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[转载]高三英语公开课:高三英语书面表达复习指导(一)

(2012-05-27 17:29:52)
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                     高三英语书面表达复习指导(一)

                How to compose a good written passage?

Part One  Read and recite

1. What is known to us all is that global warming will cause a lot of serious problems in our daily life. (肖杰)

2. For the purpose of creating a beautiful world, we must spare no efforts to deal with this serious problem. (徐国权)

3. With time going by, this gas accumulates in large amounts, resulting in this phenomenon. (许成凤)

4. With the development of industry, more and more polluted water and air flood into nature, which causes great damage to our environment. (吴超)

5. As far as I am concerned, we should try our best to take some measures to stop it. (汪金龙)

 

Part Two  Write the following words correctly:

1. e____________ (n. 环境)          2. s____________  (n. 社会)

3. p__________  (n. 星球)             4. g__________ (n. 政府)

5. a__________ (n. 大气层)          6. t__________ (v. 威胁)

7. d__________ (v. 毁灭)              8. o__________ (pron. 我们自己)

9. m__________ (adj. 现代的)     10. c__________ (adj. 方便的)

 

Part Three  Correct the mistakes in the following sentences:

1. Facing with so many problem, what should we do to solve it?

2. Of course, what the major reason is that forests are disappearing in large quantities.

3. Above all, we are supposed to set a goal, which is protecting our home, there is only one earth!

4. What’s more, quantities of bad air give out by cars and planes.

5. So the earth we lived in is more hot than before.

6. As you can see, not only global warming is harmful to our health, but also it is a threat to our existence.

7. With the society developed, more and more cars and trucks moving on the road.

8. For another, we can by bus to go to school instead of taking private cars.

9. There are many human activities and nature causes contribute to it.

10. As the development of industry, more and more carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere.

 

Part Four  Assess the passage and find out the phrases or sentences you like best: (略) 

 

 

总人数

第五档

21-25分

第四档

16-20分

第三档

11-15分

第二档

6-10分

第一档

1-5分

0分

人均分

82人

2人

39人

25人

12人

4人

14.4分

 

 

 

 

 

Part Five  How to write a good passage:

一、基本要求:

1.  内容要点要全,一般为6+2;

2.词数80---120,8---10个句子;

3.避免四大错误:名词复数、动词第三人称、动词过去式、主谓一致;

4.要有连接词语: and, but, so, then, while, though, if, unless, until, as…;

5.书写:写大一点,不用圆体,段首缩进5个字母,错的词用斜线删除;

6.正确使用和书写标点符号;

7.句型不能单一。长短句要结合(以15词为界);

8.为使短文赏心悦目,分成2---3段为好;

9.参考词汇要用上。不用汉字或汉语拼音;

10.议论文一个总论,两种观点,加个人看法。个人看法不要极端;

11.成语、谚语是得分点;

12.适当用些被动句,尽量用上定语从句、with短语、无生命的事物作主语。

1)I was surprised to see the plane.

→The sight of the plane made me _________.

2)New China was founded in 1949.

→1949 ________ the founding of New China.

 

二、更高要求:

1.应用较多的词汇。使用高级词汇(大纲中没有列入或没有识记要求,但在实际运用中却出现比较频繁的词汇)、使用同义词、使用短语。

 

1)Our school lies in the suburb of the city.
→Our school is ________ in the suburb of the city.

2)The way Tina ordered us around really made me  angry.
→The way Tina ordered us around really made me _________.

3)It will be very interesting. 
→It will be lot of _______.

4)Globalization makes us learn English in our spare time.

→Globalization ________ us to learn English in our spare time.

5)Suddenly had good idea. 
→Suddenly _____  _____  _____ good idea.

6)Take moment to see what is happening around you. 
→Take moment to see what is _______  _______ around you.

其它例子:

1)He had to face all the possible difficulties.
→He had to cope with all the possible difficulties.

2)I can’t find any way to solve the problem.
→I can’t find any solutions to the problem.

 3)He is kind friend.
→He is caring friend.

4)Everyone should do his or her best.
→Everyone is supposed to do his or her best.

5)To twelve-year-old John, this answer was too difficult to understand.
→To twelve-year-old John, this answer didn’t make sense at all.

 

2.应用较多、较复杂的语法结构。固定句式(感叹句、复合结构、强调句型等)、定语从句、现在分词短语等都属于较复杂的“语法结构”。

 

1)The environment will never improve until everybody takes care of it.
→_______  _______ everybody takes care of it will the environment improve.

2)I want to have computer of my own very much.
→________ want to have computer of my own!

3)It is difficult to find job when the population is large.

→_______  _______ the population is, the more difficult it is to find job.

4)People worked together on the assembly line. They moved quickly and efficiently. 
→People worked together on the assembly line, _______ quickly and efficiently.

 5)My favorite living writer is Roddy Doyle. think he is genius.
→My favorite living writer is Roddy Doyle, _______ think is genius.

6)I was very excited last night. I didn’t sleep well.

→I was _______ excited last night ________ I didn’t sleep well.

7)I bought this pair of trousers in the new supermarket.

→______  ______ in the new supermarket _______ I bought this pair of trousers.

8)I have never seen such a good film.

→I have never seen ______  _______ film.

9)The windows were open when he slept.

→______ the windows open, he slept.

 

其它例子:

1)All the students should keep quiet in the reading-room.
→It is good manners for all the students to keep quiet in the reading-room.

2)His purse was stolen but he had no time to call for help. 
→His purse was stolen before he could call for help. 

3) Nowadays, we can easily travel from one place to another and this bridges the gap among different traces or cultures.

→Nowadays, we can easily travel from one place to another, thus bridging the gap among different traces or cultures.

4)After he finished his homework, he went out to have a rest.

→Having finished his homework, he went out to have a rest.

5)The book took about year to write. It is pretty fast for her.

→The book took about year to write, which is pretty fast for her.

6)My aunt bought me book. The title of the book is All about the USA.
→My aunt bought me book, whose title is All about the USA.

 

3.注意上下文的连贯性。通过连接词(包括并列连词、从属连词和连接性副词)、非谓语动词短语等语法成分,使两个或多个意义相互关联的事情或观点在同一个句子内得以表达,从而使整个段落或篇章浑然一体,连贯流畅。

 

连接性副词(过渡词):also, besides, furthermore, in addition, additionally, hopefully, meanwhile, however, instead, as a result, therefore, in this way, specifically, basically, apparently, in other words, in brief, in a word, in my opinion, on the whole, over all…

 

1)  The boy comes from a poor family. The boy does very well in his studies. The boy plans to work his way through college.

   →_______  ________ the boy comes from a poor family, he does very well in his studies; ________, he plans to work his way through college.

2)  He is running his own research company and he had another job at the university.

   →He is running his own research company. _______  ________, he has another job at the university.

其它例子:

1)  Last night Lucy had dream. She was flying in the sky like bird.
→Last night Lucy had dream that she was flying in the sky like bird.

2)He tried hard but still could not change her mind.
→No matter how hard he tried, he could not change her mind.

 

4.语言要得体。在表达时要根据说话的对象、时间、地点、场合等因素来选择使用恰当的英语语言。区分正式语和非正式语、书面语和口头语。得体包括体裁和题材的得体、文化和思维内涵的得体等。

 

5.紧扣主题,适当发挥。在合乎情理、合乎规范、力所能及的前提下添加一些要点中没有提及的信息。这些信息的添加,不仅增强了文章的个性化,又使得文章读起来更加丰富。信息的添加不能旁逸斜出或标新立异,否则适得其反,徒然增加错误的机会。


Part VI  Five steps in writing:

1. Examine the requirements (ensure not to digress from the main subject);

2. Grab the main points to work out the outline;

3. Expand points into sentences;

4. Link the sentences to build up a passage;

5. Check and correct the errors

 

Part VII  Practice:

自去年年底起,我国西南地区的旱灾持续了几个月。许多土地因干旱而颗粒无收,人们面对着缺水断粮的困境。在天灾面前,我们人类在寻找办法降低损失的同时,也应反省自己。请根据下表,写一篇文章分析出现旱灾的原因以及我们该如何从自身做起。

原因

做法

(1)中国63%的城市面临水源缺乏,污染和工业化恶化了这种情况;
(2)大量树木被砍伐,森林覆盖率急剧下降;
(3)水利工程没有合理运用,灌溉系统过于陈旧。

(1)提高节约用水,合理用水,循环用水的意识;
(2)多植树,保护环境,防止水土流失;
(3)政府应加大资金投入,及时维修水利工程。

  注意:(1)词数100左右;(2)可适当增加细节,以使上下文连贯;(3)开头已写好,不计入总词数。

                                    What Lessons Should Be Learned From the Drought

      The drought in southwest China lasts for several months, which makes people face water and food scarcity. We should learn lessons from it.

      The drought can be caused by several factors. ______________________________

 

 

 

 

附I. 学生容易写错或弄错的词:

 

furniture, develop, disappear, influence, create, temperature, writing, article, progress, true, studying, practical, discuss, until, grammar, remember, exercise, nowadays, benefit, first, magazine, foreigner, ability, mountain, responsibility, separate, great/grade, knowledge/acknowledge, word/world, imagine/image, course/cause, college/colleague, choice/choose, protect/protection, produce/product, little/letter/litter, something/some things, succeed/success, advise/advice, practice/practise, momorize(memorise)/memory, difficult/difficulty, importance/important, different/difference, decide/divide, effect/effort, exist/existence, familiar/similar, guide/guidance, proud/pound, quantity/quality, high/height, rise/raise, warn/warning

 

附II. 改错:

1.       词:  the valuable of money; many student; a English corner; the important of protecting…; at March 12th

2.       句子:

(1) I fell/was exciting.                        

(2)The job was very tired.

(3) I getted many experiences.             

(4) I was worked in a restaurant.

(5) I think it will good for my future.

(6) It’s not easily for my parents to own money.

(7) I could buy something what I want with my own money.

(8) I hope use the experiences in our job when I leave school.

(9) I used to use money which from my parents.

(10) Everyone have a good time that day.

(11) I was on behalf of school met them.

(12) I talked something about English corner.

(13) Many students active take part in English corner.

(14) There are a lot of students take part in it.

(15) The American visitors was very pleased to see it.

(16) The students’ life are very colorful.

(17) It teached us to learn lots of things.

(18) I against your plan.

(19) If you hardworking, you will success in the end.

(20) He listened the music very careful.

 

附III. 请写出下列谚语的中文意思:

1. There is no smoke without fire.       

2. Practice makes perfect.

3. All roads lead to Rome.             

4. No pains, no gains.

5. He who laughs last laughs best.       

6. Strike while the iron is hot.

7. Do in Rome as the Romans do.       

8. The early bird catches the worm.

9. Rome was not built in a day.          

10. All that glitters is not gold.

11.One is never too old to learn.          

12. It’s no use crying over spilt milk.

13.Honesty is the best policy.            

14. An apple a day keeps the doctor away.

15.East or west, home is the best.         

16. Habit is second nature.

17.Well begun is half done.              

18. Every coin has two sides.

19.All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. 

20.A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush.

21.Where there is a will, there is a way.   

22.Nothing is difficult if you put your heart into it.

23.It’s easier said than done.                

24. Better late than never.

25.Early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise.

 

附IV. 写作中的40个关联词语:

in my opinion/view, it seems to me that, as I see it, from my point of view, in my eyes, from my standview/ standpoint, as I put it, personally, to me, to tell the truth, as far as I know, believe it or not, to begin with, what’s more, in addition, furthermore, besides, in spite of, on (the) one hand, on the other hand, last but not least, nevertheless, on condition that, provided that, supposing, on the contrary, in general, in short, in brief, as a result, namely, that is, on the whole, all in all, to sum up, in a word, as a consequence, in other words, as far as I’m concerned, for one thing/for another (thing)

 

附V. 实战操练参考答案:

                                          What Lessons Should Be Learned From the Drought

  The drought in southwest China has lasts for several months, which makes people face water and food scarcity. We should learn lessons from it.
  The drought can be caused by several factors. Firstly, about 63 percent of cities in China are facing water scarcity. The situation is worsened by pollution and industrialization. In addition, too many trees have been cut down, so forest coverage has been decreasing rapidly. What’s more, some water conservation projects haven’t been functioning properly, thus people there have had to rely more heavily on rainfall for their water supply. Most of China’s irrigation systems are very old.
  In order to prevent this case coming about again, we should improve our awareness of saving water, making proper use of water and recycling water. Meanwhile, we ought to plant more trees and protect the environment to prevent loss of water and soil erosion. Of course, the governments should increase investment and repair water conservation projects as timely as possible.

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