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【英语学习】九种适合室内栽培的水果

(2010-06-07 16:27:11)
标签:

英语学习

水果

盆栽

植物

草莓

杂谈

分类: 学习笔记

原文出自Resder’s Digest

9 Delicious Fruits to Grow Indoors

九种适合室内栽培的水果

Peaches, grapes, figs and strawberries are just a few of the plants that can be grown right in your home.

桃、葡萄、无花果和草莓是少数的几种能在室内栽培较好的植物。

 

If you have a spacious, airy sunroom, conservatory or glazed porch, you can grow a variety of potted fruits, including figs, citrus and grapes. Apricots and peaches often crop earlier and better under cover than outdoors, although they benefit from spending the warm summer months out in the garden, as do most types of fruit trees and shrubs.

如果有一个宽敞、通风、日照好并且其玻璃结构使之形成温室的阳台, 那么就可以种植一些盆栽水果,包括无花果,柑桔和葡萄。宛如大多数种类的水果树和灌木,杏和桃能从在花园中度过温暖的夏季的过程中受益,然而,室内栽培的杏和桃通常比室外栽培的成熟的更早、更好。

 

With the exception of strawberries, most fruit-producing plants are trees or shrubs that need a deep and nutritious root run, so choose containers that are at least 1 foot (30 cm) in diameter and a little more in depth. As plants grow, move them into larger pots or small tubs. You can also root prune them each year to maintain a convenient size. Alternatively, for mature plants, remove just the top layer of soil in the pot and replace this with fresh compost each spring.

除了草莓之外,大多数的产水果植物都是需要深层营养根的树或灌木,所以选择的盆栽的容器直径至少一英尺(30cm),而且比较深。随着植物的生长,需要将它们移植到更大或较小的盆。同时也可以通过每年修剪它们的根来使它们维持合适的大小。对于成熟的植物,只需要每年春天除掉栽植盆中的顶层土壤,并换上新鲜的土壤。

 

In general use a soil-based compost placed over a generous layer of drainage material such as earthenware crocks, pebbles or gravel. Water and feed regularly, especially while plants are bearing flowers and fruit, when a high-potash fertilizer is recommended.

通常在盆栽的底部铺上丰富的排水材料,像陶器碎片、沙砾等,然后在上面铺上土壤。定期的浇水和培养,特别是在开花和结果时期,这时推荐使用钾含量高的肥料。

 

1.Peaches and nectarines: Natural or genetically dwarf varieties such as bonanza (peach) and nectarella (nectarine) can be grown as short standards on 30-inch (75 cm) stems. Keep them indoors in a well-lit, sunny position in temperatures of 50 to 55°F (10 to 13°C) until fruit sets, when they will require higher temperatures of 65 to 70°F (18 to 21°C). Ventilate freely in warm weather.

1.桃和油桃:天然矮小的种类像bonanza (桃) 和 nectarella (油桃),其茎能生长到30英尺(75cm)。将其栽培在光线良好、有阳光的地方,并保持温度在50-55°F (10-13°C)即可,到结果时期,则需要更高的温度,大约65-70°F (18-21°C)。温暖的季节需要使其保持自由通风换气。

 

2.Apricots: Compact varieties such as Shipleys and Goldcot on semi-dwarfing St Julien A rootstocks are highly productive in pots, especially if they are trained against a sunny conservatory wall. For apricots, use a soil-less potting compost over plenty of drainage material. To ensure fruit, hand pollinate by transferring pollen from one flower to another with a paintbrush.

2.杏:Shipleys 和Goldcot这些半矮小种类在盆栽时能有较高的产量,特别是将它们栽培在背靠着强光照的墙面时。对于杏的栽培,需要大量的排水材料和少量的土壤构成的栽培条件。为了使其结果,需要对其进行人工授粉,即使用刷子将花粉从一朵花转移给另一朵花。

 

3.Mulberry: This slow-growing tree is ideal for a large pot. For tasty fruits that ripen in early summer, grow the black mulberry Morus nigra Chelsea in bright, indirect light in a well-ventilated spot, at 55 to 70°F (13 to 21°C).

3.桑葚:这种生长缓慢的树需要一个较大的盆栽盆。将黑桑葚Morus nigra Chelsea栽培在明亮的但非直接光照射的通风良好的地方,温度为55 -70°F (13-21°C),即可在早夏时期就能收获到成熟可口的果实。

 

4.Cape gooseberries: The cape gooseberry (Physalis pruinosa) and ground cherry (P. angulata) both make bushy pot plants, with small, tomato-like, white flowers and cherry-size, yellow or red fruits in papery husks. They are very prolific when grown in large pots, 1 foot (30 cm) or more across, in direct sunlight near a window.

4.灯笼果:灯笼果(Physalis pruinosa)和樱桃(P. angulata)都是丛状分支的盆栽植物,果实呈小番茄状,黄色或红色,有着薄纸般的果皮,花白色。用大盆进行盆栽时,它们果实的产量非常丰富,树木大约1英尺(30cm)高,一般种植于靠近窗户的直射光。

 

5.Dwarf pomegranate: For pot cultivation, choose the small Punica granatum var. nana, which grows only 3 feet (90 cm) high and often produces its conspicuous scarlet flowers while relatively immature. Attractive miniature fruits follow in early autumn but seldom ripen. Plenty of ventilation and sunlight are needed, especially in late summer and autumn.

5.矮石榴:对于盆栽,可选取Punica granatum var. nana,这个品种的石榴树只有3英尺(90cm)高,在未成熟时通常开着深红色的花。在早秋时会有较小的果实,但都不成熟。需要较好的通风和光照,特别是在夏天的晚期和秋天。

 

6.Figs: All varieties fruit more heavily if their roots are confined to a large pot, but Negro Largo does particularly well as a houseplant. A temperature range of 55 to 65°F (13 to 18°C) can limit the mature size of the plant, but it may still be necessary to prune in summer and winter to control exuberant growth. Set in a well-lit spot away from direct sun, and feed the plant sparingly two or three times in the growing season.

6.无花果:种植于巨大的盆中的无花果,所有品种都会结出重重的果实,而Negro Largo特别适合于室内栽培。温度范围控制在55 -65°F (13 -18°C)时可以使得植株成熟之后大小受到限制,但仍然需要在夏天和冬天对它们进行修剪,以防止它们过度的生长。种植于光线好,但不能是直射光的地方,在其生长时期只需施肥2到3次即可。

 

7.Grapes: A vine provides shade and looks ornamental trained up walls and across the roof of a conservatory. Ventilate freely to prevent mildew spoiling the fruit. Each winter, shorten the sideshoots back to two buds.

7.葡萄:葡萄藤能够提供阴凉,而且会顺着墙或温室的屋顶形成景观。需要良好的通风以防止果实发霉。每年冬天需要剪短葡萄藤的长度至只剩下两个芽。

 

8.Strawberries: Alpine strawberries in pots on a sunny windowsill will fruit almost continuously from early summer until mid-autumn. Large-fruited strawberries will also do well, and are especially valuable when forced to produce early fruit. To stimulate early strawberries, pot up plants in autumn in 5- to 6-inch (13 to 15 cm) pots and leave in a well-lit room. The plants should develop edible crops from late spring onwards, after which they can be discarded or planted out in the garden to grow on.

8.草莓:在阳光充足的窗台上种植的盆栽高山草莓的大a,即使用刷子将花粉从一朵花转移到另一朵话材料和少量的土壤的几乎会从早夏一直到中秋都不断结果。大果实的草莓在被迫收获早期水果中价值巨大。为了激发产生早期草莓,在秋天,植株长到5-6英尺(13-15cm)时,需要将植株移植离开光线良好的地方。植物从春天晚期开始需要发育食用作物,这之后就可以将它们移植到花园中生长了。

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