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## 马的控制和梳洗 第五章（上）

(2010-02-28 15:46:24)

### 杂谈

Chapter V Tying

5.1 Safe Tying Practices

Whenever you tie a horse, there is the potential for danger if he pulls, falls, or become trapped. That’s why it is essential that you use safe tying practices.

5.1.1 Panic Snap and Quick-Release Knot

Although with horses that are accustomed to being tied in most cases you can use bull snaps or trigger snaps on the rope, consider using a panic snap (left) if you are tying a horse who tends to be nervous when tied. Tie all horses with a quick-release knot so if you need to, you can instantly pull the end of the rope and release the horse. Keep a sharp pocketknife close at hand when you tie a horse; if all else fails, you can cut the rope if the horse is trapped. Practice using the knife beforehand on a thick, tight rope so you know how to wield it without injuring yourself or your horse.

5.1.2 A Secure Tie Ring

When tying to a wall, be sure the tie ring is strong and well attached to the wall. This tie ring is bolted to the wall with six 4-inch lag bolts.

5.1.3 Tie to a Strong Rail

Always tie a horse at the level of his withers or a bit higher to a post or a well-constructed rail, such as this metal pipe rail. Wooden fence rails are usually not suitable for tying; a pulling horse could easily detach them and panic when the rail hits him or chases after him.

5.1.4 Use a Quick-Release Knot

This horse is tied at a proper height with a quick-release knot. (The tail of the rope has been dropped through the loop of the knot so the horse cannot release himself.)

5.1.5 Problem: Tied Too Low

This horse is tied to a rail that is below the level of his withers. If he wanted to pull, he could get some very good leverage with his front feet. He should be tied to the top rail, which is a few inches higher than his withers. The length of the lead rope is fine but the long tail dangling on the ground is just inviting trouble. This horse could release himself by pulling the tail of the rope because the tail has not been dropped through the loop of the knot.

5.1.6 Problem: Tied Too Long

Although this horse is tied at the proper height, the rope is much too long, which allows him to lower his head to the ground, move around too much, and possibly get his front leg over the rope.

5.1.7 Problem: Tied Too Short

Although this is tied high enough, the lead rope is too short, causing the horse to hold his head and neck in an uncomfortable, cramped position. Tying this short could cause even a well-trained horse to pull.

5.1.8 Tying a Foal

When tying a foal for the first few times, do not tie him “hard and fast” to a solid object because if he pulls (which most foals will do at least once or twice) he could injure his poll or neck. Instead, tie the foal’s lead rope to a car or truck tire inner tube, which will act like a fat rubber band and provide some “give” when the foal pulls. This 5-month-old foal is tied properly in a safe area and has learned to stand patiently.

5.1.9 Tying to an Inner Tube

This is a close-up showing the use of the inner tube. In this instance the foal’s rope is about the right length to allow him to hold his head at a natural level. If the rope were shorter, it would cause the foal to hold his head up in an unnaturally high, fatiguing position.

5.1.10 To Use the Inner Tube with a Tie Ring

When you will be tying a young horse or a horse not accustomed to being tied, tie him to an inner tube attached to a ring securely mounted on the wall.

1.Place the inner tube through the ring from back to front, until half the inner tube is hanging in front of the ring and half is hanging behind the ring.

2.Reach through the bottom half of the inner tube and grab the top half.

3.Pull the top half through the hole in the bottom half until it looks like this. Tie the lead rope to the lower loop of the inner tubes.

5.1.11 Tying a Horse in Cross Ties

1. When you want to tie a horse in cross ties across a barn aisle, stop the horse relatively straight with his head at the cross ties. Turn and face the rear of the horse, with your left hand holding the lead rope. With your right hand, grab the near cross tie. Fasten the snap to the near cheek ring on the side of the halter, not the halter ring at the throat of the halter.

2. Step across in front of the horse to the off side, maintaining his position with the halter rope with your right hand, and reach for the far cross tie with your left hand.

3. Fasten the snap to the off cheek ring of the halter. Remove the lead rope.

Tip: A cross-tie ring can be mounted to the wall with 3/8-inch diameter x 2 1/2-inch long lag bolts.

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