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(2010-03-11 20:29:13)



     environmental protection 环境保护

     environmentally-friendly 环保的

  preserve v.保护,保存


  Pollute= contaminate, 污染(动词)

  pollutant 污染物

  Pollution=contamination 污染(名词)

  垃圾: rubbish, garbage, trash, waste, litter

  处理: dispose of, burn, bury (landfill垃圾场)

  dump倾倒,recycle 回收

  plastic bags塑料袋, drinking cans饮料罐

  biodegradable packaging 可降解包装

  throwaway 可丢弃的

  disposable 可丢弃的

  discourage v. 不鼓励


  non-renewable 不可再生的

  fossil fuels矿石燃料: natural gas, coal, petroleum

  limited/finite natural resources 有限的自然资源

  alternative energy替代能源

  replace=substitute v.取代

  (wind power, hydropower水电

  solar (lunar) power太阳能

  nuclear power核能

  radioactivity n. 辐射性

  use up, deplete, exhaust v. 用光,耗尽

  conserve v. 节省,节约

  consume less v. 少消耗



  damage natural habitat 破坏自然栖息地

  rare breed稀有物种

  endangered species濒危物种

  extinct adj.灭绝 (die out, disappear动词)

  animal rights activist动物权益保护者

  natural reserve(giant panda大熊猫)自然保护区

  protect wild life保护野生动物

  disastrous灾难性的, devastation破坏

  have disastrous effect on…对……有灾难性的影响






  carbon dioxide二氧化碳

  acid rain酸雨(erode腐蚀)

  greenhouse effect温室效应 (worsening, deteriorate, deterioration恶化)

  global warming全球变暖

  ecological system=ecosystem生态系统

  green belt绿化带, sand storm沙尘暴, (filter v. 过滤)

  arouse people's awareness/consciousness of environmental protection提高公众的环保意识


21世纪议程:Agenda 21
世界环境日(6月5日):World Environment Day (June 5th each year)
世界环境日主题:World Environment Day Themes
冰川消融,后果堪忧!(2007年)Melting Ice–a Hot Topic!
莫使旱地变荒漠!(2006年)Deserts and Desertification–Don't Desert Drylands!
营造绿色城市,呵护地球家园!(2005年)Green Cities – Plan for the Planet!
海洋存亡,匹夫有责!(2004年)Wanted! Seas and Oceans – Dead or Alive!
水——二十亿人生命之所系!(2003年)Water - Two Billion People are Dying for It!
让地球充满生机!(2002年)Give Earth a Chance!
世间万物,生命之网!(2001年)Connect with the World Wide Web of life!
环境千年-行动起来吧!(2000年)The Environment Millennium - Time to Act!
拯救地球就是拯救未来!(1999年)Our Earth - Our Future - Just Save It!
为了地球上的生命-拯救我们的海洋!(1998年) For Life on Earth - Save Our Seas!
为了地球上的生命!(1997)For Life on Earth
我们的地球、居住地、家园:(1996)Our Earth, Our Habitat, Our Home
国际生物多样性日(12月29日):International Biodiversity Day (29 December)
世界水日(3月22日):World Water Day (22 March)
世界气象日(3月23日):World Meteorological Day (23 March)
世界海洋日(6月8日):World Oceans Day (8 June)
植树节(3月12日):Arbor Day (12 March)

中国环保基本政策:the basic policies of China's environmental protection
预防为主、防治结合的政策:policy of of prevention in the first place and integrating prevention with control
治理环境污染:curb environmental pollution; bring the pollution under control
防止过度利用森林:protest forests from overexploitation
水土保持:conservation of water and soil
水资源保护区:water resource conservation zone
造林工程:afforestation project
珍稀濒危物种繁育基地:rare and endangered species breeding center
绿化祖国:turn the country green
全民义务植树日:National Tree-Planting Day
森林覆盖率:forest coverage
降低资源消耗率:slow down the rate of resource degradation
开发可再生资源:develop renewable resources
环保产品:environment-friendly products

节能 energy saving
多种树:plant more trees
节约用水:save on water
保护环境:protect the environment
减少污染:reduce pollution
白色污染:white pollution
二氧化碳:carbon dioxide
臭氧层空洞:ozone hole
21世纪议程 Agenda 21 (the international plan of action adopted by governments in 1992 in Rio de Janeiro Brazil(巴西里约), - provides the global consensus on the road map towards sustainable development)
世界环境日 World Environment Day (June 5th each year)
世界环境日主题 World Environment Day Themes
环境千年-行动起来吧!(2000) The Environment Millennium - Time to Act!
拯救地球就是拯救未来!(1999) Our Earth - Our Future - Just Save It!
为了地球上的生命-拯救我们的海洋!(1998)For Life on Earth - Save Our Seas!
为了地球上的生命(1997) For Life on Earth
我们的地球、居住地、家园(1996) Our Earth, Our Habitat, Our Home
国际生物多样性日 International Biodiversity Day (29 December)
世界水日 World Water Day (22 March)
世界气象日 World Meteorological Day(23 March)
世界海洋日 World Oceans Day (8 June )
联合国环境与发展大会(环发大会) United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED)
环发大会首脑会议 Summit Session of UNCED
联合国环境规划署 United Nations Environment Programs (UNEP)
2000年全球环境展望报告 GEO-2000; Global Environmental Outlook 2000
入选“全球500佳奖” be elected to the rank of Global 500 Roll of Honor
联合国人类居住中心 UN Center for Human Settlements (UNCHS)
改善人类居住环境最佳范例奖 Best Practices in Human Settlements Improvement
人与生物圈方案 Man and Biosphere (MAB) Programme (UNESCO)
中国21世纪议程 China’s Agenda 21
中国生物多样性保护行动计划 China Biological Diversity Protection Action Plan
中国跨世纪绿色工程规划 China Trans-Century Green Project Plan
国家环境保护总局 State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA)
中国环保基本方针 China’s guiding principles for environmental protection
坚持环境保护基本国策 adhere to the basic state policy of environmental protection
推行可持续发展战略 pursue the strategy of sustainable development
贯彻经济建设、城乡建设、环境建设同步规划、同步实施、同步发展(三同步)的方针 carry out a strategy of synchronized planning, implementation and development in terms of economic and urban and rural development and environmental protection (the “three synchronizes” principle)
促进经济体制和经济增长方式的转变 promote fundamental shifts in the economic system and mode of economic growth
实现经济效益、社会效益和环境效益的统一 bring about harmony of economic returns and contribution to society and environmental protection
中国环保基本政策 the basic policies of China’s environmental protection
预防为主、防治结合的政策 policy of prevention in the first place and integrating prevention with control
污染者负担的政策 “the-polluters-pay” policy
强化环境管理的政策 policy of tightening up environmental management
一控双达标政策 policy of “One Order, Two Goals”:
对新项目实行环境影响评估 conduct environmental impact assessments (EIA) on
start-up projects
提高全民环保意识 raise environmental awareness amongst the general public
查处违反环保法规案件 investigate and punish acts of violating laws and regulations on environmental protection
环保执法检查 environmental protection law enforcement inspection
限期治理 undertake treatment within a prescribed limit of time
中国已加入的国际公约 international conventions into which China has accessed
控制危险废物越境转移及其处置的巴塞尔公约 Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal
关于消耗臭氧层物质的蒙特利尔议定书 Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer
生物多样性公约 Convention on Biological Diversity
防治荒漠化国际公约 Convention to Combat Desertification
气候变化框架公约 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
生态示范区 eco-demonstration region; environment-friendly region
国家级生态示范区(珠海) Nationally Designated Eco-Demonstration Region
国家级园林城市 Nationally Designated Garden City
对水质和空气质量的影响 impact on the quality of the water and the air
治理环境污染 curb environmental pollution; bring the pollution under control
白色污染 white pollution (by using and littering of non-degradable white plastics)
可降解一次性塑料袋 throwaway bio-degradable plastic bags
垃圾填埋场 refuse landfill
垃圾焚化厂 refuse incinerator
防止过度利用森林 protect forests from overexploitation
森林砍伐率 rate of deforestation
水土流失 water and soil erosion
土壤盐碱化 soil alkalization
农药残留 pesticide residue
水土保持 conservation of water and soil
生态农业 environment-friendly agriculture; eco-agriculture
水资源保护区 water resource conservation zone
海水淡化 sea water desalinization
绿化祖国 turn the country green
全民义务植树日 National Tree-Planting Day
造林工程 afforestation project
绿化面积 afforested areas; greening space
森林覆盖率 forest coverage
防风林 wind breaks (防沙林 sand breaks)
速生林 fast-growing trees
降低资源消耗率 slow down the rate of resource degradation
开发可再生资源 develop renewable resources
环保产品 environment-friendly products
自然保护区 nature reserve
野生动植物 wild fauna and flora
保护生存环境 conserve natural habitats
濒危野生动物 endangered wildlife
珍稀濒危物种繁育基地 rare and endangered species breeding center
自然生态系统 natural ecosystems
防止沙漠化(治沙、抗沙) desertification
环境负荷 carrying capacity of environment
三废综合利用 multipurpose use of three types of wastes
先天与后天,遗传与环境 nature-nurture
环境恶化 environmental degradation
城市化失控 uncontrolled urbanization
温饱型农业 subsistence agriculture
酸雨、越境空气污染 acid rain and transboundary air pollution
悬浮颗粒物 suspended particles
矿物燃料(煤、石油、天然气) fossil fuels: coal, oil, and natural gas
清洁能源 clean energy
汽车尾气排放 motor vehicle exhaust
尾气净化器 exhaust purifier
无铅汽油 lead-free gasoline
天然气汽车 gas-fueled vehicles
电动汽车 cell-driven vehicles; battery cars
温室效应 greenhouse effect


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