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## 马的控制和梳洗 第五章（下）

(2010-02-28 16:16:49)

### 马术

5.2 Tying a Quick-Release Knot

1.Run the tail of the rope through the ring. The horse is attached to the portion in your left hands.

2.Hold the two portion of rope together in your left hand.

3.With your right hand, pick up a portion of the tail end of the rope and make a fold (bight) in it like this. Cross the bight over the two ropes you are holding in your left hand and through the loop that has formed.

4.Here the bight has been placed through the loop. Take care not to let your fingers get inside any of the loops; if your horse were to pull at this point, your fingers could get trapped in the loops.

5.Grab the tip of the bight and pull it through the loop.

6.Pull until the U-shaped bight is about 6-inches long and the knot is snug. Then move the tail of the rope from the left side over the right side so it is lying against the wall, out of your way.

7.Grasp the portion of the lead rope your horse is attached to with your left hand and the knot with your right hand. As you pull with your left hand, slide the knot up to the ring with your right hand.

8.Here is the quick-release knot. The horse is attached to the section at the left. The tail end is hanging along the wall and is the portion you would pull to free your horse.

5.2.1 The Horse-Proof Quick-Release Knot

5.2.1.1 Horse-Proof for Extra Security

If your horse has learned how to nibble the quick-release knot and free himself, you will have to “horse-proof” the knot by dropping the tail of the rope through the loop as shown here.

5.2.1.2 The Horse-Proof Version

Here is the horse-proof version of the quick-release knot. In order to free your horse, first remove the tail of the knot from the loop. Because of this extra step, this is no longer a real quick-release knot. The horse-proof version of the knot should only be used with horses who have learned how to untie the standard quick-release knot.

5.3 Positioning While Tied

5.3.1 To Move A Horse Forward

1. When your horse is tied and you want to move him forward a few steps, step behind him, raise your hand behind his rump, and say “Walk up” or make a click-click noise with your tongue against your teeth. If he has good in-hand lessons, he will move forward with this alone.

2. When your horse has taken a step forward, immediately lower your hand so he doesn’t go too far. You might want to add the word “whoa” if you think he will walk too far ahead.

5.3.2 To Back a Horse Up

1. To back up a horse that is tied, use the same technique you did during in-hand work. Use your fingertips in his shoulder point while you say “BACK”. Here he has lifted the first diagonal pair of the legs.

2. Continue cueing as long as you want him to move back, taking care to note the restriction from the lead rope.

5.3.3 To Move a Horse Over

1. To move a horse over while he is tied, use the same technique you used to turn on the forehand during in-hand work. Here the horse is being moved 180 degree from a position alongside the tie rail to one facing the opposite direction. Slightly tip his head toward you and apply light pressure to his side. His right hind leg is getting ready to cross over the left hind leg and his left front leg is walking a small circle around his right front leg, which is the “pivot” foot in this turn. Note that the pivot foot is facing the “old direction” and is twisting in place, so the horse will have to pick it up to reorient it to the new direction.

2. Here the horse is reorienting the foot to face the new direction.

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