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一〇年各国申报世遗的项目(五)

(2010-03-08 21:07:35)
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塔吉克斯坦

粟特

片治肯特

杂谈

分类: 世界遗产预备项目

     塔吉克斯坦——Sarazm (萨拉子目古城)

 

一〇年各国申报世遗的项目(五)

 

 

Sarazm is an ancient town and jamoat in north-western Tajikistan. It is located in Panjakent District in Sughd province.

The archaeological site of the ancient city of Sarazm is located near Durman, a town situated in the Zarafshan valley of north-west Tajikistan in the Sughd province near the border with Uzbekistan.

 

The archaeological complexis of setllement Sarazm were excavated in 9 excavation trenchs and in 12 probe trenchs. As a result now we have some dwelling houses, monumental buildings, cult centres and the row of handicraft blocks.

The discovery of the settlement Sarazm led not only to finding of the centre of early agricultural culture of Central Asia situated in Zarafshan valley on the territory of Sogd (according to the writing sources) but brought again the archaeological science's attention to the problem of studying of various centres of development of Central Asia in epoch of origion of the first civilization of the Near East type.

The resalts of Sarazm's research were presented and discussed at to many international simposiams: Dushanbe,1979; Washington, 1981 and 1986; Paris,1985; Mainz, 1992; Panjikent, 1994. there were published a lot of articles devoted to this settlement by: A.Isakov, L. Pyankova, U. Eshonkulov, A.Razzokov, S. Bobomulloev (Tajikistan); R. Besenval, A. Frankfort, B. Lione, M.Kasanova (France); L. Lamberg-Karlovsky, F. Koll (Usa); V.Masson, G.Koshelenko (Russia) and others.

 

 

片治肯特城址

 

  片治肯特城址
  Pyanjikent,City Site at
  塔吉克斯坦古代粟特城址。位于片治肯特城东南。城始建于5世纪,繁荣于7~8世纪之交,8世纪废弃。1946年起发掘。城址包括城堡、城区、农庄和墓地四部分。城堡内建有宫殿。城区有城墙和望楼,街坊有贵族宅邸,一般由柱廊和方形正厅组成,大多数有壁画,城中心有祅教神庙。农庄区有灌渠和农庄楼房。墓地在城区以南,葬制与祅教徒相同,使用特别的遗骨陶棺,葬入地上的屋形小墓。贵族宅邸和祅教神庙中保存有许多壁画,年代均属7~8世纪,大幅壁画长达15米。壁画题材有宗教仪式、神话传说、贵族与武士宴饮、仕女、天魔、神怪等。一幅女琴师弹箜篌图,人物形象生动逼真。另一幅画中国汉人男女,显示出粟特与中国中原地区有着交往。其他壁画和泥塑有明显的印度文化影响。城址内还出土了玻璃器和阿拉伯、粟特的铜钱、银币等。

 

    Sarazm is a settlement dated the 4th -2nd millennia BC located near Pendzhikent with survived temples of fire, public and residential buildings, cult and palace structures. A lot of objects made of copper, bronze, lead, silver and gold; armor, jewelry related to 4th - 2nd millennia B.C. were found there.
The settlement stands on a height extending from west to east on the left bank of the Zeravshan River. The total area of the settlement exceeds 100 hectares.
Sarazm was the ancient center of ores mining. Sarasm people exported the gold and silver found in the Zeravshan river valley to the countries of the Middle and Near East as well as West India.
Besides that Sarazm was one of the largest centers of metallurgy in the Central Asia. There the fragments of foundry forms, melting forges, massive pestles and hammers for ore crushing, metal objects in the form of axes, daggers, knifes, spears, pins, fishing hooks and ornaments were found.
During the excavations in Sarazm the palace complex (the area of more than 250 square meters) was discovered. The complex included a big corridor, a vestibule, two or three halls and several auxiliary structures. All structures are connected by wide passages. One of the complex walls has windows for illumination and ventilation. The presence of circular altars in the center of the two halls might mean that it was not just a palace but also a place for cult ceremonials.

 

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