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[转] 自制 EM-1™

(2012-10-17 02:21:50)
标签:

杂谈

分类: 他山之石

From: http://www.hawaiihealingtree.org/?p=163

[转] <wbr>自制 <wbr>EM-1™


Aloha thumbs and friends. I am back to give one of my biggest secrets away, it is my own homemade root inoculate or EM™/BAM(beneficial active microorganism) made with rice water, milk and sugar. There are many shelf bought version for ridiculous pricing, for those with the little know how to make ones own. House & Garden makes Root Accelerator,Hygrozyme, Sensizyme, Advanced Nutrients Voodoo Juice are some of the high priced products that my own home culture works as well as or even in some cases has even worked better. I know many growers that would not even think of culturing their own or even would have the know how to, but I offer you my knowledge for your own frugal organic gardening purposes. Not to mention how I have talked about recycling and composting with worms, now I will introduce you to the Japanese form of Bokashi Composting or fermenting and how to make your own home made cheap alternative Bokashi Buckets and Bokashi mix.


Wikipedia:

Effective Microorganisms, aka EM Technology, is a trademarked term now commonly used to describe a proprietary blend of 3 or more types of predominantly anaerobic organisms that was originally marketed as EM-1™ Microbial Inoculate but is now marketed by a plethora of companies under various names, each with their own proprietary blend. “EM™ Technology” uses a laboratory cultured mixture of microorganisms consisting mainly of lactic acid bacteria, purple bacteria, and yeast which co-exist for the benefit of whichever environment they are introduced, as has been claimed by the various em-like culture purveyors. It is reported[1] to include:

The concept of ‘Friendly Microorganisms’ was developed by Japanese horticulturist Teruo Higa, from the University of the Ryukyus in Okinawa Prefecture|Okinawa, Japan. He reported in the 1970s that a combination of approximately 80 different microorganisms is capable of positively influencing decomposing organic matter such that it reverts into a ‘life promoting’ process. Higa invokes a ‘dominance principle’ to explain the effects of his ‘Effective Microorganisms’. He claims that three groups of microorganisms exist: ‘positive microorganisms’ (regeneration), ‘negative microorganisms’ (decomposition, degeneration), ‘opportunist microorganisms’. In every medium (soil, water, air, the human intestine), the ratio of ‘positive’ and ‘negative’ microorganisms is critical, since the opportunist microorganisms follow the trend to regeneration or degeneration. Therefore, Higa believes that it is possible to positively influence the given media by supplementing with positive microorganisms.

EM™ Technology is supposed to maintain sustainable practices such as farming and sustainable living, and also claims to support human health and hygiene, animal husbandry, compost and waste management, disaster clean-up (The Southeast Tsunami of 2004, the Kobe Earthquake, and Hurricane Katrina remediation projects), and generally used to promote functions in natural communities.

EM™ has been employed in many agricultural applications, but is also used in the production of several health products in South Africa and the USA.[citation needed] (fuel additive products are no longer available).

A High School in Malaysia, Sekolah Menegah Kebangsaan Dato’ Onn Butterworth, Penang, are using EM to treat Greywater, minimise odour from Septic Tank & remove sludge from drains.

This is a recipe I learned from a friend along time ago.

EM/BAM: this a trade secret!(lactobacillus culture)

1/4 cup rice

1quart Mason Jar

1 cup water

1 fine mesh strainer

80 oz milk depends on how much one is making

1 gallon container or jar

1 tsp. black-strap molasses

Procedure:

1. Place rice and cup of water in mason jar and shake vigorously until water is cloudy white, strain off rice kernels and discard into tour compost bin or cook for dinner. I have heard of the Japanese adding a dash of nato to help ferment but not needed.

[转] <wbr>自制 <wbr>EM-1™

     rice water EM

2. place cap on loosely and store in a cabinet or cool dark place for 5-7 days.

3. Sift off top layer and strain liquid (serum)

4. measure your rice liquid and now add a ratio of 1 part fermented rice to 10 parts milk, I would culture in a 1 gallon jar. let sit for 5-7 days.

[转] <wbr>自制 <wbr>EM-1™

Rice water and milk serum fermenting 3 days - notice lid is only siting on top as to not build pressure.


5. sift off curd settlement and add to your soil or feed your animals it is good for their digestion, then there should be a light yellow serum left this is your unactivated serum.

6. Add 1 tsp molasses to feed and keep your bacteria alive and refrigerate. should have a shelf life of 6-12 months.

7. to activate microorganism activities and to room temperature non-chlorinated water at a ratio of 1 part Serum to 20 parts water.

8. feed to plants either straight into soil or follicular feeding.

Bokashi compost

[转] <wbr>自制 <wbr>EM-1™

Bokashi is a method of intensive composting. It can use an aerobic or anaerobic inoculation to produce the compost. Once a starter culture is made, it can be used to extend the culture indefinitely, like yogurt culture. Since the popular introduction of effective microorganisms (EM), Bokashi is commonly made with only molasses, water, EM, and wheat bran.

In home composting applications, kitchen waste is placed into a container which can be sealed with an air tight lid. These scraps are then inoculated with a Bokashi EM mix. This usually takes the form of a carrier, such as rice hulls, wheat bran or saw dust, that has been inoculated with composting micro-organisms. The EM are natural lactic acid bacteria, yeast, and phototrophic bacteria that act as a microbe community within the kitchen scraps, fermenting and accelerating breakdown of the organic matter. The user would place alternating layers of food scraps and Bokashi mix until the container is full.

[转] <wbr>自制 <wbr>EM-1™

Bokashi Grain: fermented wheat barley


Bokashi is moderately easy and cheap to make and there are many online video walkthroughs, you tube being a great place for a beginner to get some help, but here is a easy simple way to make Bokashi. Mostly made from wheat husks or wheat bran but I have heard of people using any thing from oats, barley, wood chips and even unsalted peanut husks.

Bokashi Grain :( 10 & 50 lb mix)

10 lbs wheat bran

4 tbsp EM serum

4 tbsp Molasses

10-12 cups non -chlorinated water

______________________

50 lb wheat bran

3/4 cup EM serum

3/4 cup Molasses

3-4 gallons Non-chlorinated water

air tight containers such as buckets with lids or storage totes will work too.

Something to mix in or on.

Procedure:

1. Add molasses to water and mix well.

2. Add Em serum

3. put wheat bran in mixing container or on something to mix on if one is making large amounts.

4. add liquid slowly and mix vigourously till all liquid is added

and all bran material is dampened. Bokashi mix should be equally damp and slightly sticks to itself.

5. For my ferment I do 5 gallon buckets and trash bags. Once my mix is ready I line a 5 gallon bucket with 2 trash bags and start scooping my Bokashi mix in side in layer, compacting and squeezing all the air out of my bran mix.(Keynote: Air will create the wrong bacterial culture and if you see black , green or gray mold throw your mix away, white is OK that is yeast.) Tie off bags and place air tight lid on bucket.

[转] <wbr>自制 <wbr>EM-1™

Compact Air-tight Bokashi mix in 5 gallon bucket

6. Store for 14 days in cool dark area for fermenting.

7. open fermented mix(smell should be like apple cider sweet)and Sundry on concrete or on a tarp in the sun, time may vary depending on your location and time of year for drying.

8. Place in container for your Bokashi composting needs, flush down toilet to clear septic tanks, feed to live stock to better digestion.

Well this is a couple cheap easy trade secrets that should benefit your organic medical gardens Thumbs. Be green and frugal it is best we do thing for ourselves. If you feel the need to do more research look into organic farming with probiotics for plants.


Question and Answer:

·  Renea says:

June 21, 2012 at 5:12 pm

Thanks for your reply. One more question…I saw that some people use sawdust instead of bran. I tried it and just guessed at the quantity. I had to add more liquid because the sawdust soaks it up more. Do you happen to know any recipes with the sawdust, or problems in the process that might arise as I use it?

·  rev.summit says:

July 27, 2012 at 5:59 am

Well if used in a hydro res will create micro organism growth, which could clog pumps and sprayers and create sludge growth in your air stones , but I have used it. Cause more maintenance but yes can be used.

·  rev.summit says:

July 27, 2012 at 6:01 am

I have not used honey, as I am needing the trace minerals in molasses that honey does not provide.

·  rev.summit says:

July 27, 2012 at 6:04 am

They are the same the AEM is just activated syrum, Em-1 is effective microorgsnisms and they are the same, but one is a trademarked name by a company.

·  Alan says:

August 1, 2012 at 1:31 pm

Also,
What are your thoughts on using buckwheat bran? I have read it has the highest amount of pnsb in its root system.

·  rev.summit says:

August 8, 2012 at 11:01 pm

I have heard other using different husk types can work, so experimenting is pay of DYI, I encourage it!

·  Ann says:

August 19, 2012 at 6:37 am

Thank you so much for your instructions! It’s truly been very helpful! I’d like to ask however – once activated – for how long can the solution be used?

·  rev.summit says:

August 21, 2012 at 11:01 am

Once activated yes your lacto activate has a shelf life of a couple weeks to days( depends on your natural climate ), but if you add a few drops of molasses to feed organisms they reproduce, but you don’t have to activate your lacto juice, it can be store in the refride for later activation in small batches.

·  Michael says:

August 22, 2012 at 9:54 am

Thanks for the great post. I want to use EM for my hot tub and wanted to know if the serum you are making would be similar to the Teraganix $60 a gallon EM-1 inoculant. Also what type of milk are you using? Does it need to be raw or is pasteurized, homogenized okay? Do you think this would be okay to use internally for the probiotics? Thanks again.

·  rev.summit says:

August 23, 2012 at 12:42 pm

Yes similar, as my post is a few years old, and Em-1 company has advanced some of there products, it’s not exact anymore.

·  rev.summit says:

August 23, 2012 at 12:43 pm

I use whole milk!

·  Aret Mandanas says:

September 1, 2012 at 1:34 pm

Can we use Yakult a lactobacillus drink/supplement?

·  janu says:

September 9, 2012 at 5:44 am

thanks….for em rescipe..i am just beginning to grow cucumbers on my i acre land, i hope using em and bokashi will help my cumcumber healthier and fetch good money,,,thanks a lot dear…..

·  Christina says:

September 10, 2012 at 9:05 pm

Hello. Thank you for your secrets and instructions :)I was wondering if the Rice-water EM is the EM needed to make the bokashi? Or do you process the EM further to add the yeast and other bacteria?
Sincerely Christina Grønlykke.

·  Big T says:

September 11, 2012 at 4:11 am

I was trying to follow your instruction to produce rice “serum”, after 7 days in refrigirator, my rice water had no upper layer, but bottom instead, right on bottom of jar i had cloud of milky substance, all water was whitish but bottom was mor dense, so i got rid of it, and used whitish water. Besides that my milk and rice water do not look like your photo at all, all white like milk. And can i keep milk/rice water in refrigerator or room temperature required?

·  rev.summit says:

September 11, 2012 at 9:26 pm

Sorry my friend you have miss read a step, you store serum in refrigerator after you have made the probiotic, it states to store on a shelf or some place like that, once you have infected your milk with the rice water store on shelf. Then once a week has passed there you will have a yogurt head and a swum on the bottom, shift the liquid, there is the serum, now you can store your sifted serum in the fridge and activate what you need with a little molasses at room temp.

·  rev.summit says:

September 11, 2012 at 9:27 pm

You make the EM yes and you need to use more water and molasses to make your activate to drench your bran.

·  rev.summit says:

September 11, 2012 at 9:29 pm

Yes have a friend just using EM activate on his and that’s all he waters with and has huge cucumbers coming from his organic garden. He has CP and this makes his gardening and simple.

·  rev.summit says:

September 11, 2012 at 9:40 pm

This is all actually edible, and the probiotic in yogurt is the same lacto, this is a format for making a cheese type yogurt. The “curd” at the top can be eaten, taste like cottage cheese, trust me, I tasted it and then fed it to my worms, cats and dog, also the neighbor behind me fed it to his chickens, funny thing he had them for a month got 4 eggs, after the probiotic curd was eaten, the next day he came out to his 3 chickens had laid 3 eggs each. Then the next day he got a varied number from1-3 eggs through out the 3 chickens, he asked me for more, I had put some in my compost bin for my worms, so I dug some out with few worms in it and gave it to him. He mixed it with seed grain and fed them it, next day 3 eggs each. I told him he can use store naught activia mixed and do the same, and 3 eggs everyday since.


youtube links:

详细演示:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IG4M71vMbTs&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=__0xhfxxXgs&feature=related


 




 

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