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(2012-06-01 18:04:09)



福州新东方  许泽传  2012.06 




1. 对立法:先引出其他人的不同看法,然后提出自己的看法或者偏向于某一看法, 适用于有争议性的主题.

① When asked about..., the vast/ overwhelming majority of people say that ... But I think/view a bit differently.   

  当问到...,广大/ 绝大多数人说...,但我的观点有点不同。

② When it comes to ..., some people believe that ..., Others argue/ claim that the opposite/ reverse is true. There is probably some truth in both arguments/statements, but I tendto the previous/ latter.

  当涉及到...有些人认为...,一些人则认为/ 声称 反面是对的。两个说法都有道理,但我更倾向于/后者。

③  Now, it is commonly/ generally/ widely believed/ acknowledged that ..., They claim/ believe/ argue that ...,But I wonder/ doubt whether...

   现在,人们普遍认为/ 承认...,他们声称/ 相信/ 争论到...,不过,我想是否...

2. 现象法:引出要剖析的现象或者问题, 然后评论.

① Recently the rise in problem of/ phenomenon of ... has cause/ aroused public/ wide/ worldwide concern    

  最近上升的…问题/ 现象,已引起公众广泛关注

② Recently the issue of the problem of/the phenomenon of ...has been brought into focus./ has been brought to public attention.     

  最近,…问题/ 现象已成为公众注意的焦点

③ Inflation/ Corruption/ Social inequality ... is yet another bitter truth we have to learn to face now.  

  通货膨胀/ 贪污/ 社会不平等...又是我们必须学会面对的痛苦的事实。


3. 观点法:开门见山,直接了当地提出自己对要讨论的问题的看法.

① Now people in growing/ significant numbers are beginning/ coming to realize/ be aware/ accept that...

  现在越来越多的人开始/ 意识到/ 接受...


② Now there is a growing awareness/ recognition of the necessity to.../ Now people become increasingly aware/ conscious of the importance of ...

  现在,人们日益认识到...的必要性/ 重要性。

③ Perhaps it is time to have a fresh look at the attitude/ idea that ...

   也许现在是时间重新审视…态度/ 想法

4. 引用法:先引出名人名言或者有代表性的看法, 来引出文章要展开论述的观点!

① “Knowledge is power.” such is the remark made by Bacon. This remark has been shared by more and more people./ Now more and more people share his opinion.



② In our own days we are used to hearing such traditional complains as ...



5. 比较法:通过对过去,现在 两种不同的倾向,观点的比较 , 引出文章要讨论的观点.

① For years, ...had been viewed as ..., But people are taking a fresh look now  with the growing of ...



② People used to think that ..., But people now share this new.

   人们曾经以为...,但是现在,人们都认为 …


6. 故事法:先讲一个较短的故事来引发读者的兴趣, 引出文章的主题.

① Once in a newspaper, I read of/ learnt ..., The phenomenon of ... has aroused public concern.


② I have a friend who ... Should he .... ? Such a dilemma we are often confront with in our daily life.

   我有一个朋友...,他应该(这样做吗)? 这样的困境,我们也常常会在生活中遇到


③ Once upon a time , there lived a man who ... This story may be (unbelievable) , but it still has a realistic significance now.






 1.1 基本原因:分析某事物时, 用此句型说明其基本的或者多方面的原因.
  The answer to this problem involves many factors. For one thing... For another......



 1.2 另一原因:在分析了基本原因之后, 再补充一个次要的或者更重要时用!
   ① Another important factor is ....


   ② ... is also responsible for the change/problem.

      … 也是造成…的原因

   ③ Certainly , the ... is not the sole reason for .....



2. 后果影响:分析某事物可能造成的后果或者带来的影响.

It will produce a profound/ far-reaching effect/impact on....



3. 比较对照句型

 3.1 两者比较: 比较两事物, 要说出其一超过另一个, 或肯定一事物的优点, 也肯定其缺点的时候用
   ① Indeed, A carries much weight when compared with B.

      事实上,A 比 B 更重要/ 更有影响

   ② There is no doubt that it has its negative effects as well as positive effects.


 3.2 两者相同/相似:比较两事物共同都点时用
  ① A and B have several thing in common. They are similar in ...


   ② A bears some striking resemblances to B.




1. 结论性:通过对文章前面的讨论 ,引出或重申文章的中心思想及观点 .

① From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that .....   


In summary/ In a word , it is more valuable ...


2. 后果性:揭示所讨论的问题若不解决, 将产生的严重后果.


① We must call for an immediate method, if allowed to proceed, will surely lead to the    heavy cost of ...



② Obviously , if we ignore/are blind to the problem , there is every chance that ..



3.号召性: 呼吁读者行动起来, 采取行动或提请注意.


① It is time that we urged an immediate end to the undesirable tendcy of ......



② It is essential that effective measures should be taken to correct the tendency.


4. 建议性:对所讨论的问题提出建议性的意见, 包括建议和具体的解决问题的方法.

① While it cannot be solved immediately, still there are ways. The most popular is .... Another method is ... Still another one is .....


② Awareness/ Recognition of the problem is the first step toward the situation.



5. 方向性的结尾方式:对问题解决提出总的, 大体的方向或者指明前景.

There is no quick method to the issue of .., but .. might be helpful/ beneficial.


6. 意义性的结尾方式:文章结尾的时候,从更高的更新的角度指出所讨论的问题的重要性以及其深远的意义!
Following these suggestions may not guarantee the success, but the pay off might be worth the effort . It will not only benefit ... but also benefit ....






1. No invention has received more praise and abuse than Internet.



2. People seem to fail to take into account the fact that education does not end with graduation.



3. An increasing number of people are beginning to realize that education is not complete with graduation.



4. When it comes to education, the majority of people believe that education is a lifetime study.



5. Many experts point out that physical exercise contributes directly to a person's physical fitness.



6. Proper measures must be taken to limit the number of foreign tourists and the great efforts should be made to protect local environment and history from the harmful effects of international tourism.



7. There is no denying the fact that air pollution is an extremely serious problem: the city authorities should take strong measures to deal with it.



8. An investigation shows that female workers tend to have a favorable attitude toward retirement.



9. As an old saying goes: All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.



10. Any government, which is blind to this point, may pay a heavy price.



11. In view of the seriousness of this problem, effective measures should be taken before things get worse.



12. It is indisputable that there are millions of people who still have a miserable life and have to face the dangers of starvation and exposure.



13. Although this view is wildly held, this is little evidence that education can be obtained at any age and at any place.



14. No one can deny the fact that a person's education is the most important aspect of his life.



15. In the last decades, advances in medical technology have made it possible for people to live longer than in the past.



16. We should spare no efforts to beautify our environment.



17. People believe that computer skills will enhance their job opportunities or promotion opportunities.



18. This is a matter of life and death--a matter no country can afford to ignore.



19. For my part, I agree with the latter opinion for the following reasons



20. This view is now being questioned by more and more people.



21. Using bicycle contributes greatly to people's physical fitness as well as easing traffic jams.



22. Despite many obvious advantages of bicycle, it is not without its problems.



23. From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that advantages of bicycle far outweigh its disadvantages and it will still play essential roles in modern society.



24. There is a general discussion these days over education in many colleges and institutes. One of the questions under debate is whether education is a lifetime study.



25. This issue has caused wide public concern.



26. It must be noted that learning must be done by a person himself.



27. A large number of people tend to live under the illusion that they had completed their education when they finished their schooling. Obviously, they seem to fail to take into account the basic fact that a person's education is a most important aspect of his life.



28. As for me, I'm in favor of the opinion that education is not complete with graduation, for the following reasons:



29. It is commonly thought that our society had dramatically changed by modern science and technology, and human had made extraordinary progress in knowledge and technology over the recent decades.



30. An investigation shows that many older people express a strong desire to continue studying in university or college.



31. There is a general debate on the campus today over the phenomenon of college or high school students' doing a part-time job.



32. Consequently, the extra money obtained from part-time job will strongly support students to continue to their study life



33. From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw a conclusion that part-time job can produce a far-reaching impact on students and they should be encouraged to take part-time job, which will benefit students and their family, even the society as a whole.



34. These days, people in growing numbers are beginning to complain that work is more stressful and less leisurely than in past. Many experts point out that, along with the development of modern society, it is an inevitable result and there is no way to avoid it.



35. It is widely acknowledged that computer and other machines have become an indispensable part of our society, which make our life and work more comfortable and less laborious.

人们普遍认为计算机和其他机器已经成为我们社会必不可少的一部分。 它们使我们的生活更舒适,减少了大量劳动


36. From what has been discussed above, I am fully convinced that the leisure life-style is undergoing a decline with the progress of modern society, it is not necessary a bad thing.



37. But what these people fail to see is that international tourism may bring about a disastrous impact on our environment and local history.



38. As for me, I'm firmly convinced that the number of foreign tourists should be limited, for the following reasons:



39. In addition, in order to attract tourists, a lot of artificial facilities have been built, which have certain unfavorable effects on the environment.



40. For lack of distinct culture, some places will not attract tourists any more. Consequently, the fast rise in number of foreign tourists may eventually lead to the decline of local tourism.



41. There is a growing tendency for parents to ask their children to accept extra educational programs over the recent years.



42. Many parents believe that additional educational activities enjoy obvious advantage. By extra studies, they maintain, their children are able to obtain many kinds of practical skills and useful knowledge.



43. Children are undergoing fast physical development; lack of physical exercise may produce disastrous influence on their later life.



44. It is hard to imagine a student focusing their energy on textbook while other children are playing.



45. Moreover, children will have less time to play and communicate with their peers due to extra studies, consequently, it is difficult to develop and cultivate their character and interpersonal skills.而且,由于要额外地学习,孩子们没有多少时间和同龄的孩子玩耍和交流,很难培养他们的个性和交际能力


46. ... Its disadvantages shouldn't be ignored and far outweigh its advantages. It is absurd to force children to take extra studies after school.

……, 它的缺点不可忽视,且远大于它的优点。因此,放学后强迫孩子额外学习是不明智的。


47. Any parents should place considerable emphasis on their children to keep the balance between play and study.



48. Although parent would be able to devote much more time and energy to their children, it must be admitted that, parent has less experience and knowledge about how to educate and supervise children, when compared with professional teachers working in kindergartens or nursery schools.



49. From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw a conclusion that, although the parents' desire to look after children by themselves is understandable, its disadvantages far outweigh the advantages.



50. Those who are in favor of artistic and cultural projects advocate that cultural environment will attract more tourists, which will bring huge profits to local residents.  



51. From what has been discussed above, it would be reasonable to believe that basic projects play far more important role than artistic and cultural projects in people's life and economic growth.



52. Those urban planners who are blind to this point will pay a heavy price, which they cannot afford it.



53. There is a growing tendency these days for many people who live in rural areas to come into and work in city. This problem has caused wide public concern in most cities all over the world.



54. Although rural emigrants contribute greatly to the economic growth of the cities, they may inevitably bring about many negative impacts.



55. Many sociologists point out that rural emigrants are putting pressure on population control and social order; that they are threatening to take already scarce city jobs; and that they have worsened traffic and public health problems.



56. In conclusion, we must take into account this problem rationally and place more emphasis on peasants' lives. Any government that is blind to this point will pay a heavy price.



57. As for me, it is essential to know, at first, what kind of problems young students possible would encounter on campus.






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