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[转载]Quantity的用法质疑 (转)

(2012-05-27 17:30:17)
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分类: 语法总结

本文转自:http://www.ewteacher.com/r5-article-8891.html

                                       

                 Quantity的用法质疑  

 

    主谓一致是高中英语考试的重要考点之一,其中不乏难题,尤其是带有限定词的名词短语作主语时,最难选择谓语的单复数形式。例如,“a quantity of +名词”作主语时,谓语是用单数还是用复数就让广大考生困惑不已,因为目前的教辅读物中众说纷纭,矛盾重重,让人莫衷一是,到底是用单数还是用复数呢?且看下文:

 

问题篇:

   下述几例选自学生中很有市场的几种教辅读物,他们的结论让学生误入歧途:

      1.《高中专项无敌---语法》(新疆青少年出版社---王建村)P74a large quantity of 不管后面跟可数名词还是不可数名词,都要用单数动词,比较:

          Large quantities of money have been sent there.

         A large quantity of books has been offered to us.

      2.《各个击破丛书(高中英语专项)---语法》(延边人民出版社---王建军)(数词与主谓一致p24

         A (large) quantity of 修饰可数或不可数名词,其短语作主语时,谓语动词用单数。

    例如:A large quantity of people is needed here.

        (large) quantities of 修饰可数或不可数名词,其短语作主语时,谓语动词用复数。

    例如:Quantities of food (nuts) were on the table.

     3English Weekly

 

专家篇:

     笔者遍阅专家语法,发现专家们的观点并非如此他们认为:

         1.  徐广联在《大学英语语法讲座与测试》(华东理工大学出版社)中表示,a quantity of 只能修饰不可数名词,谓语动词用单数。a quantity of 间或也可以修饰可数名词,例如,A quantity of baskets were on sale.

        2.  张怀信在《英语高考活用图解辞典》(延边大学出版社)中讲到,a large/small quantity of 大量的/少量的(可以修饰可数名词或不可数名词),例如,I need a large quantity of oil (apples). quantities of 大批的,大量的,例如,Large quantities of polluted water are flowing into the sea. 该书所附〈语法祥解篇---主谓一致〉还明确指出“在以上(a lot of, lots of, plenty of, a large quantity of + 名词)的词组后面的名词是中心词,谓语动词根据后面的名词的数而定”。

       3.顾南华在《中高级英语考试指南》(华中工学院出版社)中说,a quantity of, quantities of 可跟可数名词与不可数名词并举有三例:There is a large quantity of milk. Great quantities of fish are caught on the high sea. Large quantities of water are needed for cooling purposes.452页讲到“a quantity of + 不可数名词”,谓语只用单数,“quantities of + 可数与不可数名词”,谓语要用复数。

       4.章振邦在《新编英语语法》(上海译文出版社)212页中讲到,a quantity of 既可用于复数可数名词,也可用于不可数名词。例如, A large quantity of flowers were heaped on the martyr’s tomb. A large quantity of beer was consumed. Quantities of food were on the table.

       5. 刘锐诚在《学生使用英语高考必备》(中国青年出版社)中认为,a quantity of +名词[C,U][+单或复数动词]quantities of +名词[C,U] [+复数动词]

       6. 张鑫友在《英语语法难题新探(句法篇)》(中国地质大学出版社)529页中说,在...a large quantity of…等短语后既可接复数可数名词,亦可接不可数名词。在它们分别和其后的名词构成短语作主语时,其谓语动词通常跟of后名词的具体情况而采用单数或复数形式。

 

 结论篇:

       1a quantity of 后既可接复数可数名词,亦可接不可数名词。在它们分别和其后的名词构成短语作主语时,其谓语动词通常看of后名词的具体情况而采用单数或复数形式。如果是接不可数名词,则谓语用单数形式,如果是接复数可数名词,则谓语通常要采用复数形式(※偶而接单数式谓语,属非规范用法,宜慎用。)

       2quantities of 后既可接复数可数名词,亦可接不可数名词后面的谓语都用复数形式。

 

例证篇:

     1.On January 18, a large quantity of coloured photopaper, dried seafood, canned abalone, audio equipment and antibiotics worth HH$16 million were found in four 40-foot containers, bound for… ( In brief---China Daily, HK Edition, 20050122,  P2)

     2.Besides, a large quantity of mail bags were found. (US nationals arrested for DVD piracy---China Daily, 20040731, P1)

     3.An undetermined quantity of weapons and ammunition were also seized, the spokesman said. (Raid in karbala and shots fired in Baghdad---China Daily, 2003102, P1)

     4....and a small quantity of dangerous drugs were seized. (Travel scheme causes concern in HK---China Daily, 20030822, P2)

     5.A quantity of fake certificates and official stamps were also seized. (Police seize 59 in major gang smash, 20030403)

     6. “…and a large quantity of drugs is reading different segments of society.” Wang said. (Zzzicit drug dealers executed----China Daily, 20030627, P2) 

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