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Putting the Horse on the Bit 马的授衔(二)修改后

(2010-08-26 10:08:52)
标签:

马术

授衔

分类: 马术

此文对我来说有点高深,但我还是想努力把整理完。

 

Obtaining Position

 

There must be impulsion from behind or the horse cannot be put on the bit properly. The horse can be taught at a standstill some of the principles of yielding the head.The work at a standstill should be of short duration, however, because there must be impulsion. This is why the work at the posting trot is so critical. Again, this is because the horse must be worked from back to front. The following seven steps can occur when the horse is at a standstill. If the horse becomes resistant at any point, the rider should go back to step one and begin over. Much of this discussion will be familiar, as we covered some of these points in the previous chapter. Riders who have done a careful job of flexions on the ground will find these steps will progress easily and with little resistance.

 

马儿必须有向前的欲望,才会有授衔。我们就可以在马儿停止状态下教给他弯曲头部的方法。因为马的向前的冲动,这种教授应该是短暂的。这也就是为什么这个工作在轻快步中是至关重要的。在马儿停止时进行以下7步骤我们就能获得授衔。如果马儿在任何一个步骤开始反抗,必须回到第一步重新再来。如果原地认真做了弯曲的工作,就会发现这些步骤越来越容易而且反抗越来越少。

 

 

1. Start with loose reins. Before starting with the flexions at a standstill, it is important to have both reins totally loose (Figure 6-5).

 

1.从放松缰绳开始。在静止的状态下开始弯曲(一种颈部的放松的感觉)才可能使缰绳完全的放松。

 

Figure 6-5: Start with loose reins
Putting <wbr>the <wbr>Horse <wbr>on <wbr>the <wbr>Bit <wbr>马的授衔(二)修改后

 

 

2. Obtain equal contact with both reins. To do this the rider will have to have worked the horse well on circles and figure eights on both directions. Ability to maintain equal tension with both hands on the rein is a key skill whether at the halt, walk, trot, or canter or on two tracks. This contact obtained is light but the reins should not droop (Figure 6-6).

 

2.双缰平衡。骑手应该具有完成圈乘或八字乘中的能力。不论是在停止、慢步、快步还是在跑步或是两蹄迹运动中,保持缰上双手同等拉力的能力是个关键性技巧。这种控制应该是轻柔的,同时还要缰保持在不下垂的状态。

 

 

Figure 6-6: Obtain even and taut contact with both reins
Putting <wbr>the <wbr>Horse <wbr>on <wbr>the <wbr>Bit <wbr>马的授衔(二)修改后

 

 

3. Drive the horse into the reins. Even though the horse is at the halt the rider must try to work the horse from the back to the front. With both legs drive the horse forward onto the pressure of the holding hands. In other words, the hands do not increase or decrease the light pressure required to keep contact with the horse's mouth and a straight rein from the bit to the hand. However, the pressure provided by the action of the legs increases the amount of pressure between the hands and the reins. It is not the hands moving back toward the rider that increase this pressure. The added pressure created by the legs should be slight and should not create forward movement or excessive tension on the horse. In fact, the rider should be content to ask for a little increased pressure on the rein through the legs and then just sit and wait for a moment. This moment should not be longer than 20 seconds if the horse does not start mouthing the bit. The rider should just start again after having released the reins totally and started from step one again (Figure 6-5).

 

3.用腿辅助驱动马儿后肢用力进入控制。虽然马儿处于停止但骑手应该让其保持后肢发力的状态。用双腿驱使马匹向前转化成持缰手的压力。也就是说,持缰手不能增加或减少与马嘴保持联系地轻柔的拉力,并且保持缰绳的笔直(衔铁到手部)。然而腿部动作产生的压力会增加手与缰两者的压力。并不是说往后拉缰就是增加压力了,腿部产生的加压应该是轻微的,不会使马儿向前移动或是过度紧张。事实上,骑手也更愿意通过腿部来增加一些缰上的压力,然后等上一下。如果马嘴没能开始咀嚼衔铁,这个等待的时间不应超过20秒。这时骑手应该在完全松掉缰线后从第一步从头开始。

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