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外研版高中英语必修四期末复习模块基础与提升训练六套(六)

(2011-06-10 13:15:45)
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教育

分类: 教学资源

Module 6   Unexplained Mysteries of the Natural World

模块测试与评价(满分100分)

第一部分  语法和词汇知识(每题1分,共15分)

1. One should keep _____ facing danger.

A. quiet         B. calm

C. still           D. silent

2. Attention, please, everybody! Please keep _______ for a moment while I take

your photograph.

A. still        B. silent

C. calm       D. quiet

3. Listen! There’s a lot of noise from next door. They _______ a party.

  A. could have had    B must be having 

C. should have had   D. can be having

4. These toy bricks are _______ different sizes, shapes and colors, but they are exactly the same _________.

A. in; in weights   B. in; of weight

C. of; in weight    D. of; of weights

5. There ______ many people _____ in the office, but now nobody is allowed to.

A. used to be; smoking    B. used to have; smoking

C. used to be; smoke      D. used to have; smoke

6. — Were all the passengers in the bus injured in the accident?

  — ______ only four who got hurt.

A. No, there are    B. Yes, there were

C. No, there were   D. Yes, it is

7. — Excuse me, is this building the city library?

— Sorry, I’m not sure. But it _______ be.

A. can   B. must    C. might  D. will

8. The bird came to the window; but I moved suddenly and _____ it away.

A. afraid        B. frightened   C. scared       D. forced

9. Dear sir, it is so generous _____ you to share your room and food ___ me.

A. of; with   B. for; with C. of; to D. for, to

10. Don’t be so ____ with the children.

A. hard        B. sharp  C. fond       D. kind

11. The swimmer ______ into the swimming pool from the diving-board.

A. dived        B. died  C. divided       D. diving  

12 Suddenly, a tall man driving a golden carriage ___ the girl and took her away, _____ into the woods.

A. seizing; disappeared     B. seized; disappeared

C. seizing; disappearing     D. seized; disappearing

13. Look! The black clouds are gathering, which _____ that it will rain soon.

A. indicates   B. explodes     C. claims      D. thinks

14. I ____ have been more than six years old when the accident happened. (2005天津)

A. shouldn’t    B. couldn’t   C. mustn’t   D. needn’t

15. It’s _______ to get a satisfying job in the competitive society, so each of us should value what we’ve got.

A. nothing   B. anything C. everything   D. something

 

第二部分  能力培养(共50分)

第一节  完形填空(每空1分,共20分)

He must have been completely lost in something he was reading because I had to tap on the windshield to get his attention.

“Is your taxi  1  ?” I asked when he finally looked  2  at me. He nodded, then said  3  as I settled into the back seat, “I'm sorry, but I was reading a  4  .” He  5  as if he had a cold .

“I am not in a hurry,” I told him. “Go ahead and finish your letter.” He  6  his head. “I've read it several times already. I guess I  7  know it by heart.”

“Letters from home always mean a lot,” I said. “From a child?”

“This isn't  8  ,” he replied. “Although it  9  just as well have been family. Old Ed was my oldest friend. In fact, we used to call each other 'Old Friend' when we'd meet. I'm not much good at  10 .”

“I don't think any of us keep  11  our correspondence (通信) too well,” I said. “I know I don't. But I take it he's someone you've  12  quite a while?”

“All my life. We were kids together, went to school together and all the  13  through high school.”

“There are not too many people who've had such a long friendship,” I said.

14 ,” the driver went on, “I hadn't seen him more than once or twice a year over the past 25 or 30 years because I  15  away from the old neighbourhood and you kind of lose touch  16  you never forget.”

“You said 'was'. Does that mean—?” He nodded. “ 17  a couple of weeks ago.”

“I'm sorry,” I said. “It's no fun to lose any friend—and losing a real old one is  18  tougher.”

He didn't  19  to that, and we rode on in silence for a few minutes. But I realized that Old Ed was still on his mind when he spoke again, almost more to himself than to me: “I should have kept in touch.”

“Well,” I agreed, “we should all keep in touch with old friends more than we do. But things  20  and we just don't seem to find the time.”

When I got to my hotel room I didn't unpack right away. First I had to write a letter and mail it.

1. available    B. acceptable          C. beneficial       D. occupied

2. A.    down                    B.                  up          C.                       to D. off

3. A.       unexpectedly      B. curiously        C. apologetically D.  definitely

4. A.       booklet       B. novel              C.       book          D. letter

5. A.    sounded           B. spoke                C.         seemed         D. continued

6. A.    hung      B.       nodded       C. shook       D. kept

7. A.    anyhow                 B.                     hardly C.                       almost               D. really

8. A.    friendship             B.                       family                          C. leadership       D. colleague

9. A.  could                      B. might              C.     maybe                 D. would

10. A.  writing                 B.                         reading                       C. talking           D. earning

11. A.   up                        B.                            with                        C. on                 D. in

12. A.  found                   B.                            written                    C. known           D. seen

13. A.  curriculum            B.                            coincidence             C. life                D. way

14. A. Eventually              B.                            Actually                  C. Additionally   D. Besides

15. A. removed                 B.                            left                         C. headed           D. moved

16. A.  even though          B.                            as though                C. when             D. whereas

17. A. Died                       B. Suffered               C. Choked               D. Survived

18. A.  ever                      B.                            even                       C. fairly             D. quite

19. A.  appeal          B. reply                     C.                           adapt                 D. talk

20.   A.                               take up         B. pick up          C. come up             D. break up

 

第二节  阅读理解(每题2分,共30分)

A

Memory, they say, is a matter of practice and exercise. If you have the wish and really made a conscious(自觉的)effort, then you can quite easily improve your ability to remember things. But even if you are successful, there are times when your memory seems to play tricks on you.

Sometimes you remember things that really did not happen. One morning last week, for example, I got up and found that I had left the front door unlocked all night, yet I clearly remember locking it carefully the night before.

Memory “trick” work the other way as well. Once in a while you remember not doing something, and then find out that you did. One day last month, for example, I was sitting in a barber(理发师)shop waiting for my turn to get a haircut, and suddenly I realized that I had got a haircut two days before at the barber shop across the street from my office.

We always seem to find something funny and amusing(有趣的)in incidents caused by people’s forgetfulness or absent-mindedness. Stories about absent-minded professors have been told for years, and we never got tired of hearing new ones. Unfortunately, however, absent-mindedness is not always funny. There are times when “trick” of our memory can cause us great trouble.

1. If you want to have a good memory,       .

  A. you should force yourself to remember things

  B. you should make a conscious effort of practice and exercise

  C. you should never stop learning

  D. you should try hard to remember tings

2. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?

  A. One night the writer forgot to lock the front door.

  B. One night the writer forgot having locked the front door.

  C. The writer remembered to lock the door.

  D. the writer remembered unlocking the front door.

3. From the sentence “We never get tired of hearing new ones”, we can infer that       .

  A. we enjoy hearing new stories about absent-mindedness of professors

  B. we don’t want to know anything more about absent-mindedness of professors

  C. we will never get tired of listening to new stories about absent-mindedness

  D. absent-mindedness happens not only to professors but to many other people

4. In the passage, the writer seems to tell you       .

  A. forgetting things is serious and dangerous

  B. always forgetting things is understandable

  C. forgetting things at times is natural

  D. the way to protect yourself from memory “tricks”

5. The best title for this passage is       .

  A. How to Get a Good Memory

  B. “Tricks” Of Memory

  C. Forgetfulness and Absent-mindedness is Dangerous

  D. Get Rid of Absent-mindedness

B

Everybody has one of those days when everything goes wrong. This is what happened to Harry.

He got up one morning very late because he had forgotten to wind up his alarm clock(闹钟). He tried to shave(刮脸)quickly and cut himself. When he got dressed he got blood all over his clean shirt, so he had to find another one. The only other shirt that was clean needed ironing(熨), so he ironed it. While he was ironing it, there was a knock at the door. It was the man to read the electricity meter(表). He showed him where the meter was, said good-bye and found that the iron had burnt a hole in his shirt. So he had to wear the one with the blood on it after all. By this time it was very late, so he decided he couldn’t go to work by bus. He telephoned for a taxi to take him to work. The taxi arrived and Harry got in and began to read the newspaper.

In another part of the town, a man had killed a woman with a knife and was seen to run away in a taxi. When Harry’s taxi stopped outside his office, a policeman happened to be standing there. He saw the blood on Harry’s shirt, and took him to the police station. He was kept till 3 o’clock in the afternoon before the police were sure that he was not the man they wanted. When he finally arrived at the office at about four, his boss took a look at him and told him to go away and find another job.

6. Harry had       .

  A. a lucky day        B. an unlucky day

  C. a busy day         D. a good day

7. Put the following sentences into correct order according to the passage.

  a. The man who read the electricity meter came.

  b. Harry ironed his shirt.

  c. Harry got blood all over his clean shirt.

  d. There was a knock at the door.

  e. Harry wore the shirt with blood on it.

  A. a, b, c, d, e                B. b, a, d, c, e

  C. b, a, c, d, e                D. c, b, d, a, e

8. Why did Harry wear the shirt with blood on it?

  A. He had only one shirt.

  B. The only other needed ironing.

  C. The iron had burnt a hole in his clean shirt.

  D. He cut himself and got blood all over his shirt.

9. Harry was taken to the police station because       .

  A. his taxi stopped outside his office and a policeman happened to be there

  B. there was blood on his shirt and he was in a taxi

  C. a man killed a woman with a knife

  D. the murderer(杀人犯) was seen to run a away in a taxi

10. His boss told him to go away and find another job because       .

  A. he had been kept by the police

  B. there was blood on his shirt

  C. he was late for work

  D. he had killed a woman

C

After the violent earthquake that shook Los Angeles in 1994, earthquake scientists had good news to report. The damage and death toll (伤亡) could have been much worse.

  More than 60 people died in this earthquake. By comparison, an earthquake of similar intensity that shook America in 1988 claimed 25,000 victims.

  Injures and deaths were relatively less in Los Angles because the quake occurred at 4:31 a.m. on a holiday, when traffic was light on the city’s highways. In addition, changes made to the construction codes in Los Angeles during the last 20 years have strengthened the city’s buildings and highways, making them more resistant (有抵抗力的) to quakes.

  Despite the good news, civil engineers aren’t resting on their successes. Pinned to their drawing boards are blueprints (蓝图的) for improved quake-resistant buildings. The new designs should offer even greater security to cities where earthquakes often take place.

  In the past, making structures quake-resistant meant firm yet flexible (柔韧的) materials, such as steel and wood, which bend without breaking. Later, people tried to lift a building off its foundation, and insert rubber and steel between the building and its foundation to reduce the impact (影响) of ground vibrations (颤动). The most recent designs give buildings brains as well as concrete and steel supports, called smart buildings, the structures respond like living organisms to an earthquake’s vibrations. When the ground shakes and the buildings tip forward, the computer would force the building to shift in the opposite direction.

  The new smart structures could be very expensive to build. However, they would save many lives and would be less likely to be damaged during earthquakes.

11. One reason why the loss of lives in the Los Angeles earthquake was comparatively low is that ____ .

  A. new computers had been installed in the buildings

  B. occurred in the residential areas (居民区) rather than on the highways

  C. large numbers of Los Angeles residents had rushed into Los Angeles for holiday

  D. improvements had been made in the construction of buildings and highways

12. The function of the computer mentioned in the passage is to ____ .

  A. counterbalance an earthquake’s action on the building

  B. predict the coming of an earthquake with accuracy

  C. help strengthen the foundation of the building

  D. measure the impact of an earthquake’s vibrations

13. The smart buildings discussed in the passage ____ .

  A. would cause serious financial problems

  B. would be worthwhile though costly

  C. would increase the complexity of architectural design

  D. can reduce the ground vibrations caused by earthquakes

14. It can be inferred from the passage that in minimizing (最小化) the damage caused by earthquakes attention should be focused on ____ .

  A. the increasing use of rubber and steel in capital construction

  B. the development of flexible building materials

  C. the reduction of the impact of ground vibrations

  D. early forecasts of earthquakes

15. The author’s main purpose in writing the passage is to ____ .

  A. compare the results of the earthquakes that occurred in the US

  B. encourage civil engineers to make more extensive use of computers

  C. outline the history of the development of quake-resistant building materials

  D. report new developments in constructing quake-resistant building

 

第三部分  写作训练(共35分)

第一节 根据首字母或汉语提示完成单词(每题2分,共10分)

1. In Welsh, the red dragon on the flag is a positive symbol, i__________ strength and a sense of national identity.

2. Sadly, some of the species of birds are e________ and we’ll no longer see them.

3. For nearly 400 years, there have been sightings of a strange c_________ living in Tianchi Lake.

4. The doctor was reading the J________ of Medical Science when a patient came in.

5. I watched my brother until he d__________ from sight in the distance.

6. Mrs Green didn’t realize there was a gap ______(存在) between her and her son.

7. There is something ______(神秘的) about the childhood of this famous writer.

8. I’m rather ___________(怀疑的) about their so-called sympathy for the poor.

9. They are __________(不可能) to come since the weather is so bad.

10. His recent discoveries have added to his ______(声誉) in the field of science.

 

 

第二节  翻译句子(每句2分,共10分)

1. 许多古老的习俗逐渐地消失了。(die out)

   ____________________________________________________________________________

2. 妈妈给那小男孩一些糖果,使他安静下来了。(calm)

___________________________________________________________________________                   3. 我们一直看着火车消失在远处。(disappear)

____________________________________________________________________________

4. 他不可能单独完成那项工作。(unlikely)

___________________________________________________________________________

5. 这次严重的交通事故是由于高速驾驶而引起的。(due to)

   ____________________________________________________________________________

 

第三节  书面表达(满分15分)

(2004年江苏卷) 假如你是李晓华,住在江城。你的加拿大笔友Bob来信谈到了他所居住的城市,并希望了解你家乡江城的情况。请你用英语写一封回信。回信须包括下表中的内容。

     自然情况

①位于长江边、风景优美、适合居住

 

    成  .就

 

②经济发展迅速

 

③新建了不少工厂、住房、道路等。

 

    存在问题

④水、空气污染

⑤交通拥挤

对江城发展的看法

⑥(内容由考生自己拟定)

注意:1.回信中不能使用“江城”以外的地名。

      2.词数100左右。信的开头与结尾已为你写好,不计入词数。

参考词汇:经济economy n.

Dear Bob,

  It's very kind of you to write me and let me know about your beautiful city.Now I’d like to tell you something about my hometown Jiangcheng.

  _______________________________________________________________________________________

    _______________________________________________________________________________________

  _______________________________________________________________________________________

  _______________________________________________________________________________________

  _______________________________________________________________________________________

  _______________________________________________________________________________________

  _______________________________________________________________________________________

  _______________________________________________________________________________________

  _______________________________________________________________________________________

 

                                                      Yours,

                                                    Xiaohua

 

 

参考答案与解析

第一部分  语法和词汇知识(每题1分,共15分)

1. B keep calm 意为“(面对危险)保持冷静; keep quiet  保持安静 ;keep silent 保持沉默;keep still 呆着不动。

2. A  keep still的意思是“保持不动”,再如:stand still,sit still,lie still。 句意为:各位,注意了!我给你们拍照时请不要动。

3. B  依据前句的时态和句意判断,此处表示对现在正在发生的事情的肯定推测。故选B。

4. C  be of different sizes, shapes and colors 表示“大小,形状,颜色上不同”;be the same in weight 表示“在重量上相同”。

5. A 本题考查there be结构。“过去曾经有……”用“There used to be…”表示;“有人干某事”用“There be someone doing sth.”表示。故选A。

6. C  问话人问的是all the passengers,而答话人说only four,所以排除B、D项;A项时态错误。故选C。

7. C  依据句意和结构判断,此处考查情态动词表示肯定推测的用法。从Sorry, I’m not sure.可知,答话人对这个事没有把握。故选C。

8. B  句子意思为“那鸟儿飞到窗前,可我的身子突然一动,把它吓走了。”afraid 用于be afraid of ;scare常为儿童用语,引起惊恐的原因可以是作游戏,开玩笑,看电影等。

9. A  generous属于表示主语内在品质的形容词,其后应用介词of; share sth with sb表示“与某人分享某物”。

10. B be sharp with =be hard on sb. 对某人苛刻;be fond of 喜爱;be kind to sb. 对某人心好。

11. A  句意为:“游泳运动员从跳板上潜入游泳池。”

12. D  从句子结构看,and连接两个谓语,依据and后的谓语took判断,seize 应该用过去时; 第二空应该用disappear的现在分词形式,作伴随状语。故选D。

13. A  本题考查动词词义的用法。关系代词which,代替的是前面整句话,这种现象“表明”天要下雨。故选A。

14. B  从句意和时间状语从句的时态判断。本句是对过去否定情况的推测。故选B。

15. D 句意为“这年头有一份令人满意的工作确实不错”。“something”表示“有价值或重要的人或物”。

第二部分  能力培养(共50分)

第一节  完形填空(每空1分,共20分)

1. A  根据下文找答案as I settled into the back seat说明车是空着的。

2. B  根据上文He must have been completely lost in something he was reading because I had to tap on the windshield to get his attention.说明他低头专注的看着什么,我敲车的挡风玻璃,他应该是抬起头来看我。

3. C  下文有I'm sorry, but I was reading说明了他说话的口气应该是表示歉意。

4. D  下文有Go ahead and finish your letter暗示答案。

5. A  这儿不是从外表上看似乎(seemed)感冒了,而是从他说话的声音来推断的。

6. C  下文说I've read it several times already. I guess I  42  know it by heart.几乎能背下来了,所以谈不上继续把信看完。

7. C  上下文逻辑关系推断答案。

8. B  这不是一封家信=a family letter。

9. B 尽管本来也可以算是家信的。

10. A  我不那么擅长写信。

11. A

12. C  我认为我们中任何一个人都不会保持通信那么好…..我知道反正我不行。但是我猜想/认为/相信他是你相当了解的人了?

13. D  一直/自始至终。

14. B  事实上/C/D同义。eventually最后。

15. D  remove from the city to the countryside,=move away from

16. A  纵然你不会忘记他,你也似乎有可能与他失去联系. kind of thought he would come.我似乎感到他会来的。kind of有点儿/有几分的意思。

17. A  You said 'was'. 上文中有Old Ed was my oldest friend.说明Old Ed已经去世了。

18. B  更加令人伤感(tough不愉快的)。

19. B  reply to。

20. C  事情往往就是这样发生的,我们似乎找不到时间。

 

第二节  阅读理解(每题2分,共30分)

1. B 根据第一节前两句我们知道记忆能力的培养是一个有意识的练习过程。

2. A 本题是一个直接题,依据在第二节Sometimes you remember things that really did not happen.。

3. D

4. C 全文中没有对遗忘现象提出很多的责怪,即认为是自然的现象。

5. B

6. B 根据故事第一句话可选准答案。根据全文可进一步证实答案的准确性。

7. D 本题考查细节理解及思维的顺序性,须按动作发生的先后排列。

8. C 答案依据为第二段倒数第四、五句。

9. B 一男人持刀杀人后乘出租车逃跑,恰巧Harry乘坐出租车且衬衣上有血迹,警察自然怀疑其为凶手。

10. C Harry从警察局出来时,已弄清他不是凶手,故可排除D。按常识,老板解雇他是因为他上班迟到。

11.D本题为推理判断题。由第三段第二句可知该城市的建筑和公路等增加了对地震的抵抗力,从而导致死亡人数的下降。

12.A 本题为推理判断题。由短文第五段最后一句“When the ground shakes and the buildings tip forward, the computer would force the building to shift in the opposite direction.”可知电脑的功能不是为准确预报地震的来临、加固建筑物的根基和测量地震结果,而是为了平衡地震对建筑物的作用。因此答案为A。

13.B本题为细节考查题。短文最后一段告诉我们这种新型的智能性建筑虽然造价高,但可以拯救很多人的生命等,从而得出答案B。

14.C本题为推理判断题。本题判断正确答案的依据为第五段第二句话。

15.D本题为主旨大意题。选项A只是涉及到文章的一个方面,故排除;选项B、C涉及的内容,包含了文中未提到内容,故排除。只有D项恰当地概括了文章的大意:报道建造抗震建筑的新发展。

 

第三部分  写作训练(共35分)

第一节 根据首字母或汉语提示完成单词(每题2分,共10分)

1. indicating  2. extinct   3. creature  4. Journal  5. disappeared  6. existing  7. mysterious   8. skeptical      9. unlikely    10. reputation 

 

第二节  翻译句子(每句2分,共10分)

1. Many old customs are gradually dying out.

2. The mother calmed the little boy by giving him some candy.

3. We watched the train until it disappeared in the distance.

4. It is unlikely that / It’s not likely that he can finish the work alone.

5. The serious accident happened due to driving at high speed.

 

第三节  书面表达(满分15分)

One possible version:

Dear Bob

It's very kind of you to write me and let me know about your beautiful city. Now I'd like to tell you something about my hometown Jiangcheng.

     The city stands on the bank of the Changjiang River. It is a beautiful place for people to live in. Its economy has been developing rapidly in the past ten years. New factories, houses and roads have been built. More schools and hospitals are available for its people. However, there are still some problems, such as water and air pollution and heavy traffic in rush hours. In my opinion, Jiangcheng should develop its economy scientifically. I would also think that the growth of its population should be brought under control so that we'll have a better hometown in future.

                            Yours,       

                            Xiaohua

 

 

 

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