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每天30分钟创造一匹更好的马 第一章 7

(2012-06-02 23:26:47)
标签:

马术

体育

杂谈

分类: 30Minutes

1.2.3 Spend 30 Minutes Condition-Scoring Your Horse

1.2.3 花30分钟为马匹的状况打分

 

An important aspect of being on top of your horse’s diet is to monitor his condition and spot potential problems before they become serious.

You need to have in your mind a picture of how you think your horse should look. A good way to do this is to study horse in the same area of activity. For example, if you aim to compete at eventing, dedicate some time to watching top class eventers to get an idea of how a fit, professional horse looks. Your own horse may not have the same breeding or abilities, but it will give you an idea of what you are trying to attain. Combine this ideal with what you think your horse can achieve and you should have a picture in your mind of what you are aiming for.

马匹食谱里最重要的一点是需要监控他们的情况并且在潜在问题变得严重前找出来。

你应该在你的脑中有一张一匹马应该看起来什么样的图片。一个比较可行的方法是研究在工作在相同领域的马的样子。比如,如果你是想参加三日赛,花些时间去观察那些顶级的参赛马匹,这样你就可以知道一匹体态匀称的专业参赛马匹应该看上什么样。你自己的马也许和这些马不是同一品种和有相同的能力,但是这样的观察可以使你知道你应该要达到什么目标。把这样的参照物和你认为你的马能够达到的程度结合在一起,这样一来你就知道你的目标到底是什么样的。

 

How to Condition Score

怎么给马匹状况打分

You will need to be able to look at your horse from the front, side and rear. He must not be cold, have just eaten, just come in from the field or just been exercised. If possible, take a photograph from all three perspectives, weekly is ideal. Judge his condition at the points listed below and mark him between 1 and 10. Your ideal is between 5 and 6. Make a note of the score: this will enable you to monitor his progress and to evaluate his feed and training programs, and also to cross-reference this information from one year to the next.

你需要能够仔细观察马匹的前面、侧面和后面。在观察时,他不应该感到冷,不应该刚刚进食,不应该刚刚从围场回到马房以及不应该刚刚训练好。如果可能,最好每个礼拜从这三个角度各拍一张照片。根据下列的评估点来评估他的情况,然后给他从1到10分打分。打分最理想的结果是5到6分。记录下这些分数,这样你就可以监控他的身体状况,而且可以评估他的喂食和训练计划,也可以交叉证明一年一年的马匹信息。

 

每天30分钟创造一匹更好的马 <wbr>第一章 <wbr>7

1 Point – Poor Condition

Croup, spinal processes, ribs and hip bones prominent. Hollow in front of the withers, and possible sunken eye. No fatty tissue visible.

1分 – 情况很差

臀部(Croup)、脊柱、肋骨、髋关节突出。肩隆凹陷,眼睛可能凹陷。无可见脂肪组织。

 

2 Points – Very Thin

Croup, Spinal processer, ribs and hip bones still prominent, but slight fatty tissue over spinal processes, ribs visible but not prominent. Deep cavity either side of tail.

2分 – 很瘦

臀部(Croup)、脊柱、肋骨、髋关节仍旧突出,但在脊柱周围有少许可见脂肪组织,肋骨可见但不突出。在尾部任何一侧有很深的空洞(译者:应该是指出现在马匹臀部很瘦)。

 

3 Points - Thin

Spinal processes and ribs still visible. Slight covering of fat over ribs. Withers, shoulders and neck muscles showing. Slight cavity under tail.

3分 – 瘦

脊柱和肋骨仍然可见。肋骨有少许脂肪覆盖。肩隆、肩部和颈部肌肉可见。尾巴下部有少许空洞。

 

4 Points – Moderately Thin

Slight ridge along back, faint outline of ribs visible. Withers, shoulders and neck not particularly thin now.

4分 – 稍瘦

稍微在背部有隆起,肋骨曲线隐约可见,肩隆、肩部和颈部没有特别消瘦。

 

5 Points – Moderate

Back flatter. Withers, croup and hip rounded. Shoulders and neck blending into body. Ribs not distinguishable, but easily felt.

5分 – 中等

背部较平坦。肩隆、臀部(croup)、髋关节圆润。肩部和颈部融入身体。肋骨不可分辨,但容易摸到。

 

6 Points – Moderately Fleshy

Normal. May have slight crease down back. Ribs covered. Haunches, croup and buttocks covered. Neck firm and muscles obvious. Muscular development visible.

6分 – 微胖

体态匀称。有轻微褶皱。肋骨完全不可见。腰腿部、臀部(croup)和屁股完全覆盖。颈部平坦且肌肉可见。肌肉纹路可见。

 

7 Points – Fleshy

Crest is developing, as is crease down back. Fat filling in between ribs, which can be still felt. Fat around pelvis and croup.

7分 – 胖

长出颈脊,腹部垂荡。脂肪组织填充肋骨两侧,但肋骨仍能摸到。骨盆和臀部(Croup)周围有脂肪组织。

 

8 Points – Fat

Crease down back. No bones visible. Neck thickening. Fat appearing on inner thighs.

8分 – 超重

腹部垂荡。没有可见的骨头。颈部变厚。脂肪组织出现在大腿内侧。

 

9 Points – Extremely Fat

Ribs, quarters and back well covered with fat. Definite crease down back. Croup and hip bones difficult to feel.

9分 – 极度超重

肋骨、后驱和背部完全由脂肪覆盖。明显的腹部垂荡。臀部和髋关节处的骨骼难以摸到。

 

10 Points – Obese

Large fatty crest, wide neck, deep hollow down back. Pads of fat on shoulder and quarters. Skin distended.

10分 – 肥胖

大面积脂肪褶皱,颈部宽阔,deep hollow down back(实在不知道怎么翻译)。在肩部和后驱上有层叠的脂肪。皮肤肿胀。

 

Don’t forget: Next time you’re at a show spend 30 minutes condition-scoring the horses competing to help develop your eye.

不要忘记:下次参加展示的时候,花30分钟对于参赛马匹的状况进行打分,这样可以开阔你的眼界。

 

每天30分钟创造一匹更好的马 <wbr>第一章 <wbr>7

 

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本作品由Shinephoenix提供。以上一切内容仅供马友交流之用,禁止用于任何商业行为。如因私自传播造成法律问题,Shinephoenix和华阳马术俱乐部论坛概不负责。如您喜欢本作,请购买正版。

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