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马的控制和梳洗 第五章(下)

(2010-02-28 16:16:49)
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杂谈

马术

5.2 Tying a Quick-Release Knot

打一个快松结

 

1.Run the tail of the rope through the ring. The horse is attached to the portion in your left hands.

把绳子的一端穿过拴马环。马站在你的左手端。

 

马的控制和梳洗 <wbr>第五章(下)

 

2.Hold the two portion of rope together in your left hand.

把绳子的两端一起放在你的左手里。

 

马的控制和梳洗 <wbr>第五章(下)

 

3.With your right hand, pick up a portion of the tail end of the rope and make a fold (bight) in it like this. Cross the bight over the two ropes you are holding in your left hand and through the loop that has formed.

用你的右手抓住绳子的一端并把它像这样对折。把绳环放在你左手拿的绳子的上方,然后穿过由它们组成的圈。

 

马的控制和梳洗 <wbr>第五章(下)

 

4.Here the bight has been placed through the loop. Take care not to let your fingers get inside any of the loops; if your horse were to pull at this point, your fingers could get trapped in the loops.

这是绳环穿过绳圈后的样子。注意不要把你的手指放在任何一个绳圈里。如果你的马在这个时候突然拉绳子,你的手指会被套在绳圈里。

 

马的控制和梳洗 <wbr>第五章(下)

 

5.Grab the tip of the bight and pull it through the loop.

抓住绳圈的顶部,并把它穿过绳圈。

 

马的控制和梳洗 <wbr>第五章(下)

 

6.Pull until the U-shaped bight is about 6-inches long and the knot is snug. Then move the tail of the rope from the left side over the right side so it is lying against the wall, out of your way.

拉紧绳环直到U型绳环达到大概6英寸长而且结已经紧了。然后把绳子的一端从左边移到右边,这样绳子就会靠着墙而且远离你走路的地方。

 

马的控制和梳洗 <wbr>第五章(下)

 

7.Grasp the portion of the lead rope your horse is attached to with your left hand and the knot with your right hand. As you pull with your left hand, slide the knot up to the ring with your right hand.

用你的左手抓住牵引索拴着你的马的一端,然侯用你的右手拿住绳结。当你用你的左手拉绳子的时候,用你的右手把绳结滑向拴马环。

 

马的控制和梳洗 <wbr>第五章(下)

 

8.Here is the quick-release knot. The horse is attached to the section at the left. The tail end is hanging along the wall and is the portion you would pull to free your horse.

这就是快松扣。马被拴在绳子左侧的一段。多余的绳子靠着墙,这一端是用来松开这个结的。

 

马的控制和梳洗 <wbr>第五章(下)

 

5.2.1 The Horse-Proof Quick-Release Knot

防马快松结

 

5.2.1.1 Horse-Proof for Extra Security

防马更保险

 

If your horse has learned how to nibble the quick-release knot and free himself, you will have to “horse-proof” the knot by dropping the tail of the rope through the loop as shown here.

如果你的马已经学会如何啃咬快松结来解放自己,你一定要把多余的绳子部分穿过绳圈来达到“马防”的作用。

 

马的控制和梳洗 <wbr>第五章(下)

 

5.2.1.2 The Horse-Proof Version

马防版快松结

 

Here is the horse-proof version of the quick-release knot. In order to free your horse, first remove the tail of the knot from the loop. Because of this extra step, this is no longer a real quick-release knot. The horse-proof version of the knot should only be used with horses who have learned how to untie the standard quick-release knot.

这是马防版快松结。如果你要松开你的马,先把多余的绳子从绳圈里抽出来。通过这个额外的步骤,这就已经不是一个简单的快松扣了。马防版快松扣只能用在那些已经知道如何松开快松结的马身上。

 

马的控制和梳洗 <wbr>第五章(下)

 

5.3 Positioning While Tied

在拴住时的安置

 

5.3.1 To Move A Horse Forward

让马前进

 

1. When your horse is tied and you want to move him forward a few steps, step behind him, raise your hand behind his rump, and say “Walk up” or make a click-click noise with your tongue against your teeth. If he has good in-hand lessons, he will move forward with this alone.

当你的马被拴住但你想让他向前移动几步,你需要站在他的身后,在他的臀后举起你的手,同时说“Walk Up”或是用你的舌头和牙齿发出“Click-Click”的声音。如果他有很好的训练,仅通过这些指令就会使他向前移动。

 

马的控制和梳洗 <wbr>第五章(下)

 

2. When your horse has taken a step forward, immediately lower your hand so he doesn’t go too far. You might want to add the word “whoa” if you think he will walk too far ahead.

当你的马已经向前移动了几步,马上放下你的手,这样他不会走得太远。如果你觉得他已经走得太远了,你也可以加上“Whoa”这个词。

 

马的控制和梳洗 <wbr>第五章(下)

 

5.3.2 To Back a Horse Up

让马后退

 

1. To back up a horse that is tied, use the same technique you did during in-hand work. Use your fingertips in his shoulder point while you say “BACK”. Here he has lifted the first diagonal pair of the legs.

当马被拴住而你想要他后退时,使用你训练他时的相同技巧。把你的指尖顶在他的肩膀处并说“Back”。图中的马提起了他的第一对对角线蹄。

 

马的控制和梳洗 <wbr>第五章(下)

 

2. Continue cueing as long as you want him to move back, taking care to note the restriction from the lead rope.

持续提醒他,只要你还想让他往后走,但要注意牵引索的限制。

 

马的控制和梳洗 <wbr>第五章(下)

 

5.3.3 To Move a Horse Over

挪开一匹马

 

1. To move a horse over while he is tied, use the same technique you used to turn on the forehand during in-hand work. Here the horse is being moved 180 degree from a position alongside the tie rail to one facing the opposite direction. Slightly tip his head toward you and apply light pressure to his side. His right hind leg is getting ready to cross over the left hind leg and his left front leg is walking a small circle around his right front leg, which is the “pivot” foot in this turn. Note that the pivot foot is facing the “old direction” and is twisting in place, so the horse will have to pick it up to reorient it to the new direction.

在被拴住的情况下要挪开一匹马,使用在训练前肢定点旋转时一样的技巧。图中的马正在从沿着围栏的一遍180度的转向另外一边。稍微把他的头拉向你,然后在他的一侧使用一些压力。他的右后腿正准备跨过左后腿,而他的左前腿正在绕着他的右前腿(就是它的支点)绕一个小圆。注意,图中的支点腿正对着原来的方向,所以马必须抬起它,重新定向到新的位置。

 

马的控制和梳洗 <wbr>第五章(下)

 

2. Here the horse is reorienting the foot to face the new direction.

图中的马正把支点腿重新定向,使它面对新的方向。

 

马的控制和梳洗 <wbr>第五章(下)

 

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