtained by dividing his or her mental age(determined by a test)by his or her real age and multiplying the result by 100(mental age ÷real age×100).

There are many different intelligence tests which yield results along different numerical scales. However, many of those currently in use conform to the following scale:

   Below 85          retardation (智力迟钝)

   85-110            average intelligence

   110-120           bright-average intelligence

   120-130           intellectually superior

   above 130         intellectually very superior

7. Neither its pipes nor its theories will hold water... (Line 54)

Paraphrase:

Neither its pipes nor its theories will stand up to inspection because of low quality... 

Note:

Pun:  The use of a word in such a way as to suggest two or more meanings or different associations, or the use of two or more words of the same or nearly the same sound with different meanings, so as to produce a humorous effect.

Note:

We must all hang together, or assuredly we shall all hang separately. (Benjamin Franklin)
我们大家必须团结一致,否则我们一定都会被分开处死。

Note: An ambassador is an honest man who lies abroad for the good of his country.
大使是一个为了本国利益而在国外说谎的诚实的人。
句中lies可理解为“说谎”,也可作“在,居住”解,一语双关,风趣、幽默。
He finished the race last Friday.
句中“finished the race”有“参加了竞赛”和“消灭了那个种族”两种意思

Writing skills

A General Statement Supported by Examples(Paragraph 5&6 )

The General Point: Reactions to my greetings showed that people weren’t often friendly.

Example 1: occasionally, I got a direct reply from someone who looked me in the eye, smiled and responded.

Example 2: but most often the response was either nothing at all or a surprised stare because I had spoken.

Example 3: one woman in a housecoat was startled as I came around the corner of her house. At the sound of my greeting, she gathered her housecoat tightly about her and retreated quickly indoors.

Example 4: another woman had a huge, peculiar animal in her yard. I asked what it was. She stared at me. She seemed frightened as she turned coldly away.

Translating skills

其他词类转移

形容词转译成动词

英语中的形容词,常常与系动词搭配构成“系表结构”。“系表结构”作谓语,从而使这些形容词具有了动作意味,翻译的时候需要转换为动词。这些形容词常常是表示知觉、情感、欲望等心理状态的形容词,常见的有:

与思维和知觉相关的形容词:aware, conscious, certain, sure, mindful, ignorant, alert等;

与情感相关的形容词:glad, pleased, cautious, careful, angry, happy, exhilarated, excited, confident, thankful, grateful, concerned, eager, afraid, doubtful, sorry等;

与欲望相关的形容词:desirous, hopeful, anxious, keen, enthusiastic, zealous等。

I am anxious about his health.

担心他的身体健康。

Doctors have said that they are not

sure they can save his life.

医生们说他们不敢肯定能否救得了他的命。

Scientists are confident that all matter is indestructible.

科学家们都深信,所有的物质都是不灭的。

副词转译成动词

英语中,副词常常用来修饰动词作状语,这样使得副词具有了动作意味。所以,副词也可以转换为汉语的动词来翻译。

She opened the window to let fresh air in.她把窗子打开,让新鲜空气进来

After careful investigation they found the design behind.经过仔细研究之后,他们发现这个设计落伍了。

形容词转译成名词

1. 英语中有些形容词加上定冠词表示某一类的人,汉译时常译成名词。

They did their best to help the sick and the wounded.

他们尽了最大的努力帮助病号伤员

Both compounds are acids, the former is strong and the latter is weak.

这两种都是酸。前者是强酸,后者是弱酸。

2. 有时候根据情况,可以灵活处理,把有些形容词转换成名词来翻译。

He was eloquent and elegant—but soft.

他有口才、有风度,但性格软弱。

His whole family were religious.

他全家都是虔诚的教徒

形容词派生的名词往往可以转译成形容词。

This issue is of vital importance.

这个问题至关重要

The pallor of her face indicated clearly how she was feeling at the moment.

苍白的脸清楚地表明了她那时的情绪。

有些名词加不定冠词作表语时,往往要转译成形容词。

Our performance was a success.

我们的演出很成功

Independent thinking is an absolute necessity in study.

独立思考对学习是绝对必需的

形容词与副词的互相转译

1. 由于英语中的名词在翻译的时候可以转换成汉语动词,所以修饰该名词的形容词往往转译成汉语副词。

We must make full use of existing technical equipment.

我们必须充分利用现有的技术设备。

This is sheer nonsense.

完全是胡说。

2. 由于英语中的动词在翻译的时候可以转换成汉语名词,所以修饰该动词的副词往往转译成形容词。

This film impressed him deeply.

这部电影给了他深刻的印象。

The President had prepared meticulously for his journey.

总统为这次出访作了十分周密的准备。

名词与副词的互相转译

1.名词转译成副词

When he catches a glimpse of a potential antagonist, his instinct is to win him over with charm and humor.

只要一发现有可能反对他的人,他就本能地要用他的魅力和风趣将这人争取过来。

The new mayor earned some appreciation by the courtesy of coming to visit the city poor.

新市长有礼貌地前来访问城市贫民,获得了他们的一些好感。

2.副词转译成名词

It is officially announced that China has successfully launched her fist manned spaceship.

官方宣布,中国已经成功实现了载人航天。

He is physically weak but mentally sound.

身体虽弱,但思想健康。

Exercises: Please translate the following sentences into Chinese:

1. When he catches a glimpse of a potential antagonist, his instinct is to win him over with charm and humor.

2. You are free to go out and see and meet people, and therefore you have control over loneliness; you are not its prisoner.

3. Occasionally a drizzle came down, and the intermittent flashes of lightning made us turn apprehensive glances toward the distance.

4. Rich women for the most part keep themselves busy with innumerable trifles of whose earth-shaking importance they are firmly persuaded.

5. I talked to him with brutal frankness.

6. He took a house on a lease of ten years.

7. As I know more of mankind I expect less of them, and am now ready to call a man a good man more easily than formerly.

参考答案:

1. 发现有可能反对他的人,他就本能地要以他的魅力和风趣把这个人争取过来。

2. 你可以随意出去走走,去会会别人,所以,你不是孤独的俘虏,你是主人。

3. 偶尔下一点毛毛雨,断断续续的闪电使得我们时不时忧虑地朝远处探望。

4. 有钱的太太小姐们大多忙于无数鸡毛蒜皮的小事请,而且她们深信这些事情都惊天动地非常重要。

5. 我对他讲的话,虽然逆耳,却是忠言。

6. 他租了一栋房子,租期为十年。

7. 我对人类了解越多,我的期望就越低。我现在说人家是好人比过去容易得多了。

Revison

Multiple Choice

1.      Writing is a slow process, requiring ___ thought, time and effort.

    A) significant   B) considerable   C) enormous    D) numerous

2. Thank you for applying for a position with our firm. We do not have any openings at this time, but we shall keep your application on ____ for two months.

 A) pile   B segment  C) sequence  D) file

3. Only a selected number of landladies in the neighbourhood have been allowed by the university to take in _____.

 A) residents    B) inhabitants   C) lodgers    D) settlers

4. During the conference the speaker tried to ___ to them his feelings concerning the urgency  of a favorable decision.

  A) comply   B) impose   C) imply   D) convey

5. He ____ his control by making his students quiet.

A) assessed        B) asserted   C) acquired       D) monitored

6. If you want to get into that tunnel, you first have to ____ away all the rocks.

 A) repel   B) pull    C) transfer  D) dispose

7. Our journey was slow because the train stopped ____ at different villages.

     A) unceasingly    B) gradually    C) continuously    D) continually

8. Although most dreams apparently happen______, dream activity may be provoked by external influences.

   A) spontaneously       B) simultaneously   C) homogeneously     D) instantaneously

9. According to the instructions we received, we cannot accept photocopies(复印件), but need

    the ___ 

   A) source   B) resources  C) origin  D) original

10. _____ the popular belief that classical music is too complex, it achieves a simplicity

    that only a genius can create.

     A) Subject  to      B) Contrary to   C) Familiar to      D) Similar to

11. The train _____ into the station at nine.

     A) pulled     B) dragged    C) hauled    D) pushed

12. All the leaders should attach much importance to their public _____.

      A) shape         B) image    C) status        D) figure

13. Our ___ from London to Paris is by way of Dover and Calais.

       A) route          B) way     C) road           D) routine

  1. In ______ to the Party’s call, a great number of doctors and nurses went to the frontline of fighting the flood.

     A) return        B) admission  C) response       D) order

15. They expressed their ______ at being looked down upon by demonstration.

    A) optimism        B) enthusiasm   C) pessimism        D) indignation

16. His political ______ came to an end 20 years ago.

      A) occupation       B) employment C) career       C) profession

17. In interpersonal relations, people should be  ____ with each other.

    A) shameful         B) frank      C) reserved         D) indifferent

18. Mary has a bad cold and a _____ throat.

     A) sore         B) painful   C) tender       D) sour

19. His film was a complete failure, which did his reputation a lot of ______.

     A) damage      B) harm    C) injury          D) ruin  

20. Every time when I go back to my hometown, I usually spend two days ____ of my relatives.

      A) going the rounds of   B) rounding up  C) making the rounds of   D) rounding on

21. Happiness doesn’t necessarily ______ money.

      A) go for         B) go through        C) go back        D) go with

22. It’s a disgusting thing to hear him ____ his achievements.

     A) complaining of     B) showing up  C) breaking up        D) boasting of

23. Control of noise is a complex technology, and it is most ______ when applied to the original design of the noisy source.

     A) effective        B) responsible    C) wicked          D) considerable

24. Sometimes, things go in the direction ____ our original expectations.

     A) alien to       B) opposite to   C) subject  to      D) native to  

25. Success in school _______ much hard work.

      A) calls for             B) calls off    C) calls up              D) calls on

Rewrite each of the following sentences, using the expressions given in the brackets.

1. They visited a number of different sections of the shopping center. (make the rounds)

They made the rounds of the shopping center.

2. I like the way the blue carpet matches the golden curtains. (go with)

I like the way the blue carpet goes with the golden curtains.

3. She shouldn’t have married him as she has a poor opinion of him.(look down on/upon)

She shouldn’t have married him as she looks down on/upon him.

4. When he heard the steps, he began to tremble.  (at the sound of)

At the sound of the steps, he began to tremble.

5. The man sat down and asked for some beer.   (call for)

The man sat down and called for some beer.

6. I haven’t met him before. This is something quite different from what you might think. (contrary to) 

Contrary to what you might think, I haven’t met him before.

7. He is a kind man and always shares the sad times or trouble of the poor. (have sympathy for)

He is a kind man and always has sympathy for the poor.

6.      You say I’m fired? Thanks. I didn’t want  to do the job for long. (stay at)

 You say I’m fired? Thanks. I didn’t want  to stay at the job for long.

Summary

Form this unit, students will learn a lot of knowledge. Firstly, they will have a better understanding of feelings behind words and other messages given by others. They know that apart from language (spoken or written language), people communicate with each other by using gestures, facial expressions, body languages, eyes, etc. No matter in which way people express their ideas, what they say or what they do will definitely influences us, it may change our moods or even our attitudes. Secondly, students will enlarge their vocabulary including some useful words and also some important phrases and expressions. Thirdly, students will master another reading skill ---how to understand idiomatic expressions, which is very important to reading. They can refer to four clues which we have discussed in this unit, they include: searching for context clues; looking at examples if there are any; finding explanations if there are any; locating opposite or similar phrases.

Leisure time

I'm Gonna Catcha Good

-Shania Twain

    加拿大著名歌星Shania Twain是当今乡村流行乐坛绝对的实力派天后,唱片史上销售最佳女艺人第2名。近年来,Shania Twain的每一张唱片都能够在北美地区达到数千万的销量,世界范围内的销量更是无法估算。Shania Twain完美的将摇滚乐和乡村音乐融合在自己的音乐中,创造出了自己的风格,以至于有批评者认为她的作品更像是摇滚而丧失了乡村音乐的味道。她赢得了多项乡村音乐奖,以及五项格莱美大奖。如今的Shania Twain虽为人母但仍然是流行音乐最受欢迎的超级明星 。

 

Assignments

1. Finish all the exercises in the book

2. Reading the passage fluently.

3. Memorize the words and expressions we have learnt in this unit.

4. Previewing passage B

Section B Company Man

Reading skills

First learn the reading skills in this unit, and then do some exercises on Page 135 and Page 143 to practice the skills.

The meaning of idiomatic expressions can be very hard — even impossible — to guess. Word formations in dictionaries don’t always help, and can even fool us entirely! Idioms grow out of events and usage within the specific culture, which is why learning the cultural behavior is as important— and maybe more important in some instances —as (than) learning the words if we are to achieve truly effective communication.

To help us to understand idiomatic expressions in a reading passage, one must be good at:

searching for context clues

looking at examples if there are any

finding explanations if there are any

locating opposite or similar phrases

1. Context clues help you to get at the meaning of an unknown idiom.

Example: Grandpa shouldn't be going mountain climbing with the kids. Sometimes I think he’s too full of beans for his own good.

Explanation

Your understanding of the idiom “full of beans” should be based on the sentence before the idiom

2. Sometimes a difficult idiomatic expression is followed by a typical example.

Example

Nowadays, some people like burning the candle at both ends. A case in point is that of my brother. In addition to his regular job, my brother is also serving as a consultant to several government agencies and helping to set up his friends in business. I just don’t know how long his health will permit him to go on like this.

Explanation

The example below the idiom gives you clues as to the meaning of “burn the candle at both ends”.

3. Some sentences around the idiom give you detailed explanations.

Example

That expensive new machine we had installed in order to increase productivity is a real white elephant. It keeps breaking down, and even on rare occasions when it runs smoothly it is very costly to maintain.

Explanation

The sentence after the idiom “a white elephant” serves as a further explanation of its meaning.

4.Opposite or similar phrases often appear in the context of an unknown one.

Example

Some teenagers are so indulged in video games every evening that they have to blow stuff up or hit books in haste before going to school every morning.

Explanation

The phrase “hit books in haste” is similar in meaning here to the idiom “blow stuff up”.

Background Information.

1. overweight: it is almost always impolite to refer to a person as being overweight. However, there are many expressions for it. The term “overweight” is a sensitive way to refer to a person who is fat. “Fat” is a much more direct, though offensive expression. “plump”, “hefty”, and “stout” are euphemisms.

2. deceased: “deceased” is one of the many ways to refer to someone who is no longer living. It is a particularly respectful euphemism, as are “pass on”, “pass away”. Comical euphemisms for death include “kick the bucket”, “buy the farm”, and “push up daisies”.

Text Structure Analysis:

1. Main Idea

This is a story about a workaholic named Phil who worked himself to death. He spent little time with his families while devoting much of his time to work.

2.      Text StructurPart I

Part I (Para. 1-2)           Phil worked to death. Part II 

Part II(Para. 3—5)               Phil was a workaholic.

Part III (Para. 6—12)        Phil spent little time with his families.

Part IV (Para. 13—15)               What happened after his death.

Vocabulary in Focus

1. die of(line 2)  die because of sth. such as an illness 死于

No one could save her and she finally died of the fever. 没人能救她,她最终还是死于发烧。

His mother died of cancer when he was 10 years old.他10岁时母亲死于癌症。

In a severe winter, wild animals may die of hunger.

2.acquaintance n.[C] a person that one knows but who is not a close friend 相识的人;熟人  

They are only acquaintances.他们只是泛泛之交。 

He heard about the job through an acquaintance.他通过一个熟人打听到这份工作。

I have a large circle of friends and acquaintances engaged in movie.

3. devote(line 7) vt. give a lot of time, energy, etc. to sth. 致力于;献身于

I don't think we should devote any more time to this question.
我认为不应该在这个问题上再花时间了。

He wanted to devote his energies to writing for films.
他想把所有的精力都用来写电影剧本。

Mary gave up work to devote herself full-time to her music.

4.conceive(line 10) form an idea of; imagine 构想出,设想  

I tried to conceive the design of a new type of plane.我试图构想出一种新型飞机的图样。

I can hardly conceive what it is like here in winter.我很难想象这里冬天是什么样。

The famous writer conceived the idea of the novel during her journey through China.

conceivably imaginably; believably 可想象地;可以相信地

The work could conceivably be done within a week.这份工作一周应该能完成。

Conceivably, interest rates could rise very high indeed.可以想象,利息率的确可能增加得很高。  

5.  retire(line 10) vi.stop working at one's job, profession, etc., usually because of age 退休

He retired from professional tennis when he was still a young man.
他年轻时就退出了职业网球赛。

He was forced to retire early because of poor health.
他身体不好,只好早早退休。

6. spot(line 11) n.

1. [C] a position 职位,地位  

He should have been removed from his spot at the top of the rankings.
本来应该把他从高级职位上撤下来的。

He moved up from the second spot to become the manager of the company.
他从公司的副经理升为经理。

2. [C] a small mark on sth., esp. one that is made by a liquid 污渍,斑痕  

There is a spot of milk on the floor.地板上有奶渍。  

It is difficult to clean the spots of ink on the wall.墙上的墨渍很难清洗。

3. [C] a particular place 地点,场所  

This is our favorite holiday spot.这是我们最喜爱的度假地点。

She agreed to meet him at the same spot the next evening.
她答应第二天晚上在老地方见他。

7.afford(line 11) vt. (usu. used with can, could, able to) able to spend, give, do, etc. 有能力做;承担得起

We can't afford a washing machine.我们买不起洗衣机。

We can't afford to wait any longer or we'll miss the plane.我们不能再等了,否则就赶不上飞机了。

They can’t afford to lose this contract. The future of the company depends on it.

8. divide(line 18) vt. separate and give out or share 分配;分享;分用

He divides his time between working and looking after the children.
他把时间分别用在工作和照顾孩子上。  

The book is divided into six sections.
这本书分为六个部分。  

9. admire(line 20) vt. have a feeling of great respect for sb. or sth. 敬佩;钦佩

I've always admired her for being such a wonderful mother.
她是个了不起的母亲,我一直很钦佩她。

He was much admired for his work on medieval literature.
他因为对中世纪文学的论述而深受仰慕。

10. ignore(line 21) vt. take no notice of; refuse to pay attention to 忽视,不理睬

He ignored his doctor's advice about drinking and smoking less.
医生叫他少喝酒,少抽烟,可他就是不听。

It was very stupid of you to ignore your mother's advice.你不听母亲的劝告,真是愚笨。

The government would be unwise to ignore the growing dissatisfaction with its economic policies.

I gave her my suggestions but she totally ignored them.

11.accurate(line 22) a. exactly correct 准确的,精确的

Her report of what happened was accurate in every detail.
她对所发生的事情的报道,每一个细节都很准确。

I think your assessment of the current economic situation is pretty accurate.
我认为你对当今经济状况的评估是非常准确的。

accurately exactly and correctly 准确地,精确地  

Losses were accurately reported in the newspaper.报纸准确地报道了损失。  

It's impossible to predict the weather accurately.不可能准确地预测天气。

12. survive(line 22) vt. live longer than sb. else 比...活得长  

She survived her husband by five years.丈夫死后,她又活了5年。

She was survived by her husband.她丈夫比她活得长。

v. continue to live after an accident, war, etc. 活下来,幸存

More than a hundred people were killed in the crash and only five passengers survived.
坠机事故中100多人死亡,只有五人幸存。

Only 12 of the 140 passengers survived.140名旅客中只有12位幸免于难。

The old man survived all his children.

She was survived by her husband.

13.care for (line 30)

1. look after 看护,照顾

I am glad to see that you are being well cared for.
看到你得到很好的照顾,我很高兴。

He thanked the nurses who had cared for him while he was sick.
他感谢在他生病时护理他的护士。

The nurse cared for the old lady in her dying days.

2. (used in questions and negatives) like 喜欢

I don't really care for tea; I like coffee better. 我并不那么喜欢喝茶,我更喜欢喝咖啡。

Would you care for another drink? 想再喝一杯吗?

 

14. odd(line 40) a 1. not regular or fixed 临时的;不固定的  

He does odd jobs for me from time to time.他有时给我干点零活。

We should find a couple of odd hands for the farm.我们应该为农场雇几个临时工。

2. strange; unusual 奇怪的,异常的

There was something odd about him.他有点怪。  

It's a bit odd that she didn't phone to say she couldn't come她没有打电话说她不能来这事有点怪。

15. stay up (line 43) not go to bed 熬夜

Please don't stay up for me, I may be back late. 不要熬夜等我,我可能很晚才回来。

Kate stayed up all night by his bedside. 凯特在他床边守了一夜。

16. deceased(line 46) n.

(the ~) sb. who has died 死者,已故者  

Many friends of the deceased were present at the funeral.死者的很多朋友都出席了葬礼。

The deceased left a large sum of money to his children.死者给他的孩子留下了一大笔钱。

17. replace(line 47) vt. 1. take the place of 取代,代替  

George has replaced Edward as captain of the team.乔治接替爱德华当了队长。  

Lectures have replaced the old tutorial system.讲座代替了旧的辅导制度。

2. change sb. or sth. for another 更换,替换  

You'll have to replace those old tires with new ones.你得用新轮胎更换那些旧的。

They replaced the permanent staff with part-timers.他们用临时工替换了长期工。

18.bear(line 47) vt. (bore, borne) bravely accept or deal with an unpleasant situation; endure 忍受;经受  

There's nothing we can do about it, so we'll just have to bear it.我们对此无能为力,因此只好忍受下去。  

I'm not sure how much longer I can bear the pain.我不知道还能忍受疼痛多久。

19. straighten out(line 49) deal with a problem or a confused situation 解决(问题);理清(混乱情况)

I hope the misunderstanding will soon be straightened out.
我希望误解很快就能消除。

There are several financial problems that need to be straightened out quickly.
有几个财务问题需要很快弄清楚。

20. finance(line 49) n.

1. (~s) the money one has and the way one spends it 资金;财务状况

His finances were in bad condition.他的经济状况不好。

She refused to answer questions about her personal finances.她拒绝回答有关个人经济方面的问题。

2. [U] the management of money 财政;金融  

finance minister 财政部长

He is an expert in finance. 他是财务专家。

21. stock (line 49)n.1. [C] a share in the capital of a company 股份;股

stock exchange (= stock market) 证券交易所;股票交易所

the trading of stocks股票交易

2. [C, U] the supply of things that a shop has for sale 存货,库存  

We regret to inform you that the materials you ordered are out of stock.
很遗憾,你们定的材料已没有库存了。

The shop has a large stock of Christmas gifts.那家商店备有大量圣诞礼物。

22. option(line 50) n.1. [C] the right to buy or sell sth. in the future 买卖某物的权利  

stock option 优先认股权

Jones has taken an option on shares in the company.琼斯已获得那家公司的股份的买卖权。

2. [C] a choice one can make in a particular situation 选择

You will have to pay them; you have no option.你必须付给他们钱,别无选择。

He has two options: he can have the surgery, or he can give up playing football.
他有两种选择:要么做手术,要么放弃踢足球。

23. and all that(line 50)  and so on; and all such things 等等,诸如此类

When I was young, I was crazy about judo, karate, kungfu, and all that.
我小时候非常喜欢柔道、空手道、功夫之类的东西。

By cereals we mean wheat, oats, barley, and all that.
我们说谷类,指的是小麦、燕麦、大麦之类的东西。

24. wind(line 51) vt. (wound, wound)

1. (up) cause sb. to become nervous and worried 使紧张;使不安

He was too wound up to sleep before the interview.面试前,他非常紧张,无法入睡。

He was so wound up that almost anything would make him angry.
他神经非常紧张,几乎随便什么事情都会使他发怒。

2. turn a part of a machine around and around to make it work 上满发条

Did you remember to wind the clock?你记得给钟上发条了吗?

The clock's stopped; you'd better wind it up.钟停了,你最好上一下发条。

25.pick out(line 53) recognize sb. or sth. among others 认出

Try to pick me out in this old photograph.
试试能不能在这张老照片中认出我。

I bet you he can pick her out of a crowd of people.
我敢和你打赌,他能在一群人中认出她来。

Can you pick out your sister in this crowd?

I immediately picked Jean out in the photo.

26. discreet(line 57) a. careful about what one says or does 谨慎的,慎重的

She was too discreet to mention the argument in front of him.
她处事十分谨慎,不会在他面前说起那次争吵。

He made a discreet protest.他的抗议措辞谨慎。

discreetly a. doing sth. carefully so that people do not notice it 小心地,谨慎地

He followed the man discreetly into the hotel.他小心谨慎地跟着那个人进了旅馆。

We approached the house discreetly.我们小心翼翼地靠近那房子。  

27. replacement.(line 58)1. [C] sb. or sth. that replaces another person or thing 替换的人或物

She is leaving next month, so we must advertise for a replacement for her.
她下个月离开这里,所以我们必须登广告招聘替换她的人。

It was difficult to find a replacement for Ted.很难找到谁来替换特德。

2. [U] the act of replacing 替换,代替

The furniture requires replacement.家具需要更换。

Our old car is badly in need of replacement.我们的旧车非常需要更换。

28. ask around(line 58) ask in many places or ask a lot of people 到处打听

If you want to know about the dean of the school, ask around.如果你想了解院长,问问其他人吧。

I'll ask around to see if I can find you a place to stay. 我会打听打听,看能不能给你找个地方住。

If you are looking for a good doctor, you’d better ask around.

I ask around to see if I can help you find a job.

Sentence Highlights

1. He worked himself to death, finally and precisely, at 3:00 A.M. Sunday morning. (Line 1)

He had worked so hard that finally he died exactly at 3:00 A.M. Sunday morning.

2. The article about his death didn't say that, of course. (line 2)
Meaning: The notice of his death didn't mention that he died because of overwork.

"That" refers to what has been said in the previous sentence.

3. It said he died of a heart attack, but every one of his friends and acquaintances knew it instantly. (line 2-3)
Meaning: The article said that he died because of a heart attack, but all his friends and those who were familiar with him knew immediately why he had died.
The implied meaning of the sentence is that all his friends and colleagues were not surprised to learn about his death because they knew that he had worked himself too much.

4. He was a perfect Type A, addicted to working… (Line 3-4)

He was a man aiming high and working hard, a workaholic.

Type A: a personality type characterized by ambition, impatience, and competitiveness, and thought to be susceptible to stress and heart disease.

5. This man... —on his day off—was at work. (line 6-7)
Meaning: This man... was working on the day he died though he was scheduled to have that day free.

6. He had devoted the last 18 years of his life to that work. (line 7-8)
Meaning: He spent the last 18 years of his life on that work.

7. More precisely, he was one of six vice-presidents, and one of three that might conceivably—if the president died or retired soon enough—have been promoted to the top spot. (line 9)
Meaning: To be exact, he was one of six vice-presidents. What's more, people believed that he was one of the three vice-presidents that might have moved to the president's position if the president died or retired soon enough.

8. He did not divide his time with outside interests, unless, of course, you consider his monthly game of golf. (line 14-15)
Meaning: He did not spend any of his time on other things except you say that he played golf once a month.

9. To Phil, it was work.(line 15)
Meaning: To Phil, even a monthly game of golf was work.

10. He always ate egg salad sandwiches at his desk. (line 15-16)
Meaning: He often had his meals in his office.

Please notice here, instead of "at table", we have the expression "at desk", which implies that Phil was a workaholic and often had his meals in his office.

11. He was, of course, overweight and had high blood pressure. (line 16-17)
Meaning: Of course, he was overweight and suffered from high blood pressure.

12. ... and most of them liked and admired him most of the time. (line 19-20)
Meaning: ... and most of them liked and respected him most of the time.

13. The article ignored this information. (line 21)
Meaning: The article didn't mention "Three of them will be seriously considered for his job."

14. He is survived by his wife... a good woman of no particular marketable skills...(line 22-24)
Meaning: His wife is left behind... a woman who is kind and yet has no special skills (that would allow her to find employment as a professional) ...

15. Phil stayed up nights worrying about the boy. (Para 10 Line 43)

Phil often worried about this boy and it made him unable to sleep until late in to night.

16. ... and, after all, she would need him to straighten out their finances—the stock options and all that. (Para 12 Line 49-50)

... and, it must be remembered that she would need him to settle their accounts with the company/any money owed to them—the stock options and so on.

17. ... the company president had begun, discreetly of course, with care and taste, to make inquiries about his replacement—one of three men. (Para 15 Line 56-58)

. ... the company president had begun, carefully of course, to ask about whom they should choose among three people to replace Phil.  

Revison

 

1. Match the words in the left column  and their meaning in the right.


•         Devote               

•         afford

•         executive

•         ignore

•         accurate

•         odd

•         finance

•         inquiry

 

exactly correct

the management of money

strange, unusually

give a lot of time, energy,etc. to sth.

able to give, spend, etc.

a question sb. asks to get information

a person who has an important position in a business

take no notice of


2.      Translate the following sentences, using the words or phrases given to you.

1. 他死于中风。(die of)

2. 全家人都不在时,由谁照料这间房子呢? (care for)

3. 我们付不起这个价钱。(afford)

4. 我答应女儿她可以晚点睡觉,看他她最喜欢的电视节目。(stay up)

5. 在人群中认出玛丽是很容易的事。(pick out)

  1. He died of a stroke.
  2.  We can’t afford to pay such a price.
  3.  Who will care for the house while the family is away?
  4.  I promised my daughter she could stay up for her favorite TV program.
  5.  It is easy to pock out Mary’s face in a crowd

Assignments

1. Finish all the exercises in the book

2. Reading the passage fluently.

3. Memorize the words and expressions we have learnt in this unit.

4. Previewing unit 7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                          The end

 

0

阅读 评论 收藏 转载 喜欢 打印举报/Report
前一篇:U7A词组
后一篇:Unit 6A词组
  • 评论加载中,请稍候...
发评论

    发评论

    以上网友发言只代表其个人观点,不代表新浪网的观点或立场。

    < 前一篇U7A词组
    后一篇 >Unit 6A词组
      

    新浪BLOG意见反馈留言板 电话:4000520066 提示音后按1键(按当地市话标准计费) 欢迎批评指正

    新浪简介 | About Sina | 广告服务 | 联系我们 | 招聘信息 | 网站律师 | SINA English | 会员注册 | 产品答疑

    新浪公司 版权所有